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Can Machines Learn Morality? The Delphi Experiment [article]

Liwei Jiang, Jena D. Hwang, Chandra Bhagavatula, Ronan Le Bras, Jenny Liang, Jesse Dodge, Keisuke Sakaguchi, Maxwell Forbes, Jon Borchardt, Saadia Gabriel, Yulia Tsvetkov, Oren Etzioni (+3 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Empirical results shed novel insights on the promises and limits of machine ethics; Delphi demonstrates strong generalization capabilities in the face of novel ethical situations, while off-the-shelf neural  ...  Yet, Delphi is not perfect, exhibiting susceptibility to pervasive biases and inconsistencies.  ...  LJ compiled the Commonsense Norm Bank by unifying the source data with advice from MF, MS, and JDH. LJ and KS conducted experiments on downstream applications with advice from RLB, CB and YC.  ... 
arXiv:2110.07574v2 fatcat:rm3vipytkrexhjewrn2bnmve2a

Creating Transparency in Algorithmic Processes

B. Boscoe
2019 Delphi - Interdisciplinary Review of Emerging Technologies  
interest of ethical concerns such as fairness and neutrality.  ...  Any ethical and just society requires some degree of openness and access in its technologies.  ...  : 10.21552/delphi/2019/1/5 tems work.  ... 
doi:10.21552/delphi/2019/1/5 fatcat:jvegd74jk5bepg3l3x5pgjs4mq

Nootropics in Postmodernity:

S. Blanchet, S. Devine
2018 Delphi - Interdisciplinary Review of Emerging Technologies  
DOI: 10.21552/delphi/2018/1/10 * Sean Blanchet and Sean Devine are independent authors from Montréal, Canada.  ...  On the other hand, it can be used to dividuate, enforce normative behaviour, and deepen the Society of Control's influence on our lives.  ... 
doi:10.21552/delphi/2018/1/10 fatcat:felhopry5jbd5kxi7u6zlifmyi

Ethical Development of Digital Phenotyping Tools for Mental Health Applications: Delphi Study

Nicole Martinez-Martin, Henry T Greely, Mildred K Cho
2021 JMIR mHealth and uHealth  
The Delphi consensus statements identified general recommendations and principles regarding the ethical application of digital phenotyping to mental health.  ...  Methods We used a modified Delphi technique to identify the emerging ethical challenges posed by digital phenotyping for mental health applications and to formulate guidance for addressing these challenges  ...  Data analysis and interpretation were done by NMM and MKC. All authors edited the paper and provided their final approval.  ... 
doi:10.2196/27343 fatcat:4qcmvnpoejgx3oe6ci5dtafzwq

How Video Game Techno-Governance Shapes Social Interaction

H. Lin, C. Sun
2019 Delphi - Interdisciplinary Review of Emerging Technologies  
by system rules and social norms, and of naturally evolving trust in a community.  ...  Both examples show how virtual world mechanisms and player interactions can be regulated by machine architectures and code-even though players possess certain levels of autonomy, they must adapt to rules  ... 
doi:10.21552/delphi/2019/1/10 fatcat:65x7vsehyrgpzhmhsxtzw444ca

US Primary Care in 2029: A Delphi Survey on the Impact of Machine Learning [article]

Charlotte R Blease, Anna Kharko, Cosima Locher, Catherine M DesRoches, Kenneth D Mandl
2020 medRxiv   pre-print
Methods: In September 2019, health informatics experts were selected by the research team, and invited to participate the Delphi poll.  ...  Design: A three-round online modified Delphi poll. Participants: Twenty-nine leading health informaticians.  ...  Ethical approval was provided by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, USA, and the University of Plymouth, UK.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.05.08.20095224 fatcat:cifwqwkzxbctlinqkwlt5fvbzi

Validity In Image-Based Research: A Delphi Study

Rolf J Gaede
2004 Zenodo  
is compounded in the case of image-based research by the relative instability of iconic codes and the strong drift towards 'unlimited' semiosis inherent in the visual communication process.  ...  The conceptual framework was refined on the strength of a Delphi study.  ...  ethics and inquiry aim.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.438512 fatcat:lbbh6oyyvrfinixf54qgumxr6a

US primary care in 2029: A Delphi survey on the impact of machine learning

Charlotte Blease, Anna Kharko, Cosima Locher, Catherine M. DesRoches, Kenneth D. Mandl, Claudia Marotta
2020 PLoS ONE  
In September 2019, health informatics experts were selected by the research team, and invited to participate the Delphi poll.  ...  A three-round online modified Delphi poll. Twenty-nine leading health informaticians.  ...  Acknowledgments It is standard practice in Delphi polls to acknowledge the panel of experts who shared their valuable insights. We are indebted to them for giving up their time.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0239947 pmid:33031411 fatcat:qj5irqhwqzejfehk7oahvfjajy

Co-production and Managing Uncertainty in Health Research Regulation: A Delphi Study

Isabel Fletcher, Stanislav Birko, Edward S. Dove, Graeme T. Laurie, Catriona McMillan, Emily Postan, Nayha Sethi, Annie Sorbie
2019 Health Care Analysis  
The evidence supports the normative claim that health research regulation should continue to move away from strict, prescriptive rules-based approaches, and towards flexible principle-based regimes that  ...  European and international regulation of human health research is typified by a morass of interconnecting laws, diverse and divergent ethical frameworks, and national and transnational standards.  ...  reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10728-019-00383-9 pmid:31473872 fatcat:3mnspz4lfnct5ca4wj6qpsm2ia

Application of Delphi for governance contexts which favour legume-supported value chains

Bálint Balázs, Eszter Kelemen, Tiziana Centofanti, Marta Vasconcelos, Henrik Maaß, Alicia Kolmans, Geoff Squire, Fanny Tran, Damian Bienkowski, Pete Iannetta
2019 Zenodo  
This Deliverable presents the result from the application of a policy Delphi and highlights how experts assess the potential of governance contexts that may favour the realisation of legume-supported value  ...  Data from the foundation WPs (1-4), to and between the Pillar WPs (5-7), will be resolved by WP8, 'Transition Design', using machine-learning approaches (e.g.  ...  Your valuable perspective and unique contribution to this Delphi panel are essential for us to create evidence-based and plausible pathways towards legume-based food systems.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3585198 fatcat:5lr4xoaqm5forh2qkrihsxwebi

Toward a Speculative Pedagogy

Delphi Carstens
2020 Critical Studies in Teaching and Learning  
Taken in the posthuman/new materialist sense, SF asks that we 're-orient ourselves elsewhere' and 'mobilise the possibilities of this elsewhere' toward the production of new meanings that 'displace and  ...  systems of knowledge production in education; systems that will help us '[re]think the meaning of the disavowed relations in which we are already entangled ... relations that involve humans, animals, machines  ...  10(1), and Parallax 24(3).  ... 
doi:10.14426/cristal.v8isi.267 fatcat:ovk57pvpkzbt7ps4fxgcgcoltq

Validating curricular competencies in innovation and entrepreneurship for biomedical research trainees: A modified Delphi approach

Jane Garbutt, Alison Antes, Jessica Mozersky, James Pearson, Joseph Grailer, Emre Toker, James DuBois
2019 Journal of Clinical and Translational Science  
To validate the appropriateness of these competencies for I&E training for biomedical researchers and to identify program content, we conducted six modified Delphi panels of 45 experts (6–9 per panel  ...  In a two-round Delphi process, the experts identified 120 topics to be included in a training curriculum.  ...  His research has spanned machine dynamics, engineering system design, and product development. Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1017/cts.2019.390 pmid:31660241 pmcid:PMC6799704 fatcat:coqy2jvg2jamlknn5f4ecnprqi

Use of the Delphy Technique: a case for the development of ecotourism in western Lombok

Rahmawati Rahmawati, Soenarto Soenarto
2019 Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi  
Delphi technique was developed in 1950 by researchers at the Rand Corporation led by Norman Delkey and Olaf Helmer and has since been used in hundreds of businesses forecasting in the public and private  ...  Delphi technique is a judgmental forecasting procedure for obtaining, exchanging, and developing an informed opinion about future events.  ...  Other versions, such as Delphi Policy, have been designed for normative and explorative use, especially in the area of social policy and public health.  ... 
doi:10.21831/jpv.v9i1.23320 fatcat:nqigv3mhzfew7exsrk5zmf4bsi

Forecasting the governance of harmful social media communications: findings from the digital wildfire policy Delphi

Adam Edwards, Helena Webb, William Housley, Roser Beneito-Montagut, Rob Procter, Marina Jirotka
2020 Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy  
This, however, implies processes of human-machine learning that are explicit about the assumptions built into algorithms, including normative judgements of what constitutes 'harm'.  ...  away from 'accommodation' and towards more draconian constraints on unmoderated social media communications?  ... 
doi:10.1080/10439463.2020.1839073 fatcat:yu6agq7gl5ertnrf7mh2ijdx64

Identifying Issues for the Bright ICT Initiative: A Worldwide Delphi Study of IS Journal Editors and Scholars

Jungwoo Lee, Jane Fedorowicz
2018 Communications of the Association for Information Systems  
Recommended Citation Lee, Jungwoo and Fedorowicz, Jane (2018) "Identifying Issues for the Bright ICT Initiative: A Worldwide Delphi Study Abstract: Information and communication technology (ICT) continues  ...  The Delphi panel comprised 182 globally distributed IS journal editors who participated in a three-round consensus-building process via the Internet.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Jae Kyu Lee and Niels Bjørn-Andersen for their advice and support throughout this study. Also, we thank all of the journal editors and researchers who actively participated.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1cais.04211 fatcat:qngxmpiigffklhrwkzppn7hdhe
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