1,107 Hits in 2.6 sec

Deep Argumentative Explanations [article]

Emanuele Albini, Piyawat Lertvittayakumjorn, Antonio Rago, Francesca Toni
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Despite the recent, widespread focus on eXplainable AI (XAI), explanations computed by XAI methods tend to provide little insight into the functioning of Neural Networks (NNs).  ...  We refer to our novel explanations collectively as Deep Argumentative eXplanations (DAXs in short), given that they reflect the deep structure of the underlying NNs and that they are defined in terms of  ...  Some works, like DAXs, move away from " at" explanations, predominantly with images: in [Wang and Nasconcelos, 2019] regions of an image generating insecurities between two outputs are highlighted, thus  ... 
arXiv:2012.05766v4 fatcat:66qelbm4wzenzbfxllqckxswza

Explanation in Human-AI Systems: A Literature Meta-Review, Synopsis of Key Ideas and Publications, and Bibliography for Explainable AI [article]

Shane T. Mueller, Robert R. Hoffman, William Clancey, Abigail Emrey, Gary Klein
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The Report expresses the explainability issues and challenges in modern AI, and presents capsule views of the leading psychological theories of explanation.  ...  This is an integrative review that address the question, "What makes for a good explanation?" with reference to AI systems. Pertinent literatures are vast. Thus, this review is necessarily selective.  ...  Karpathy 2015) has led to the rise of visual questionanswering systems (e.g., Hendricks et al, 2016) , and deep networks whose explanations are embedded within the systems, for example, by interpreting  ... 
arXiv:1902.01876v1 fatcat:glklvdwc2rbdzgteew4ttfjz2q

Clinical usefulness of hemoencephalography beyond the neurofeedback

2016 Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment  
network interactions.  ...  security-insecurity processing.  ...  The brain applies explanations that make sense for the happened facts taking them of the memory without actually be the real explanation of the facts. 22 Electrophysiological studies not based on fMRI  ... 
doi:10.2147/ndt.s105476 pmid:27274252 pmcid:PMC4869785 fatcat:6bj3x47h3jgo7nhmqxov37yyee

Democratising health policy with deliberative mini-publics: Responsibilities, pathologies, and paradoxes [article]

Catherine Settle, University, The Australian National, University, The Australian National
Throughout the last couple of decades there has been an unprecedented level of global interest in democratically-deliberative methods of citizen engagement [now collectively referred to as deliberative  ...  Many unintentional consequences with disabling outcomes for citizens' experiences of exchanging knowledge and expressing their deliberative capacities ensue.  ...  This begins with an explanation of the notion of agency-structure that I am working with.  ... 
doi:10.25911/5d70f1611a42d fatcat:vxi4wiexcfcmhn4cxvkoaaltma

Narrative in Political Argument: The Next Chapter in Deliberative Democracy

Stephen Bernard Hawkins, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa
Deliberative democrats have argued that democracy requires citizens to seek consensus, using a familiar style of principle-based moral argument.  ...  However, critics like Iris Young object that deliberative democracy's favoured model of reasoning is inadequate for resolving deep value conflicts.  ...  To the extent that this challenge needs a solution, that is because there exist groups whose allegiance to liberal democracy is insecure.  ... 
doi:10.20381/ruor-4808 fatcat:l3ozezvpe5ge3lrwsl76vrkoai

Deliberative capacity in post-Soviet transition : effects of colour revolutions, institutional design and international discourses on inter-cultural relations in Ukraine and Georgia

Anastasiya Salnykova
This dissertation suggests that such an overarching explanation simultaneously provides a more comprehensive and parsimonious story of ethnic radicalization while, usually, nuanced complexity and parsimony  ...  Specifically, it enquires about (1) the effect of deliberative capacity on inter-cultural relations, (2) the factors that affect deliberative capacity itself, and (3) the extent to which implementing deliberative  ...  First, proper handouts, visual and presentation materials need to be produced.  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0135678 fatcat:57irr23tnvf5hfqbwt3um3yzde

Donald Davidson, Problems in the Explanation of

Furio Ferraresi, Stephen Turner
1953 The Phenomenology of the Social World   unpublished
The basic reasoning of Davidson on action explanation, anomalous monism, and the impossibility of a "serious science" of psychology is paralleled in Weber.  ...  Weber also notes how clubs and other civil associations play an important role for the sort of "networking" that the sects used to monopolize.  ...  On the other hand, however, as is well-known, at one time or another religion has also assaulted and devalued art in all its forms, visual and audible.  ... 

Exploring the relationship between impulsivity and decision-making on mobile devices

Debora Jeske, Pam Briggs, Lynne Coventry
2016 Personal and Ubiquitous Computing  
Our results suggest that impulsive people are more frequent users of public devices and networks in their day-to-day interactions and are more likely to access their social networks on a regular basis.  ...  In this study, we used a task scenario, in which 104 users were asked to choose a wireless network when responding to work demands while out of the office.  ...  individuals connect to (potentially insecure) social networks using their mobile devices.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00779-016-0938-4 fatcat:salqtjy2jrfjjkbhhwe232wo6a

Deliberation and Development [chapter]

Patrick Heller, Vijayendra Rao
2015 Deliberation and Development: Rethinking the Role of Voice and Collective Action in Unequal Societies  
GATT and audio-visual issues The issue of audio-visual, as it is known at the WTO, galvanized global public debates about cultural identity during the Uruguay Round.  ...  network on participation.  ...  Instead, global governance and theorists and practitioners have now become discerning about the processes of governance, which include formal institutions and networks, the norms and rules they produce  ... 
doi:10.1596/978-1-4648-0501-1_ch1 fatcat:gczwtaa7hrbtdbkbszmxfqgthe

Creating a national citizen engagement process for energy policy

N. Pidgeon, C. Demski, C. Butler, K. Parkhill, A. Spence
2014 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Ruth Curran and Jan Kiso of the 2050 team at the Department of Energy and Climate Change and staff at Delib assisted with our use of the my2050 tool.  ...  The first reflected a do-nothing-more scenario, with continuing reliance on fossil fuels along with associated impacts from climate change and energy insecurity.  ...  A local public engagement process for siting a single wind farm might consider such things as impacts on wildlife, visual intrusion into the local landscape, and community compensation or coownership.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1317512111 pmid:25225393 pmcid:PMC4183173 fatcat:hwzhak4srjebjcyihug3oklnzi

What Remains in Mind? Effectiveness and Efficiency of Explainers at Conveying Information

Pascal Schneiders
2020 Media and Communication  
Participants were mainly recruited via social network sites, including Facebook groups that deal with the topic of the stimulus material.  ...  The first factor includes negative feelings of guilt, fear, insecurity and shame, the second com-prises motivation and confirmation.  ... 
doi:10.17645/mac.v8i1.2507 fatcat:7ycniuhebrhltlh7cayabhea5q

Ex-combatant agency and re-recruitment

Sukanya Podder
2017 Critical Studies on Security  
It involves visualizing futures and anticipating outcomes. The third is self-reactiveness.  ...  Limits of Current Explanations These arguments are not foolproof.  ... 
doi:10.1080/21624887.2017.1329474 fatcat:rffpuktdrjgynfrudujnrml6dy

Open Government, Technological Innovation and the Politics of Democratic Disillusionment: (E-)Democracy from Socrates to Obama

Oren Perez
2012 Social Science Research Network  
His position is elevated and aggrandized in a society of insecure laymen. His is the voice with the ready answer.  ...  New visualization techniques to support online consultation. 52 4.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2078741 fatcat:wpof5y6alrfwbgfyjc6zwuaeza

Spatial analysis of lanner falcon habitat preferences: Implications for agro-ecosystems management at landscape scale and raptor conservation

Maurizio Sarà
2014 Biological Conservation  
Natura2000 networks of Sicily.  ...  Analytical cartography used the environmental favourability function to assess habitat preferences, and the insecurity index estimated the degree to which lanner falcon occupancy is represented in the  ...  The overall Insecurity indexes calculated over the SPA network (I = 0.903; LCL-UCL 95% = 0.894-0.910) and over the ALL areas network (I = 0.834; LCL-UCL 95% = 0.820-0.840) quantified the great proportion  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2014.08.004 fatcat:py5gjbuerbghtadhilx5ssn324

Narratives of border reinforcement: The role of knowledge and communications power

Sergio Peña
2019 Estudios Fronterizos  
-Mexico borders to manage uncertainty and insecurity (Slack et al., 2016) .  ...  Social media articulates a network of people that not necessarily looks for facts to form an opinion, but rather a network that reaffirms already made opinions regardless of accuracy or lack of.  ... 
doi:10.21670/ref.1906027 fatcat:xj6e2c6txre55iqd34jz2t4f2e
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 1,107 results