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Disruption tolerant communications for large scale emergency evacuation

Gokce Gorbil, Erol Gelenbe
2013 2013 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops (PERCOM Workshops)  
We propose the use of opportunistic communications (Oppcomms) among mobile devices for the dissemination of emergency information.  ...  We present an emergency support system (ESS) based on Oppcomms to provide evacuation guidance to civilians in large-scale urban emergencies in the absence of other means of communication.  ...  ESS is in between, with improving evacuation time as the oppnet connectivity improves. Figure 3 presents the effect of communication range on ESS performance at different population densities.  ... 
doi:10.1109/percomw.2013.6529555 dblp:conf/percom/GorbilG13 fatcat:g5vszhjrrvf3tjtheggxuorcjy

A systemic analysis of South Korea Sewol ferry accident – Striking a balance between learning and accountability

Dohyung Kee, Gyuchan Thomas Jun, Patrick Waterson, Roger Haslam
2017 Applied Ergonomics  
Acknowledgements The authors thank the organisers and the participants of 'the legacy of Jens Rasmussen'  ...  The third navigating officer had been with the company only for six months at the time of accident.  ...  In summary, three main factors that contributed to the sharp and sudden turn of the ferry were inexperience of the third navigating officer, poor functioning of the steering gear and fast tide.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2016.07.014 pmid:27526997 fatcat:g3w4renjq5hs5ghdxiajk5tf2i

Disaster vulnerability of elderly and medically frail populations

2019 Health Emergency and Disaster Nursing  
Aim: To synthesize relevant literature specific to disaster vulnerability of elderly and medically frail individuals in the USA and investigate the role of the public health nurse in mitigating the problem  ...  The presence of chronic illnesses, deficits in mobility, cognitive, and sensory capacity, reliance on others and devices, lack of social support, and previous experience with disaster also contribute to  ...  The authors have no commercial associations that could pose a conflict of interest or financial bias.  ... 
doi:10.24298/hedn.2016-0009 fatcat:gnlon5fm6jdn3em7b6jewwk6q4

IoT-based Emergency Evacuation Systems [article]

Mahyar Tourchi Moghaddam
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The safe evacuation of occupants from the building takes precedence when dealing with the necessary mitigation and disaster risk management.  ...  ; iv) Developing a network flow algorithm that facilitates minimizing the time necessary to evacuate people from a scene of a disaster; v) Modeling various social agents and their interactions during an  ...  In order to model the scenarios, we use CAPS modeling environment (73) (95) for disaster management.  ... 
arXiv:2005.13374v1 fatcat:oe4aawcej5csvflidcjawd6zca

Distributed Building Evacuation Simulator for Smart Emergency Management

N. Dimakis, A. Filippoupolitis, E. Gelenbe
2010 Computer journal  
Our results also show the significant reduction in execution time that is achieved for different degrees of distribution of the simulator on multiple servers.  ...  It operates in a distributed fashion to reduce the simulation time required for such large-scale systems.  ...  This research was undertaken as part of the ALADDIN (Autonomous Learning Agents for Decentralised Data and Information Networks) project and is jointly funded by a BAE Systems and EPSRC (UK Engineering  ... 
doi:10.1093/comjnl/bxq012 fatcat:3sow3pohezf2rffuse5h3yifbm

Consequence modelling for Arctic ship evacuations using expert knowledge

Thomas Browne, Brian Veitch, Rocky Taylor, Jennifer Smith, Doug Smith, Faisal Khan
2021 Marine Policy  
Response time and the time available to evacuate have the greatest levels of influence on consequence severity.  ...  Surveys were administered in which evacuation scenarios were rated for the level of life-safety consequence severity they pose.  ...  Suitability of LSAs for the environment in which evacuation occurs, weather severity, and time available to evacuate have the highest influence on survivability.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104582 fatcat:cnw76skcbfc55plnovykcjhnxq

Using Game Technique as a Strategy in Promoting Disaster Awareness in Caribbean Multicultural Societies: The Disaster Awareness Game

Virginia Clerveaux, Balfour Spence, Toshitaka Katada
2008 Journal of Disaster Research  
Application of the DAG in the multicultural setting of the TCI suggests that this technique can be effective in promoting equitable access to disaster education.  ...  Disaster managers of the region will be challenged with the development of strategies and techniques that will minimize disparities and allow equity in access to disaster information by all cultural groups  ...  The board game also helps to inform players of the consequences of poor environmental behaviour especially as these relate to hazards.  ... 
doi:10.20965/jdr.2008.p0321 fatcat:5xw2yfpdrnc75n7ou7piyjzaem

Handbook of Disaster and Emergency Management [article]

Amir Khorram-Manesh, Krzysztof Goniewicz, Attila Hertelendy, Maxim Dulebenets
2021 Zenodo  
This is the second edition of the handbook in disaster and emergency management, which was published in 2017.  ...  The current updated handbook (second edition) is more complete and has several new chapters.  ...  Acknowledgement The editors would like to thank all authors who took part in the first edition of the handbook and whose support was the foundation for the second edition.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5553076 fatcat:5zebeprw6vb5joeu4oyd4rqccy

A Survey on Unmanned Surface Vehicles for Disaster Robotics: Main Challenges and Directions

Vitor Jorge, Roger Granada, Renan Maidana, Darlan Jurak, Guilherme Heck, Alvaro Negreiros, Davi dos Santos, Luiz Gonçalves, Alexandre Amory
2019 Sensors  
Therefore, the current importance of USVs for the DM process in its different phases is not clear.  ...  This work demonstrates that there are few current deployments in disaster scenarios, with most of the research in the area focusing on the technological aspects of USV hardware and software, such as Guidance  ...  Acknowledgments: We would like to thank the support of the librarians at PUCRS during this endeavor.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19030702 fatcat:usejz2snovhnleocsr23wvawge

Communication and networking technologies for UAVs: A survey [article]

Abhishek Sharma, Pankhuri Vanjani, Nikhil Paliwal, Chathuranga M.Wijerathna Basnayaka, Dushantha Nalin K. Jayakody, Hwang-Cheng Wang, P. Muthuchidambaranathane
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In particular, the intricate interplay between UAV, advanced cellular communication, and internet of things constitutes one of the focal points of this paper.  ...  Moreover, applications of UAV networks for different contextual uses ranging from navigation to surveillance, URLLC (Ultra reliable and low latency communications), edge computing and work related to artificial  ...  Beyond Line of Sight (BLOS) communication has been adopted for controlling robots and drones using Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) in the data-link layer to ameliorate the fluctuation in delay time  ... 
arXiv:2009.02280v1 fatcat:fx7hr332qbbfble6rbyuxirrn4

Technologies Enabling Situational Awareness During Disaster Response: A Systematic Review

Tara Kedia, Jeremy Ratcliff, Megan O'Connor, Sophia Oluic, Michelle Rose, Jeff Freeman, Kaitlin Rainwater-Lovett
2020 Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness  
Our findings suggest SA is constrained primarily due to unreliable and significantly delayed communications, time-intensive data analysis and visualization, and a lack of interoperable sensor networks  ...  Following the removal of duplicates and application of inclusion/exclusion criteria, 302 articles and after-action reports were included in the review.  ...  Funding This study was internally funded by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.  ... 
doi:10.1017/dmp.2020.196 pmid:32829725 fatcat:v4za5kpf3nfkheyzb6gid26jcq

Strategic planning for post-disaster temporary housing

Cassidy Johnson
2007 Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management  
(NGOs) in the chaotic postdisaster environment.  ...  An analysis of the process and outcomes from six case studies of temporary housing programmes after disasters in Turkey and Colombia in 1999, Japan in 1995, Greece in 1986, Mexico in 1985, and Italy in  ...  and the alternative housing available in the private market at the time and place of the disaster.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-7717.2007.01018.x pmid:18028163 fatcat:ya7vutinibfbte2zgdvxcwbq3u

A Comprehensive Survey on Cooperative Intersection Management for Heterogeneous Connected Vehicles

Ashkan Gholamhosseinian, Jochen Seitz
2022 IEEE Access  
management methods for heterogeneous connected vehicles (CVs).  ...  In this context, intersection management (IM) as one of the most crucial elements of the transportation sector demands high attention.  ...  [221] proposed a delay-tolerant IM protocol in terms of communication.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3142450 fatcat:amvrhgdztfdmdmpdtnzrhpkxli

March/April 2006

Richard A. DeVito, Jr.
2006 Journal of Emergency Management  
"Risk Communication Needs in a Chemical Event," held in Atlanta, GA, February 3-4, 2004  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The full summary report with fact sheet templates, information sources, and core competencies and benchmarks can be accessed at  ...  At the same time, the inventory allowed for some initial degree of prioritization of risk.  ... 
doi:10.5055/jem.2006.0024 fatcat:zoedtf2lc5axtpute3ozi3wzt4

State-of-the-Art Mobile Radiation Detection Systems for Different Scenarios

Luís Marques, Alberto Vale, Pedro Vaz
2021 Sensors  
, looking prospectively to new research and challenges in the field; and support the decision making of national radioprotection agencies and response teams in respect to adequate detection system for  ...  In the last decade, the development of more compact and lightweight radiation detection systems led to their application in handheld and small unmanned systems, particularly air-based platforms.  ...  For example, the fast mapping of a contaminated area (e.g., post-disaster scenario) can provide valuable information for the safety of a task force and for the population evacuation plan.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21041051 pmid:33557104 pmcid:PMC7913838 fatcat:b2bw2jhqifaadbwq5qkwkdgkjm
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