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Causal Artificial Intelligence for High-Stakes Decisions: The Design and Development of a Causal Machine Learning Model

Bukhoree Sahoh, Kanjana Haruehansapong, Mallika Kliangkhlao
2022 IEEE Access  
We develop a Causal Bayesian Networks model based on causal science using d-separation and do-operations to discover the causal graph aligned with cognitive understanding.  ...  A high-stakes decision requires deep thought to understand the complex factors that stop a situation from becoming worse.  ...  General critical thinking typically uses 5W1H (Who, What, Where, When, Why, and How) to extract and describe events. For example, Yu et al [20] investigated event detection to support decisions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3155118 fatcat:nxtil6pfpvdofjxqksk3skyaxm

Social networking data analysis tools & challenges

Androniki Sapountzi, Kostas E. Psannis
2018 Future generations computer systems  
Though, both their recent advent and the fact that science is still in the frontiers of processing human-generated data, provokes the need for an update and comprehensible taxonomy of the related research  ...  The survey demonstrates challenges and future directions with a focus on text mining and the promising avenue of computational intelligence.  ...  To illustrate the latter, the presence of the word 'versus' may indicate a comparison and the presence of 5W1H (what-wherewho-why-whether-how) is an indicator of a query.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.future.2016.10.019 fatcat:cqlp423pv5heplujb63qo7c6yq

Automated doubt identification from informal reflections through hybrid sentic patterns and machine learning approach

Siaw Ling Lo, Kar Way Tan, Eng Lieh Ouh
2021 Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning  
Using reflections as a feedback mechanism and automated doubt detection can pave the way to a promising approach for learner-centered teaching and personalized learning.  ...  With the focus on learner-centered pedagogy, is it feasible to provide timely and relevant guidance to individual learners according to their levels of understanding?  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Chong Yun Yu, James Lim Jia Yang, and Aaron Teo Wee Kiat for their annotation efforts.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41039-021-00149-9 fatcat:vxnuz3zdpbdyxmszyiqxgmuqqi

An overview of event extraction and its applications [article]

Jiangwei Liu, Liangyu Min, Xiaohong Huang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This study provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art event extraction methods and their applications from text, including closed-domain and open-domain event extraction.  ...  Finally, we summarize the common issues, current solutions, and future research directions.  ...  It can help answer the "5W1H" questions, i.e., "who", "when", "where", "what", "why" and "how" about an event.  ... 
arXiv:2111.03212v1 fatcat:o3oagnjrybh3vapvvp7twgjtuu

Online Social Deception and Its Countermeasures for Trustworthy Cyberspace: A Survey [article]

Zhen Guo, Jin-Hee Cho, Ing-Ray Chen, Srijan Sengupta, Michin Hong, Tanushree Mitra
2020 arXiv   pre-print
used for validation and verification; and (v) legal and ethical concerns related to OSD research.  ...  Therefore, it is critical to understand OSD and develop effective countermeasures against OSD for building a trustworthy SNSs.  ...  [101] used 5Ws (i.e., who, what, when, where, and why) credibility to distinguish credible news and RSS files from news agencies to extract publication dates, headlines, contents, and locations to feed  ... 
arXiv:2004.07678v1 fatcat:k4a6siywefb6lhkmyn67lmoqwe

A Review of Sentiment, Semantic and Event-Extraction-Based Approaches in Stock Forecasting

Wai Khuen Cheng, Khean Thye Bea, Steven Mun Hong Leow, Jireh Yi-Le Chan, Zeng-Wei Hong, Yen-Lin Chen
2022 Mathematics  
Moreover, this study also highlighted the future research direction in text-based stock forecasting, where the overall discussion is expected to provide insightful analysis for future reference.  ...  This study attempted to summarize and discuss the current text-based financial forecasting approaches in the aspect of semantic-based, sentiment-based, event-extraction-based, and hybrid approaches.  ...  In other words, event extraction summarized the unstructured natural languages into a structural set of linked relations which can describe the "5W1H" questions of "Who, when, what, where, why, and how  ... 
doi:10.3390/math10142437 fatcat:cns5lr72zvadpbxtdxq4quqwoa

Message from the general chair

Benjamin C. Lee
2015 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software (ISPASS)  
Joint Learning for Coreference Resolution with Markov Logic Resolving "This-issue" Anaphora Varada Kolhatkar and Graeme Hirst Saturday 12:00pm-12:30pm -202 A (ICC) We annotate and resolve a particular  ...  We propose a candidate ranking model for "this-issue" anaphora resolution that explores different "issue"-specific and general abstract-anaphora features. The model is not restricted to nominal  ...  to them in semantic role labeling.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ispass.2015.7095776 dblp:conf/ispass/Lee15 fatcat:ehbed6nl6barfgs6pzwcvwxria

Online Social Deception and Its Countermeasures: A Survey

Zhen Guo, Jin-Hee Cho, Ing-Ray Chen, Srijan Sengupta, Michin Hong, Tanushree Mitra
2020 IEEE Access  
and cybercrimes; 3) comprehensive defense mechanisms embracing prevention, detection, and response (or mitigation) against OSD attacks along with their pros and cons; 4) datasets/metrics used for validation  ...  Therefore, it is critical to understand OSD and develop effective countermeasures against OSD for building trustworthy SNSs.  ...  [130] used 5Ws (i.e., who, what, when, where, and why) credibility to distinguish credible news and RSS (Rich Site Summary) files from news agencies to extract publication dates, headlines, contents  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3047337 fatcat:xw2rr2sjnrdf3nk4vfuowrkizy

Information Retrieval with Verbose Queries

Manish Gupta, Michael Bendersky
2015 Proceedings of the 38th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval - SIGIR '15  
We thank Mark Sanderson and Doug Oard for reviewing our first version and helping us produce a significantly improved final version.  ...  We also discussed various applications where supporting search for verbose queries can make a significant difference.  ...  mine 5w1h question reformulation patterns from query logs. 5w1h questions are queries starting with where, why, what, when, who and how.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2766462.2767877 dblp:conf/sigir/GuptaB15 fatcat:tgjnvqbbwfepjiggyecfaupqsa

WEB 2013 The First International Conference on Building and Exploring Web Based Environments WEB 2013 Committee WEB Advisory Chairs

Jaime Mauri, Jaime Mauri, Patrick Albert, Ibm Cas, France -Paris, France Arnaud, France Athenikos, Karim Baïna, Henri Bal, Carlos Bobed, Delroy Cameron, Paolo Ciancarini (+26 others)
unpublished
on web-related theoretical and practical aspects, focusing on identifying challenges for building web-based useful services and applications, and for effectively extracting and integrating knowledge from  ...  We also kindly thank all the authors who dedicated much of their time and efforts to contribute to WEB 2013.  ...  We would also like to thank Maya Barnea, Yossi Mesika, and Andrei Kirshin for the fruitful discussions.  ... 
fatcat:4outjioh3fba5leoefxfznbtt4

Contributions to enterprise content management and qualitative and quantitative decision support [article]

Tim A. Rickenberg, University, My
2019
Information is data that is processed to be useful and provides answers to what, who, when and where questions.  ...  Honkaranta (2003) used the 5W1H framework for genre analysis.  ...  Within a globally operating flight company, we check to what extent the applicability of the designed research artifact can be assumed.  ... 
doi:10.15488/8557 fatcat:uzr36oh25bdnngrdsdoxmxtaku