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Deep Architecture Connectivity Matters for Its Convergence: A Fine-Grained Analysis [article]

Wuyang Chen, Wei Huang, Xinyu Gong, Boris Hanin, Zhangyang Wang
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we theoretically characterize the impact of connectivity patterns on the convergence of DNNs under gradient descent training in fine granularity.  ...  the large-scale neural architecture search without any overhead.  ...  Deep Architecture Connectivity Matters for Its Convergence: A Fine-Grained Analysis Note that σ(•) is L−Lipschitz, for any 1 2 ≤ α ≤ 2, we have E X∼N (0,1) σ(αX) 2 − E X∼N (0,1) σ(X) 2 ≤ E X∼N (0,1) σ(  ... 
arXiv:2205.05662v1 fatcat:r76pvtjuq5fv3o7ic6mn7qhtky

Towards converged, collaborative and co-automatic (3C) optical networks

Yuefeng Ji, Jiawei Zhang, Xin Wang, Hao Yu
2018 Science China Information Sciences  
Finally, we give the future visions for optical network towards a collaborative, converged and co-automatic optical network.  ...  The interconnection of all things is developing a new diagram of future information networks. However, it is difficult to realize future applications with only one single technique.  ...  For fine-grained services, the traffic grooming in the electrical domain can be considered; for coarse-grained, delay-sensitive services, the priority strategy is to consider the all optical transmission  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11432-018-9551-8 fatcat:vu5dj7mh3ve4xoh2g3kxnhdaha

A Recipe for Global Convergence Guarantee in Deep Neural Networks [article]

Kenji Kawaguchi, Qingyun Sun
2021 arXiv   pre-print
On the one hand, the expressivity condition is theoretically proven to hold data-independently for fully-connected deep neural networks with narrow hidden layers and a single wide layer.  ...  Therefore, the proposed algorithm can be viewed as a step towards providing theoretical guarantees for deep learning in the practical regime.  ...  The authors thank Yiqiao Zhong, Mengyuan Yan for discussion.  ... 
arXiv:2104.05785v2 fatcat:q3npmkyxgbekzaxgsreyjhk6eq

Convergence Platforms: Foundational Science and Technology Tools [chapter]

Mark Lundstrom, H.-S. Philip Wong
2013 Science Policy Reports  
Semiconductor nanoelectronics seems destined to play an even more important role in addressing the challenges of the 21 st century by serving as the foundation that enables continuing advances in the convergence  ...  Is it possible to embed the storage elements within the computational fabrics in a fine-grain fashion, similar to the way that synapses (storage) and neurons (computation) are connected in the brain?  ...  Education is an essential tool for training a new generation of scientists and engineers to realize the promises of NBIC and CKTS, respectively, and it can also be a driver for convergence.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-02204-8_1 fatcat:t55qy6axezfaxnjmfbhurqfuda

Methods to Improve and Expedite Convergence [chapter]

Mihail C. Roco, George Whitesides, Jim Murday, Placid M. Ferreira, Giorgio Ascoli, Chin Hua Kong, Clayton Teague, Roop Mahajan, David Rejeski, Eli Yablonovitch, Jian Cao, Mark Suchman
2013 Science Policy Reports  
The convergence process typically is followed by a process of divergence (branching and growing out) between newly created knowledge and its technological components.  ...  It requires a preliminary degree of development in each domain; it begins with achieving reciprocal compatibility such as in communication and knowledge exchange, and it leads to changes in the system  ...  As an example, work on public responses to nanotechnology has included fine-grained comparative work with other contemporary merging/converging technologies like neurology and synthetic biology and with  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-02204-8_4 fatcat:gouroxqyyfcmxllqkkv6cfzgca

Hydrocarbons Migration through Groundwater Convergence toward Saline Depressions: A Case Study, Sidi El Hani Discharge Playa, Tunisian Sahel

Elhoucine Essefi, Mohamed Ali Tagorti, Jamel Touir, Chokri Yaich
2013 ISRN Environmental Chemistry  
As for the reinterpretation of previous works about the organic matter in playas done in sebkha Moknine, the contaminated organic matter, which was interpreted as a human induced activity, may have another  ...  This maturated organic matter should be viewed in the widest context of a multidisciplinary study taking into account the presence of petroleum potentials in the subsurface, the converging hydrogeology  ...  The analysis of heavy metals was made on the level fine fraction of the sediments lower than 63 m.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2013/709190 fatcat:wkfa5aw2wbbnrfwz66pcilit5a

Edge Computing and Its Convergence with Blockchain in 5G and Beyond: Security, Challenges, and Opportunities

Showkat Ahmad Bhat, Ishfaq Bashir Sofi, Chong-Yung Chi
2020 IEEE Access  
Edge analytics for real-time stream data processing. Security and privacy Encryption-based data protection. Selective information sharing. Fine-grained access. Data confidentiality and integrity.  ...   Training costs of DL models It is very challenging to train a deep learning model on resource constraint edge devices.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3037108 fatcat:iksoyfx7nbhfrefnzgf6uxuw4q

Convergent evolution as natural experiment: the tape of life reconsidered

Russell Powell, Carlos Mariscal
2015 Interface Focus  
Gould reaches comparable conclusions in relation to more fine-grained taxonomic events, such as the seemingly improbable survival of lobe-finned fishes and its implications for the origins of tetrapods  ...  When faced with a particular convergent event, an analysis of its specificity, independence and scope can help us to assess its evidentiary relevance for the contingency debate.  ...  We received no funding for this study.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsfs.2015.0040 pmid:26640647 pmcid:PMC4633857 fatcat:hwtwalunyfhhznyzede3a6hfg4

Speeding Up Convergence [chapter]

2013 Asymptotic Analysis and Perturbation Theory  
CHAPTER II SPEEDING UP THE CONVERGENCE OF REAL-TIME SEARCH Introduction Real-time (heuristic) search methods interleave planning (via local searches) and plan execution, and allow for fine-grained  ...  Both one-step and multi-step ITSA* terminate in a matter of seconds.  ...  Lemma 5 Under assumptions A1-4, assume that FALCONS follows a path Proof: The proof is the same as that for Lemma 5, except that it uses Corollary 4(5) instead of Lemma 4(5).  ... 
doi:10.1201/b15165-4 fatcat:6zid6eprdnd43oecngqnhfdkp4

Knowledge politics and new converging technologies: a social epistemological perspective

Steve Fuller
2009 Innovation. The European Journal of Social Sciences  
Thus, we should come to make very fine-grained positive interventions into organisms without adversely disrupting their systemic functions.  ...  CT's fixation on nanotechnology is best seen in terms of the quest for the most finely grained level of reality at which humans can strategically intervene to re-engineer themselves and their environments  ... 
doi:10.1080/13511610902770552 fatcat:cfi6c6epk5h4fij7wu3w3kp4ze

The Parieto-Frontal Integration Theory (P-FIT) of intelligence: Converging neuroimaging evidence

Rex E. Jung, Richard J. Haier
2007 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Moreover, the model provides a framework for testing new hypotheses in future experimental designs.  ...  White matter regions (i.e., arcuate fasciculus) are also implicated.  ...  Hence, the general notion that "bigger is better" will certainly benefit from a more fine-grained regional analysis of brain -behavior relationships, as reviewed herein.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x07001185 pmid:17655784 fatcat:24xus3ep2bbejfxkzgrnm26nxa

Military-Intelligence Convergence and the Law of the Title 10/Title 50 Debate

Robert Chesney
2011 Social Science Research Network  
It had been "a 'title 50' operation," he explained, invoking the section of the U.S.  ...  Code that authorizes the activities of the CIA. 2 As a result, Panetta added, he had exercised overall "command." 3 This surely confused at least some observers. The mission had been executed by U.S.  ...  My aim in this Part is first to give a deep account of that architecture, to describe the problems convergence generates for it, and to make modest recommendations meant to retailor the architecture to  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1945392 fatcat:3po7dgjdpzfptcdwhakvdifjvi

Mechanism of long-standing Cenozoic basin formation in central Hokkaido: an integrated basin study on an oblique convergent margin

Yasuto Itoh, Osamu Takano, Shigekazu Kusumoto, Machiko Tamaki
2014 Progress in Earth and Planetary Science  
The basin-forming process along a convergent margin off the eastern coast of Eurasia was pursued on the basis of geological, geochemical, and geophysical approaches.  ...  Data on the considerable thickness of the missing unit implied continued subsidence of the forearc region and its subsequent exhumation under the emergence of a compressive regime synchronous with the  ...  (JAPEX) and Japan Oil, Gas, and Metals National Corporation (JOGMEC) for permission to publish this work. We are greatly indebted to S. Okubo, A. Obuse, late Y. Kajiwara, and N.  ... 
doi:10.1186/2197-4284-1-6 fatcat:p6a6bfo74ved3cmle2f5pmnasq

Towards Fine Whole-Slide Skeletal Muscle Image Segmentation through Deep Hierarchically Connected Networks

Lei Cui, Jun Feng, Lin Yang
2019 Journal of Healthcare Engineering  
The decoder modules have independent loss function, which are jointly trained with a weighted loss function to address fine-grained pixelwise prediction.  ...  We also propose a two-stage transfer learning strategy to effectively train such deep network.  ...  Different from conventional computer vision methods, CNN has strong capability to learn comprehensive representations via a deep architecture for effective classification.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2019/5191630 pmid:31346401 pmcid:PMC6620852 fatcat:r34bzmfyk5aujpufxkakfbfcqu

Patterns of convergence in rat zona incerta from the trigeminal nuclear complex: Light and electron microscopic study

Kimberly Simpson, Yue Wang, Rick C.S. Lin
2008 Journal of Comparative Neurology  
major subtype, possessing boutonlike swellings, and a few fine fibers, with minimal specialization; 4) both PrV and SpVi terminals exhibit asymmetric endings and preferentially target dendrites of ZI neurons  ...  These findings suggest that, 1) although information to ZI and VPM is essentially routed along separate TNC circuits, streams of somatosensory code converge in ZI to establish large RFs, and 2) subregional  ...  Glenn Hoskins for his excellent technical assistance during the course of ultrastructural studies. Additionally, we are grateful for the insightful comments of Dr. Paul J.  ... 
doi:10.1002/cne.21624 pmid:18213707 pmcid:PMC2921836 fatcat:3iqs45ceg5hcjeurmwr3n32tnq
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