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Sustainable decommissioning of an offshore wind farm

Eva Topham, David McMillan
2017 Renewable Energy  
Marine renewable energy Offshore wind energy Offshore wind farms Sustainable a b s t r a c t The offshore wind industry has historically focused on setting up new projects, with the decommissioning phase  ...  There are numerous features that make decommissioning a challenge, such as the marine environment, the technical limitations of vessels and the lack of specific regulations that determine what should be  ...  Fig. 1 . 1 Number of wind farmsYear of expected decommissioning Decommissioning year of Europe's wind farms Expected year of decommissioning of existing offshore wind farms.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.renene.2016.10.066 fatcat:pyj3feqj2vfhfg2pbsrpmdhc4u

Optimization of decommission strategy for offshore wind farms

Peng Hou, Weihao Hu, Mohsen Soltani, Baohua Zhang, Zhe Chen
2016 2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM)  
The life time of offshore wind farm is around 20 years. After that, the whole farm should be decommissioned which is also one of the main factors that contribute to the high investment.  ...  The results show that 12.93% reduction of COE can be realized by using the proposed method. Index Terms-offshore wind farm; optimization; decommission strategy, cost of energy (COE).  ...  In consideration of marine ecological environment and ensure the safety of navigation and other marine function, offshore wind farm should be decommissioned after stop production [13] , however, the foundation  ... 
doi:10.1109/pesgm.2016.7741634 fatcat:phtb46etajfvhm2v7i7qorepba

Challenges of decommissioning offshore wind farms: Overview of the European experience

Eva Topham, Elena Gonzalez, David McMillan, Elsa João
2019 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
This work assesses the current state of knowledge about the challenges surrounding the decommissioning process of an offshore wind farm.  ...  Ultimately, this paper aims at stimulating the dialogue among stakeholders and raising the awareness of adequately regulating and preparing the upcoming decommissioning of offshore wind farms in Europe  ...  Figure 2 . 2 Summary of the major challenges encountered during the decommissioning of an offshore wind farm. Table 1 . 1 Offshore wind farms decommissioned to date. Source: [7] .  ... 
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1222/1/012035 fatcat:fwh4czlzlzbi3og6eyus5upxhi

A tool to simulate decommissioning offshore wind farms

F Devoy McAuliffe, C Desmond, R Chester, B Flannery, F Judge, K Lynch, J Murphy
2019 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
Decommissioning is an emerging practice for the offshore wind industry. To date, the Yttre Stengrund and Vindeby Offshore Wind Farms are the only installations to have been fully dismantled.  ...  This is due to the lack of reliable data or experience. However; if underestimated, decommissioning may result in significant and unexpected outgoings at the end of a farm lifecycle.  ...  Introduction Decommissioning is an emerging practice for the offshore wind industry.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1356/1/012021 fatcat:pt4n4rjfsbdy7jc722nyoqnayi

An economic assessment framework for decommissioning of offshore wind farms using a cost breakdown structure

Tosin Adedipe, Mahmood Shafiee
2021 The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment  
Thus, this paper aims to develop an economic assessment framework for decommissioning of offshore wind farms using a cost breakdown structure (CBS) approach.  ...  Results and discussion A case study of a 500 MW baseline offshore wind farm is proposed to illustrate the models' applicability.  ...  of offshore wind farm decommissioning projectsFig. 14 A flowchart for cable decommissioning in offshore wind farmsFig. 13 A flowchart for substation removal activity in offshore wind farm decommissioning  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11367-020-01793-x fatcat:t27mwtcfhrajfbg6vzmwp7ebie

Handbook of offshore wind farm decommissioning - Framework, technologies, logistics, processes, scenarios and sustainability [article]

Silke Eckardt, Vanessa Spielmann, Mandy Ebojie, Jesper Vajhøj, Armin Varmaz, Stephan Abée, Janina Bösche, Johanna Klein, Lydia Scholz, Bernd Köhler, Philipp Tremer, Sven Rausch (+1 others)
The research results are compiled in this "Handbook of offshore wind farm decommissioning".  ...  At the end of their operational life, offshore wind farms (OWF) have to be decommissioned. At present, there is little experience in decommissioning OWF.  ...  warranty DNVGL-ST-0126 Support structures for wind turbines DNVGL-ST-0145 Offshore substations DNVGL-SE-0441 Type and component certification of wind turbines Abweichungen von den genannten deutschen  ... 
doi:10.26092/elib/1539 fatcat:jjqlgyrmc5bbzkz7s7jb6wrhai

Study on offshore wind farm layout optimization based on decommissioning strategy

Haiying Sun, Hongxing Yang, Xiaoxia Gao
2017 Energy Procedia  
To reduce this huge cost, an innovative offshore wind farm layout optimization method based on decommissioning strategy is presented in this paper.  ...  In the optimization method, the decommissioning strategy means that the foundations can be reused after the retirement of the first generation of wind turbines, and then smaller secondgeneration wind turbines  ...  Conclusions The proposed offshore wind farm layout optimization method based on decommissioning strategy is a practical way to decrease the offshore wind energy cost.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.728 fatcat:qy4zxkj2urfzvcruc3tnaqc57a

Offshore wind: Decommissioning plans

Elsa Couderc
2017 Nature Energy  
Offshore wind farms have an expected lifetime of 20-25 years.  ...  With the growing number of offshore wind farms being built -each unique in technical characteristics and site requirements -tailor-made plans for future repowering, refurbishing and decommissioning programmes  ... 
doi:10.1038/nenergy.2017.98 fatcat:7i4e3ii5s5dt3buyhigokmro5q

A Review of Life Extension Strategies for Offshore Wind Farms Using Techno-Economic Assessments

Benjamin Pakenham, Anna Ermakova, Ali Mehmanparast
2021 Energies  
upon completion of the initial design life in offshore wind farms.  ...  wind industry the best course of action for current wind farms, depending on their size and age.  ...  Institutional Review Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Energies 2021, 14, 1936  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14071936 fatcat:6cpduqq26nefhj63n4ndlq7aba

Renewables-to-reefs? – Decommissioning options for the offshore wind power industry

Katie Smyth, Nikki Christie, Daryl Burdon, Jonathan P. Atkins, Richard Barnes, Michael Elliott
2015 Marine Pollution Bulletin  
The offshore wind power industry is relatively new but increasing globally, hence it is important that the whole life-cycle is managed.  ...  This paper considers the main decommissioning optionspartial or complete removal of all components.  ...  of any offshore wind farm.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.10.045 pmid:25467865 fatcat:2tbc2oaivzbcbfkwwlj7vpgjqy

OUP accepted manuscript

2019 International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies  
With the growing prosperity of the offshore wind energy market and the approaching end of the lifetime of the first-generation offshore wind farms, the high decommissioning cost has attracted increasing  ...  According to this study, the LCoE of an offshore wind power farm in Sha Chau Island seawater area could be decreased to 0.9130 HK$/kWh.  ...  number of ZVHL, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ijlct/ctz016 fatcat:ec6fqewqpzgs7eqf3en4vz3ty4

ODIN-WIND: An Overview of the Decommissioning Process for Offshore Wind Turbines [chapter]

Johan Finsteen Gjødvad, Morten Dallov Ibsen
2016 MARE-WINT  
NIRAS have been at the forefront of offshore wind farm decommissioning, and have developed extensive expertise in the area.  ...  The oldest offshore wind farms in Europe are now well over 2 decades old.  ...  Introduction Decommissioning has previously been seen as simply the reverse procedure of the commissioning of an offshore wind farm (OWF).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-39095-6_22 fatcat:lysx562k6jgurjj6vahrojv3lu

A parametric whole life cost model for offshore wind farms

Mahmood Shafiee, Feargal Brennan, Inés Armada Espinosa
2016 The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment  
Levelized cost of energy (LCOE) . Multivariate regression . Offshore wind farm . Operating expenditure (OPEX) .  ...  Purpose Life cycle cost (LCC) considerations are of increasing importance to offshore wind farm operators and their insurers to undertake long-term profitable investments and to make electricity generation  ...  Acknowledgments The authors gratefully acknowledge the support provided by the owners of several European offshore wind farms during field visits and data collection.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11367-016-1075-z fatcat:tqh4jzyonnemdgilwiatnsok6q

A Spatial Analysis of the Potentials for Offshore Wind Farm Locations in the North Sea Region: Challenges and Opportunities

Gusatu, Yamu, Zuidema, Faaij
2020 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
In this article, we examine the availability of offshore space for wind farm deployment, from a transnational perspective, while taking into account different options for the management of the maritime  ...  On the other hand, the decrease of energy targets combined with sectoral planning result in clear limitations to suitable areas for offshore wind farms, indicating the necessity to consider areas with  ...  offshore renewables and current activities in the North Sea.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijgi9020096 fatcat:cw57el56z5aatagqrhi56j6oha

Offshore wind decommissioning: an assessment of the risk of operations

Mahmood Shafiee, Tosin Adedipe
2022 International Journal of Sustainable Energy  
This paper aims to propose qualitative and quantitative approaches for identifying and prioritising different hazards associated with decommissioning of offshore wind farms.  ...  renewable energy decommissioning.  ...  Except the Vindeby offshore wind farm, the other six wind farms were decommissioned prior to the end of their useful life.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14786451.2021.2024830 fatcat:oc3jefngsfewjmuq4lc6uh3wnq
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