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Decoding negative affect personality trait from patterns of brain activation to threat stimuli

Orlando Fernandes Jr, Liana C.L. Portugal, Rita de Cássia S. Alves, Tiago Arruda-Sanchez, Anil Rao, Eliane Volchan, Mirtes Pereira, Letícia Oliveira, Janaina Mourao-Miranda
2017 NeuroImage  
In the present study, we investigated whether the positive affect (PA) or negative affect (NA) personality traits could be decoded from patterns of brain activation in response to a human threat using  ...  To our knowledge, this is the first evidence that PRA can be used to decode a personality trait from patterns of brain activation during emotional contexts.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by funds from the federal and state Brazilian research agencies (CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and IBN-NET).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.12.050 pmid:26767946 pmcid:PMC5193176 fatcat:fny4zk3za5dxffrususdpzdn4e

How do you perceive threat? It's all in your pattern of brain activity

Orlando Fernandes, Liana Catrina Lima Portugal, Rita de Cássia S. Alves, Tiago Arruda-Sanchez, Eliane Volchan, Mirtes Garcia Pereira, Janaina Mourão-Miranda, Letícia Oliveira
2019 Brain Imaging and Behavior  
Furthermore, we investigated whether it was possible to decode an individual's subjective threat perception from patterns of whole-brain activity to threatening stimuli in the different emotional contexts  ...  Interestingly, we were able to accurately predict the subjective threat perception index from the pattern of brain activation to threat only during the directed away context.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Lucas Rego Ramos for helping during the collection of the fMRI data.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11682-019-00177-6 pmid:31446554 fatcat:s3uzf6wtajcexgmwkpds4v6kcq

Neural Population Decoding Reveals the Intrinsic Positivity of the Self

Robert S. Chavez, Todd F. Heatherton, Dylan D. Wagner
2016 Cerebral Cortex  
These results show that brain responses during self-referential processing can be decoded from multi-voxel activation patterns in the vMPFC when viewing positively valenced material, thereby providing  ...  We found that a multivariate pattern classifier model trained to dissociate neural responses to viewing positively and negatively valenced images can dissociate thinking about oneself from a close friend  ...  Funding National Institutes of Health (MH059282 to T.F.H.) and a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship (to R.S.C).  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhw302 pmid:27664966 fatcat:r6fwsou7bjfvfpsxmvztzha57i

Neural Activation during Anticipation of Near Pain-Threshold Stimulation among the Pain-Fearful

Zhou Yang, Todd Jackson, Chengzhi Huang
2016 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
to decoding stimulus valences (inferior orbital cortex) during anticipation of "painful" stimuli.  ...  In sum, trait-and task-based FOP is associated with enhanced responsiveness in regions involved in threat processing and negative affect during anticipation of potentially painful stimulation.  ...  of China, and Chongqing 100 Persons Fellowship to the corresponding author.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2016.00342 pmid:27489536 pmcid:PMC4951481 fatcat:delc57kysbb4lapo4c2nvq7rnm

Hans Eysenck's interface between the brain and personality: Modern evidence on the cognitive neuroscience of personality

Rachel L.C. Mitchell, Veena Kumari
2016 Personality and Individual Differences  
Specifically, there is a robust relationship between neuroticism and the functioning of several emotion processing networks in the brain, particularly during exposure to negative stimuli.  ...  We present clear evidence that, as proposed by Eysenck nearly half-a-century ago, these traits relate meaningfully to the functioning and structure of various cortical and limbic brain regions.  ...  Can we distinguish the types of people (i.e., personality types) skilled in decoding nonverbal emotion cues from those with difficulties interpreting such cues based on typical patterns of brain activation  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.009 fatcat:jp6w5tf3lzh3hgk5rrlxql6gfi

Alexithymia slows performance but preserves spontaneous semantic decoding of negative expressions in the emostroop task

Courtney K. Hsing, Alicia J. HofelichMohr, R. Brent Stansfield, Stephanie D. Preston
2013 International Journal of Psychological Research  
The current study was designed to determine if trait alexithymia was associated with impaired early semantic decoding of facial emotion.  ...  Moreover, their impairment does not appear to extend uniformly across negative emotions and is not specific to angry or threatening stimuli as previously reported, at least during early processing.  ...  Trait or mood induced attention to negative affect is known in other studies to delay responses, as in clinical Emotional Stroop tasks (McKenna & Sharma, 1995) .  ... 
doi:10.21500/20112084.719 fatcat:niec76r4vrbitk5suu4oe7c5ny

Alcohol attenuates amygdala–frontal connectivity during processing social signals in heavy social drinkers

Stephanie M. Gorka, Daniel A. Fitzgerald, Andrea C. King, K. Luan Phan
2013 Psychopharmacology  
Given that affective processing involves dynamic interactions between the amygdala and the prefrontal cortex (PFC), alcohol's effects are likely to extend beyond regional changes in brain activity to changes  ...  Rationale Convergent evidence shows that alcohol exerts its effects on social behavior via modulation of amygdala reactivity to affective stimuli.  ...  Acknowledgments This study was supported by a Brain Research Foundation Grant awarded to ACK and KLP. Conflicts of interest All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00213-013-3090-0 pmid:23584670 pmcid:PMC3740023 fatcat:cyka7nx7a5bhjdxw2vgfc2v7oq

Using fMRI and machine learning to predict symptom improvement following cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis

Eva Tolmeijer, Veena Kumari, Emmanuelle Peters, Steven C.R. Williams, Liam Mason
2018 NeuroImage: Clinical  
Multivariate pattern analysis assessed whether treatment response in those receiving CBTp (n = 22) could be predicted by pre-therapy neural responses to facial affect that was either threat-related (ambiguous  ...  Psychotic symptom improvement was predicted by neural responses to threat-related affect across sensorimotor and frontal-limbic regions, whereas affective symptom improvement was predicted by neural responses  ...  We would also like to acknowledge the participants of the study for their commitment to this research.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.10.011 pmid:30343250 pmcid:PMC6197386 fatcat:s227ihy32vafxomeva5kc7fjzq

Emotion processing deficits: A liability spectrum providing insight into comorbidity of mental disorders

Mariska E. Kret, Annemie Ploeger
2015 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
Acknowledgements Research was supported by a VENI grant (016-155-082) from NWO (Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek) to Mariska E. Kret.  ...  We thank Christina Diatchkova for her assistance in the revision of this manuscript.  ...  In line with these recommendations, it has indeed been shown that participants with high borderline personality disorder traits identified more negative mental states to affective eye stimuli than those  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.02.011 pmid:25725415 fatcat:rswjwfvvpbbffbjh4zgykhldpi

Neural Underpinnings of the Perception of Emotional States Derived From Biological Human Motion: A Review of Neuroimaging Research

Julia Bachmann, Jörn Munzert, Britta Krüger
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
Moreover, neural activation seems to depend on task characteristics, indicating that certain structures are activated even when attention is shifted away from emotional body movements.  ...  Whereas most brain regions clearly display an increased response to emotional body movements in general, some structures respond selectively to negative valence.  ...  They found that the TPJ showed increased activation regardless of whether participants inferred either affective states or personality traits.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01763 pmid:30298036 pmcid:PMC6160569 fatcat:ujwl7iqtzrftfhnvy5cpfe2jsa

Preferential decoding of emotion from human non-linguistic vocalizations versus speech prosody

M.D. Pell, K. Rothermich, P. Liu, S. Paulmann, S. Sethi, S. Rigoulot
2015 Biological Psychology  
This study used event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to compare the time course of emotion processing from non-linguistic vocalizations versus speech prosody, to test whether vocalizations are treated  ...  Individuals with high trait anxiety exhibited early, heightened sensitivity to vocal emotions (particularly vocalizations).  ...  , 1983) , and main personality traits (NEO-FFI-3, Costa & McCrae, 2010) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.08.008 pmid:26307467 fatcat:hym3l6ss5zakdmuwr2x2gcolti

A biopsychosocial formulation of pain communication

Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Kenneth D. Craig, Steve Duck, Annmarie Cano, Liesbet Goubert, Philip L. Jackson, Jeffrey S. Mogil, Pierre Rainville, Michael J. L. Sullivan, Amanda C. de C. Williams, Tine Vervoort, Theresa Dever Fitzgerald
2011 Psychological bulletin  
Fine-grain consideration of social transactions during pain leads to an appreciation of sociobehavioral events affecting both suffering persons as well as caregivers.  ...  Our examination considers knowledge from a variety of perspectives, including clinical health psychology, social and developmental processes, evolutionary psychology, communication studies, and behavioral  ...  Acute noxious stimuli activate several brain areas, but this activation does not necessarily correspond directly to self-reports of pain (Bornhövd et al., 2002; Büchel et al., 2002) .  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0023876 pmid:21639605 fatcat:altv3chlpzcorazrvbnjegi7sy

The Neuroscience of Social Vision [chapter]

Ryan M. Stolier, Jonathan B. Freeman
2016 Neuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition, and Character  
Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by a National Science Foundation research grant (NSF-BCS-1423708) awarded to J.B.F.  ...  By this interpretation, positive and negative affect facilitate processing of all congruently valenced stimuli.  ...  The general increase in binocular dominance of face stimuli during negative affect supports one interesting hypothesis, that negative affect states may promote vigilance in perceptual processing toward  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-800935-2.00007-5 fatcat:svr7urfwqffkdfevwxhsiysn3q

Face masks reduce emotion-recognition accuracy and perceived closeness

Felix Grundmann, Kai Epstude, Susanne Scheibe
2021 PLoS ONE  
Exploratory analyses further revealed that face masks buffered the negative effect of negative (vs. non-negative) emotion expressions on perceptions of trustworthiness, likability, and closeness.  ...  Our preregistered study with 191 German adults revealed that face masks diminish people's ability to accurately categorize an emotion expression and make target persons appear less close.  ...  For instance, different brain areas are activated in men and women when processing emotional material [e.g., 21, 22] . Such differences in brain activation are thought to affect emotion recognition.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0249792 pmid:33891614 pmcid:PMC8064590 fatcat:gh7s7imnnveyfj673vh77vcow4

Neuroscience of Self and Self-Regulation

Todd F. Heatherton
2011 Annual Review of Psychology  
First, people need to be aware of their behavior so as to gauge it against societal norms.  ...  This necessitates a third mechanism, which detects threat, especially in complex social situations.  ...  Patients suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder, too, show interesting patterns of prefrontal and limbic activity in response to emotional stimuli.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.121208.131616 pmid:21126181 pmcid:PMC3056504 fatcat:xgk2ghdtpvakncc2urgd4wnq3y
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