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Decision list compression by mild random restrictions [article]

Shachar Lovett, Kewen Wu, Jiapeng Zhang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
An ingredient in our proof is a new random restriction lemma, which allows to analyze how DNFs (and more generally, decision lists) simplify if a small fraction of the variables are fixed.  ...  We prove that decision lists of small width can always be approximated by decision lists of small size, where we obtain sharp bounds.  ...  Lemma 1.2 (DNFs simplify after mild random restrictions).  ... 
arXiv:1909.10658v2 fatcat:ff6o24hjmzh2thu2knhkczpci4

A systematic review of pneumatic compression for treatment of chronic venous insufficiency and venous ulcers

Elise Berliner, Berrin Ozbilgin, Deborah A. Zarin
2003 Journal of Vascular Surgery  
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services considered the results of this study and issued a decision that pneumatic compression will only be covered for patients with refractory edema with significant  ...  Methodologically rigorous research designed to answer these questions would be useful for treatment decisions.  ...  A list of reviews and guidelines related to the use of compression is given in Appendix 1 (online only).  ... 
doi:10.1067/mva.2003.103 pmid:12618689 fatcat:ar5sx36mp5dilldaxmayboqeka

Evidence-based psychological treatments for insomnia in older adults

Susan M. McCurry, Rebecca G. Logsdon, Linda Teri, Michael V. Vitiello
2007 Psychology and Aging  
: sleep restriction-sleep compression therapy and multicomponent cognitive-behavioral therapy.  ...  Following coding procedures developed by the American Psychological Association's Committee on Science and Practice of the Society for Clinical Psychology, two treatments were found to meet EBT criteria  ...  A total of 90 participants received sleep restriction-compression in these studies.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0882-7974.22.1.18 pmid:17385979 fatcat:3rtilkj4sjchxb3ms4sdm3mo7e

Acupotomy for nerve entrapment syndrome

Yifeng Shen, Ting Li, Tao Cai, Juan Zhong, Jing Guo, Huarui Shen
2019 Medicine  
We will include randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing acupotomy for nerve entrapment syndrome. All RCTs on acupotomy or related interventions will be included.  ...  Study inclusion, data extraction and quality assessment will be performed independently by 2 reviewers. Assessment of risk of bias and data synthesis will be performed using RevMan 5.3 software.  ...  Risk of bias assessment The risk of bias will be evaluated by 2 reviewers based on the Cochrane collaboration's tool from 7 dimensions: random sequence generation, allocation concealment, the blinding  ... 
doi:10.1097/md.0000000000018327 pmid:31852126 pmcid:PMC6922462 fatcat:prx5notcurfnjf2czcqskelqte

Primal Infon Logic with Conjunctions as Sets [chapter]

Carlos Cotrini, Yuri Gurevich, Ori Lahav, Artem Melentyev
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Primal infon logic was proposed by Gurevich and Neeman as an efficient yet expressive logic for policy and trust management.  ...  In this paper we suggest a way to regain the part of this principle restricted to conjunction: We introduce a version of propositional primal logic that treats conjunctions as sets, and show that the derivation  ...  Intuitively the reason is that, while SPIL generously enriches the algebra of conjunction, it imposes only mild restrictions on implication.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-44602-7_19 fatcat:2s3ip7tjgjghfe5r2fnpfa3kci

Wavelet decompositions of Random Forests - smoothness analysis, sparse approximation and applications

Oren Elisha, Shai Dekel
2016 Journal of machine learning research  
The wavelet decomposition of a Random Forest provides a sparse approximation of any regression or classification high dimensional function at various levels of detail, with a concrete ordering of the Random  ...  Motivated by function space theory, we use the wavelet decomposition to compute numerically a 'weak-type' smoothness index that captures the complexity of the underlying function.  ...  This work was supported by an 'AWS in Education Grant award'.  ... 
dblp:journals/jmlr/ElishaD16 fatcat:rrd6gozjczfgthkbpuq63liopq

Efficacy and Safety of Surgical Decompression in Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy

Michael G. Fehlings, Jefferson R. Wilson, Branko Kopjar, Sangwook Tim Yoon, Paul M. Arnold, Eric M. Massicotte, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Darrel S. Brodke, Christopher I. Shaffrey, Justin S. Smith, Eric J. Woodard, Robert J. Banco (+6 others)
2013 Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume  
Methods: Adult patients with symptomatic cervical spondylotic myelopathy and magnetic resonance imaging evidence of spinal cord compression were enrolled at twelve North American centers from 2005 to 2007  ...  At enrollment, the myelopathy was categorized as mild (modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association [mJOA] score ‡ 15), moderate (mJOA = 12 to 14), or severe (mJOA < 12).  ...  There were no restrictions on the duration of symptoms or prior nonsurgical treatment.  ... 
doi:10.2106/jbjs.l.00589 pmid:24048552 fatcat:i4t4odc4dndpfczyanar4x4yha

One-Shot Neural Architecture Search via Compressive Sensing [article]

Minsu Cho, Mohammadreza Soltani, Chinmay Hegde
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In our work, we propose a new meta-learning algorithm that we call CoNAS, or Compressive sensing-based Neural Architecture Search.  ...  Several recent works (called "one-shot" approaches) have focused on dramatically reducing NAS running time by leveraging proxy models that still provide architectures with competitive performance.  ...  This work was supported in part by NSF grants CCF-1566281, CAREER CCF-1750920, a GPU gift grant from the NVIDIA Corporation, and a faculty fellowship from the Black and Veatch Foundation.  ... 
arXiv:1906.02869v1 fatcat:azaqkmycg5hvnn2cw6e7d2tlxq

Complexity of Multi-Dimensional Spontaneous EEG Decreases during Propofol Induced General Anaesthesia

Michael Schartner, Anil Seth, Quentin Noirhomme, Melanie Boly, Marie-Aurelie Bruno, Steven Laureys, Adam Barrett, Dante R. Chialvo
2015 PLoS ONE  
A simple measure of complexity based on the (lack of) compressibility of the EEG response, as quantified by the Lempel-Ziv algorithm [23] , was developed for these data: the Perturbational Complexity Index  ...  , temporal and occipital lobes, on full broadband signals and on frequencyrestricted signals, in each case comparing results for data from wakeful rest, mild sedation and general anaesthesia.  ...  A Lempel-Ziv compression algorithm obtains a list of words (binary subsequences that appear at least once) in the data matrix, as sketched in Fig 3.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0133532 pmid:26252378 pmcid:PMC4529106 fatcat:ihmnk7gwyfecti2rp3ex4p7o5y

Hyperparameter Optimization: A Spectral Approach [article]

Elad Hazan, Adam Klivans, Yang Yuan
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We also outperform Random Search 8x. Additionally, our method comes with provable guarantees and yields the first improvements on the sample complexity of learning decision trees in over two decades.  ...  We give a simple, fast algorithm for hyperparameter optimization inspired by techniques from the analysis of Boolean functions.  ...  Hyperband further improves SH by automatically tuning the hyperparameters in SH [LJD + 16] . Learning decision trees.  ... 
arXiv:1706.00764v4 fatcat:g5lljknufzcf3bwsnqasukfoay

Clinical practice recommendations on the management of perioperative cardiac arrest: A report from the PERIOPCA Consortium

Athanasios Chalkias, Nicolas Mongardon, Vladimir Boboshko, Vladimir Cerny, Anne-Laure Constant, Quentin De Roux, Gabriele Finco, Francesca Fumagalli, Eleana Gkamprela, Stéphane Legriel, Vladimir Lomivorotov, Aurora Magliocca (+31 others)
2021 Critical Care  
Still, these recommendations provide a basis for decision making, as well as a guide for future research on perioperative cardiac arrest.  ...  A summary of evidence for each outcome is reported and accompanied by an overall assessment of the evidence to guide healthcare providers.  ...  We included prospective randomized trials, case control studies, prospective observational studies, retrospective observational trials, and cohort studies with comparator groups without language restrictions  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13054-021-03695-2 pmid:34325723 pmcid:PMC8323279 fatcat:cczmofl7izdopkjvdxmz2kshiy

Variable Elimination in the Fourier Domain [article]

Yexiang Xue, Stefano Ermon, Ronan Le Bras, Carla P. Gomes, Bart Selman
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We demonstrate the significance of this approach by applying it to the variable elimination algorithm.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by National Science Foundation (Award Number 0832782, 1522054, 1059284).  ...  (δ-random restriction) A δ-random restriction of f (x) : {−1, 1} n → R is defined as f | J|z , when elements in J are selected randomly with probability δ, and z is formed by randomly setting variables  ... 
arXiv:1508.04032v2 fatcat:suh5talwibbgxix33olmxilq44

American Osteopathic Association Guidelines for Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) for Patients With Low Back Pain

2016 The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association  
Usage) to improve physiologic function and/or support homeostasis that has been altered by somatic dysfunction. OMT employs a variety of techniques" (eAppendix).  ...  Osteopathic manipulative treatment is defined in the Glossary of Osteopathic Terminology as "The therapeutic application of manually guided forces by an osteopathic physician (U.S.  ...  A system of diagnosis and treatment that considers the dysfunction to be a continuing, inappropriate strain reflex, which is inhibited by applying a position of mild strain in the direction exactly opposite  ... 
doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.107 pmid:27455103 fatcat:lcg3dzsejfablnngvk232rvxrm

Bisphosphonate treatment in osteogenesis imperfecta: Which drug, for whom, for how long?

Frank Rauch, Francis H. Glorieux
2005 Annals of Medicine  
At present, bisphosphonate treatment has little justification in growing patients with mild forms of OI who have few or no clinical symptoms.  ...  Given these uncertainties, treatment with bisphosphonates should be reserved for patients who have significant clinical problems, such as vertebral compression fractures or long bone deformities.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Shriners of North America. We thank Mark Lepik for preparing the figures.  ... 
doi:10.1080/07853890510007386 pmid:16019729 fatcat:3qaem6k7wffm7hkacqazc3yhu4

The association between depressive symptoms or depression and health outcomes in adults with low back pain with or without radiculopathy: protocol of a systematic review

Jessica J. Wong, Andrea C. Tricco, Pierre Côté, Laura C. Rosella
2019 Systematic Reviews  
Overall, findings from our systematic review will be relevant to patients, health care providers, researchers, and decision-makers.  ...  We will provide a list of possibly relevant titles in other languages in the final manuscript.  ...  consent to participate Not applicable Consent for publication Not applicable Competing interests ACT is an associate editor for Systematic Reviews but was not involved in the peer review process or decision  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13643-019-1192-4 pmid:31703727 pmcid:PMC6839250 fatcat:bah7slzzbrgxzp6wxlpceepcsu
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