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Sociotechnical Envelopment of Artificial Intelligence: An Approach to Organizational Deployment of Inscrutable Artificial Intelligence Systems

Aleksandre Asatiani, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, Pekka Malo, Per Rådberg Nagbøl, Esko Penttinen, Tapani Rinta-Kahila, Antti Salovaara, Aalto University School of Business, Finland, IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark, Aalto University School of Business, Finland, The University of Queensland, Australia, Aalto University School of Arts, Design and Architecture, Finland
2021 Journal of the AIS  
., nonexplainable) artificial intelligence (AI) such as neural networks in an accountable and safe manner in organizational settings.  ...  This work makes two key contributions: It introduces the concept of sociotechnical envelopment by demonstrating the ways in which an organization's successful AI envelopment depends on the interaction  ...  In a corollary to this, taking a sociotechnical stance is aimed at meeting instrumental objectives (e.g., effectiveness and accuracy of the model or other artifact developed) and humanistic objectives  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00664 fatcat:tiiusdwgj5e5reoqmddejvmcwy

Research Trends in Artificial Intelligence Applications in Human Factors Health Care: Mapping Review

Onur Asan, Avishek Choudhury
2021 JMIR Human Factors  
Conclusions Human factors researchers should actively be part of efforts in AI design and implementation, as well as dynamic assessments of AI systems' effects on interaction, workflow, and patient outcomes  ...  Studies are discussed based on the key principles such as evaluating workload, usability, trust in technology, perception, and user-centered design.  ...  This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.  ... 
doi:10.2196/28236 pmid:34142968 fatcat:oow4g56w6baw3p6tgfktstdcsq

Governance of Internet of Things and Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Eduardo Magrani
2018 Revista Direitos Culturais  
On one hand, the context of hyperconnectivity can bring economic benefits to the State, companies, as well as convenience to consumers.  ...  On the other hand, increasing connectivity brings significant challenges in the spheres of privacy protection and contemporary ethics, impacting, ultimately, democracy itself.  ...  their design, as well as the agency of human actors in interpreting the output of algorithms in the course of making higher level decisions." 7 This discussion complements the governance review and touches  ... 
doi:10.20912/rdc.v13i31.2816 fatcat:jdbom36hwjgy5gltjbfx7rul4i

Cognitive Mimetics for Designing Intelligent Technologies

Tuomo Kujala, Pertti Saariluoma
2018 Advances in Human-Computer Interaction  
Here, we review design mimetics as a plausible approach to address the problem of how to design generally intelligent technology.  ...  Design mimetics is an important method of creation in technology design.  ...  (as discussed briefly earlier), for improved object recognition in unexpected conditions.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/9215863 fatcat:fz7osub64fbw7bjsryarscyhne

Artificial intelligence and philosophical creativity: From analytics to crealectics

Luis de Miranda
2020 Human Affairs  
How can we avoid the consequences of a reified definition of intelligence as universal operation becoming imposed upon our destinies?  ...  Intelligent behaviour may consist in distinguishing discrete familiar parts or reproducible functions in the midst of noise via an analytic process of segmentation; intelligence may also manifest itself  ...  , in order to gain insights that facilitate an automated action or a human decision.  ... 
doi:10.1515/humaff-2020-0053 fatcat:oesqjy3ngrfchexowmfxstnjvy

Anticipating Safety Issues in E2E Conversational AI: Framework and Tooling [article]

Emily Dinan, Gavin Abercrombie, A. Stevie Bergman, Shannon Spruit, Dirk Hovy, Y-Lan Boureau, Verena Rieser
2021 arXiv   pre-print
value-sensitive design.  ...  However, these models are often trained on large datasets from the internet, and as a result, may learn undesirable behaviors from this data, such as toxic or otherwise harmful language.  ...  Verena Rieser's and Gavin Abercrombie's contribution was supported by the EPSRC project 'Gender Bias in Conversational AI' (EP/T023767/1).  ... 
arXiv:2107.03451v3 fatcat:ofl2i3btmzbmxlpozqy5iifd3e

Causal effect of racial bias in data and machine learning algorithms on user persuasiveness discriminatory decision making: An Empirical Study [article]

Kinshuk Sengupta, Praveen Ranjan Srivastava
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The design of the experiment involves studying the counterfactual impact of racial bias features present in language datasets and its associated effect on the model outcome.  ...  The paper bridges the gap across the harm caused in establishing poor customer trustworthiness due to an inequitable system design and provides strong support for researchers, policymakers, and data scientists  ...  Various research work critiques the importance of data mining in democratizing fairness in sociotechnical systems (Selbst et al., 2019) .  ... 
arXiv:2202.00471v2 fatcat:powtrxoyxbaihjnn4tmwiat6tq

Turing Commons: Responsible Research and Innovation [article]

Christopher Burr
2021 Zenodo  
As an area of study and mode of enquiry, RRI plays a central role within academic, public, private, and third-sector organisations.  ...  Furthermore, the UK Government has highlighted the importance of RRI in both of its national data and national AI strategies.  ...  (as output) a decision about whether some object is present in the image.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6303128 fatcat:emqiresjg5gbbaj2vzn2lpdmyy

Ethical Assurance: A practical approach to the responsible design, development, and deployment of data-driven technologies [article]

Christopher Burr, David Leslie
2021 arXiv   pre-print
as well as contribute to ongoing discussions in policy and governance.  ...  Ethical assurance is presented as a structured means for unifying the myriad practical mechanisms that have been proposed, as it is built upon a process-based form of project governance that supports inclusive  ...  in valuable directions, which it otherwise would not have explored.  ... 
arXiv:2110.05164v1 fatcat:3loqwujkpjhw7dgtctkuan64yy

Principles to Practices for Responsible AI: Closing the Gap [article]

Daniel Schiff and Bogdana Rakova and Aladdin Ayesh and Anat Fanti and Michael Lennon
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Companies have considered adoption of various high-level artificial intelligence (AI) principles for responsible AI, but there is less clarity on how to implement these principles as organizational practices  ...  In turn, we argue that an impact assessment framework which is broad, operationalizable, flexible, iterative, guided, and participatory is a promising approach to close the principles-to-practices gap.  ...  [29] argue that companies attempt to shift responsibility onto designers and experts in order to minimize scrutiny of business decisions.  ... 
arXiv:2006.04707v1 fatcat:hzv4xxhawjduppicm6mi5k4veq

State of AI Ethics Report (Volume 6, February 2022) [article]

Abhishek Gupta
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Given MAIEI's mission to democratize AI, submissions from external collaborators have featured, such as pieces on the "Challenges of AI Development in Vietnam: Funding, Talent and Ethics" and using "Representation  ...  The two AI spotlights feature application pieces on "Constructing and Deconstructing Gender with AI-Generated Art" as well as "Will an Artificial Intellichef be Cooking Your Next Meal at a Michelin Star  ...  AI objectives.  ... 
arXiv:2202.07435v1 fatcat:wbalu3j3ynelfim7eqvxcpwu3q

A Survey on Data-driven Software Vulnerability Assessment and Prioritization [article]

Triet H. M. Le, Huaming Chen, M. Ali Babar
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The surges in SV data sources and data-driven techniques such as Machine Learning and Deep Learning have taken SV assessment and prioritization to the next level.  ...  Software Vulnerabilities (SVs) are increasing in complexity and scale, posing great security risks to many software systems.  ...  ., KNN, Decision tree and Random forest) in predicting the severity of SVs. Later, Chen et al.  ... 
arXiv:2107.08364v4 fatcat:flbuoi7vszawrd57k6pbz7kvaa

On the Opportunities and Risks of Foundation Models [article]

Rishi Bommasani, Drew A. Hudson, Ehsan Adeli, Russ Altman, Simran Arora, Sydney von Arx, Michael S. Bernstein, Jeannette Bohg, Antoine Bosselut, Emma Brunskill, Erik Brynjolfsson, Shyamal Buch (+102 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Homogenization provides powerful leverage but demands caution, as the defects of the foundation model are inherited by all the adapted models downstream.  ...  To tackle these questions, we believe much of the critical research on foundation models will require deep interdisciplinary collaboration commensurate with their fundamentally sociotechnical nature.  ...  In addition, we would like to especially thank Vanessa Parli for helping to organize this effort.  ... 
arXiv:2108.07258v2 fatcat:yktkv4diyrgzzfzqlpvaiabc2m

Civic Technologies: Research, Practice and Open Challenges [article]

Pablo Aragon, Adriana Alvarado Garcia, Christopher A. Le Dantec, Claudia Flores-Saviaga, Jorge Saldivar
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The workshop will be organized around three central topics: (1) discuss how the local context and infrastructure affect the design, implementation, adoption, and maintenance of civic technology; (2) identify  ...  Although Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) and Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) communities have shown a growing interest in researching issues around civic technologies, yet most research still  ...  Acknowledgment This research was sponsored by CONACYT, Paraguay through the program PROCIENCIA and resources of the Fund for the Excellence in Education and Research (FEEI by its Spanish acronym), through  ... 
arXiv:2012.00515v1 fatcat:r7sszjpyifgnvhnmiddojwjglm

OSTP-AWhite House Office of Science and Technology Policy Request for Information on the Future of Artificial Intelligence

Kris Kitchen
2017 Figshare  
For the long term, we recommend policies that will encourage the designers of transformative AI systems to work together cooperatively, perhaps through multinational and multicorporate collaborations,  ...  However, previous economic transitions may be poor guidance as to how this transition should be managed, and we encourage research into the likely effects of AI on the economy as well as potential policies  ...  The design of AI systems like the design of other sociotechnical systems involves decisions about how to delegate sub-tasks among humans and non-humans.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4640305 fatcat:26aelpe4ejbupao5yh2mys2pzq
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