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From Tether to Libra: Stablecoins, Digital Currency and the Future of Money [article]

Alexander Lipton, Aetienne Sardon, Fabian Schär, Christian Schüpbach
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This paper provides an overview on stablecoins and introduces a novel terminology to help better identify stablecoins with truly disruptive potential.  ...  It provides a compact definition for stablecoins, identifying the unique features that make them distinct from previously known payment systems.  ...  For example, a recent report found that only about 300 entities control over 80% of Tether tokens, with many of these being cryptocurrency exchanges, [43] . • Decentralized Finance (DeFi) applications  ... 
arXiv:2005.12949v1 fatcat:srzzcral4fegtcscxkns46b3ci

Decentralized Finance: On Blockchain- and Smart Contract-Based Financial Markets

Fabian Schär
2021 Review  
Moreover, the term "decentralized" is deceptive in some cases.  ...  The term decentralized finance (DeFi) refers to an alternative financial infrastructure built on top of the Ethereum blockchain.  ...  Such a system is called a corridor system (Keister, 2012) , and moving it influences all short-term interest rates. In practice, this argument does not always hold.  ... 
doi:10.20955/r.103.153-74 fatcat:fdzanzl7ozeajm3auzqvdbmlke

Lateral Exchange Markets: How Social Platforms Operate in a Networked Economy

Rebeca Perren, Robert V. Kozinets
2018 Journal of Marketing  
Each type provides value in a different way: Forums connect actors, Enablers equip actors, Matchmakers pair actors, and Hubs centralize exchange.  ...  Extending the general proposition that sociality increasingly infuses market logics, the findings suggest a new frontier in which social resources and software platform algorithms interact as operand resources  ...  The system is decentralized, with minimal involvement in and coordination of the transaction.  ... 
doi:10.1509/jm.14.0250 fatcat:vk5k2og2jzfu7oah63goonzrte

Securing Africa's land for shared prosperity: a program to scale up reforms and investments

2013 ChoiceReviews  
An important challenge to future integration is coordination in systems development and a risk that some systems and subsystems might not communicate easily.  ...  In all four countries, it is clear that the new land registry systems will operate on a far more decentralized basis than they do today.  ...  General term for a positioning system like GPS, GLONASS (global navigation satellite system), Galileo, and COMPASS. Global positioning system (GPS).  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.51-2764 fatcat:o6bf34jzvzestdsgfydg2hh5dm


Arun Khatri, Nakul Gupta, Anupama Parashar
Attitudes toward on using have a significantly positive effect on behavioural intention to use.  ...  FinTech organizations are driven by data-finance, commodities, currencies, investment, payment systems, trading, exchange markets, regulation, consultancy services, banking, transaction settlement, financial  ...  The perceived usefulness of a system represents the individual's view of the benefits of using the system. These two variables are considered in terms of cost-benefit issues.  ... 
doi:10.34218/ijm.11.12.2020.328 fatcat:2vr3qonikfbxnbqhrx6hli53gy

Enhancing Social Protection [chapter]

Gloria O. Pasadilla, Bart W. Édes
2015 Economics, Law, and Institutions in Asia Pacific  
Nature of Employment Informal Nature of Employment Informal Nature of Employment Informal Nature of Employment Informal Nature of Employment Social Protection in Asia and the Pacific  ...  From a risk sharing point of view, the main focus of social health protection should be on catastrophic cases.  ...  However, from a practical policy point of view, there is a growing recognition in Asia and elsewhere that a multi-pillar system is better able to address the various risks associated with population aging  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-4-431-55321-2_5 fatcat:pfksgqs2n5gi5ps2czdjhmeboy

Blockchain-Based Token Sales, Initial Coin Offerings, and the Democratization of Public Capital Markets

Jonathan Rohr, Aaron Wright
2017 Social Science Research Network  
In a token sale, also referred to as an "initial coin offering" or "ICO," organizers of a project sell digital tokens to members of the public to finance the development of new technological platforms  ...  Best known for their role in the creation of cryptocurrencies like bitcoin, blockchains are revolutionizing the way technology entrepreneurs finance their business enterprises.  ...  form of "crypto fuel" necessary for the network to function. 50 In effect, Ethereum can be conceptualized as a novel, decentralized computing system, where ether acts as a unit of account providing prepaid  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3048104 fatcat:mrtlztfuwrcbloc3au3kuijzem

Turning the Hunted into the Hunter via Threat Hunting: Life Cycle, Ecosystem, Challenges and the Great Promise of AI [article]

Caroline Hillier
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This paper is a collection of recent work that gives a holistic view of the threat hunting ecosystem, identifies challenges, and discusses the future with the integration of artificial intelligence (AI  ...  We specifically establish a life cycle and ecosystem for privacy-threat hunting in addition to identifying the related challenges. We also discovered how critical the use of AI is in threat hunting.  ...  Another tool for blockchain analysis is described by the authors of [152] is Decentralized finance (DeFi).  ... 
arXiv:2204.11076v1 fatcat:jc3bghaiungxxlta5itgjnla2a

Deliberation and Development [chapter]

Patrick Heller, Vijayendra Rao
2015 Deliberation and Development: Rethinking the Role of Voice and Collective Action in Unequal Societies  
Earlier versions of the chapter were presented at the conference on Deliberation for Development: New Directions, held in Washington, DC, November 12-13, 2010, and at the International Political Economy  ...  The author thanks Archon Fung, Erin Gamble, Varun Gauri, Patrick Heller, Celestin Monga, Vijayendra Rao, and Katy Saulpaugh for comments on previous drafts.  ...  The 1989 Oxford English Dictionary defi ned deliberation as "weighing a thing in the mind; careful consideration with a view to decision."  ... 
doi:10.1596/978-1-4648-0501-1_ch1 fatcat:gczwtaa7hrbtdbkbszmxfqgthe

Empirical Analysis on the USD/all Exchange Rate Volatility in Albanian Market: Preliminary Results

Ardita Todri, Giuseppe Di Liddo
2015 European Journal of Economics and Business Studies  
In particular, USD volatility represents a continuous concern for economic agents exposed to the exchange risk.  ...  This paper aims to forecast the USD/ALL exchange rate volatility in short term period in Albanian market, being that the American dollar is considered a safe currency independently to the political context  ...  Risk management and prevention are a proactive component of safety management.  ... 
doi:10.26417/ejes.v2i1.p180-195 fatcat:gyunqzdwibh3dczdvwtiaukmbu

Native to the Nation: Disciplining Landscapes and Bodies in Australia

James Jupp
2005 Perspectives on Politics  
(LOW), early warning systems, command and control systems, risks of accidental use and detonation, organizational and security issues, and so on.  ...  In addition to conceptualizing democracy in a richer and more complex way, the book goes on to show how this more comprehensive view of democracy can be measured and evaluated, which it does by describing  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1537592705650256 fatcat:3wqjyrwjizbx7lrmtwszp4dgne

The Lawyer's Cryptionary: A Resource for Talking to Clients About Crypto-Transactions

Carol R. Goforth
2018 Social Science Research Network  
be used to provide assurance of security and platform reliability. 8 2 Before Bitcoin, efforts at establishing peer-to-peer decentralized currency systems failed because they were unable to answer the  ...  How can the participants be assured of a coordinated attack?  ...  , or family of games sold by the same publisher or offered on the same game platform." 4 9 In the view of the drafters of the ULC, "Virtual currencies are a subset of cryptocurrencies." 4 10 Two commentators  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3211010 fatcat:5yaadlo3wvemlk7zuy7dhuj2n4

Exorcising Mcculloch: The Conflict-Ridden History of American Banking Nationalism and Dodd-Frank Preemption

Roderick M. Hills, Jr.
2012 Social Science Research Network  
that lenders in that effort would be illiquid-the Panic exposed the fragility of a financial system essentially rooted in the self-governance of decentralized bankers. 120 J.P.  ...  whether a bank was seeking the benefit of the law. 227 Not surprisingly, the Sixth Circuit rejected this one-sided view of banking preemption, simply because it "defie[d] common sense." 228 Despite  ...  Moreover, given the needs of the financial sector operating in a multistate market, one might even presume that those federal rules trump any additional state regulation addressing the same risk as federal  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2131266 fatcat:4yyk6pvq4bayhbvaivhvohlhey


2022 Zenodo  
price of imports.  International patent systems: There is an argument for viewing national patent systems as a cloak for protectionist trade policies at a national level.  ...  Two types of exposure policies-one for covering the risks on a specified buyer and another for covering the risks on all buyers-are offered.  ...  The shift was from prohibition and control of imports/exports to promotion and facilitation of exports and imports, keeping in view the interests of the country.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6402145 fatcat:m7vurtcwbzas3c26oe7sofur64

Modeling Payments Regulation and Financial Change

2018 Kansas Law Review  
Merton & Zvi Bodie, A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing the Financial Environment, in THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL SYSTEM: A FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE 6, 10-11 (Dwight B. Crane et al. eds., 1995).  ...  but also enhances predictability, assures market participants and their customers that regulators are focused on risk rather than extraneous considerations, reduces incentives to engage in regulatory arbitrage  ... 
doi:10.17161/1808.27479 fatcat:wnpc7yfyvfdepcpjbykdwwmhfq
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