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David Poole's Specificity Revised [article]

Claus-Peter Wirth, Frieder Stolzenburg
2013 arXiv   pre-print
In the middle of the 1980s, David Poole introduced a semantical, model-theoretic notion of specificity to the artificial-intelligence community.  ...  Besides the intuitive advantages of our novel specificity ordering over Poole's specificity relation in the classical examples of the literature, we also report some hard mathematical facts: Contrary to  ...  To honor David Poole, let us end this paper with the last sentence of [ Poole, 1985 ] : This research was sponsored by no defence department.  ... 
arXiv:1308.4943v4 fatcat:nkyh6fyppretplbm4mhap7hoji

Belief change and argumentation in multi-agent scenarios

Jürgen Dix, Sven Ove Hansson, Gabriele Kern-Isberner, Guillermo R. Simari
2016 Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence  
The work described in A series of revisions of David Poole's specificity by Claus-Peter Wirth and Frieder Stolzenburg, introduce some new specificity orderings over Poole's specificity relation are presented  ...  Belief revision and argumentation can be looked upon as two dimensions of reasoning that provide complementary possibilities; meanwhile belief revision investigates methods and quality criteria that address  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10472-016-9530-x fatcat:e4jrdcvvaff4xk3oqikdzek6sa

'Foretelling the judgements of God': authorship and the prophetic voice in Elizabeth Poole's A Vision (1648)

Carme Font Paz
2013 Journal of English Studies  
A Vision: Wherein is Manifested the Disease and Cure of the Kingdome (1648) is Elizabeth Poole's account of the prophecies she delivered before Cromwell and the Puritan Army's General Council as they debated  ...  This article discusses the prophetic voice in Elizabeth Poole's texts as she uses strategies of 'self' and 'others' to establish her authority before her audience and her own sectarian group.  ...  David Underdown (1985:183) and Marcus Nevitt (2002: 235ff .) point at either Cromwell or Ireton as sponsors of Poole's appearance, although evidence of this is not conclusive.  ... 
doi:10.18172/jes.2619 fatcat:a6jbjyh2vzhgjp5gnw5r45yqje

Defeat among arguments: a system of defeasible inference

R. P. Loui
1987 Computational intelligence  
The objectives closely resemble Poole's objectives. But the logic is different from Poole's.  ...  The objectives closely resemble Poole's objectives. But the logic is different from Poole's.  ...  In fact, I have given a detailed comparison of my system to David Poole's system because I think dialogue should be opened on the subject.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8640.1987.tb00178.x fatcat:cj2oj7phoncd3gds3llfqdnvhe

The RatioLog Project: Rational Extensions of Logical Reasoning

Ulrich Furbach, Claudia Schon, Frieder Stolzenburg, Karl-Heinz Weis, Claus-Peter Wirth
2015 Künstliche Intelligenz  
In this context, we work toward the application of techniques from human reasoning: We employ defeasible reasoning to compare the answers w.r.t. specificity, deontic logic, normative reasoning, and model  ...  Techniques from machine learning with similarity measures and case-based reasoning, defeasible reasoning with (a revision of) the specificity criterion, and normative reasoning with deontic logic help  ...  Already in 1985, David Poole had the idea to prefer more specific arguments in case of conflicting results as follows [19] : For any derivation of a given result, represented as a tree, consider the sets  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13218-015-0377-9 fatcat:w6mqqrmhmnerzjircnw4ktodwa

REFORMING DISCOURSES AND POLITICAL PRACTICE IN BRITAIN, 17601872

KATHRYN GLEADLE
2004 The Historical Journal  
Poole's co-editor, Martin Hewitt, is not convinced, however.  ...  of the Protestant ascendancy in Ireland ; 4 whilst for Lord Teynham the suffrage agenda encompassed the reform of the House of Lords and a revision of municipal structures as well as colonial freedom.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0018246x04223810 fatcat:cwno5bipdbbvpjcz2kbj5zttx4

A Programme for Social Study. III

I. W. Howerth
1897 American Journal of Sociology  
United States House Miscellaneous Documents, I872-3, No. 73, Report of David A. Wells.  ...  Revised Statutes of the State. These will give the general provisions of the state as to nuisances, etc.  ... 
fatcat:pbo7talwinc3pcwhen2hvib4ea

Response to Hanks and McDermott: Temporal Evolution of Beliefs and Beliefs about Temporal Evolution

Ronald P. Loui
1987 Cognitive Science  
Now, I am acquainted with three theories for selecting among multiple extensions: David Poole's (1985) , Donald Nute's (1985, 1986) , and my own (Loui, 1986a) .  ...  On Poole's account, the latter is "more specific" than the former. Either alive@0 or alive@1 will make the former "applicable" to alive@2, but will not make the latter "applicable" to not-alive@2.  ...  This is the kind of belief dynamics we'd expect from a coherentist model such as the one Harman (1986) has been advancing. 6 Actually, there would be belief-revision strategies that do not commit the agent  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog1103_2 fatcat:roxasxfahzec7ft5jwtlhir7we

Response to Hanks and McDermott: Temporal evolution of beliefs and beliefs about temporal evolution

R LOUI
1987 Cognitive Science  
Now, I am acquainted with three theories for selecting among multiple extensions: David Poole's (1985) , Donald Nute's (1985, 1986) , and my own (Loui, 1986a) .  ...  On Poole's account, the latter is "more specific" than the former. Either alive@0 or alive@1 will make the former "applicable" to alive@2, but will not make the latter "applicable" to not-alive@2.  ...  This is the kind of belief dynamics we'd expect from a coherentist model such as the one Harman (1986) has been advancing. 6 Actually, there would be belief-revision strategies that do not commit the agent  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0364-0213(87)80008-3 fatcat:asmvh6rkhreq3m6uugb5t6rhze

A Programme for Social Study. III

I. W. Howerth
1897 American Journal of Sociology  
Revised Statutes of the State. These will give the general provisions of the state as to nuisances, etc.  ...  Here, as in magazine articles (see Poole’s Index), Ely argues for government control. Jevons, Methods of Social Reform.  ... 
doi:10.1086/210703 fatcat:fkaargrdkndbhlbfnpzu6agywu

Abduction as belief revision

Craig Boutilier, Veronica Beche
1995 Artificial Intelligence  
We propose a model of abduction based on the revision of the epistemic state of an agent.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank MoisCs Goldszmidt and David Poole for their helpful suggestions and discussion of this topic.  ...  When specific facts F are learned, the agent can revise this belief set according to the revision model capturing its default rules.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0004-3702(94)00025-v fatcat:6idqdijdkndgvpub47p5quwgqq

Selected Reference Books of 1970-71

Eugene P. Sheehy
1972 College and Research Libraries  
Periodic revised editions are planned.-R.K. ATLASES Hammond Incorporated.  ...  Poole's Index to Periodical Literature. Cumulative Author Index for Poole~s Index to Periodical Literature, 1802- 1906. Comp. and ed. by C.  ... 
doi:10.5860/crl_33_01_39 fatcat:bsugijylkbeyjjuy5q2yjxoq74

Selected Reference Books of 1970-71

Eugene P. Sheehy
1971 College and Research Libraries  
Periodic revised editions are planned.-R.K. ATLASES Hammond Incorporated.  ...  Poole's Index to Periodical Literature. Cumulative Author Index for Poole~s Index to Periodical Literature, 1802- 1906. Comp. and ed. by C.  ... 
doi:10.5860/crl_32_04_304 fatcat:omefsnxn5nabzbnwclkxchzvmq

Present and Future of Formal Argumentation (Dagstuhl Perpectives Workshop 15362)

Dov M. Gabbay, Massimiliano Giacomin, Beishui Liao, Leendert Van Der Torre, Marc Herbstritt
2016 Dagstuhl Reports  
What is the role of specificity in this discussion? Relationship with the work by Frida Stolzenburg, last year at KR, David Poole's approach.  ...  Diverse kinds of reasoning and dialogue activities can be captured by argumentation models in a formal and still quite intuitive way, thus enabling the integration of different specific techniques and  ...  When to adopt a specific semantics instead of another? How do we validate dialogue protocols? Do we need a semantic model?  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.5.8.74 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/GabbayGLT15 fatcat:htoo2zzpi5hyjogjeck2m6iilm
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