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Edited by Ute Lischke and David T. McNab. Strangers in Blood by Jennifer Brown andBeing & Becoming Métis in North America edited by Brown and Jacqueline Peterson. ... McNab reminds us in his essay that many stories like these are out there if one listens for them. ...doi:10.7202/1065732ar fatcat:u6ztcby36vdhfforwutrdwyhii
STANDEN, Dale et David McNAB, Gin Das Wingan: Documenting Aboriginal History in Ontario (Toronto, STANDEN, Dale et David McNAB, Gin Das Wingan: Documenting Aboriginal History in Ontario (Toronto, The Champlain ...doi:10.7202/305552ar fatcat:ydkhl455cbf6pputj2j2t3bbbu
This document describes how WLCG users may use the available geographically distributed resources without X.509 credentials. In this model, clients are issued with bearer tokens; these tokens are subsequently used to interact with resources. The tokens may contain authorization groups and/or capabilities, according to the preference of the Virtual Organisation (VO), applications and relying parties. Wherever possible, this document builds on existing standards when describing profiles todoi:10.5281/zenodo.3460257 fatcat:p5uu3w4vffa6fe3tjajba3ctxu
more »... current and anticipated WLCG usage. In particular, three major technologies are identified as providing the basis for this system: OAuth2 (RFC 6749 & RFC 6750), OpenID Connect and JSON Web Tokens (RFC 7519). Additionally, trust roots are established via OpenID Discovery or OAuth2 Authorization Server Metadata (RFC 8414). This document provides a profile for OAuth2 Access Tokens and OIDC ID Tokens.
different collections to be served by different computers, yet be presented to the user in the same way, on the same Web page, as part of the same digital library, even as part of the same collection (McNab ...doi:10.1145/336597.336650 dblp:conf/dl/WittenBBM00 fatcat:2fw2spry3vbevooiwfsyuouj6u
McNab, R.J., Smith, L.A., Witten, I.H., Henderson, C.L., and Cunningham, S.J. (1996) Towards the digital music library: tune retrieval from acoustic input. ... We have performed an experiment to determine the accuracy of people in singing well known songs (McNab et al. 1996), and our findings indicate that people make a number of mistakes in singing intervals ...doi:10.1045/may97-witten fatcat:xbjno2axavafleaa4g7lfdjxm4
Eye (London. 1987)
Ocular cicatricial pemphigoid is a slowly progressive disease of mucous membranes and skin of unknown but presumed autoimmune aetiology. We describe eight cases of presumed drug-induced cicatrising conjunctival changes simulating ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, following the chronic use of topical glaucoma medication. In three of four patients who underwent conjunctival biopsy of the inferior fornix, this revealed histopathological changes similar to ocular cicatricial pemphigoid.doi:10.1038/eye.1998.66 pmid:9683956 fatcat:b2cs5avfunca5by5c4lshs36za
Digital libraries of music have the potential to capture popular imagination in ways that more scholarly libraries cannot. We are working towards a comprehensive digital library of musical material, including popular music. We have developed new ways of collecting musical material, accessing it through searching and browsing, and presenting the results to the user. We work with different representations of music: facsimile images of scores, the internal representation of a music editingdoi:10.1145/313238.313295 dblp:conf/dl/BainbridgeNWSM99 fatcat:rpbv2fo75feg3j23rhp45q47ie
more »... page images typeset by a music editor, MIDI files, audio files representing sung user input, and textual metadata such as title, composer and arranger, and lyrics. This paper describes a comprehensive suite of tools that we have built for this project. These tools gather musical material, convert between many of these representations, allow searching based on combined musical and textual criteria, and help present the results of searching and browsing. Although we do not yet have a single fully-blown digital music library, we have built several exploratory prototype collections of music, some of them very large (100,000 tunes), and critical components of the system have been evaluated.
This article discusses the authentication and the authorization aspects of security in grid environments spanning multiple administrative domains. Achievements in these areas are presented using the EU DataGrid project as an example implementation. It also gives an outlook on future directions of development.doi:10.1007/s10723-004-8182-y fatcat:g3zzvvejizgptavh3apzl2k7am
Dr McNab: participated in the study design, subject recruitment, data analysis, and manuscript preparation and review. clinics, whereas Mulgrew and colleagues 5 recruited a smaller subset (81/2,216, or ... (Drs Skomro, Gjevre, Reid, Stiles, Ward, and Cotton), and the Department of Community Health and Epidemiology (Dr Ghosh), The University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK; the Department of Medicine (Dr McNab ...doi:10.1378/chest.09-0577 pmid:20173052 fatcat:ldvacxtiifac7k5ecqtvhgd3vu
Special thanks and acknowledgement must go to Vicki Bianco and Henia Goldberg -our co-therapists on the project -who have contributed many ideas to this paper; Sara Barratt, David Campbell, Emilia Dowling ... Our preferred approach for this is built around the idea that we can only be effective in therapy as long as 414 David Pentecost and Sue McNab two therapists are working closely together. ... We also wondered what the effect of such work would be on us as therapists and how our own 'depression stories' may play their part in the therapeutic process. 404 David Pentecost and Sue McNab Some ...doi:10.1111/j.1467-6427.2007.00408.x fatcat:cul3pviv4zcc3l5s32gf4nshxq
Abattoir condemnation data show promise as a rich source of data for syndromic surveillance of both animal and zoonotic diseases. However, inherent characteristics of abattoir condemnation data can bias results from space-time cluster detection methods for disease surveillance, and may need to be accounted for using various adjustment methods. The objective of this study was to compare the space-time scan statistics with different abilities to control for covariates and to assess theirdoi:10.1186/1746-6148-9-231 pmid:24246040 pmcid:PMC3842647 fatcat:6wkhsalfzfespll7oqrdkv7wxe
more »... ty for food animal syndromic surveillance. Four space-time scan statistic models were used including: animal class adjusted Poisson, space-time permutation, multi-level model adjusted Poisson, and a weighted normal scan statistic using model residuals. The scan statistics were applied to monthly bovine pneumonic lung and "parasitic liver" condemnation data from Ontario provincial abattoirs from 2001-2007. Results: The number and space-time characteristics of identified clusters often varied between space-time scan tests for both "parasitic liver" and pneumonic lung condemnation data. While there were some similarities between isolated clusters in space, time and/or space-time, overall the results from space-time scan statistics differed substantially depending on the covariate adjustment approach used. Conclusions: Variability in results among methods suggests that caution should be used in selecting space-time scan methods for abattoir surveillance. Furthermore, validation of different approaches with simulated or real outbreaks is required before conclusive decisions can be made concerning the best approach for conducting surveillance with these data.
Ecology and Society
Community forests and protected areas have each been proposed as strategies to stop deforestation. These management strategies should be regarded as hypotheses to be evaluated for their effectiveness in particular places. We evaluated the community-forestry hypothesis and the protected-area hypothesis in community forests with commercial timber production and strict protected areas in the Maya Forest of Guatemala and Mexico. From land-use and land cover change (LUCC) maps derived from satellitedoi:10.5751/es-02593-130256 fatcat:hdwilu3iw5cbpiivcqdk5ygohm
more »... images, we compared deforestation in 19 community forests and 11 protected areas in both countries in varying periods from 1988 to 2005. Deforestation rates were higher in protected areas than in community forests, but the differences were not significant. An analysis of human presence showed similar deforestation rates in inhabited protected areas and recently inhabited community forests, but the differences were not significant. There was also no significant difference in deforestation between uninhabited protected areas, uninhabited community forests, and long-inhabited community forests. A logistic regression analysis indicated that the factors correlated with deforestation varied by country. Distance to human settlements, seasonal wetlands, and degree and length of human residence were significant in Guatemala, and distance to previous deforestation and tropical semideciduous forest were significant in Mexico. Varying contexts and especially colonization histories are highlighted as likely factors that influence different outcomes. Poorly governed protected areas perform no better as a conservation strategy than poorly governed community forests with recent colonists in active colonization fronts. Long-inhabited extractive communities perform as well as uninhabited strict protected areas under low colonization pressure. A review of costs and benefits suggests that community forests may generate more local income with lower costs. Small sample sizes may have limited the statistical power of our comparisons, but descriptive statistics on deforestation rates, logistic regression analyses, LUCC maps, data available on local economic impacts, and long-term ethnographic and action-research constitute a web of evidence supporting our conclusions. Long-inhabited community forest management for timber can be as effective as uninhabited parks at delivering long-term forest protection under certain circumstances and more effective at delivering local benefits.
Sentinel surveillance has previously been used to monitor and identify disease outbreaks in both human and animal contexts. Three approaches for the selection of sentinel sites are proposed and evaluated regarding their ability to capture overall respiratory disease trends using provincial abattoir condemnation data from all abattoirs open throughout the study for use in a sentinel syndromic surveillance system. Results: All three sentinel selection criteria approaches resulted in thedoi:10.1186/s12917-015-0349-1 pmid:25889382 pmcid:PMC4336523 fatcat:a337sjfm7zbkxn3irsiizc5uzi
more »... tion of sentinel abattoirs that captured overall temporal trends in condemnation rates similar to those reported by the full set of abattoirs. However, all selection approaches tended to overestimate the condemnation rates of the full dataset by 1.4 to as high as 3.8 times for cows, heifers and steers. Given the results, the selection approach using abattoirs open all weeks had the closest approximation of temporal trends when compared to the full set of abattoirs. Conclusions: Sentinel abattoirs show promise for integration into a food animal syndromic surveillance system using Ontario provincial abattoir condemnation data. While all selection approaches tended to overestimate the condemnation rates of the full dataset to some degree, the abattoirs open all weeks selection approach appeared to best capture the overall seasonal and temporal trends of the full dataset and would be the most suitable approach for sentinel abattoir selection.
The ability to restore American chestnut (Castanea dentata) through the planting of blight-resistant (Cryphonectria parasitica) trees is currently being tested. Forest-based research on the species' silvicultural requirements and chestnut blight development are lacking. Pure American chestnut seedlings were planted in a two-age shelterwood forest with low residual basal area and in a midstory-removal treatment with high residual basal area. Survival did not differ between silviculturaldoi:10.3390/f3041017 fatcat:iyis64bcizf33diya5y7n3etoe
more »... s and averaged 67 percent across both treatments by the fifth year. Trees in the two-age shelterwood were 2.36 m and 16.8 mm larger in height and ground-line diameter, respectively, compared to trees in the midstory-removal by the fifth growing season. Blight occurrence was not affected by silvicultural treatment. Exploratory analyses indicated that seedling grading at planting and keeping trees free-to-grow through competition control would have resulted in a two-year gain in height and GLD growth in the two-age shelterwood treatment. The two-age shelterwood represented the most efficacious prescription for chestnut restoration, but the midstory-removal prescription may offer a reasonable alternative in areas where harvesting must be delayed.
In general practice internationally, many care teams handle large numbers of laboratory test results relating to patients in their care. Related research about safety issues is limited with most of the focus on this workload from secondary care and in North American settings. Little has been published in relation to primary health care in the UK and wider Europe. This study aimed to explore experiences and perceptions of patients with regards to the handling of test results by generaldoi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-206 pmid:24885953 pmcid:PMC4048051 fatcat:7hdozx7ypjcyfhnxfweieezgke
more »... Methods: A qualitative research approach was used with patients. The setting was west of Scotland general practices from one National Health Service territorial board area. Patients were purposively sampled from practice held lists of patients who received a number of laboratory tests because of chronic medical problems or surveillance of high risk medicines. Focus groups were held and were audio-recorded. Tapes were transcribed and subjected to qualitative analysis. Transcripts were coded and codes merged into themes by two of the researchers. Results: 19 participants from four medical practices took part in four focus groups. The main themes identified were: 1. Patients lacked awareness of the results handling process in their practice. 2. Patients usually did not contact their practice for test results, unless they considered themselves to be ill. 3. Patients were concerned about the appropriateness of administrators being involved in results handling. 4. Patients were concerned about breaches of confidentiality when administrators were involved in results handling. 5. Patients valued the use of dedicated results handling staff. 6. Patients welcomed the use of technology to alert them to results being available, and valued the ability to choose how this happened. Conclusions: The study confirms the quality and safety of care problems associated with results handling systems and adds to our knowledge of the issues that impact in these areas. Practices need to be aware that patients may not contact them about results, and they need to publicise their results handling processes to patients and take steps to reassure patients about confidentiality with regards to administrators.
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