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Dataset for Temporal Analysis of English-French Cognates

Esteban Frossard, Mickael Coustaty, Adam Jatowt, Simon Hengchen
2020 Zenodo  
We propose a new database for computational approaches of synchronized diachronic investigation of language pairs, and subsequent novel findings stemming from the cognates temporal comparison of the two  ...  To analyze this evolution, we select a set of cognates in both languages and study their temporal changes and correlations.  ...  We also provide the results of preliminary temporal analysis of the cognates based on the created dataset.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3693650 fatcat:ttk5z3rjwfb3xhot7triu5bcni

Treatment for Anomia in Bilingual Speakers with Progressive Aphasia

Stephanie M. Grasso, Elizabeth D. Peña, Nina Kazemi, Haideh Mirzapour, Rozen Neupane, Borna Bonakdarpour, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini, Maya L. Henry
2021 Brain Sciences  
Most participants showed a significant cross-linguistic transfer effect for trained cognates in both the dominant and nondominant language, with fewer than half of participants showing a significant translation  ...  Findings support the implementation of dual-language intervention approaches for bilingual speakers with progressive anomia, irrespective of language dominance.  ...  Hixon for support with statistical analysis. Finally, we wish to thank all of our participants with primary progressive aphasia for the time and effort that they have devoted to this research.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci11111371 pmid:34827370 pmcid:PMC8615710 fatcat:ifmiytidynchhkntmfy3kvwysq

Time Calibration of Linguistic Phylograms: A Molecular Clock for Historical Linguistics

2015 Journal of Phylogenetics & Evolutionary Biology  
While traditional comparative and historical linguistic methods such as detailed analysis of cognate correspondences reveal similarities between languages and group them into linguistic families like how  ...  Also deliberated here is a call to make use of Maximum Parsimony-based approaches for the ancient character-state reconstruction, for reconstructing long-lost languages.  ...  Acknowledgements This study is supported by a grant-in-aid from ICSSR [Indian Council for Social Science Research) Grant No. 02/305/2014-15/RPR.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2329-9002.1000e115 fatcat:tjjuv3wwsbcu3ojaf4bt33ztpi

The deep history of the number words

Mark Pagel, Andrew Meade
2017 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Number words can remain stable for 10 000 to over 100 000 years, or around 3.5-20 times longer than average rates of lexical replacement among the Swadesh list of 'fundamental vocabulary' items.  ...  Here, we replicate this finding within the Bantu and Austronesian language families, and with new data for the IE languages.  ...  We thank Annemarie Verkerk for discussion of the phonetic space argument and Andreea Calude for examples of the possible grammaticalization of the word 'one'.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0517 pmid:29292363 fatcat:giwfiocghncnxg2fwslkvcgmuq

Lexico-syntactic interactions during the processing of temporally ambiguous L2 relative clauses: An eye-tracking study with intermediate and advanced Portuguese-English bilinguals

Ana Paula Soares, Helena Oliveira, Marisa Ferreira, Montserrat Comesaña, António Filipe Macedo, Pilar Ferré, Carlos Acuña-Fariña, Juan Hernández-Cabrera, Isabel Fraga, Christina Manouilidou
2019 PLoS ONE  
To that purpose, native-speakers of European Portuguese (EP) learning English as L2 at intermediate and advanced levels of proficiency were asked to silently read temporally ambiguous L2 relative clause  ...  Results showed cognate facilitation in early and late reading time measures regardless of L2 proficiency, and also that the cognate status of the complex NP impacted L2 reading performance, particularly  ...  Minho, namely Anabela Rato and João Paulo Silva), the Wolfson Laboratory (Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, namely Prof.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216779 pmid:31141531 pmcid:PMC6541246 fatcat:6eorfykbkbdofm37q6nvqb74bi

Similarity Dependent

Taraka Rama
2018 Proceedings of the 22nd Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning  
The sd-CRP clustering algorithms do not require any predefined threshold for detecting cognate sets in a multilingual word list.  ...  We present and evaluate two similarity dependent Chinese Restaurant Process (sd-CRP) algorithms at the task of automated cognate detection.  ...  All these sources of support are gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/k18-1027 dblp:conf/conll/Rama18 fatcat:mqkl4k2n7vb7hmhkmuzoopvqti

Network Perspectives on Chinese Dialect History

2015 Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics  
I would like to thank Wáng Fēng for being so kind as to provide the data on Chinese dialects that was used in this study, and the two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.  ...  We know, of course, that the second scenario is the right one, since English count was borrowed from Old French conter.  ...  However, since 922 of the cognate sets occur only once in the data and are thus not informative for the mln approach, only 591 cognate sets were left for the analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1163/2405478x-00801002 fatcat:nnd2tfbaazh27bj2c22qzqvexy

English Speakers' Implicit Gender Concepts Influence Their Processing of French Grammatical Gender: Evidence for Semantically Mediated Cross-Linguistic Influence

Elena Nicoladis, Chris Westbury, Cassandra Foursha-Stevenson
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
The purpose of the present study was to test whether implicit English gender connotations affect L1 English speakers' judgments of the L2 French gender of objects.  ...  L2 French learners were asked to identify the GG of French words estimated to be either congruent or incongruent with the implicit gender in English.  ...  One study found that L2 learners were more likely to show lexical CLI for cognates than for non-cognates (Burton, 2013) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.740920 pmid:34721215 pmcid:PMC8555711 fatcat:rakxpx6tavbhjco4xnhhiubgyq

Rapid radiation of the inner Indo-European languages: an advanced approach to Indo-European lexicostatistics

Alexei S. Kassian, Mikhail Zhivlov, George Starostin, Artem A. Trofimov, Petr A. Kocharov, Anna Kuritsyna, Mikhail N. Saenko
2021 Linguistics  
In this article we present a new reconstruction of Indo-European phylogeny based on 13 110-item basic wordlists for protolanguages of IE subgroups (Proto-Germanic, Proto-Slavic, etc.) or ancient languages  ...  proposed or specially developed for the present study.  ...  Academy of Sciences) for assistance in computational analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1515/ling-2020-0060 fatcat:bdf4ycacvzcc3fz6ilt6xz3esq

Bootstrapping Unsupervised Bilingual Lexicon Induction

Bradley Hauer, Garrett Nicolai, Grzegorz Kondrak
2017 Proceedings of the 15th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Volume 2, Short Papers  
We develop a novel method that creates seed lexicons by identifying cognates in the vocabularies of related languages on the basis of their frequency and lexical similarity.  ...  The task of unsupervised lexicon induction is to find translation pairs across monolingual corpora.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Alberta Innovates -Technology Futures, and Alberta Advanced Education.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/e17-2098 dblp:conf/eacl/KondrakHN17 fatcat:yee6d47q2bh6ldykdv5ojg2dxu

Grotoco@SLAM: Second Language Acquisition Modeling with Simple Features, Learners and Task-wise Models

Sigrid Klerke, Héctor Martínez Alonso, Barbara Plank
2018 Proceedings of the Thirteenth Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications  
We focus on evaluating a range of features for the task, including user-derived measures, while examining how far we can get with a simple linear classifier.  ...  Our analysis reveals that errors differ per exercise format, which motivates our final and best-performing system: a task-wise (per exercise-format) model.  ...  In particular, en-es consists of English learners (who already speak Spanish), es-en are Spanish learners (who already speak English), and fr-en are French learners (who already speak English).  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w18-0523 dblp:conf/bea/KlerkeAP18 fatcat:doh4nz6utbbi7b7gberikj7ave

Crosslinguistic interplay between semantics and phonology in late bilinguals: neurophysiological evidence

2018 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  
ERP source analysis suggests that these ERP dynamics are underpinned by cortical generators in the left IFG and the temporal pole.  ...  Our masked priming paradigm used L1 (Russian) words as masked primes and L2 (English) words as targets.  ...  For instance, French-English bilinguals (but not English monolinguals) exhibited lower N400 amplitude when accessing single written English words with an existing closed homophone in French than when accessing  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1366728918000627 fatcat:h7wupuernncbbirfzuz3bfftgq

Discourse markers and (dis)fluency in English and French

Ludivine Crible
2017 International Journal of Corpus Linguistics  
These claims are supported by quantitative findings on the variation and combination of DMs with other (dis)fluency devices in DisFrEn, a richly annotated and comparable English-French corpus representative  ...  Integrating these two levels of analysis, while methodologically challenging, is not only innovative but also highly relevant to the investigation of spoken discourse in general and form-meaning patterns  ...  Belgian French Sign Language. 3. See, for example, the program of the ISCH COST Action IS1312 "TextLink: Structuring Discourse in Multilingual Europe", chair Pr.  ... 
doi:10.1075/ijcl.22.2.04cri fatcat:bu6e57ztbbcolc5iaim54wuzpu

Modeling Second-Language Learning from a Psychological Perspective

Alexander Rich, Pamela Osborn Popp, David Halpern, Anselm Rothe, Todd Gureckis
2018 Proceedings of the Thirteenth Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications  
However, large datasets of people using educational software provide opportunities to explore these issues from a new perspective.  ...  After detailing our modeling approach and a number of supplementary simulations, we reflect on the degree to which psychological theory aided the model, and the potential for cognitive science and predictive  ...  The data was divided into three sets covering Spanish speakers learning English (en es), English speakers learning Spanish (es en), and English speakers learning French (fr en).  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w18-0526 dblp:conf/bea/RichPHRG18 fatcat:eft6tgf6pzeqphybamtdxsopka

Reading a book in one or two languages? An eye movement study of cognate facilitation in L1 and L2 reading

2016 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  
In L1 we detected non-identical cognate facilitation for first fixation durations of longer nouns. Identical cognate facilitation was found on total reading times for high frequent nouns.  ...  Additional facilitation for identical cognates was found for later eye movement measures.  ...  Peeters et al. provide evidence for two-separate rather than one morphological representation (e.g., Sánchez-Casas & García-Albea, 2005) by testing late French-English bilinguals on an L2 lexical decision  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1366728916000213 fatcat:xezdslxomnb6dmws44e2sd226a
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