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Antarctic Satellite Meteorology: Applications for Weather Forecasting

Matthew A. Lazzara, Linda M. Keller, Charles R. Stearns, Jonathan E. Thom, George A. Weidner
2003 Monthly Weather Review  
Upgrades in technology at Antarctic stations would allow regional numerical prediction models to be run on station and use all the current and future satellite data that may be available.  ...  In the late 1990s the University of Wisconsin composites, which combined all available polar and geostationary satellite imagery, allowed a near-real-time hemispheric view of the Southern Ocean and Antarctic  ...  Finally, thanks to everyone who helped with information on the present uses of meteorological satellite data and imagery in the Antarctic, especially Steve Pendlebury, Alberto Setzer, Tom Lachlan-Cope,  ... 
doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2003)131<0371:asmafw>;2 fatcat:rz54fknbrzczjlqt2keayv4bjy

Analysis and Comparison of new Downlink Technologies for Earth Observation Satellites

H. Henniger, S. Seyfarth, E. Diedrich
2016 Radioengineering  
This work aims in a trade-off of the available direct-downlink technologies for satellites in low, polar orbits.  ...  Generally, there are two approaches to fulfill the requirement of timely delivery of a huge amount of data from space-to-ground.  ...  Additionally, due to the orbit character of low orbiting Earth observation satellites a placement of G/Ss in polar regions is favorable.  ... 
doi:10.13164/re.2016.0001 fatcat:3447g6gbyvg2rj65jqax7dvjvi

Earth and space observation at the German Antarctic Receiving Station O'Higgins

Thomas Klügel, Kathrin Höppner, Reinhard Falk, Elke Kühmstedt, Christian Plötz, Andreas Reinhold, Axel Rülke, Reiner Wojdziak, Ulrich Balss, Erhard Diedrich, Michael Eineder, Hennes Henniger (+10 others)
2014 Polar Record  
Antarctic continent and its year-around operation make GARS O'Higgins in future increasingly attractive for polar orbiting satellite missions and a vitally important station for the global VLBI network  ...  ABSTRACTThe German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS) O'Higgins at the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula is a dual purpose facility for earth observation and has existed for more than 20 years.  ...  Acknowledgements The operation of an Antarctic station is a big financial, administrative and logistic effort.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0032247414000540 fatcat:i6szoikscfa3ppvjjfdejwbkiy

EFAL: EDRS Feeder Link from Antarctic Latitudes—System Architecture and Operations Concept [chapter]

Sergei Bobrovskyi, Florian Sellmaier, Felix Huber, Ricardo Barrios, Dirk Giggenbach, Florian Moll
2015 Space Operations: Innovations, Inventions, and Discoveries  
The goal of near real-time delivery of data from spacecraft in polar low Earth orbits to the customers can be achieved by utilization of Arctic and Antarctic hubs in a Ground Station Network.  ...  We present system architecture and operations concept for a setup employing the European Data Relay System (EDRS) for data uplinks from an Antarctic ground station taking into account the impact of local  ...  Acknowledgments S.Bobrovskyi thanks Yunir Gataulin for fruitful discussions and Adriane Exter for her support in the creation of illustrations.  ... 
doi:10.2514/5.9781624101991.0163.0184 fatcat:u5txz63w2zh6bapl2y7l7xknki

Open Access Data in Polar and Cryospheric Remote Sensing

Allen Pope, W. Rees, Adrian Fox, Andrew Fleming
2014 Remote Sensing  
today and the prospects for future data collection; in all cases, with a focus on data that are openly accessible.  ...  We consider the availability and practical utility of archival data, dating back in some cases to the 1920s for aerial photography and the 1960s for satellite imagery, the data that are being collected  ...  The first satellite in the Sentinel series will be a C-band SAR satellite collecting at a range of spatial resolutions from 5 to 100 m [98] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs6076183 fatcat:mkbjfuctzrdptdh7poxyhars6i

Japanese Satellite Earth Observation: Status and Policy Issues [chapter]

Teruyuki Nakajima
2017 Satellite Earth Observations and Their Impact on Society and Policy  
There are many requirements for sustained Earth system observations from space, necessitating strong international coordination through groups such as the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS  ...  The Global Satellite Mapping of Precipitation (GSMaP) initiative produces a high-precision, high-resolution global precipitation map using data from multiple satellites, including microwave imagers and  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-10-3713-9_10 fatcat:ewc6z6wzajc2bhqb3ggtykyo54

Evaluation of Total Ozone Column from Multiple Satellite Measurements in the Antarctic Using the Brewer Spectrophotometer

Songkang Kim, Sang-Jong Park, Hana Lee, Dha Hyun Ahn, Yeonjin Jung, Taejin Choi, Bang Yong Lee, Seongjoong Kim, Ja-Ho Koo
2021 Remote Sensing  
Additionally, the quality of satellite TOC is regionally different (e.g., OMI TOC is a little higher at the King Sejong station, but lower at the Zhongshan station than the Brewer TOC).  ...  Thus, it seems necessary to consider the difference of multiple satellite data for better assessing the spatiotemporal pattern of Antarctic TOC.  ...  The multiple satellite observation data were prepared using the data archive of Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (, accessed on 8 April 2020).  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13081594 fatcat:ob6lcotdhzapret3vzywct6onq

Transport of Patagonian dust to Antarctica

Fuyu Li, Paul Ginoux, V. Ramaswamy
2010 Journal of Geophysical Research  
MODIS and OMI data were obtained from the Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center.  ...  Model (HYSPLIT) and data products from satellite instruments.  ... 
doi:10.1029/2009jd012356 fatcat:obpdwg4qrvcota6xbgrefcwwsm

TIROS-N-Operational Environmental Satellite of the 80's

1981 Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets  
from MIRP High resolution video data from MIRP, medium AM/FM 665.4 kbps Split-phase PSK 2.6616 Mbps Randomized NRZ-PSK resolution video data from MIRP Data collection® 401.65 Data from Earth-based 400  ...  The TIP formats all low bit-rate instrument and telemetry data available for transmission from the satellite.  ... 
doi:10.2514/3.57800 fatcat:hyj2vdxfjjbwhkh43ta6xhuvma

Remote sensing in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean: applications and developments

James A. Maslanik, Roger G. Barry
1990 Antarctic Science  
The polar regions, and Antarctica in particular, offer a variety of examples where the ability to observe from afar is necessary or highly desirable.  ...  In particular, studies of ice shelf processes, changes in the sea-ice cover, and ice-ocean-atmosphere investigations must rely in large part on measurements from aircraft and satellites.  ...  Due to the nature of synthetic aperture processing, satellite acquired data may differ little from S A R data collected by aircraft with the exception that the spaceborne SAR image swath can cover a larger  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0954102090000141 fatcat:76w6p3fu75dfzc7xcidgj2s3k4

Comparison of atmospheric water vapor over Antarctica derived from CHAMP/GPS and AMSU-B data

K.-P. Johnsen, J. Miao, S.Q. Kidder
2004 Physics and Chemistry of the Earth  
Limb sounding observations of the Earth's atmosphere by a GPS receiver on board the Low Earth Orbiter (LEO) CHAMP allow to obtain sufficiently accurate measurements of temperature or water vapor.  ...  A comparison between the IWV derived from radiances of AMSU-B and from radio occultations of CHAMP over Antarctica shows a low mean difference ()0.08 kg/m 2 ) and also a low standard deviation (0.79 kg  ...  Acknowledgements The provision of data by the following institutions is gratefully acknowledged: Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL/Pasadena) (GPS data), NOAA/NESDIS/ORA/ ARAD Microwave Sensing Research Team  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pce.2004.01.005 fatcat:mjo6dha2sjhuhpsvfnfbebb7cu

Ionospheric Remote Sensing with GNSS

YuXiang Peng, Wayne A. Scales
2021 Encyclopedia  
Before reaching a typical GNSS receiver on the ground, GNSS satellite signals penetrate through the Earth's ionosphere.  ...  The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) plays a pivotal role in our modern positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) technologies.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank Anthea Coster, Greg Earle, Michael Ruohoniemi, Robert Clauer, and Jonathan Black for their comments and inputs on our work.  ... 
doi:10.3390/encyclopedia1040094 fatcat:c7gridruxzeehmfdlifyzuicei

Synoptic ozone, cloud reflectivity, and erythemal irradiance from sunrise to sunset for the whole earth as viewed by the DSCOVR spacecraft from the earth–sun Lagrange 1 orbit

Jay Herman, Liang Huang, Richard McPeters, Jerry Ziemke, Alexander Cede, Karin Blank
2018 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques  
Retrieved ozone amounts agree with ground-based measurements and satellite data to within 3<span class="thinspace"></span>%.  ...  These new synoptic quantities are retrieved for the entire sunlit globe from sunrise to sunset multiple times per day as the earth rotates in EPIC's field of view.  ...  The authors would like to acknowledge the support from the NOAA / NASA DSCOVR/EPIC project that developed and maintains the DSCOVR spacecraft and obtains the EPIC data.  ... 
doi:10.5194/amt-11-177-2018 fatcat:r3i36b522nbl5aerj4f3txqv3u

An Overview of a New Chinese Weather Satellite FY-3A

Chaohua Dong, Jun Yang, Wenjian Zhang, Zhongdong Yang, Naimeng Lu, Jinming Shi, Peng Zhang, Yujie Liu, Bin Cai
2009 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
The on-orbit Chinese polar-orbiting meteorological satellite FY-3A (second generation) is able to provide sounding and image data to users worldwide.  ...  ERM scanner 35 Orbit/regional/global LW: 10 W m −2 SW: 30 W m −2 19 Flux at TOA from ERM non scanner 120°Orbit LW: 10 W m −2 SW: 30 W m −2 october 2009 AMerIcAN MeteoroLoGIcAL SocIetY |  ...  China will continue its effort to develop two types [Low Earth Orbit satellite (LEO) and Geostationary satellite (GEO)] of meteorological and environmental satellites to meet national requirements and  ... 
doi:10.1175/2009bams2798.1 fatcat:n52dzihaozh7dk56pcfg6apzhq

Global cloud property models for real-time triage on board visible–shortwave infrared spectrometers

Macey W. Sandford, David R. Thompson, Robert O. Green, Brian H. Kahn, Raffaele Vitulli, Steve Chien, Amruta Yelamanchili, Winston Olson-Duvall
2020 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques  
New methods for optimizing data storage and transmission are required as orbital imaging spectrometers collect ever-larger data volumes due to increases in optical efficiency and resolution.  ...  We selected a diverse subset spanning space (with tropical, midlatitude, Arctic, and Antarctic latitudes), time (2005–2017), and wavelength (400–2500 nm) to assure that the distributions of cloud data  ...  A portion of this research was performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology (JPL).  ... 
doi:10.5194/amt-13-7047-2020 fatcat:nyi4tmu7mjb7dexjti6nttb6kq
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