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Data Standardization and Quality Degradation of Human-readable Data

Xitong Li, Hongwei Zhu
2015 International Conference on Information Systems  
Data standardization is a widely recommended solution to improving data quality.  ...  and readability.  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful for the funding support from Investissements d'Avenir (ANR-11-IDEX-0003 / Labex Ecodec / ANR-11-LABX-0047) and HEC Paris.  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/Li015 fatcat:sjrubzrwhnb27jxzauttowp4se

[Paper] An Encoding Method for Images Containing Textual Information for Very Low-Bandwidth Transmission

Shota Kaneko, Yoshihiro Sugaya, Shinichiro Omachi
2016 ITE Transactions on Media Technology and Applications  
By several subjective experiments, we confirm that the proposed method maintains character readability relative to the standard JPEG compression method while retaining the required image quality of background  ...  in order to ensure character readability while minimizing the overall image data size.  ...  Acknowledgments A component of the results presented in this paper was facilitated by an MIC program "Research and development of technologies for realizing disaster-resilient networks" (the no. 3 supplementary  ... 
doi:10.3169/mta.4.10 fatcat:vsbfz63mnvga3f77mww5rsqlxe

Polyadenylated Sequencing Primers Enable Complete Readability of PCR Amplicons Analyzed by Dideoxynucleotide Sequencing

Martin Beránek, Monika Drastíková, Jiří Petera
2012 Acta Medica  
Performing a polymerase chain reaction, we amplified eight amplicons of six human genes (AMELX, APOE, HFE, MBL2, SERPINA1 and TGFB1) ranging from 106 bp to 680 bp.  ...  Loss of an initial part of nucleotides behind the 3′ end of the sequencing primer limits the readability of sequenced amplicons.  ...  Acknowledgements The study was supported by the research project NT11334-4/2010 from the Ministry of Health, Czech Republic. references  ... 
doi:10.14712/18059694.2015.40 pmid:23631286 fatcat:vuy5prp7kjc4hil5u7gdplw4zm

Quality Measures in Biometric Systems

Fernando Alonso-Fernandez, Julian Fierrez, Javier Ortega-Garcia
2011 IEEE Security and Privacy  
A review of the state of the art in these matters gives an overall framework for the challenges of biometric quality.  ...  This article analyzes what factors negatively impact biometric quality, how to overcome them, and how to incorporate quality measures into biometric systems.  ...  Figure 2 shows more examples of data degradation related to face and fingerprint recognition.  ... 
doi:10.1109/msp.2011.178 fatcat:ysyum5v5l5fzzaf24bl4pqtvou

Controlling the Reading Level of Machine Translation Output

Kelly Marchisio, Jialiang Guo, Cheng-I Lai, Philipp Koehn
2019 Machine Translation Summit  
Our second approach alters the traditional encoder-decoder architecture by specifying a joint encoder and separate decoders for simple and complex decoding modes, with training data partitioned by reading  ...  In this paper, we introduce the task of reading level control to machine translation, and provide the first results.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Jason Eisner, Huda Khayrallah, Shuoyang Ding, Arya Mc-Carthy, and Rebecca Knowles for their insightful comments and advice.  ... 
dblp:conf/mtsummit/MarchisioGLK19 fatcat:qgeqwikekje2hhlse3wbspbcka

Application of Threshold Techniques for Readability Improvement of Jawi Historical Manuscript Images

Hafizan Mat Som, Jasni Mohamad Zain, Amzari Jihadi Ghazali
2011 Advanced Computing An International Journal  
Most of binarized images with these two methods show improvement for readability and character recognition.  ...  quality problems were obtained from The Royal Museum of Pahang, Malaysia.  ...  Besides, with human capability to visually inspect, it is impossible to conduct too many evaluations of data in short term period [12] .  ... 
doi:10.5121/acij.2011.2206 fatcat:5acucbnwajdlnctzes44mbsq2i

Predicting the readability of short web summaries

Tapas Kanungo, David Orr
2009 Proceedings of the Second ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining - WSDM '09  
The standard approach to computing the readability is to first collect a corpus of random queries and their corresponding search result summaries, and then each summary is then judged by a human for its  ...  We present results on approximately 5000 editorial judgments collected over the course of a year and show examples where the model predicts the quality well and where it disagrees with human judgments.  ...  Such readability metrics would allow us to make sure that the result summary quality is not degrading, and that the readability is comparable to competitors.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1498759.1498827 dblp:conf/wsdm/KanungoO09 fatcat:pxpfiojunvbi3noqwjk7jtguoy

Enhancing Quality of Images using Fuzzy Logic and Singleton Parameters

J. B., J. K., Y. Poakwah
2017 International Journal of Computer Applications  
The visual evaluation of image quality is highly personal to the viewer and the user.  ...  The work concentrates on essentially the analysis of the visually enhanced images and a fuzzy approach for further enhancing these images, to make it more readable.  ...  INTRODUCTION Image enhancement fundamentally manages improving the impression of data in images for human viewers and giving 'better' contribution for other robotized image preparing methods.  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2017913991 fatcat:3dsu4vsk6zgqtibxofcjg22mqa

Answers Unite! Unsupervised Metrics for Reinforced Summarization Models [article]

Thomas Scialom, Sylvain Lamprier, Benjamin Piwowarski, Jacopo Staiano
2019 arXiv   pre-print
RL enables to consider complex, possibly non-differentiable, metrics that globally assess the quality and relevance of the generated outputs.  ...  ROUGE, the most used summarization metric, is known to suffer from bias towards lexical similarity as well as from suboptimal accounting for fluency and readability of the generated abstracts.  ...  Scores render the ability of the various met-rics to reproduce human preferences (in terms of readability and relevance).  ... 
arXiv:1909.01610v1 fatcat:w6cbzrx7gbalhphfrefhcmlame

Application Profiles: Exposing and Enforcing Metadata Quality

Diane Ileana Hillmann, Jon Phipps
2007 International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications  
While considerable attention has been paid to human-readable application profiles, there is a growing need for machine-readable application profiles that can support quality control mechanisms including  ...  We frame the discussion in terms of select functions to be served by application profiles and our notion of data profiles.  ...  The challenges for this transition from a primarily human-readable focus to the fuller functionality of human-and machine-readable Application Profiles will require the addition of supporting technology  ... 
dblp:conf/dc/HillmannP07 fatcat:urdn53pojbgtjp7byuu4x2xebe

Answers Unite! Unsupervised Metrics for Reinforced Summarization Models

Thomas Scialom, Sylvain Lamprier, Benjamin Piwowarski, Jacopo Staiano
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP)  
RL enables to consider complex, possibly non-differentiable, metrics that globally assess the quality and relevance of the generated outputs.  ...  ROUGE, the most used summarization metric, is known to suffer from bias towards lexical similarity as well as from suboptimal accounting for fluency and readability of the generated abstracts.  ...  Finally, to our knowledge, this paper is the first to compare two architectures with the same reinforcement setup on the same data: the one proposed by See et al. (2017) and extended by Gehrmann et  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/d19-1320 dblp:conf/emnlp/ScialomLPS19 fatcat:6gmyf3stjved7pbtf5oh7ttzdq

An Empirical Study of the Relationships between Code Readability and Software Complexity [article]

Duaa Alawad, Manisha Panta, Minhaz Zibran, Md Rakibul Islam
2019 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents an empirical study of the relationships between code readability and program complexity.  ...  Code readability and software complexity are important software quality metrics that impact other software metrics such as maintainability, reusability, portability and reliability.  ...  Although six readability metrics are used to assess readability of code, they may not be conclusive, since readability is something subject to human perception and dependent on human expertise.  ... 
arXiv:1909.01760v1 fatcat:46urmx2qurdbpdmrr27rxa47pu

Image storage and permanence considerations in the long-term preservation of photographic images – update 2010

Joseph E LaBarca
2010 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
International Standards on stability of digital prints Peter Z Adelstein -An investigation into the effects of solvent content on the image quality and stability of ink jet digital prints under varied  ...  Archivists and consumers, alike, need to become aware of long-term storage and preservation issues that relate to the preservation of the data behind digital photographic images.  ...  The standards need to be well documented, extensible, and data-driven; the data behind the standards needs to be based on scientifically sound principles.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/231/1/012008 fatcat:rvgsyndqrjg5zalmj7ekiieply

Learning to Predict Readability using Diverse Linguistic Features

Rohit J. Kate, Xiaoqiang Luo, Siddharth Patwardhan, Martin Franz, Radu Florian, Raymond J. Mooney, Salim Roukos, Chris Welty
2010 International Conference on Computational Linguistics  
Our system is trained using diverse features based on syntax and language models which are generally indicative of readability.  ...  The experiments also compare the performances of different learning algorithms and different types of feature sets when used for predicting readability.  ...  Readability Data The readability data was collected and released by LDC.  ... 
dblp:conf/coling/KateLPFFMRW10 fatcat:uu542hbennfwpleddwbrdn5ozm

A Graph-based Approach to Cross-language Multi-document Summarization

Florian Boudin, Stéphane Huet, Juan-Manuel Torres-Moreno
2011 POLIBITS Research Journal on Computer Science and Computer Engineering With Applications  
Results indicate that our approach improves the readability of the generated summaries without degrading their informativity.  ...  In this paper, we propose a graph-based approach to multi-document summarization that integrates machine translation quality scores in the sentence extraction process.  ...  Results show that our approach enhances the readability of the generated summaries without degrading their content.  ... 
doi:10.17562/pb-43-16 fatcat:6y4sfnmgwbbzfa2bujyfky4seu
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