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Data Balancing Improves Self-Admitted Technical Debt Detection [article]

Murali Sridharan, Mika Mantyla, Leevi Rantala, Maelick Claes
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Such imbalance affects Self-Admitted Technical Debt (SATD) detection performance, and existing literature lacks empirical evidence on the choice of balancing technique.  ...  A high imbalance exists between technical debt and non-technical debt source code comments.  ...  [2] coined the term self-admitted technical debt (SATD). SATD is a subset of TD, where the developers have left a note admitting that they intentionally incurred TD.  ... 
arXiv:2103.13165v1 fatcat:utvfizpb3jex7j4e2aykbjlype

An Empirical Study on the Removal of Self-Admitted Technical Debt

Everton Da S. Maldonado, Rabe Abdalkareem, Emad Shihab, Alexander Serebrenik
2017 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Maintenance and Evolution (ICSME)  
Recently, approaches were developed to detect technical debt through code comments, referred to as Self-Admitted Technical Debt (SATD).  ...  Technical debt refers to the phenomena of taking shortcuts to achieve short term gain at the cost of higher maintenance efforts in the future.  ...  [25] to detect self-admitted technical debt based on source code comments.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsme.2017.8 dblp:conf/icsm/MaldonadoASS17 fatcat:gyv2kbx26jeoxkkpkdliyh3hie

Wait For It: Identifying "On-Hold" Self-Admitted Technical Debt [article]

Rungroj Maipradit, Christoph Treude, Hideaki Hata, Kenichi Matsumoto
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Based on a qualitative study of 335 comments indicating self-admitted technical debt, we first identify one particular class of debt amenable to automated management: "on-hold" self-admitted technical  ...  Self-admitted technical debt refers to situations where a software developer knows that their current implementation is not optimal and indicates this using a source code comment.  ...  Detection focuses on identifying and detecting self-admitted technical debt. Comprehension studies the life cycle of self-admitted technical debt.  ... 
arXiv:1901.09511v3 fatcat:bok7ins2ircrbojxes6jt6qnly

Table of Contents

2021 2021 IEEE/ACM 18th International Conference on Mining Software Repositories (MSR)  
Balancing Improves Self-Admitted Technical Debt Detection 358 Murali Sridharan (University of Oulu, Finland), Mika Mantyla (University of Oulu, Finland), Leevi Rantala (University of Oulu, Finland  ...  Sentiment in Self-Admitted Technical Debt 403 Gianmarco Fucci (University of Sannio, Italy), Nathan Cassee (Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands), Fiorella Zampetti (University of Sannio  ...  MSR Data Hackathon  ... 
doi:10.1109/msr52588.2021.00004 fatcat:wb3abb4qkfaadom5ohhcnduk3e

Automating Change-level Self-admitted Technical Debt Determination

Meng Yan, Xin Xia, Emad Shihab, David Lo, Jianwei Yin, Xiaohu Yang
2018 IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering  
Technical debt identified using comments is known as Self-Admitted Technical Debt (SATD) and refers to TD that is introduced intentionally.  ...  Technical debt (TD) is a metaphor to describe the situation where developers introduce suboptimal solutions during software development to achieve short-term goals that may affect the long-term software  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the editor and the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and recommendations to improve this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tse.2018.2831232 fatcat:rflkxwv7ybei5akhw2mfi4xuai

An Exploratory Study on the Introduction and Removal of Different Types of Technical Debt [article]

Jiakun Liu, Qiao Huang, Xin Xia, Emad Shihab, David Lo, Shanping Li
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To fill this gap, we use the introduction and removal of different types of self-admitted technical debt (i.e., SATD) in 7 deep learning frameworks as an example.  ...  The metaphor, technical debt, describes such practice.  ...  s work (Potdar and Shihab, 2014) uses comments to identify technical debt and nominates such technical debt as self-admitted technical debt.  ... 
arXiv:2101.03730v1 fatcat:hyfiagkfabfqjm54dnk3wdw7hu

Automatic Detection and Analysis of Technical Debts in Peer-Review Documentation of R Packages [article]

Junaed Younus Khan, Gias Uddin
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Technical debt (TD) is a metaphor for code-related problems that arise as a result of prioritizing speedy delivery over perfect code.  ...  However, very few of the existing research focused on the technical debts of R programming language despite its popularity and usage.  ...  Most of the recent works have focused on detection of self-admitted technical debts (SATD) [25] , [44] , [46] , [58] , [86] , [87] , [91] .  ... 
arXiv:2201.04241v1 fatcat:5umssy5isrhyhayvtluz4ev45a

Classifying code comments in Java Mobile Applications

Luca Pascarella
2018 Zenodo  
This dataset may be used to pre-filter code comments and improve the performance of self-admitted technical debt methods.  ...  While this represents a dynamic development it is also a sign of self-admitted technical debts.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1880451 fatcat:oaeavc4brven3ewzsyzjpyfjxi

Classifying code comments in Java mobile applications

Luca Pascarella
2018 Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Mobile Software Engineering and Systems - MOBILESoft '18  
This dataset may be used to pre-filter code comments and improve the performance of self-admitted technical debt methods.  ...  While this represents a dynamic development it is also a sign of self-admitted technical debts.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3197231.3198444 dblp:conf/icse/Pascarella18 fatcat:b46ujeik3ne6tktoyisaq6sb5y

Identifying Self-Admitted Technical Debts with Jitterbug: A Two-step Approach [article]

Zhe Yu, Fahmid Morshed Fahid, Huy Tu, Tim Menzies
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Keeping track of and managing the self-admitted technical debts (SATDs) is important to maintaining a healthy software project.  ...  The authors would like to thank Maldonado and Shihab for making their SATD data available to the public, which makes this research possible.  ...  Identifying Self-Admitted Technical Debt Recently, much more success has been seen in work on the "selfadmitted technical debt" (SATD).  ... 
arXiv:2002.11049v2 fatcat:f5jx454qjbhfhcjysenrja4sfy

Predicting technical debt from commit contents: reproduction and extension with automated feature selection

Leevi Rantala, Mika Mäntylä
2020 Software quality journal  
We reproduce and improve on a prior work by Yan et al. (2018) on detecting commits that introduce self-admitted technical debt.  ...  Self-admitted technical debt refers to sub-optimal development solutions that are expressed in written code comments or commits.  ...  the prediction of self-admitted technical debt?"  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11219-020-09520-3 fatcat:mh5wc3xm35bv7hd7q4csuyt7nm

Ghana: Second Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement and Request for Waiver for Nonobservance of Performance Criterion-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Ghana

International Monetary Fund
2016 IMF Staff Country Reports  
To improve the performance of tax audit outcomes, GRA has started to apply the Risk Base Audit (RBA) program to enhance the detection and deterrent effect of audits.  ...  In the Energy Sector, the Self-Help Electrification Project will be strengthened.  ...  PV of Debt-to-GDP Ratio Projections PV of Debt-to-Revenue Ratio 2/ Debt Service-to-Revenue Ratio 2/  ... 
doi:10.5089/9781513560564.002 fatcat:kueffmbf5bcengft7bhz3vlh4a

Credit rating agencies and the sovereign debt crisis: Performing the politics of creditworthiness through risk and uncertainty

Bartholomew Paudyn
2013 Review of International Political Economy  
How CRAs contribute to the constitution of the politics of limits underpinning the European sovereign debt crisis is at the core of this article.  ...  New regulatory technical standards (RTS) can exacerbated the performative effects on CRAs, investors and Member States.  ...  At the top of the agenda is improving the quality of sovereign debt ratings by making them more transparent and timely.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09692290.2012.720272 fatcat:cv4wdzlx3jendgxvt6nszrqoci

Cote d'Ivoire: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation and Third Reviews Under the Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility and Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, and Request for Modification of a Performance Criterion

2018 IMF Staff Country Reports  
Technical training will also be improved and modernized through the creation of a number of technical training institutes. 4.  ...  balanced debt portfolio.  ...  The authorities prepared the action plan to improve the tracking of merchandise in transit and produced a summary table of public enterprises' debt service.  ... 
doi:10.5089/9781484362808.002 fatcat:ofda7pvwrzhfjedqekr27c35em

The Macro-Fiscal Role of the U.K. Whole of Government Account

2011 Abacus. A Journal of Accounting and Business Studies  
It builds upon, and could improve, the data behind the national accounts measure of net worth.  ...  Moreover, some of the EU member states admitted to the eurozone had debt levels far in excess of the Maastricht ceiling. 4 '[General Government Gross Debt] differs from the U.K. fiscal measure [Public  ...  Where the Treasury has not included entities within the consolidation process, the lack of data means that consolidation in 2009-10 is impractical, whatever the resolution of discussions between the Treasury  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-6281.2011.00348.x fatcat:ry2iluwm2nbxfp7spfmlbdwsza
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