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The illicit trade of COVID-19 vaccines on the dark web [article]

Alberto Bracci, Matthieu Nadini, Maxwell Aliapoulios, Damon McCoy, Ian Gray, Alexander Teytelboym, Angela Gallo, Andrea Baronchelli
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Early analyses revealed that dark web marketplaces (DWMs) started offering COVID-19 related products (e.g., masks and COVID-19 tests) as soon as the COVID-19 pandemic started, when these goods were in  ...  We find 250 listings offering approved vaccines, like Pfizer/BioNTech and AstraZeneca, as well as vendors offering fabricated proofs of vaccination and COVID-19 passports.  ...  The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Author's contributions Correspondence Correspondence should be addressed to Andrea Baronchelli: abaronchelli@turing.ac.uk.  ... 
arXiv:2102.05470v5 fatcat:7mm4zifigndxbdaa7o4grl6xoq

Dark Web Marketplaces and COVID-19: before the vaccine

Alberto Bracci, Matthieu Nadini, Maxwell Aliapoulios, Damon McCoy, Ian Gray, Alexander Teytelboym, Angela Gallo, Andrea Baronchelli
2021 EPJ Data Science  
In particular, dark web marketplaces (DWMs), commercial websites accessible via free software, have gained significant popularity.  ...  We reveal how the online shadow economy has evolved during the COVID-19 pandemic and highlight the importance of a continuous monitoring of DWMs, especially now that real vaccines are available and in  ...  Data and methods Dark web marketplaces The listings used for our study were obtained by web crawling DWMs.  ... 
doi:10.1140/epjds/s13688-021-00259-w pmid:33500876 pmcid:PMC7819623 fatcat:ss2lxvpm5rgadkdy2gjbe2udwm

The COVID-19 online shadow economy [article]

Alberto Bracci, Matthieu Nadini, Maxwell Aliapoulios, Damon McCoy, Ian Gray, Alexander Teytelboym, Angela Gallo, Andrea Baronchelli
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The COVID-19 pandemic has reshaped the demand for goods and services worldwide.  ...  In particular Dark Web Marketplaces (DWMs), commercial websites easily accessible via free software, have gained significant popularity.  ...  Correspondence Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to Andrea Baronchelli: Andrea.Baronchelli.1@city.ac.uk.  ... 
arXiv:2008.01585v2 fatcat:o7yh7k76j5bulih52q3frbf7ly

Emergence and structure of decentralised trade networks around dark web marketplaces [article]

Matthieu Nadini, Alberto Bracci, Abeer ElBahrawy, Philip Gradwell, Alexander Teytelboym, Andrea Baronchelli
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Our work unveils sophisticated patterns of trade emerging in the dark web and highlights the importance of investigating user behaviour beyond the immediate buyer-seller network on a single marketplace  ...  Dark web marketplaces (DWMs) are online platforms that facilitate illicit trade among millions of users generating billions of dollars in annual revenue.  ...  Introduction Since the launch of Silk Road, the first modern dark web marketplace (DWM), in 2011 1 millions of buyers and sellers have traded in the dark web.  ... 
arXiv:2111.01774v1 fatcat:l6yweygjujfjbkjur3g2vizchq

COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR ORGANIZED CRIME GROUPS

Tanja Miloshevska
2021 Security Dialogues. Journal in the field of Security, Defence and Peace Studies  
Since the beginning of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated policies have transformed the environment in which organized crime groups operate.  ...  The COVID-19 has generated different opportunities for organized criminal groups and provoked them with different challenges.  ...  Further in-depth analysis of vendor behaviouron Dark Web marketplaces may offer insightsinto the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemicis influencing illicit online sales of goods such asmedical devices and  ... 
doi:10.47054/sd21122187m fatcat:buqn3yspbnekvd4a4s3sgfm6iu

A global omics data sharing and analytics marketplace: Case study of a rapid data COVID-19 pandemic response platform [article]

Ibrahim Farah, Giada Lalli, Darrol Baker, Axel Schumacher
2020 medRxiv   pre-print
The bioinformatics marketplace contains some preinstalled COVID-19 pipelines to analyze virus- and host genomes without the need for bioinformatics expertise.  ...  The platform will be the quickest way to rapidly gain insight into the association between virus-host interactions and COVID-19 in various populations which can have a significant impact on managing the  ...  Currently, all the COVID-19 related data is uploaded to Amazon Web Services (AWS) S3 buckets that provide data storage with high durability and availability.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.09.28.20203257 fatcat:y2joa5ktwzdzznz4ughegq4nrq

Real-Time Bibliometrics: Dimensions as a Resource for Analyzing Aspects of COVID-19

Daniel W Hook, Simon J Porter, Hélène Draux, Christian T Herzog
2021 Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics  
While these features make analytical use cases accessible for end users, the COVID-19 crisis has highlighted a different set of needs to analyze trends in scholarship as they occur: Real-time bibliometrics  ...  Dimensions was built as a platform to allow stakeholders in the research community, including academic bibliometricians, to more easily create and understand the context of different types of research  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The co-authors would like to thank Digital Science's Data Science team, specifically, Ian Calvert, for his support in extracting data for several of the analyses contained in this paper  ... 
doi:10.3389/frma.2020.595299 pmid:33969256 pmcid:PMC8104272 fatcat:h6jks5i3gfakhjckiafbgu4c74

Covid-19 and the Future of Western Civilisation

Cameron Gordon
2020 Roczniki Kulturoznawcze  
-19.  ...  Covid-19 a przyszłość cywilizacji zachodniej Cywilizacja jest pod wieloma względami apoteozą ludzkiego impulsu społecznego, dobrego i złego, a cokolwiek się stanie, era koronawirusa głęboko ukształtuje  ...  Frank Snowden, a noted scholar of the history of epidemic and pandemic, has argued that Covid-19 can push us towards greater unity, social purpose and rational self-interest, or towards the darkness of  ... 
doi:10.18290/rkult20113-3 fatcat:udhyfankwbdxxkvf2ybwp4f36m

Looking at COVID-19 from a Systems Biology Perspective

Emily Samuela Turilli, Marta Lualdi, Mauro Fasano
2022 Biomolecules  
In this review article, we provide an overview of the results obtained so far, from a systems biology perspective, in the understanding of COVID-19 pathobiology and virus–host interactions, and in the  ...  COVID-19 complexity, in terms of clinical outcomes, severity, and response to therapy suggested the use of multifactorial strategies, characteristic of the network medicine, to approach the study of the  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/biom12020188 pmid:35204689 pmcid:PMC8961533 fatcat:drf7vckgdrfydj6lfd2rnuvvmm

Digital Citizen Science for Responding to COVID-19 Crisis: Experiences from Iran

Hossein Vahidi, Mohammad Taleai, Wanglin Yan, Rajib Shaw
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Several citizen science projects have been designed and operationalized for responding to COVID-19 in Iran since the infection began.  ...  The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has so far been the most severe global public health emergency in this century.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the following persons, who graciously con- Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph18189666 pmid:34574591 fatcat:sk5wn2nbgjb6xche2geexqjkti

Digital Health COVID-19 Impact Assessment: Lessons Learned and Compelling Needs

Peter Lee, Microsoft, Amy Abernethy, David Shaywitz, Adi Gundlapalli, Jim Weinstein, P. Murali Doraiswamy, Kevin Schulman, Subha Madhavan, Verily, Astounding HealthTech, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (+4 others)
2022 NAM Perspectives  
Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge the members and leadership of the U.S. CDC COVID-19 Response for their insights on public health modernization.  ...  The authors would like to thank Mahnoor Ahmed and Ariana Bailey from the National Academy of Medicine for their assistance in producing this manuscript.  ...  For example, ransomware has been found in the cold storage units needed to maintain COVID-19 vaccines at appropriate temperatures, COVID-19 vaccines are being sold on the dark web, and the European Medicines  ... 
doi:10.31478/202201c pmid:35402858 pmcid:PMC8970223 fatcat:eurd6ad7xnga7gt7da5xhs6krq

Big Data, Natural Language Processing, and Deep Learning to Detect and Characterize Illicit COVID-19 Product Sales: An Infoveillance Study on Twitter and Instagram (Preprint)

Tim Mackey, Jiawei Li, Vidya Purushothaman, Matthew Nali, Neal Shah, Cortni Bardier, Mingxiang Cai, Bryan Liang
2020 JMIR Public Health and Surveillance  
The study was conducted in two phases beginning with collection of COVID-19-related Twitter and Instagram posts using a combination of web scraping on Instagram and filtering the public streaming Twitter  ...  The COVID-19 pandemic is perhaps the greatest global health challenge of the last century.  ...  ), vaccines, and even blood plasma offered for sale via illegal online pharmacies, e-commerce sites, and on the dark web [34, 35] .  ... 
doi:10.2196/20794 pmid:32750006 fatcat:z42wmhpnjfbyjkurznnjwv3ppa

The Digital Detective's Discourse - A toolset for forensically sound collaborative dark web content annotation and collection

Jesper Bergman, Oliver B. Popov
2022 Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law  
We present a method for law enforcement agency investigators to annotate and store specific dark web content.  ...  It can store web content, thus automatically creating a dataset of dark web data pertinent to criminal investigations.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The work is partially supported by the Nord-Forsk Grant No. 80512 for the project "Police Detectives on the TOR-network."  ... 
doi:10.15394/jdfsl.2022.1740 fatcat:a3x7thgyd5em7owrbaazyv7yke

Tourism and COVID-19: impacts and implications for advancing and resetting industry and research

Marianna Sigala
2020 Journal of Business Research  
of COVID-19.  ...  This provides an overview of the type and scale of the COVID-19 tourism impacts and implications for tourism research.  ...  COVID-19 has boosted such tourism social ventures aiming to create social value, solve social problems created by the COVID-19 and provide help to people in need (e.g. marketplaces enabling the repurposing  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.06.015 pmid:32546875 pmcid:PMC7290228 fatcat:pakrb3d3wbfs3ilzjxoml5lcke

IS FAKE NEWS SPREADING MORE RAPIDLY THAN COVID-19 IN INDIA?

2020 Journal of Content Community and Communication  
etc., are still some of the questions unanswered. The panic created by fake news during the time of the Covid-19 pandemic outbreak is also not less.  ...  The respondents of the study also agree to bring-in a national policy and a national regulatory body control the spread of fake news over social media platforms.  ...  well as the dark web (Heilweil, R., 2020) .  ... 
doi:10.31620/jccc.06.20/15 fatcat:3ph6bukuynbe3i3wk2id2e5ukm
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