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DRIVE: One-bit Distributed Mean Estimation [article]

Shay Vargaftik, Ran Ben Basat, Amit Portnoy, Gal Mendelson, Yaniv Ben-Itzhak, Michael Mitzenmacher
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We consider the problem where n clients transmit d-dimensional real-valued vectors using d(1+o(1)) bits each, in a manner that allows the receiver to approximately reconstruct their mean.  ...  We evaluate our methods on a collection of distributed and federated learning tasks, using a variety of datasets, and show a consistent improvement over the state of the art.  ...  MM and RBB were supported in part by a gift to the Center for Research on Computation and Society at Harvard University.  ... 
arXiv:2105.08339v5 fatcat:xq2hgeinjvhc5hlod2ftmj6y2i


Xi Chen, Lei Rao, Qiao Xiang, Xue Liu, Fan Bai
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 ACM on Multimedia Conference - MM '16  
To fill the gap, we propose the Delay-awaRe dIstributed Video schedulING (DRIVING) framework.  ...  As a result, the new in-cabin Wi-Fi systems have been deployed, enabling each vehicle as a streaming hotspot on the wheels.  ...  Given the stationary distribution, D k is estimated as D k = σ · ∞ t=0 t · e k (t). (27) The Average Queueing Delay of λ k > μ k We focus on the DTMC shown in Fig. 5 .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2964284.2964290 dblp:conf/mm/ChenRXLB16 fatcat:u6tg4ckhxjf4pmffkhqzemahh4

Hard-disk drives

Jon Elerath
2009 Communications of the ACM  
, once written, data does not change except by bit-rot. improving Reliability Hard-disk drives don't just fail catastrophically.  ...  One concept being developed to increase bit-density is heat assisted magnetic recording (HAMR). 9 This technology requires a laser within the write head to heat a very small area on the media to enable  ... 
doi:10.1145/1516046.1516059 fatcat:eo5kugy5j5gzvauswmxmztermi

Hard disk drives

Jon Elerath
2007 Queue  
, once written, data does not change except by bit-rot. improving Reliability Hard-disk drives don't just fail catastrophically.  ...  One concept being developed to increase bit-density is heat assisted magnetic recording (HAMR). 9 This technology requires a laser within the write head to heat a very small area on the media to enable  ... 
doi:10.1145/1317394.1317403 fatcat:bqjnf3n53fewtdx3ukwl6ypeou

Random Number Generators in Secure Disk Drives

Laszlo Hars
2009 EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems  
We discuss common randomness requirements, techniques for estimating the entropy of physical sources, investigate specific nonrandom physical properties, estimate the autocorrelation, then mix reduce the  ...  This method is applied to a randomness source in disk drives: the always changing coefficients of an adaptive filter for the read channel equalization.  ...  EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems Mix-Truncate (Hash) Entropy Estimation.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2009/598246 fatcat:w2usvoq6mvevpbnc6c4tkjobhu

DTC-FPGA Drive for Induction Motors [chapter]

Rafael Rodríguez-Ponce, Fortino Mendoza-Mondragón, Moisés Martínez-Hernández, Marcelino Gutiérrez-Villalobos
2015 Induction Motors - Applications, Control and Fault Diagnostics  
With this new architecture, the authors hope to provide guidelines and insights for future research on DTC drives for induction motors.  ...  However, this technique is often accompanied by an unwanted deformation on the torque and flux signals denominated ripple, which can cause audible noise and vibration on the motor.  ...  Torque and flux estimator: the real time electromagnetic torque and magnetic flux vectors are estimated based on motor current and voltage signals.  ... 
doi:10.5772/60871 fatcat:w7piz2ur6neqtpxoucwd32m4qm

Trust Drives Internet Use

Martin Ljunge
2012 Social Science Research Network  
This paper estimates the effect of trust on internet use by studying the general population as well as second generation immigrants in 29 European countries with ancestry in 87 nations.  ...  The finding provides evidence for one mechanism through which trust creates good outcomes.  ...  The estimated effect of ancestral trust is also present on the father's side, but it is a bit less precisely estimated. The results are robust to controlling for mother's and father's education.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2133889 fatcat:xcx7gcufvzakbiuaw2k3ks6v4u

4 Machine Learning for Anomaly Detection [chapter]

2020 Security in Autonomous Driving  
As such, the MLbased anomaly detection represents one of the approaches that may be used within intrusion detection systems (IDSs) and is seen as one of future technologies for security in autonomous driving  ...  ., electrical power grids and nuclear facilities) it also means finding early signs of a potential system failure.  ...  with the mean 0 and the standard deviation 1 is often used: K x ð Þ = 1 ffiffiffiffiffi 2π p e − x 2 2 (4:2) A good kernel density estimator tunes finely bandwidth h, so that the resulting distribution  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110629613-004 fatcat:rksoxiaohrg25obccn4vqvkxtm

Flash Drive Lifespan *is* a Problem

Tao Zhang, Aviad Zuck, Donald E. Porter, Dan Tsafrir
2017 Proceedings of the 16th Workshop on Hot Topics in Operating Systems - HotOS '17  
This result is concerning, as it means that installing malicious or poorly-written software could destroy the device itself.  ...  To our surprise, we find that, in a matter of days, simple, unprivileged applications can render the drive of several smartphones (and thus, the phone) inoperable.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments on earlier drafts of the work.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3102980.3102988 dblp:conf/hotos/ZhangZPT17 fatcat:nab22s4dbnd2ziqjduvv7zqq2q

Undistracted driving

Janne Lindqvist, Jason Hong
2011 Proceedings of the 12th Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications - HotMobile '11  
Distracted driving is a major problem that leads to unnecessary accidents and human casualties everywhere in the world. The ubiquity of mobile phones is one cause of distracted driving.  ...  We present our initial interaction designs for these concepts on the Android platform.  ...  concentrate on driving?  ... 
doi:10.1145/2184489.2184504 dblp:conf/wmcsa/LindqvistH11 fatcat:wtfoalhjuvd6vlttbkqwa5pkz4

Genetic conversion of a split-drive into a full-drive element [article]

Gerard Terradas, Jared B Bennett, Zhiqian Li, John M Marshall, Ethan Bier
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
element drives in the presence of an independent static source of Cas9.  ...  We previously designed a system engineered to turn split into full gene drives.  ...  In summary, this study provides a direct comparison between split and full drive configurations and validation of a general method for efficiently converting the one to the other by genetic means.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.12.05.471291 fatcat:gpwwyzsmlzbkbddbnrgxl3xo2y

What Drives the Quotes of Earnings Forecasters?

Bert de Bruijn, Philip Hans Franses
2012 Social Science Research Network  
Table 3 contains the results of the Gibbs estimation. We present the mean and several other properties of the distribution of the parameters.  ...  What drives forecasters to give their quotes, that is, when do they do so and what value will they quote?  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2108612 fatcat:rhubhqjecbbdxfosmk5eojrahi

A Representative Driving Cycle for the Southern Expressway Compared to Existing Driving Cycles

Uditha Galgamuwa, Loshaka Perera, Saman Bandara
2016 Transportation in Developing Economies  
An on-road speed/time data sample was collected, and a driving cycle was developed to compare to well-established driving cycles worldwide.  ...  Data was collected in proportion to the number of actual trips made by users on an average day using the on-board method; the segment-based method was adopted for cycle construction.  ...  PKE was lowest among considered driving cycles, but RMS value was bit higher, leading to the conclusion that the driving behavior is smooth on the SEW.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40890-016-0027-4 fatcat:won4qc22jzbsrjoe7xhwdmywsq


Paolo Padoan, Mika Juvela, Liubin Pan, Troels Haugbølle, Åke Nordlund
2016 Astrophysical Journal  
The comparison with the observations focuses on the mass and size distributions and on the velocity-size and mass-size Larson relations.  ...  The velocity-size relation is slightly too steep for some of the models, while the mass-size relation is a bit too shallow for all models only at a spatial resolution dx≈ 1 pc.  ...  distributions and on the Larson relations.  ... 
doi:10.3847/0004-637x/826/2/140 fatcat:ukqvnibirnal7ntg3kb2v2w5i4

What Drives Bank Funding Spreads?

Thomas B. King, Kurt F. Lewis
2014 Social Science Research Network  
We use matched, bank-level panel data on Libor submissions and credit default swaps to decompose bank-funding spreads at several maturities into components reflecting counterparty credit risk and funding-market  ...  By making these priors very flat, we allow the data to drive the shape and position of the posterior distributions.  ...  Our model gives the parameters of this reduced form a bit more structural footing.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2539711 fatcat:e5347jm44jf5njaezfm3ww2s5m
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