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Page 643 of Contemporary Psychology Vol. 22, Issue 9 [page]

1977 Contemporary Psychology  
Such ambiguities make the choice pro- cess stochastic and intractable.  ...  Choice situations become arenas for social activities in addition to decision making.  ... 

Origins: The Promise of Dynamical Systems Theory [chapter]

Robin R. Vallacher, Peter T. Coleman, Andrzej Nowak, Lan Bui-Wrzosinska, Larry Liebovitch, Katharina G. Kugler, Andrea Bartoli
2013 Attracted to Conflict: Dynamic Foundations of Destructive Social Relations  
theory and social identity theory.  ...  theory, social interdependence theory, social motivation theory, dual-concern theory, power dependence theory and social identity theory (see Coleman et al., 2012) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-35280-5_2 fatcat:grhxxvcfufhk7fyah7ouh4rubm

On the Complexity of Rationalizing Behavior

Jose Apesteguia, Miguel A. Ballester
2007 Social Science Research Network  
This allows the search for existing algorithms in the graph theory literature, for the rationalization of choice.  ...  In our most structured case, that is where choice behavior is defined in universal choice domains and satisfies the "weak axiom of revealed preference," finding the complete preorder rationalizing choice  ...  , and these problems are regarded as intractable.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1015724 fatcat:trz6bgichbabjclfrxyvi5mjqu

Page 4716 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 88, Issue 12 [page]

2001 Psychological Abstracts  
An additional exam- ination of voters yielded results consistent with dissonance theory: After the election, respondents reporting favorable evaluations of both candidates (a difficult choice) tended to  ...  The author concludes that, although the political ‘*market’” is SOCIAL PROCESSES & SOCIAL ISSUES different and restrictive, this does not negate the role of marketing in political campaigning.  ... 

Wicked Problems in Health Professions Education: Adaptive Action in Action

Glenda H. Eoyang, Stewart Mennin
2019 MedEdPublish  
The search for consistency and control in such a highly variable system leads inevitably to intractable, wicked problems.  ...  Human Systems Dynamics is a field of theory and practice derived from applications of complex adaptive systems to wicked problems in human environments.  ...  The names of those who agreed to do so are listed in Appendix A. Bibliography/References  ... 
doi:10.15694/mep.2019.000226.1 fatcat:h4oppuh5vzb4bblzs7sytvdtvu

Theory Before the Test: How to Build High-Verisimilitude Explanatory Theories in Psychological Science

Iris van Rooij, Giosuè Baggio
2021 Perspectives on Psychological Science  
We discuss ways in which Marr's framework may be extended to other areas of psychology, such as social, developmental, and evolutionary psychology, bringing new benefits to these fields.  ...  We then show how theoretical analyses can endow a theory with minimal plausibility even before contact with empirical data: We call this the theoretical cycle.  ...  We are grateful to Travis Proulx and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments that helped us improve an earlier version of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1745691620970604 pmid:33404356 pmcid:PMC8273840 fatcat:wzyxokzekjcb5n4hzrhdrlhyeu

A computational analysis of the tournament equilibrium set

Felix Brandt, Felix Fischer, Paul Harrenstein, Maximilian Mair
2009 Social Choice and Welfare  
A recurring theme in the mathematical social sciences is how to select the "most desirable" elements given a binary dominance relation on a set of alternatives.  ...  Yet, if TEQ were to satisfy monotonicity, it would be a very attractive tournament solution concept refining both the Banks set and Dutta's minimal covering set.  ...  In social choice theory, where dominancebased solutions are most prevalent, the dominance relation can simply be defined as the pairwise majority relation, i.e., an alternative a is said to dominate another  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00355-009-0419-z fatcat:56pzhass3bcqjm74qygcnxerfe

The Index Coding problem: A game-theoretical perspective

Yu-Pin Hsu, I-Hong Hou, Alex Sprintson
2013 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory  
Our goal is to design a truthful auction scheme that provides an incentive for each client to bid the true value of the packets and maximizes the value of the social welfare.  ...  The objective of the server is to maximize the value of social welfare that captures the trade-off between values of the transmitted packets and the transmission cost incurred by the server.  ...  This is a new problem in the intersection of the coding theory and game theory and is related to the framework of mechanism design with social choices [9] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/isit.2013.6620372 dblp:conf/isit/HsuHS13 fatcat:63y74nciinds3miaqnthyz6jam

A Probabilistic Approach to Voting, Allocation, Matching, and Coalition Formation [article]

Haris Aziz
2020 arXiv   pre-print
I make a case that applying these approaches to social choice settings constitutes a powerful paradigm that deserves an extensive and thorough examination.  ...  I discuss challenges and opportunities in applying these approaches to settings including voting, allocation, matching, and coalition formation.  ...  I argue that although a probabilistic approach has been applied in several social choice settings in both theory and practice (see e.g., Stone, 2011) , there is potential to revisit fundamental social  ... 
arXiv:2002.10171v1 fatcat:xpob2fdgibhytdagx4guqxa4f4

Rummaging Through Organizations' Garbage Cans

PAUL C. NYSTROM
1977 Contemporary Psychology  
Such ambiguities make the choice pro- cess stochastic and intractable.  ...  Choice situations become arenas for social activities in addition to decision making.  ... 
doi:10.1037/016235 fatcat:psua346ezbda3aoi66whp3wktm

Juvenile Crime and Criminal Justice: Resolving Border Disputes

Jeffrey Fagan
2008 Social Science Research Network  
and social deficits.1 Such cases negated the theory of the court: these youth's repeated failures to respond to treatment canceled their eligibility for protection from the harmful regimes of criminal  ...  of the criminal court.7 The result was a recurring cycle of legislation, starting in 1978 and lasting for more than two decades, that redrew the boundaries between juvenile and adult court.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1154670 fatcat:pvzjglve2jb37emf4zai26l4pq

Where Are the Interesting Problems? [chapter]

Barry O'Sullivan
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
It has its roots in artificial intelligence, mathematical programming, operations research, and programming languages.  ...  In this talk we will discuss a number of challenging application domains for constraint programming, and the technical challenges that these present to the research community.  ...  ; control theory; engineering; medicine and health; bioscience; and mathematics.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33558-7_3 fatcat:33ibfxp2fjegjn4hhnajpswthi

Tackling climate change through energy efficiency: mathematical models for evidence-based public policy recommendations [article]

Federico Gallo, Pierluigi Contucci, Adam Coutts, Ignacio Gallo
2008 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a new family of mathematical models, based on a statistical mechanics extension of discrete choice theory, that offer a set of formal tools to systematically analyse and quantify this problem  ...  We believe that these models offer an opportunity for the research community-in both the social and physical sciences-and decision-makers in the private and public sectors to work together towards preventing  ...  Acknowledgements F.G. and A.C. would like to thank Bryony Worthington and James Fox for their contributions and the useful discussions.  ... 
arXiv:0804.3319v3 fatcat:5rfoocpyx5alnkd7lfsjkoqmpq

Simulation Modeling in Political Science

PAUL E. JOHNSON
1999 American Behavioral Scientist  
This point is explored in several contexts, including social choice theory, individual-level simulation models, international relations, the prisoner's dilemma game, and more general agentbased models  ...  But their approach, and many of the words they chose, is startlingly similar to current efforts in computer simulation modeling in general and political science in particular.  ...  The 1960s and 1970s also saw the growth of mathematical modeling, especially in the development of the so-called rational choice approach (known by other names, such as public choice theory, social choice  ... 
doi:10.1177/0002764299042010004 fatcat:ef2t2bvarvefxh4utwavedmfiu

Simulation Modeling in Political Science

P.E. Johnson
1999 American Behavioral Scientist  
This point is explored in several contexts, including social choice theory, individual-level simulation models, international relations, the prisoner's dilemma game, and more general agentbased models  ...  But their approach, and many of the words they chose, is startlingly similar to current efforts in computer simulation modeling in general and political science in particular.  ...  The 1960s and 1970s also saw the growth of mathematical modeling, especially in the development of the so-called rational choice approach (known by other names, such as public choice theory, social choice  ... 
doi:10.1177/00027649921957865 fatcat:cmoj2dmh2bbj7pt2fsf6u7iruy
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