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Cyber-Security of Smart Microgrids: A Survey

Farzam Nejabatkhah, Yun Wei Li, Hao Liang, Rouzbeh Reza Ahrabi
2020 Energies  
Such FDI attacks can target state estimation, voltage and frequency control, and smart microgrids' protection systems.  ...  In this paper, the cyberphysical systems in smart microgrids are briefly studied. Then, the cyber-attacks on data availability, integrity, and confidentiality are discussed.  ...  Some studies have been done on the cyber-physical system approach for smart power system design, modelling, simulation, and verification of cyber-physical systems, real-time requirements in cyber-physical  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14010027 fatcat:vyvuomx4n5dmvd66ou53ayx4ca

Abnormal traffic-indexed state estimation: A cyber–physical fusion approach for Smart Grid attack detection

Ting Liu, Yanan Sun, Yang Liu, Yuhong Gui, Yucheng Zhao, Dai Wang, Chao Shen
2015 Future generations computer systems  
Hundreds of attack cases are simulated on each transmission line of three IEEE standard systems to compare ATSE with current cyber, physical abnormal detection methods and cyber-physical fusion method,  ...  One of the biggest challenges in Smart Grid attack detection is how to fuse the heterogeneous data from the power system and information network.  ...  For the cyber network, snort is deployed to monitor the network communication and detect abnormal traffic packets; For the physical system, the widely adopted state estimation in power system is exploited  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.future.2014.10.002 fatcat:6fmh5flvz5blfbmweuip4322se

Emerging Challenges in Smart Grid Cybersecurity Enhancement: A Review

Fazel Mohammadi
2021 Energies  
There is no all-inclusive solution to fit all power systems requirements. Therefore, the recently proposed cyber-attack detection and identification methods are quantitatively compared and discussed.  ...  From a practical point of view, it is a key point to determine to what degree the cyber resilience of power systems can be improved using cost-effective resilience enhancement methods.  ...  Fundamentals of Cyber-Attacks Detection and Identification in the Smart Grid The smart grid, as one of the emerging cyber-physical systems, is formed based on physical power infrastructure, including power  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14051380 doaj:deaff10315d5407faadcccebeb0cee03 fatcat:6xzuxh7m3jdhbecjxjrpnlypim

A survey on bad data injection attack in smart grid

Dai Wang, Xiaohong Guan, Ting Liu, Yun Gu, Yanan Sun, Yang Liu
2013 2013 IEEE PES Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC)  
the information system; 2) on the physical side, attackers construct the bad data to bypass the traditional error detection in power systems.  ...  In this paper, the BDI attack is defined as a cyber-physical attack which is a combination of two aspects: 1) on the cyber side, modern attack techniques are exploited to intrude and inject bad data into  ...  This section begins with the work on detecting the cyber attack with the help of information technologies. For physical side, the study on bad data detection in power systems will be summarized.  ... 
doi:10.1109/appeec.2013.6837157 fatcat:t4tjhppbzjasdkxof7q5qk7enq

Cyber Security of Smart Grid Infrastructure [article]

Adnan Anwar, Abdun Naser Mahmood
2014 arXiv   pre-print
To make the smart grid happen, cyber system is integrated with the physical power system.  ...  Although adoption of cyber system has made the grid more energy efficient and modernized, it has introduced cyber-attack issues which are critical for national infrastructure security and customer satisfaction  ...  efficiently Generally, power system is a massive and complex system and very vulnerable in terms of physical or cyber-attack.  ... 
arXiv:1401.3936v2 fatcat:53bm4a5jdjezfel4nm2j4y3uxa

Electric Power Grid Resilience to Cyber Adversaries: State of the Art

Tien Nguyen, Shiyuan Wang, Mohannad Alhazmi, Mostafa Nazemi, Abouzar Estebsari, Payman Dehghanian
2020 IEEE Access  
INDEX TERMS Cyber physical systems (CPS), cyber attack, intrusion detection system (IDS), false data injection attack (FDIA), energy management system (EMS), power grid resilience.  ...  In order to improve the resilience of the power grid against adversarial attacks and cyber intrusions, advancements should be sought on detection techniques, protection plans, and mitigation practices  ...  There are generally four types of attacks that the power grid may be vulnerable to: physical-only, cyber-only, cyber-enabled physical and physical-enabled cyber attacks [6] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2993233 fatcat:bm6pdoj7j5g3xn4pea6egoqm2a

Cyber Attacks and Faults Discrimination in Intelligent Electronic Device-Based Energy Management Systems

B. M. Ruhul Amin, M. J. Hossain, Adnan Anwar, Shafquat Zaman
2021 Electronics  
Cyber attackers can inject malicious data into the EMS to mislead the state estimation process and disrupt operations or initiate blackouts.  ...  Furthermore, the impacts of natural disturbances such as faults on the system are considered, and the research work is extended to distinguish between cyber attacks and faults by using state-of-the-art  ...  However, many of the proposed methods are not scalable, and thus they are physically unfeasible for large-scale, highly complex cyber-physical smart power systems [13] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10060650 fatcat:4ipybhesjbflxotna5g4xh3plq

Cyber-Physical Security of Powertrain Systems in Modern Electric Vehicles: Vulnerabilities, Challenges and Future Visions

Jin Ye, Lulu Guo, Bowen Yang, Fangyu Li, Liang Du, Le Guan, Wenzhan Song
2020 IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics  
More importantly, an architecture for the next-generation power electronics systems is proposed to address the cyber-physical security challenges of EVs.  ...  Finally, potential research opportunities are discussed in detail, including detection and migration for firmware security, model-based, and data-driven detection and mitigation.  ...  Attack Setup Targeting System Attacker Capabilities Real-word Examples DOS attack TABLE III : III Cyber-attack detection and mitigation for cyber-physical system.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jestpe.2020.3045667 fatcat:c3dzwsbtljeqng42zrjxq4b2ny

Cyber-Physical Security for Ongoing Smart Grid Initiatives: A survey

Chen Peng, Md Musabbir Hossain
2020 IET Cyber-Physical Systems  
for both cyber and physical systems, aiming to provide an extensive understanding of vulnerabilities and solutions for the smart power grid.  ...  In SGs, the power system relies on a communication system for its stability and dynamic control [52]. The communication system, at the same time, is relying on the power system for its power supply.  ...  [39] worked on the control theory perspective, presented an overview of attack detection and security control for industrial cyber-physical systems.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-cps.2019.0039 fatcat:buj3j6zirfhuvpdkvok5kddg3q

Towards a Framework for Assuring Cyber Physical System Security

Tianbo Lu, Jinyang Zhao, Lingling Zhao, Yang Li, Xiaoyan Zhang
2015 International Journal of Security and Its Applications  
The prevalence and vulnerabilities of cyber physical systems draw the attention of both researchers and attackers.  ...  Today, cyber physical systems (CPS) are becoming popular in power networks, healthcare devices, transportation networks, industrial process and infrastructures.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS International Journal of Security and Its Applications Vol. 9, No. 3 (2015)  ... 
doi:10.14257/ijsia.2015.9.3.04 fatcat:asagegebibe43pnssbe6q7d42q

Cyber attack detection in PMU measurements via the expectation-maximization algorithm

Dongchan Lee, Deepa Kundur
2014 2014 IEEE Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP)  
While the conventional power system estimation is very advanced and robust, this paper will extend the power system estimation to inherently consider the possibility of malicious cyber attack.  ...  Power systems today is prone to malicious cyber attack with its greater complexity and dependence on PMUs.  ...  Figure 4 shows that the cyber attack detection converges to one for bus 5 and bus 9 where the cyber attack is applied, and zero for other buses.  ... 
doi:10.1109/globalsip.2014.7032111 dblp:conf/globalsip/LeeK14 fatcat:2i4pttzeyng57emop6en36dllm

Enhancing Power System Cyber-Security with Systematic Two-Stage Detection Strategy [article]

Xingpeng Li, Kory W. Hedman
2019 arXiv   pre-print
State estimation estimates the system condition in real-time and provides a base case for other energy management system (EMS) applications including real-time contingency analysis and security-constrained  ...  Recent work in the literature shows malicious cyber-attack can inject false measurements that bypass traditional bad data detection in state estimation and cause actual overloads.  ...  State estimation methods are based on the physical relationships of the power system and require data redundancy.  ... 
arXiv:1810.05939v4 fatcat:rd3kfaqjmnfzrphnfbh64es554

Towards a Cyber-Physical Resilience Framework for Smart Grids [chapter]

Ivo Friedberg, Kieran McLaughlin, Paul Smith
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
However, what is needed are approaches that meet the complex concerns of the smart grid as a cyber-physical system.  ...  As modern power grids move towards becoming a smart grid, there is an increasing reliance on the data that is transmitted and processed by ICT systems.  ...  The novelty of our work lies in the inclusion of attack detection approaches from the cyber and physical systems of a smart grid.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-20034-7_15 fatcat:4d4po644gvdanl46isoxwerieq

Modern power system reliability assessment with cyber-intrusion on heat pump systems

Hasan Gunduz, Dilan Jayaweera
2020 IET Smart Grid  
algorithm for power system reliability assessment, incorporating cyber-intrusion process and a detailed model of a heat pump system; and (iii) a new impact assessment framework for different cyber-intrusion  ...  The cyber-detection and system recovery process with the presence of cyber-physical interactive operation models suggest that a significant level of impacts could be generated by the interactive operation  ...  models to estimate mean time to detection for cyberattack (MTTD Cyber ).  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-stg.2020.0094 fatcat:sr3ten6oxjfljfslbfhw4ftvqi

A Hybrid Cyber Attack Model for Cyber-Physical Power Systems

Haicheng Tu, Yongxiang Xia, Chi K. Tse, Xi Chen
2020 IEEE Access  
In addition, the model also reveals the design requirements for more effective detection mechanisms and resource allocation schemes for future cyber-physical power systems.  ...  Modern power systems are thus cyber-physical power systems (CPPS).  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3003323 fatcat:xpmceer2w5ajzjzmev5vdrfnz4
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