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Spaces of Information Modeling, Action, and Decision Making

Guy De Tré, Wouter Van Acker
2012 Library Trends  
In this article, we give a nontechnical overview of the current state of the art in information management.  ...  Computer science currently provides the means to build digital spaces that consist of (multimedia) information sources connected through the Internet.  ...  Hence, in order to "translate" information and knowledge as used and communicated by humans to their computerized counterparts, the rules of a selected data(base) model or knowledge-base model must be  ... 
doi:10.1353/lib.2012.0043 fatcat:olzp3o3pvbgytgcx5xcspx6dqu

Ontology-Based User Context Management: The Challenges of Imperfection and Time-Dependence [chapter]

Andreas Schmidt
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
But so far the problem has not been approached as a data management problem, which is key to scalability and robustness.  ...  The specific challenges lie in the imperfection of high-level context information, its time-dependence and the variability in the dynamics between its different elements.  ...  Imperfection handling in data management in general The major part of research on handling imperfection in data management seems to be almost a decade ago (see e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11914853_64 fatcat:jh7dibhkzvhhlk57ngjvmpidxy

A Layered Model for User Context Management with Controlled Aging and Imperfection Handling [chapter]

Andreas Schmidt
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
and imperfection in that process.  ...  Current research in context-awareness is biased toward low-level context information.  ...  This will lead to insights which strategies are most suitable for specific domains characteristics.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11740674_6 fatcat:k7ocbzjxfbaddegbc65cltuumi

Prototyping a genetics deductive database

C Hearne, Z Cui, S Parsons, S Hajnal
1994 Proceedings. International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology  
We have introduced a formal basis for the representation and reasoning necessary to order genome map data and handle the uncertainty inherent in biological data.  ...  Currently our prototype provides storage for biological facts and rules with flexible access via an interactive graphical display.  ...  This paper reflects the opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the consortium.  ... 
pmid:7584387 fatcat:zhlsegwikzcwhemdlse5zapwii

Dealing with Data Imperfection in OWL 2 - Application to Alzheimer's patients Software

Nassira Achich
2020 International Semantic Web Conference  
To evaluate our proposed approaches, multiple prototypes are implemented and integrated into an ontology-based memory prosthesis for Alzheimer's patients to handle temporal data imperfection.  ...  In this work, we introduce our typology of temporal data imperfection as well as an approach that handles imprecise dates and time clocks.  ...  Acknowledgements I would like to thank Pr. Elisabeth Métais, Dr. Fayçal Hamdi, Pr. Faiez Gargouri and Dr. Fatma Ghorbel for their valuable supervising.  ... 
dblp:conf/semweb/Achich20 fatcat:y6wth4utnrfk7nc4uhemjkohga

A formal approach to imperfection in geographic information

M. Duckham, K. Mason, J. Stell, M. Worboys
2001 Computers, Environment and Urban Systems  
Based on an ontology of imperfection the paper explores a formal model of imperfect geographic information using multi-valued logic.  ...  Granularity refers to the existence of clumps or grains in information, in the sense that individual elements in the grain cannot be distinguished or discerned apart.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This project is supported by the EPSRC under grant GR/M 56685 "Managing vagueness, uncertainty and granularity in spatial information systems", funded jointly with the School of Computer  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0198-9715(00)00040-5 fatcat:ol3iya74ivechj3gvypcnvgpzy

Approaches to Uncertain or Imprecise Rules - A Survey [chapter]

Matthias Nickles, Davide Sottara
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
With this paper we present a brief overview of selected promi nent approaches to rule frameworks and formal rule languages for the representation of and reasoning with uncertain or imprecise knowledge.  ...  This work covers selected probabilistic and possibilistic logics, as well as implementations of uncertainty and possibilistic reasoning in rule engine software.  ...  Given the variety of sources, most knowledge based systems are likely to have to deal with some type of imperfection in the data they process: moreover, given the ro bustness/conciseness trade-off, a system  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04985-9_30 fatcat:i2djoph27fgvvfczv2xapaqxki

Integrated Testing Strategy (ITS) – Opportunities to better use existing data and guide future testing in toxicology

Joanna Jaworska
2010 ALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation  
Therefore, to advance ITS research we propose a methodical approach to their design and will discuss currently available approaches as well as challenges to overcome.  ...  Currently we are witnessing a tremendously increased pace of discovery in biology, especially molecular biology, that has increased our knowledge of biological systems' structure and function.  ...  Regarding toxicology, with continuous advances of technologies and methodological approaches, information is no longer equivalent to knowledge (in fact the deluge of data and information may create confusion  ... 
doi:10.14573/altex.2010.4.231 fatcat:ufjjvtw7ebcfnatrkhokl2qrey

Non-Monotonic Knowledge Evolution in VLKDBs

Christian Esculier
1990 Very Large Data Bases Conference  
In the context of very large knowledge/data bases (VLKDBs), specific constraints must be taken into account.  ...  Non-monotonic knowledge evolutions and exceptions constitute a complex theoritical and practical problem. The state of the art shows a rich and surprising diversity of approaches.  ...  The author would like to thank them cordially.  ... 
dblp:conf/vldb/Esculier90 fatcat:pmy67cmt6na3ber5vchjnpsjyq

Introduction to software engineering with computational intelligence

Jonathan Lee
2003 Information and Software Technology  
software systems, and the imperfect information inherited in nature.  ...  to deal with imprecise and uncertain information.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0950-5849(03)00009-0 fatcat:hz5uhk67mrhnxkmra6af2l7sra

F-perceptory: an approach for handling fuzziness of spatiotemporal data in geographical databases

Asma Zoghlami, Cyril De Runz, Herman Akdag
2016 International Journal of Spatial Temporal and Multimedia Information Systems  
The approach is applied to geographical information systems in order to handle imprecise spatiotemporal data. Paris VI) with the MaLIRE team.  ...  In this paper, we propose an approach for modelling imprecise data in object and relational databases based on the representation of data using connected and normalised fuzzy sets stored via α-cuts.  ...  In this article, we propose an approach based on connected and normalised fuzzy sets stored via α-cuts. It aims to handle imprecise data in relational and object-oriented databases.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijstmis.2016.076761 fatcat:4st3b57gnnd5tina7dangskd4e


M. Pfeiffer, C. Carré, V. Delfosse, P. Hallot, R. Billen
2013 ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
Virtual Leodium is an interdisciplinary project aiming to develop an archaeological information system based on a city scale model.  ...  The first part of the paper describes current project's achievements; the general methodology and the workflow of the project, namely the production and the modelling of archaeological data; the prototype  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Regarding the Virtual Leodium project, the authors would like to thank the Artistic Collections of the University of Liege and the Cultural Heritage Centre of the University of Liege libraries  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprsannals-ii-5-w1-241-2013 fatcat:ddvlqn44rzgptj4egienrvpchi

Uncertainty Extensions to Ontologies as a Tool for Semantic Interpretation in Audiovisual Systems

Pavel Smrz, Miroslav Vacura, Ondrej Sváb
2006 International Conference on Semantics and Digital Media Technologies  
This paper deals with semantic interpretation of audiovisual data. It investigates how explicit interpretation of uncertainty can help to bridge the semantic gap.  ...  The paper briefly summarizes basic features of the formalism, discusses pros and cons and points out difficulties and problems connected to its employment.  ...  .: FP6-027231) and K-Space (contract no.: FP6-027026).  ... 
dblp:conf/samt/SmrzVS06 fatcat:2r2dsxbfsbeoravjibizm5nm74

Dissemination and geovisualization of territorial entities' history

Christine Plumejeaud, Eric Grosso, Benjamin Parent
2014 Journal of Spatial Information Science  
We describe our architecture, based on open-source technologies, and the organization of this imperfect geo-historical information in our spatiotemporal database.  ...  Our approach combines interactive thematic, spatial, and temporal views.  ...  In particular the authors would like to thank Claude Motte and Marie-Christine Vouloir without whose support and collaboration this project would not have been possible.  ... 
doi:10.5311/josis.2014.8.119 fatcat:wdhnoplefzffti2nlsgzyinq3i


2003 International Journal of Uncertainty Fuzziness and Knowledge-Based Systems  
Finally, we would like to thank Bernadette Bouchon-Meunier, the editor-in-chief of IJUFKBS, for asking us to undergo this task that we surprisingly enjoyed.  ...  Acknowledgements A number of people helped us in the preparation of this special issue.  ...  Many approaches have been and are currently being explored to handle this uncertainty.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0218488503001916 fatcat:yxmt7a2vmbbvnmp7rltdepjyjy
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