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Wisdom of the crowd or technicity of content? Wikipedia as a sociotechnical system

Sabine Niederer, José van Dijck
2010 New Media & Society  
This article analyzes the sociotechnical system -the intricate collaboration between human users and automated content agents -that defines Wikipedia as a knowledge instrument.  ...  Wikipedia is often considered as an example of 'collaborative knowledge'. Researchers have contested the value of Wikipedia content on various accounts.  ...  Tracing the collaboration between human and non-human agents in Wikipedias thus allows for an interesting and unexpected insight into the culturally and linguistically diverse makeup of this global project  ... 
doi:10.1177/1461444810365297 fatcat:rjygyslppjdwxnt3ivfnwnnj3a

Peer Produced Innovation: An Exploration Of 'The Wisdom Of Crowds' In Virtual Worlds

Michael Cahalane, Patrick Finnegan, Joseph Feller
2013 European Conference on Information Systems  
While researchers have examined the role of individuals in crowdsourcing for open innovation purposes (wisdom in crowds) there is a gap in our understanding of the collective intelligence of communities  ...  This exploratory study reveals various insights into the intricate successes and tensions within the community studied, presenting practical implications in further studying the viability and sustainability  ...  of informating, adhesion and cohesion (and other possible mechanisms) in other peer production contexts (such as collaboratively developed open content like Wikipedia), and (3) the interplay between technological  ... 
dblp:conf/ecis/CahalaneFF13 fatcat:do3eh4obf5glpjkuqhy4i44ssm

Collaborative organizational forms: on communities, crowds, and new hybrids

Vegard Kolbjørnsrud
2018 Journal of Organization Design  
Acknowledgements The author wishes to thank Accenture for funding, the editor, Maciej Workiewicz, two anonymous reviewers, and the following individuals for helpful comments: Øystein D.  ...  Snow, Karim Lakhani, and Helene Loe Colman.  ...  In the following, I outline implications for research and practice in terms of comparative analysis of organizational forms, the role of crowds, as well as the interplay between new technologies and new  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41469-018-0036-3 fatcat:a73mnc7iorh5xhu6qlswgjj6e4

With Enough Eyeballs All Searches are Diligent: Mobilizing the Crowd in Copyright Clearance for Mass Digitization

Maurizio Borghi, Kris Erickson, Marcella Favale
2016 Social Science Research Network  
Under the laws on orphan works introduced in many countries, items whose copyright status is uncertain may possibly be lawfully digitized, on condition that a "diligent search" of the copyright owners  ...  Suitability of the crowdsourcing solution to the cultural heritage sector is discussed and challenges to implementation are identified.  ...  For a detailed discussion of the dynamics by which quality is improved in large-scale collaborative projects, See Eric S.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2806145 fatcat:mtv2vhvnjjemjdf3gekk2twv7i

Quantifying the Impact of Biopics on Wikipedia Articles

Amit Arjun Verma, Neeru Dubey, Simran Setia, Prudvi Kamtam, S. R. S. Iyengar
2022 Journal of Cases on Information Technology  
The results show that quality and content in Wikipedia articles increases significantly during the release time frame of corresponding biopics.  ...  The authors look at the impact of the movie release on its corresponding biography article on Wikipedia by looking at various metrics of each revision in a Wikipedia article and analyze how the revisions  ...  Crowd development: The interplay between crowd evaluation and collaborative dynamics in Wikipedia.  ... 
doi:10.4018/jcit.20220701.oa5 fatcat:rnijq474qrhedlomajwaxpmune

Developing a conceptual model of virtual organisations for citizen science

Andrea Wiggins, Kevin Crowston
2010 International Journal of Organisational Design and Engineering (IJODE)  
The conceptual model provides an example of a theory development process and discusses its application to an exploratory study.  ...  Citizen science is a form of organization design for collaborative scientific research involving scientists and volunteers, for which Internet-based modes of participation enable massive virtual collaboration  ...  NSF grant 09-43049, "VOSS: Theory and design of virtual organizations for citizen science".  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijode.2010.035191 fatcat:vatpe3uij5fozdqzro7kme4sqe

The Impact and Evolution of Group Diversity in Online Open Collaboration

Yuqing Ren, Jilin Chen, John Riedl
2016 Management science  
O nline open collaboration efforts, such as Wikipedia articles and open source software development, often involve a large crowd with diverse experiences and interests.  ...  It also has practical implications on the design of collaboration tools and new forms of organizing work in traditional organizations.  ...  This categorization process often results in subgroup dynamics (us versus them) and a high level of interpersonal conflict. The effects of diversity depend upon the interplay of the two mechanisms.  ... 
doi:10.1287/mnsc.2015.2178 fatcat:fcmqrdihhbfynhmek4haktphty

Crowdsourcing and the Semantic Web: A Research Manifesto

Cristina Sarasua, Elena Simperl, Natasha F. Noy, Abraham Bernstein, Jan Marco Leimeister
2015 Human Computation  
Second, we look at the ways in which machine-processable semantics can benefit the design and management of crowdsourcing projects.  ...  Second, we look at the ways in which machine-processable semantics can benefit the design and management of crowdsourcing projects.  ...  the synergies between these two topics and discuss directions for future research.  ... 
doi:10.15346/hc.v2i1.2 dblp:journals/hc/SarasuaSNBL15 fatcat:khohzcitmvdxvgyeahp66f7gry

How to Use Crowdsourcing Effectively: Guidelines and Examples

Elena Simperl
2015 Liber Quarterly: The Journal of European Research Libraries  
We introduce a framework for the analysis of the most important building blocks of such systems, as well as design and participation best practices that should guide their development.  ...  We see it applied in order to motivate employees to engage with less rewarding daily routines, to attract the best possible ideas and approaches to boost innovation, or to complete data processing tasks  ...  There is a large body of research in the crowdsourcing community studying optimal pricing strategies (Archak, 2010; Singer & Mittal, 2013) or the interplay between incentives and other factors such as  ... 
doi:10.18352/lq.9948 fatcat:35rkj2im5ncobdm652kef4xr6m


Cacia Claudia, Lucia Aiello
More and more companies apply the wisdom of crowds to certain tasks and challenges, making the crowdsourcing a recognized mechanism for problem-solving.  ...  Social Media (SM) and ICT enable the interactionwith the market that allows spreading development burden amongst companies and individuals.  ...  The evolution of innovation in fact, due to new technologies, modified the relations from the closed to collaborative, open, and so it have dramatically changed the dynamic nature of the global market  ... 
doi:10.24297/ijmit.v10i4.631 fatcat:hds6toap6nelzcgrn3rha2luna

Co-constructing controversy: content analysis of collaborative knowledge negotiation in online communities

Noriko Hara, Madelyn Rose Sanfilippo
2016 Information, Communication & Society  
As the general public participates in such knowledge collaboration, understanding the processes through which they contribute content and roles that they play is imperative.  ...  This paper builds on previous studies of social construction of knowledge online and investigates how contributors in online communities collaboratively share and construct controversial scientific knowledge  ...  The interplay between the roles and contents that we identified can be analyzed. We can also expand the study to include different controversial topics in science.  ... 
doi:10.1080/1369118x.2016.1142595 fatcat:6sjeqqhrpbfi5hqtqsyiogxtca

Mining latent relations in peer-production environments: a case study with Wikipedia article similarity and controversy

Chenliang Li, Anwitaman Datta, Aixin Sun
2011 Social Network Analysis and Mining  
In the context of Wikipedia specific research, our case study helps better differentiate the degree of impact of some of the possible causes of controversies.  ...  Specifically, we use expert-based similarity as well as other standard similarity measures, to discern the influence and impact of several factors which are hypothysed to generate controversies in Wikipedia  ...  Acknowledgements The work is funded by A-STAR grant no: 072 134 0055.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13278-011-0037-5 fatcat:dwou22ewkraovnnfnmcncja4oe

Analyzing Design Tradeoffs in Large-Scale Socio-technical Systems through Simulation of Dynamic Collaboration Patterns [chapter]

Christoph Dorn, George Edwards, Nenad Medvidovic
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
and (iv) evaluation of the overall approach.  ...  Existing software engineering tools and techniques support the system engineer in designing and assessing the technical infrastructure.  ...  Future work will focus on exploring these patterns in more detail and applying the simulation framework for evaluating dynamic switching between strategies (e.g., F IF O ⇔ LIF O) at runtime and evaluate  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33606-5_22 fatcat:55c3b35cszf25co3wsiwu4dfqe

The Virtuous Circle of Wikipedia

Maximilian Klein, Thomas Maillart, John Chuang
2015 Proceedings of the 18th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work & Social Computing - CSCW '15  
We show that while the wisdom of crowds is well pulled in some categories, more editors per article can also create disvalue.  ...  In open collaboration, knowledge is created and iteratively improved by a multitude of editors who freely choose what should be their contributions.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under award CCF-0424422 (TRUST).  ... 
doi:10.1145/2675133.2675286 dblp:conf/cscw/KleinMC15 fatcat:tbjr3sa2tveszjo7c3iuxpusha

When in doubt ask the crowd : leveraging collective intelligence for improving event detection and machine learning [article]

Mihai Georgescu, University, My
However, in collaborative environments such as Wikipedia, information and structures are highly dynamic over time.  ...  Thesis Structure In the first part of the thesis we exploit the wisdom of the crowds and its manifestation on the collaborative platform Wikipedia, by leveraging the collaboration patterns that make Wikipedia  ... 
doi:10.15488/8457 fatcat:ikul6z5pijej7lixobizpb3zvq
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