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Outlining an Unconventional, Adaptive, and Particle-Based Reconfigurable Computer Architecture [chapter]

Christof Teuscher
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The quest for novel and unconventional computing machines is mainly motivated by the man-machine dichotomy and by the belief that dealing with new physical computing substrates, new environments, and new  ...  Here we outline an amalgamation of (1) a particle-based, randomly interconnected, and reconfigurable substrate, (2) membrane systems, and (3) artificial chemistries in combination with (4) an unconventional  ...  The programming language relies on a virtual machine called graph machine, which is a self-modifying and self-developing net of automaton.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11527800_19 fatcat:wnp4i2oycnhpho6r72yxy7svfa

Markup Languages–How to Structure Chemistry-Related Documents

2002 Chemistry International  
A solution gelled shortly after the conference as a remarkable communal effort resulted in the specification of extensible markup language or XML.  ...  However, its limitations as a mechanism for expressing precisely defined data and meanings were not always adequately recognized.  ...  The existing IUPAC compendia provide a natural foundation for creating XML-based machine processible resources.  ... 
doi:10.1515/ci.2002.24.4.9 fatcat:h3636f45q5gafpyd2a5axjz5nq

Page 4 of American Documentation Vol. 10, Issue 1 [page]

1959 American Documentation  
The organization in 1953 of Soviet chemistry abstract jour- nal and the beginning of work on creating new, more perfect systems for recording scientific information, does not exclude the necessity of including  ...  language. “4, More complicated and more expen- sive machines must be constructed only for the special particular information in- quiries that have a known language.  ... 

An Evolutionary Approach to Synthetic Biology: Zen and the Art of Creating Life

Thomas S. Ray
1993 Artificial Life  
the evolutionary process for the production of complex computer software.  ...  Because we can not observe life on other planets, we are left with the alternative of creating artificial life forms on Earth.  ...  The Genetic Language The simplest possible instantiation of a digital organism is a machine language program that codes for self-replication.  ... 
doi:10.1162/artl.1993.1.1_2.179 fatcat:2hvtufn52jdxvj4eg4emea2wra

An Evolutionary Approach to Synthetic Biology: Zen and the Art of Creating Life

Thomas S. Ray
1993 Artificial Life  
the evolutionary process for the production of complex computer software.  ...  Because we can not observe life on other planets, we are left with the alternative of creating artificial life forms on Earth.  ...  The Genetic Language The simplest possible instantiation of a digital organism is a machine language program that codes for self-replication.  ... 
doi:10.1162/artl.1993.1.179 fatcat:gjgirbne3rcwpfk67mejijhkle

Croatian Meeting of Chemists and Chemical Engineers and 4th Vladimir Prelog Symposium

2019 Chemistry International  
Scientific and Organizing Committee  ...  However, there is a lack of guidance for authors specifying how to create, describe, and package machine-readable chemical data alongside publication submissions.  ...  The offi cial languages of the Meeting are English and Croatian.  ... 
doi:10.1515/ci-2019-0127 fatcat:yj4hzgnbfrfizlpaxunp4s5f3e

The quantum chemical search for novel materials and the issue of data processing: The InfoMol project

Hans P. Lüthi, Stefan Heinen, Gisbert Schneider, Andreas Glöss, Martin P. Brändle, Rollin A. King, Edward Pyzer-Knapp, Fahhad H. Alharbi, Sabre Kais
2016 Journal of Computational Science  
One key bottleneck in this regard is the lack of availability of machine-readable output for virtually all quantum chemistry codes.  ...  One key bottleneck in this regard is the lack of availability of machine-readable output for virtually all quantum chemistry codes.  ...  For that matter, the Harvard Organic Photovoltaic Dataset (HOPV15), soon to be made available to the public, was created [22] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jocs.2015.10.003 fatcat:pnu3b3ubgvbcrdbjesgl5mrac4

Biological function and the genetic code are interdependent

Øyvind Albert Voie
2006 Chaos, Solitons & Fractals  
This paper shows that there are logical reasons for this problem. Life expresses both function and sign systems.  ...  In particular the origin of life remains a mystery. One wonders how the scientific community could unravel a unique past event with such low probability.  ...  Engineering principles create the structure of the machine which harnesses the laws of physics and chemistry for the purposes the machine is designed to serve.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chaos.2005.08.146 fatcat:h432xxwdlvcrpjqdrc74qaqkri

Page 50 of Diagnostics & Clinical Testing Vol. 3, Issue 4 [page]

1965 Diagnostics & Clinical Testing  
DESIGNED for CREATING!  ...  This is written by authors who at the time of writing were engaged in pioneering the use of 100 mc NMR as a research instrument in organic chemistry.  ... 

Materializing artificial intelligence

2020 Nature Machine Intelligence  
Artificial intelligence can be defined as intelligence demonstrated by machines.  ...  But what counts as intelligence, and how intelligence is implemented in different kinds of machines, robots and software varies across disciplines and over time.  ...  The authors of the 1955 Proposal for the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence 1 tried to "make machines use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now  ... 
doi:10.1038/s42256-020-00262-2 fatcat:bgpvpoytfndohhn3av76hkakyy

Universal Chemical Synthesis and Discovery with 'The Chemputer'

Piotr S. Gromski, Jarosław M. Granda, Leroy Cronin
2019 Trends in Chemistry  
The alternative to this problem, as shown in this opinion article, is the development of an approach to universal chemistry using a programming language with automation in combination with machine learning  ...  This is because the organic chemist often works by thinking backwards as much as they do forwards when planning a synthetic procedure.  ...  A Chempiler was created to program the platform ( Figure 4B ); the Chempiler creates low-level instructions for the hardware taking graph representation of the platform and abstraction representing  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trechm.2019.07.004 fatcat:c7ak3odppbcyliv6mp3qa4wi6q

ChemicalTagger: A tool for semantic text-mining in chemistry

Lezan Hawizy, David M Jessop, Nico Adams, Peter Murray-Rust
2011 Journal of Cheminformatics  
Using a metric that allows for overlapping annotations, we achieved machine-annotator agreements of 88.9% for phrase recognition and 91.9% for phrase-type identification (Action names).  ...  Results: We have developed the ChemicalTagger parser as a medium-depth, phrase-based semantic NLP tool for the language of chemical experiments.  ...  to the code base, Nicholas England (University of Cambridge) and Dr Colin Batchelor (Royal Society of Chemistry) for participating in the inter-annotator agreement study and for valuable discussions in  ... 
doi:10.1186/1758-2946-3-17 pmid:21575201 pmcid:PMC3117806 fatcat:y35xi4lyyjfk3iojgli23z5mgm

Artificial Intelligence: The Future for Organic Chemistry?

Franck Peiretti, Jean Michel Brunel
2018 ACS Omega  
Synthesis of molecules remains one of the most important challenges in organic chemistry, and the standard approach involved by a chemist to solve a problem is based on experience and constitutes a repetitive  ...  On the basis of a recent article "Predicting reaction performance in C-N cross-coupling using machine learning" that appeared in Science, we had decided to highlight the way forward for artificial intelligence  ...  Lehn considered: "atoms as letters, molecules as words, supramolecular entities as sentences (...)" and some researchers tried to show that organic chemistry has a structure similar to a natural language  ... 
doi:10.1021/acsomega.8b01773 pmid:31458044 pmcid:PMC6645362 fatcat:iyopqzhdfndjfk4cziat6rpj4m

The Universal Language

Arthur Kornberg
1987 Nature Biotechnology  
In brief, my plea is for a major focus of research on brain chemistry, in animals and humans, normal and sick.  ...  By manipulating DNA, we create new species at will.  ... 
doi:10.1038/nbt0587-520 fatcat:rowhqfqpjrer7feui4po6es3ja

POWER OF GLOBALISATION

Chaideftos Chaideftos
2020 Zenodo  
THE FUTURE A dangerous epidemic - pandemic will lead to the establishment of electronic money (e-money) only for public safety reasons.  ...  Scientists will create satellites with RFID – biosensor tracking system (for mass monitoring - control), with plasma or fusion or quantum energy (for unlimited energy), with quantum radars, with quantum  ...  The evolution of the matterenergy creates everything from planets till organisms. Behind of every Creation there is a Creator or a team of Creators.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3687194 fatcat:pfmyi3dpdzburo6anoddko2m7q
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