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Creating Expert Knowledge by Relying on Language Learners: a Generic Approach for Mass-Producing Language Resources by Combining Implicit Crowdsourcing and Language Learning

Lionel Nicolas, Verena Lyding, Claudia Borg, Corina Forascu, Karën Fort, Katerina Zdravkova, Iztok Kosem, Jaka Cibej, Spela Arhar Holdt, Alice Millour, Alexander König, Christos T. Rodosthenous (+6 others)
2020 International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation  
We introduce in this paper a generic approach to combine implicit crowdsourcing and language learning in order to mass-produce language resources (LRs) for any language for which a crowd of language learners  ...  on the input crowdsourced from language learners.  ...  Conclusion In this paper, we have presented a generic approach to combine implicit crowdsourcing and language learning in order to mass-produce LRs for any language for which a crowd of language learners  ... 
dblp:conf/lrec/NicolasLBFFZKCH20 fatcat:yp4g6ynrhrgpjmgatmln4qt3c4

Language Models are Few-Shot Learners [article]

Tom B. Brown, Benjamin Mann, Nick Ryder, Melanie Subbiah, Jared Kaplan, Prafulla Dhariwal, Arvind Neelakantan, Pranav Shyam, Girish Sastry, Amanda Askell, Sandhini Agarwal, Ariel Herbert-Voss (+19 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Recent work has demonstrated substantial gains on many NLP tasks and benchmarks by pre-training on a large corpus of text followed by fine-tuning on a specific task.  ...  By contrast, humans can generally perform a new language task from only a few examples or from simple instructions - something which current NLP systems still largely struggle to do.  ...  with in-context learning, Geoffrey Irving and Paul Christiano for early discussions of language model scaling, Long Ouyang for advising on the design of the human evaluation experiments, Chris Hallacy  ... 
arXiv:2005.14165v4 fatcat:kilb2lujxfax3kgfiuotql2iyy

Building Domain-Specific Machine Learning Workflows: A Conceptual Framework for the State-of-the-Practice [article]

Bentley James Oakes and Michalis Famelis and Houari Sahraoui
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Case studies from the literature in various domains are also examined to highlight the tools used by the domain experts as well as a classification of the domain-specificity and machine learning usage  ...  Domain experts are increasingly employing machine learning to solve their domain-specific problems.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank our colleagues Jessie Galasso-Carbonnel and István Dávid for their insightful discussions on this article.  ... 
arXiv:2203.08638v1 fatcat:lfnqklkivfby7blfupsjez4ote

Enhancing grammatical structures in web-based texts [chapter]

Leonardo Zilio, Rodrigo Wilkens, Cédrick Fairon
2017 CALL in a climate of change: adapting to turbulent global conditions – short papers from EUROCALL 2017  
Acknowledgements This program is financially supported by the Five College Innovative Language Teaching Fellowship, 2015-2016.  ...  Acknowledgements (2) We would like to thank the participating schools and the language students designing and implementing the school project for active participation in collaboration.  ...  A core intention is to create a learning community and involve learners as participants in sharing their own experiences and knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.14705/rpnet.2017.eurocall2017.738 fatcat:oofyj56lfbhqjgnsinoj2rkxui

Machine translation for everyone: Empowering users in the age of artificial intelligence [article]

Dorothy Kenny
2022 Zenodo  
Both have been affected by the increasing availability of machine translation (MT): language learners now make use of free online MT to help them both understand and produce texts in a second language,  ...  It presents a rationale for learning about MT, and provides both a basic introduction to contemporary machine-learning based MT, and a more advanced discussion of neural MT.  ...  and suggestions on how to improve this text.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6653405 fatcat:fqpka6rnvrcqbpmchjt4u7wiwq

The Complementarity of Crowdsourced Dictionaries and Professional Dictionaries viewed through the Filter of Neology

Franck Sajous, Amélie Josselin-Leray, Nabil Hathout
2017 Lexis: Journal in English Lexicology  
are often blurred, it may rely both on a lexicographical and a terminological approach.  ...  The boundary between specialized languages and the general language is often blurred and their intersection provides fertile ground for neology, as shown by Meyer and Mackintosh [2000] .  ... 
doi:10.4000/lexis.2322 fatcat:ekysnnlbzbd7tau47xoc5zbih4

On the Opportunities and Risks of Foundation Models [article]

Rishi Bommasani, Drew A. Hudson, Ehsan Adeli, Russ Altman, Simran Arora, Sydney von Arx, Michael S. Bernstein, Jeannette Bohg, Antoine Bosselut, Emma Brunskill, Erik Brynjolfsson, Shyamal Buch (+102 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Though foundation models are based on standard deep learning and transfer learning, their scale results in new emergent capabilities,and their effectiveness across so many tasks incentivizes homogenization  ...  AI is undergoing a paradigm shift with the rise of models (e.g., BERT, DALL-E, GPT-3) that are trained on broad data at scale and are adaptable to a wide range of downstream tasks.  ...  Acknowledgments References ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the following people for their valuable feedback: Mohit CONFLICT OF INTEREST This report was authored by the Center for Research on  ... 
arXiv:2108.07258v3 fatcat:kohwrwk2ybf7fd7wsuz2gp65ki

Transforming American Education

Michael B. Horn, Katherine Mackey
2011 E-Learning and Digital Media  
Technology makes it possible for us to act on this knowledge and understanding.  ...  An infrastructure for learning unleashes new ways of capturing and sharing knowledge based on multimedia that integrate text, still and moving images, audio, and applications that run on a variety of devices  ...  Appendix B-Contributors We extend our deepest thanks to the members of the National Educational Technology Plan Technical Working Group for their extensive contributions to the plan's vision for the future  ... 
doi:10.2304/elea.2011.8.2.133 fatcat:nsrdj2vb4vcqdovm5ozvuttmd4

From Theories on Styles to their Transfer in Text: Bridging the Gap with a Hierarchical Survey [article]

Enrica Troiano and Aswathy Velutharambath and Roman Klinger
2022 arXiv   pre-print
As a natural language generation task, style transfer aims at rewriting existing texts, and specifically, it creates paraphrases that exhibit some desired stylistic attributes.  ...  for a non-expert audience.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (project CEAT, KL 2869/1-2) and the Leibniz WissenschaftsCampus Tübingen "Cognitive Interfaces".  ... 
arXiv:2110.15871v4 fatcat:zqzpmd6ennhqzhwedwdlqizf7y

Neural Language Generation: Formulation, Methods, and Evaluation [article]

Cristina Garbacea, Qiaozhu Mei
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Next we include a comprehensive outline of methods and neural architectures employed for generating diverse texts.  ...  a plethora of new possibilities regarding producing realistic and coherent texts.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was in part supported by the National Science Foundation under grant number 1633370.  ... 
arXiv:2007.15780v1 fatcat:oixtreazxvbgvclicpxiqzbxrm

Introduction to Linked Data and Its Lifecycle on the Web [chapter]

Axel-Cyrille Ngonga Ngomo, Sören Auer, Jens Lehmann, Amrapali Zaveri
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The term Linked Data refers to a set of best practices for publishing and interlinking structured data on the Web.  ...  While many standards, methods and technologies developed within by the Semantic Web community are applicable for Linked Data, there are also a number of specific characteristics of Linked Data, which have  ...  This work was supported by a grant from the European Union's 7th Framework Programme provided for the projects LOD2 (GA no. 257943), GeoKnow (GA no. 318159) and the Eureka project SCMS.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-10587-1_1 fatcat:2vba6rydjvehro3cwcakafnn5e

Computer Supported Cooperative Work [chapter]

2017 Encyclopedia of GIS  
Work in Progress sessions provide a unique opportunity for sharing valuable ideas, for getting early feedback on current work and preliminary results, and fostering discussions and collaborations among  ...  As a new thing for ECSCW 2013, the Work in Progress category has been introduced.  ...  Finally, a short comment on method and level of advancement is offered followed by the expected contributions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-17885-1_100175 fatcat:ng5lngqeevh65dlx6tx4fge2q4

Conversational Agents: Goals, Technologies, Vision and Challenges

Merav Allouch, Amos Azaria, Rina Azoulay
2021 Sensors  
Capable of conducting ongoing communication with humans, CAs are encountered in natural-language processing, deep learning, and technologies that integrate emotional aspects.  ...  In recent years, conversational agents (CAs) have become ubiquitous and are a presence in our daily routines.  ...  For a review on natural language understanding, the reader is referred to the survey of Navigli [46] , in which several NLU approaches and modes are reviewed, including explicit versus implicit learning  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21248448 pmid:34960538 pmcid:PMC8704682 fatcat:vhylbunhwbbhfa65bdqmnqpi5q

2. Emancipation through Open Education: Rhetoric or Reality? [chapter]

Andy Lane
2016 Open Education: International Perspectives in Higher Education  
of University finance, human resources, sustainable business management and improvement and campus services.  ...  Barnett, R. (2012) In less than fifty years, USQ has become a prominent teaching and research institution providing education worldwide.  ...  semi-automated expert interactions with masses.  ... 
doi:10.11647/obp.0103.02 fatcat:hxeswf6ffbfxpe476dctiniyke

12. A Practitioner's Guide to Open Educational Resources: A Case Study [chapter]

Howard Miller
2016 Open Education: International Perspectives in Higher Education  
of University finance, human resources, sustainable business management and improvement and campus services.  ...  Barnett, R. (2012) In less than fifty years, USQ has become a prominent teaching and research institution providing education worldwide.  ...  semi-automated expert interactions with masses.  ... 
doi:10.11647/obp.0103.12 fatcat:7zoieaohsjdodmedcvl5hsix64
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