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Covariance-Insured Screening [article]

Kevin He, Jian Kang, Hyokyoung Grace Hong, Ji Zhu, Yanming Li, Huazhen Lin, Han Xu, Yi Li
2018 arXiv   pre-print
By incorporating the inter-feature dependence, we propose a covariance-insured screening methodology to identify predictors that are jointly informative but only marginally weakly associated with outcomes  ...  However, existing screening methods, which typically ignore correlation information, are likely to miss these weak signals.  ...  Discussion We have developed a covariance-insured screening method for ultrahigh-dimensional variables.  ... 
arXiv:1805.06595v1 fatcat:pkj225ugjngxzlwhurampxay7i

Appropriateness of bone density measurement in Switzerland: a cross-sectional study

Stefan Zechmann, Nathalie Scherz, Oliver Reich, Beat Brüngger, Oliver Senn, Thomas Rosemann, Stefan Neuner-Jehle
2018 BMC Public Health  
METHODS Retrospective cross-sectional study using insurance claim data of 2013.  ...  Statistics included descriptive measures and multivariable regressions to estimate associations of relevant covariates with potentially inappropriate DXA screening.  ...  Furthermore, we analyzed independent covariates for receiving any DXA screening as well as independent covariates for receiving potentially inappropriate DXA screening.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5305-0 pmid:29606111 pmcid:PMC5879564 fatcat:o244qn2w4vgqxnehgjf6upxvei

Association between colorectal cancer testing and insurance type: evidence from the Swiss Health Interview Survey 2012

Leonhard Braun, Anja Kässner, Lamprini Syrogiannouli, Kevin Selby, Jean-Luc Bulliard, Yonas Martin, Idris Guessous, Kali Tal, Cinzia Del Giovane, Marcel Zwahlen, Reto Auer
2020 Preventive medicine reports  
After adjusting for covariates, private insurance and low deductible was significantly associated with higher prevalence of CRC testing, indicating that waiving the deductible could increase CRC screening  ...  Both colonoscopy and fecal occult blood test (FOBT) are commonly used for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, but colonoscopy costs much more than FOBT.  ...  After adjusting for covariates, private insurance and low deductible were significantly associated with higher prevalence of CRC testing, indicating that waiving the deductible could increase CRC screening  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pmedr.2020.101111 pmid:32426215 pmcid:PMC7226870 fatcat:ptplunax7fhftex3sva4l4rzh4

Acculturation and Cancer Screening Among Asian Americans: Role of Health Insurance and Having a Regular Physician

Sunmin Lee, Lu Chen, Mary Y. Jung, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Hee-Soon Juon
2013 Journal of community health  
This study examined associations between acculturation and three types of cancer screening (colorectal, cervical, and breast), focusing on the role of health insurance and having a regular physician.  ...  Age, health insurance, regular physician, gender, ethnicity, income, marital status, and health status were adjusted in the multivariate analysis.  ...  Model 2 adjusted for age and having health insurance, and Model 3 included having a regular physician in addition to the covariates adjusted for in Model 2. Model 4 adjusted for all other covariates.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10900-013-9763-0 pmid:24002493 pmcid:PMC4143174 fatcat:vy7mcatpevhh7hofahv2ma2h3q

Impact of Project SCOPE on Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Screening Colonoscopies

Phillip Son, Dorothy S. Lane, Catherine R. Messina, Jie Yang, Jiawen Zhu, Ellen Li, Satish Nagula, Chris E. Lascarides, Juan Carlos Bucobo
2014 Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities  
into consideration the other covariates, such as diabetes, smoking, and insurance status.  ...  Multiple logistic regression models were used to compare the likelihood of a patient being Hispanic or African American after adjusting for potential covariates.  ...  Socioeconomic Status/Other Covariates Socioeconomic status was determined by the patient's medical insurance.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40615-014-0016-4 fatcat:6t6odsxdebax3bttonvnb3h7li

Missed Opportunities for Chlamydia Screening in Title X Family Planning Clinics

Sarah Goldenkranz Salomon, Elizabeth Torrone, Wendy Nakatsukasa-Ono, David N. Fine
2017 Sexually Transmitted Diseases  
controlling for other covariates and stratifying by state.  ...  Annual chlamydia (CT) screening is recommended for women younger than 25 years, yet less than half of young women seeking health care are screened annually.  ...  state initially included the following covariates: age, race/ethnicity, state, insurance type, number of visits, and IPP participation.  ... 
doi:10.1097/olq.0000000000000641 pmid:28809768 pmcid:PMC6893299 fatcat:kfkvmdiddjc25kfntifjhxhy4e

National Trends and Disparities in Cervical Cancer Screening among Commercially Insured Women, 2001-2010

J. F. Wharam, F. Zhang, X. Xu, B. E. Landon, D. Ross-Degnan
2014 Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention  
Previous surveys reported declining cervical cancer screening rates from 2000 to 2010, but trends by key demographic and age groups are less clear.  ...  We fitted trends in 2001-2010 screening rates and socioeconomic disparities as annual percentage changes (APC) using joinpoint analysis.  ...  Pap testing rates and disparities Our study among commercially insured women shows a somewhat more favorable picture of cervical cancer screening compared with these previous surveys of both insured and  ... 
doi:10.1158/1055-9965.epi-13-1202 pmid:25128400 fatcat:vsmeeqqx3jckllhuga5rr26vry

Investigating reversals of association for utilization of recent mammography among Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Black women

William Rakowski, Melissa A. Clark, Michelle L. Rogers, Sherry Weitzen
2009 Cancer Causes and Control  
Conclusions-Reversed associations found in adjusted analyses present a challenge for interpretation, but could also denote success of programs to increase screening rates.  ...  Insurance status was dichotomized as: non-insured versus insured (reference group).  ...  The six covariates in-common across all surveys were: age, income, education, insurance status, marital status, and Census region of the country.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10552-009-9345-8 pmid:19396620 pmcid:PMC2862558 fatcat:mlfe4nmo3ze25dnvijyitafjai

Reversals of Association for Pap, Colorectal, and Prostate Cancer Testing among Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Black Women and Men

W. Rakowski, M. A. Clark, M. L. Rogers, S. H. Weitzen
2011 Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention  
Analyses used a consistent set of covariates. Results: RAs were more common for non-Hispanic blacks than Hispanics, but Hispanics had a greater number of LPCs.  ...  Impact: This research highlights the need for vigilance regarding the results of analyses to identify race/ ethnicity as a correlate of cancer screening.  ...  The common set of 7 covariates for each screening domain were: age, income, education, insurance status, marital status, usual source of care, and Census region of the country.  ... 
doi:10.1158/1055-9965.epi-10-1226 pmid:21393564 pmcid:PMC3089667 fatcat:zqbyrcxryncgnb54wsih63uvxi

Assessing Community Cancer care after insurance ExpanSionS (ACCESS) study protocol

H. Angier, N. Huguet, M. Marino, M. Mori, K. Winters-Stone, J. Shannon, L. Raynor, H. Holderness, J.E. DeVoe
2017 Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications  
Primary outcomes include health insurance and coverage status, and type of insurance.  ...  Discussion: Cancer morbidity and mortality is greatly reduced through screening and prevention, but uninsured patients are much less likely than insured patients to receive these services as recommended  ...  , and fixed and timedependent covariates.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.conctc.2017.06.011 pmid:29473059 pmcid:PMC5819346 fatcat:iyntamerrjhw5jlhfn3zrjwhku

Data on Medicare eligibility and cancer screening utilization

Christian P. Meyer, Christopher B. Allard, Jesse D. Sammon, Julian Hanske, Julia McNabb-Baltar, Joel E. Goldberg, Gally Reznor, Stuart R. Lipsitz, Toni K. Choueiri, Paul L. Nguyen, Joel S. Weissman, Quoc-Dien Trinh
2016 Data in Brief  
Health insurance is associated with increased utilization of cancer screening services.  ...  Covariates included education attainment, residency, and access to health care provider.  ...  a b s t r a c t Health insurance is associated with increased utilization of cancer screening services.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dib.2016.02.049 pmid:27054176 pmcid:PMC4802418 fatcat:tr55pluqonbszdjfbrfoxumia4

Supplemental Material, sj-pdf-1-ppo-10.1177_07439156211032751 - Treatment Effect Heterogeneity in Randomized Field Experiments: A Methodological Comparison and Public Policy Implications

Yixing Chen, Shrihari Sridhar, Vikas Mittal
2021 Figshare  
The data from Chen et al. (2020) has 29 covariates, which will lead to 29 two-way interactions between outreach and covariates, 812 three-way interactions, and more than 1,000 higher-order interactions  ...  First, it is not always feasible to a priori identify all possible covariates that could interact with the treatment.  ... 
doi:10.25384/sage.16725685.v1 fatcat:mwqk6dcbqzf3ldgavmhmlyoia4

Having a Personal Health Care Provider and Receipt of Colorectal Cancer Testing

R. Cardarelli, J. E. Thomas
2009 Annals of Family Medicine  
Efforts to increase and support the primary care workforce are needed to improve up-to-date colorectal cancer screening rates.  ...  Age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, income, and health insurance were also significantly associated with up-to-date colorectal cancer testing.  ...  , income), 29-31 and system-level factors (ie, health insurance status) 32,33 to be barriers and facilitators to colorectal cancer screening.  ... 
doi:10.1370/afm.904 pmid:19139443 pmcid:PMC2625828 fatcat:y5ajkxm33jhwffowvixq7dwzay

Potentially missed detection with screening mammography: does the quality of radiologist's interpretation vary by patient socioeconomic advantage/disadvantage?

Garth H. Rauscher, Jenna A. Khan, Michael L. Berbaum, Emily F. Conant
2013 Annals of Epidemiology  
CONCLUSIONS-Disadvantaged socioeconomic status appears to be associated with potentially missed detection of breast cancer at mammography screening.  ...  detection was greater among minority patients (54% vs. 39%, p=0.07), for patients with incomes below $30,000 (65% vs. 36%, p<0.01), with less education (58% vs. 39%, p=0.02), and lacking private health insurance  ...  Health insurance status was categorized as lacking private health insurance versus having any private health insurance.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2013.01.006 pmid:23453384 pmcid:PMC3633590 fatcat:wuifse5wkzbahezgdl2soaonra

Change in Colorectal Cancer Tests Submitted for Reimbursement in Switzerland 2012–2018: Evidence from Claims Data of a Large Insurance

Rémi Schneider, Markus Näpflin, Lamprini Syrogiannouli, Sarah Bissig, Kali Tal, Jean-Luc Bulliard, Cyril Ducros, Oliver Senn, Kevin Selby, Caroline Bähler, Eva Blozik, Reto Auer
2021 International Journal of Public Health  
association with socio-demographic, insurance-, and health-related covariates with multivariate-adjusted logistic regression models.  ...  In 2013, Switzerland introduced reimbursement of CRC screening by mandatory health insurance for 50-69-years-olds, after they met their deductible.  ...  Outcomes and Covariates Our primary outcome of interest was annual claimed CRC testing rate per insured population (2012–2018).  ... 
doi:10.3389/ijph.2021.1604073 pmid:34744596 pmcid:PMC8565273 fatcat:vkgmyx2fhvfkrdesf6z7bwbg4u
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