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Approaches to Text Mining Arguments from Legal Cases [chapter]

Adam Wyner, Raquel Mochales-Palau, Marie-Francine Moens, David Milward
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper describes recent approaches using text-mining to automatically profile and extract arguments from legal cases. We outline some of the background context and motivations.  ...  [42] was presented at the Workshop on Natural Language Engineering of Legal Argumentation held in conjunction with JURIX 2008. The authors thank the reviewers and audiences for their comments.  ...  Text-mining in the Case base Current commerical systems (e.g. Lexis-Nexis or Westlaw) or web-based public services (e.g. WorldLii) have limited text mining capabilities.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-12837-0_4 fatcat:zhpvtpt7lvf7tjrhesy7n6pytu

Annotation of argument structure in Japanese legal documents

Hiroaki Yamada, Simone Teufel, Takenobu Tokunaga
2017 Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Argument Mining  
and c) the definition of a linked argument structure based on legal sub-arguments.  ...  In particular, we utilize the hierarchical argument structure of the judgment documents.  ...  The document type we consider here, the judgment document, is one of the most important types of legal text in the Japanese legal system.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w17-5103 dblp:conf/argmining/YamadaTT17 fatcat:baoncxr7qbe53ho2v3z5t74ioa

Legitimising a 'zombie idea': childhood vaccines and autism – the complex tale of two judgments on vaccine injury in Italy

Marco Rizzi, Katie Attwell, Virginia Casigliani, Jeannette Taylor, Filippo Quattrone, Pierluigi Lopalco
2021 International Journal of Law in Context  
The impact of 'bad' science on judicial decision-making is a thorny aspect of the relationship between science and law.  ...  Using a combination of actor–network theory and legal pragmatism, we uncovered a network of actors and institutions internal and external to the legal system enabling these impactful decisions that went  ...  We also wish to thank Christophe Lazaro, Tamara Tulich and Fiona McGaughey for comments on earlier drafts, as well as the two anonymous reviewers for their thorough and thoughtful feedback.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1744552321000586 fatcat:fvyllcsqp5e3plhujfv5s3gb6u

Argumentation mining

Raquel Mochales Palau, Marie-Francine Moens
2009 Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law - ICAIL '09  
mining in legal texts.  ...  Argumentation mining aims to detect the arguments presented in a text document, the relations between them and the internal structure of each individual argument.  ...  The authors train a classifier on 141 House of Lords judgments and test it on 47 judgments, where a judgment contains 105 sentences on average.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1568234.1568246 dblp:conf/icail/PalauM09a fatcat:6lm3w3en2zfb5n6iiqqi5auyxi

Page 11 of The Lawyers Weekly Vol. 12, Issue 6 [page]

1992 The Lawyers Weekly  
James Donnelly on grounds of “pal- pable and overriding error” (see: “Deci- sion to allow plaintiffs to tape their medical exams was based on ‘palpable and overriding error’: Ont.  ...  Despite the dispute shown over the accuracy of the physician’s reports (based on the doctor's medical report for the defence in a previous action), Mr.  ... 

Annotating Patterns of Reasoning about Medical Theories of Causation in Vaccine Cases: Toward a Type System for Arguments

Vern Walker, Karina Vazirova, Cass Sanford
2014 Proceedings of the First Workshop on Argumentation Mining  
The decisions report whether the evidence adduced by the petitioner adequately supports the claim that a medical theory causally links some type of vaccine with various types of injuries or adverse medical  ...  Without an adequate and operational type system, we are unlikely to reach consensus on argument corpora that can function as a gold standard.  ...  Medical or Scientific Studies as Basis In vaccine decisions, it is often the case that arguments are based upon medical or scientific studies, either published in medical or scientific journals or reported  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/w14-2101 dblp:conf/acl/WalkerVS14 fatcat:etpi7vkxerglfb5iy3nz3eqxae

Page 25 of The Lawyers Weekly Vol. 12, Issue 35 [page]

1993 The Lawyers Weekly  
The right to sue for tort damages fell outside the rights protected by s.7, based on precedent and the fact that the Ontario no-fault system did not merely restrict rights but added new ones.  ...  the needs and circumstances of the child; if all other factors relating to best interests were relatively equal, children’s views, if based on clearly enunciated rational decisions, should tip the scale  ... 

Prediction of relevant biomedical documents: a human microbiome case study

Paul Thompson, Juliette C. Madan, Jason H. Moore
2015 BioData Mining  
This study explores the use of the searcher's relevance feedback judgments to support relevance ranking based on features more general than recency.  ...  Ranking by recency, as PubMed does, takes into account only one factor indicating potential relevance.  ...  We also acknowledge funding support for this research from NIH grants LM009012 and LM010098.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13040-015-0061-5 pmid:26361503 pmcid:PMC4564977 fatcat:rlm5amsgqvcx5jwjdwxwp7olz4

Evidence Types, Credibility Factors, and Patterns or Soft Rules for Weighing Conflicting Evidence: Argument Mining in the Context of Legal Rules Governing Evidence Assessment

Vern R. Walker, Dina Foerster, Julia Monica Ponce, Matthew Rosen
2018 Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Argument Mining  
This paper reports on the results of an empirical study of adjudicatory decisions about veterans' claims for disability benefits in the United States.  ...  It also reports on patterns or "soft rules" that the tribunal uses to comparatively weigh the probative value of conflicting evidence.  ...  This research was generously supported by the Maurice A. Deane School of Law at Hofstra University, New York, USA.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w18-5209 dblp:conf/argmining/WalkerFPR18 fatcat:3koxcoh3mfbttoq6zs4zbms3a4

Page 7 of The Lawyers Weekly Vol. 10, Issue 37 [page]

1991 The Lawyers Weekly  
into Realize, the most powerful system ever developed for micro computer based legal ANNOUNCING THE MOSE~ POWERFUL MICR Based on CLO*2, the integration standard for large law firms, Realize has the power  ...  For details on network design, installation and support of Realize, please call our Legal Systems Division at (416) 445-4823. THE QUARTEX CORPORATION i 2 ee Re A ee  ... 

Socialinės teisės Europos žmogaus teisių teismo praktikoje

Dr. Danutė Jočienė
2008 Teisė  
In the article the Author analyses the social rights' issues under the European Convention on Human Rights and their interpretation given by the European Court of Human Rights.  ...  Social rights were not included into the text of the Convention adopted in 1950.  ...  No. 11810/03, judgment (just satisfaction and striking out on 21 June 2006) the Court found a violation of article 1 of Protocol 1 with regard to the reducing of possible compensation based on the State's  ... 
doi:10.15388/teise.2008.2.387 fatcat:ygzyilxuknaenp3jk4kik3hnmq

Medical Monitoring Plaintiffs and Subsequent Claims for Disease

Kara L. McCall
1999 The University of Chicago Law Review  
support in the decisions of numerous courts. a) The special nature of medical monitoring claims.  ...  their judgments, as long as the exception is based on grounds other than simple fairness. 9 Courts can achieve this by stating as part of their judgment in the first suit that the decision does not preclude  ... 
doi:10.2307/1600436 fatcat:dslm7eu3bzcj5pvn7ifs7efas4

Reducing the Overburden: The Doris Coal Presumption and Administrative Efficiency under the Black Lung Benefits Act

Eric R. Olson
2000 Michigan law review  
on medical evidence and mining history.  ...  In a system with a bimodal choice of outcomes -coverage for the disputed medical treatment or no coverage -an allocation system that initially appor tions liability based on the best guess as determined  ...  CONCLUSION The Doris Coal court injected a common-sense presumption into the adjudication process for already-eligible miners seeking coverage for medical care.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1290498 fatcat:xbnseqrlujehzlp4tbs6hnkyum

Semantic Types for Decomposing Evidence Assessment in Decisions on Veterans' Disability Claims for PTSD

Vern R. Walker, Ashtyn Hemendinger, Nneka Okpara, Tauseef Ahmed
2017 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law  
This paper presents a semantic analysis for mining arguments or reasoning from the evidence assessment portions (fact-finding portions) of adjudicatory decisions in law.  ...  Semantic anchors for this decomposition are provided by identifying the inferential roles of sentencesprincipally evidence sentences, finding-of-fact sentences, evidence-based-reasoning sentences, and  ...  Kasting for her research assistance on this project.  ... 
dblp:conf/icail/WalkerHOA17 fatcat:uedjzgu7urf3hktgnykqca2ade

Recognizing the Full Costs of Care? Compensation for Families in South Africa's Silicosis Class Action

Beth Goldblatt, Shirin M Rai
2017 Social and Legal Studies  
It focuses on a recent decision by a court in South Africa, (Nkala and Others v Harmony Gold Mining Company Limited and Others, 2016) that took the unusual step of acknowledging this care work and attempting  ...  This article concerns recognition and compensation of the intimate, gendered work of caring by family members for workers who became ill with lung diseases as a result of poor labour conditions in the mines  ...  of Appeal granted the mining houses leave to appeal against the decision.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0964663917739455 fatcat:wnwonnxks5aibnozmytom4bs3a
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