Filters








12 Hits in 4.6 sec

Slacklining: An explanatory multi-dimensional model considering classical mechanics, biopsychosocial health and time

Charles Philip Gabel, Bernard Guy, Hamid Reza Mokhtarinia, Markus Melloh
2021 World Journal of Orthopaedics  
Consequently, specific patient and situational uses may be initiated within the framework of evidence based medicine that ensures a multi-tiered context of slacklining applications in movement, balance  ...  Further research is required to investigate and mathematically define this proposed model and potentially enable an improved understanding of human functional movement.  ...  Ben Serrien for his invaluable input in the areas of physics, classical and quantum mechanics, the formation of Table 1 and assistance in manuscript editing.  ... 
doi:10.5312/wjo.v12.i3.102 pmid:33816138 pmcid:PMC7995339 fatcat:yjdl7nqepzbo3bjhyk2gfophka

Aging causes a reorganization of cortical and spinal control of posture

Selma Papegaaij, Wolfgang Taube, Stéphane Baudry, Egbert Otten, Tibor Hortobágyi
2014 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience  
The emerging picture is that the age-related reorganization in motor control during voluntary tasks, characterized by differential modulation of spinal reflexes, greater cortical activation and cortical  ...  This review outlines the age-related structural and functional changes at spinal and cortical levels and provides a mechanistic analysis of how such changes may be linked to the behaviorally manifest postural  ...  Imaging studies support the idea that cortical and subcortical adaptations play a putative role in improving postural control after balance training.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnagi.2014.00028 pmid:24624082 pmcid:PMC3939445 fatcat:civfbwksqbex3n33lo7vt5y5ta

Task specificity and neural adaptations after balance learning in young adults

Lisanne B.M. Bakker, Tulika Nandi, Claudine J.C. Lamoth, Tibor Hortobágyi
2021 Human Movement Science  
A B S T R A C T Background: Only 30 min of balance skill training can significantly improve behavioral and neuromuscular outcomes.  ...  Research question: What are the effects of a single balance training session on balance skill acquisition, retention, and transferability and on measures of neural plasticity examined by transcranial magnetic  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Emyl Smid and Anniek Heerschop for technical support, Sensamove for use of the balance board equipment and all the participants for their time.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.humov.2021.102833 pmid:34175684 fatcat:ieh4ty33eradbexfuvukc6aply

Balance Training Reduces Brain Activity during Motor Simulation of a Challenging Balance Task in Older Adults: An fMRI Study

Jan Ruffieux, Audrey Mouthon, Martin Keller, Michaël Mouthon, Jean-Marie Annoni, Wolfgang Taube
2018 Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience  
adults before and after 5 weeks of balance training.  ...  This suggests that balance training may reverse the age-related cortical over-activations and lead to changes in the control of upright posture toward the one observed in young adults.  ...  the training sessions.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00010 pmid:29472847 pmcid:PMC5810285 fatcat:7vhzk2sqj5g5znxscoyyaqycym

Future Therapeutic Strategies for Freezing of Gait in Parkinson's Disease

Cathy K. Cui, Simon J. G. Lewis
2021 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Whilst there already exist a number of pharmacological (e.g., dopaminergic and beyond dopamine), non-pharmacological (physiotherapy and cueing, cognitive training, and non-invasive brain stimulation) and  ...  In this review, we summarise the recent insights into freezing of gait and highlight the strategies that should be considered to improve future treatment.  ...  Stimulation of a key cortical modulator confers effects on remote subcortical regions and demonstrates the related neural network with FOG (Mi et al., 2020) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2021.741918 pmid:34795568 pmcid:PMC8592896 fatcat:zxwq5ozmzfblvms76lvxnhz444

A Review on the Relationship Between Sound and Movement in Sports and Rehabilitation

Nina Schaffert, Thenille Braun Janzen, Klaus Mattes, Michael H. Thaut
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
Thirdly, we summarize current evidence regarding the cognitive mechanisms and neural correlates underlying the processing of auditory information during movement execution and its mental representation  ...  In applied research, artificially produced acoustic information and real-time auditory information have been implemented in sports and rehabilitation to improve motor performance in athletes, healthy individuals  ...  at the spinal cord, subcortical and cortical levels (Nayagam et al., 2011; Theunissen and Elie, 2014; Bizley, 2017).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00244 pmid:30809175 pmcid:PMC6379478 fatcat:26lvs6s2vfewzddwy4kzconsym

Freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease: pathophysiology, risk factors and treatments

Chao Gao, Jun Liu, Yuyan Tan, Shengdi Chen
2020 Translational Neurodegeneration  
vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), and physiotherapeutic approaches including cues and other training strategies.  ...  Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common, disabling symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), but the mechanisms and treatments of FOG remain great challenges for clinicians and researchers.  ...  All authors read and approved the final manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40035-020-00191-5 pmid:32322387 pmcid:PMC7161193 fatcat:ai7ubmbyara4vimk763g5tnaei

Cerebellum and Prematurity: A Complex Interplay Between Disruptive and Dysmaturational Events

Giulia Spoto, Greta Amore, Luigi Vetri, Giuseppe Quatrosi, Anna Cafeo, Eloisa Gitto, Antonio Gennaro Nicotera, Gabriella Di Rosa
2021 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
of the neuropsychiatric outcomes with several implications in setting-up clinical follow-up and early intervention.  ...  The cerebellum plays a critical regulatory role in motor coordination, cognition, behavior, language, memory, and learning, hence overseeing a multiplicity of functions.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to show our gratitude to Stephanie Efthymiou for her assistance and for her comments that greatly improved the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2021.655164 pmid:34177475 pmcid:PMC8222913 fatcat:dgmwqjxkrnggpky7xxallr5ylu

Hippocampal and cortical neuroplasticity and functional changes induced by vestibular system stimulation through various methods of balance training [article]

Miloš Đorđević, Universitäts- Und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt, Martin-Luther Universität, Stefanie Schreiber, Michael Falkenstein
2019
The aim of this thesis was to investigate whether different types of vestibular system stimulation through balance training can have beneficial effects on vestibular-dependent path integration and balance  ...  ) and other cortical regions in groups where a voxel-based morphometric (VBM) analysis was performed (ballet dancers and sportive dancers).  ...  Neural pathways of these two abilities communicate through large networks and units of both cortical and subcortical structures (67).  ... 
doi:10.25673/14016 fatcat:hv52rnejbncabdvyrul27cux4q

North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity

2022 Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP)  
of zooms, tensions, and switches (ZOOTS) is transforming our understanding of human movement.  ...  Along the way, I develop calls for more flexible definitions of time, fluidity and diversity of methodological approach, and engagement with science that adds good into the world.  ...  However, we speculate that these strategies are likely to induce neural efficiency, which would weaken the neural signals of interest, and potentially hinder the performance of the BMI.  ... 
doi:10.1123/jsep.2022-0071 fatcat:yl2c7hvawre2lmyf7mqnrjkpoe

Retraining walking after spinal cord injury: functional gains and neuroplasticity

Atif S Khan
2018
Chapter 2 -Training-specific neural plasticity in spinal reflexes after incomplete spinal cord injury: A version of Chapter Chapter 3 -Training to walk in the ReWalk exoskeleton after incomplete and complete  ...  Furthermore, the reduced excitability of the polysynaptic reflex before Endurance training and the decrease in the excitability of the monosynaptic reflex across all the training were related to improvements  ...  Thus, neural plasticity was differentially affected at the spinal and cortical levels by the two different forms of training.  ... 
doi:10.7939/r3k64b86b fatcat:l7zqwpxw2jevxcwviscput3ule

Vestibular contribution to bodily self-consciousness and multisensory cortical processing

Christian Pfeiffer
2015
The second part of my thesis presents the electrical neural correlates by which vestibular stimulation affected somatosensory and visual cortical processing.  ...  , and vestibular cortical networks.  ...  We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their comments that helped improving the quality of the manuscript. Author Contributions Acknowledgments  ... 
doi:10.5075/epfl-thesis-6365 fatcat:4e6u4hcid5d2jh76sas2sxevwu