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Jean Talairach: a cerebral cartographer

Maya Harary, G. Rees Cosgrove
2019 Neurosurgical Focus  
Although French psychiatrist-turned-neurosurgeon Jean Talairach (1911–2007) is perhaps best known for the stereotaxic atlas he produced with Pierre Tournoux and Gábor Szikla, he has left his mark on most  ...  Turning his attention to stereotaxy, Talairach spearheaded the team at Hôpital Sainte-Anne in the construction of novel stereotaxic apparatus.  ...  Most importantly, it is based on a single postmortem brain, which limits its generalization, despite the proportional grid system.  ... 
doi:10.3171/2019.6.focus19320 pmid:31473671 fatcat:54plhhklhvcxpcocxggzsqcu3a

A locus-driven mechanism for rapid and automated atlas-assisted analysis of functional images by using the Brain Atlas for Functional Imaging

Wieslaw L. Nowinski, Arumugam Thirunavuukarasuu
2003 Neurosurgical Focus  
The Talairach proportional grid system transformation is used to register the anatomical and functional data with the atlas. The availability of numerous tools supports this process.  ...  The Brain Atlas for Functional Imaging containing an enhanced and extended electronic version of the Talairach-Tournoux brain atlas was used for analysis.  ...  Talairach Proportional Grid System The Talairach landmarks are set on the anatomical images, which subsequently are normalized by means of the Talairach proportional grid system transformation.  ... 
doi:10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.3 pmid:15355005 fatcat:xyk2x5hztredxgxst6oe4gh3zm

Review of Printed and Electronic Stereotactic Atlases of the Human Brain [chapter]

Eduardo Joaquim Lopes Alho, Lea Grinberg, Helmut Heinsen, Erich Talamoni
2011 Neuroimaging for Clinicians - Combining Research and Practice  
It was developed to solve the lack of accuracy of referenced systems based on cranial references and to allow the stereotaxic surgery to be performed in humans.  ...  The authors noted that all the previously presented atlases were based on very few specimens and even in the Schaltenbrand's atlas, despite the high total number of brains, only 7 out 111 were comprehensively  ...  169 Acknowledgment The authors would like to thank all the members of the team participating on the São Paulo-Würzburg collaborative project and their representatives: Dr. Lea T.  ... 
doi:10.5772/24897 fatcat:ysla7c3nwnbntipkg34gby6cni

Automated Talairach atlas-based parcellation and measurement of cerebral lobes in children

Wendy R. Kates, Ilana S. Warsofsky, Anil Patwardhan, Michael T. Abrams, Alex M.C. Liu, SakkuBai Naidu, Walter E. Kaufmann, Allan L. Reiss
1999 Psychiatry Research : Neuroimaging  
The applicability of the revised Talairach grid was then tested on an independent sample of five girls with Rett syndrome.  ...  Manual measures of lobar brain regions in a sample of 15 healthy boys, girls and adults were used initially to revise the original Talairach-based grid to increase its applicability to pediatric brains  ...  Sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive values based on the original Talairach grid developed by Andreasen and colleagues were compared to values based on our revised Talairach grid, in order  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0925-4927(99)00011-6 pmid:10496689 fatcat:ngxgtiog6bfbnmhiioygo3apwm

Cerebrocartography

Stewart Shipp
1996 Current Biology  
Unlike the proportional grid, the transformation may be non-linear, to fit the Talairach template exactly. identical imagery, this is but one of many brain phenomena that can be studied only on an individual  ...  to match the shape of the brain documented by the Talairach atlas.  ...  (e) A simple coordinate system defined by latitude and longitude. (Panels a-d  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0960-9822(96)00730-0 pmid:8939613 fatcat:opun3irtynaotibh4zpuxm5sz4

Stereotaxy-Based Regional Brain Volumetry Applied to Segmented MRI: Validation and Results in Deficit and Nondeficit Schizophrenia

Mario Quarantelli, Michele Larobina, Umberto Volpe, Giovanni Amati, Enrico Tedeschi, Andrea Ciarmiello, Arturo Brunetti, Silvana Galderisi, Bruno Alfano
2002 NeuroImage  
ventricles) according to the Talairach atlas is presented.  ...  Lateral ventricles were significantly larger bilaterally in NDS compared to NV and only on the right in NDS compared to DS.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Part of this work has been carried out within PVEOut, an ECcofinanced R&TD project (5th Framework Programme, Contract QLG3-CT2000-594), and supported by Grant 9806499118-01 from the Italian  ... 
doi:10.1006/nimg.2002.1157 pmid:12482090 fatcat:cwwidmrmrre7bpvvkqszbrexea

An MRI based average macaque monkey stereotaxic atlas and space (MNI monkey space)

Stephen Frey, Deepak N. Pandya, M. Mallar Chakravarty, Lara Bailey, Michael Petrides, D. Louis Collins
2011 NeuroImage  
Coordinates in MNI monkey space can also be transformed into the coordinate system of a detailed neuroanatomical paper atlas (Paxinos et al., 2008) , enabling researchers to identify and delineate cortical  ...  In addition, the digital macaque monkey volume was subjected to 3D volumetric analysis and comparison of brain structures between the individual brains and the average atlas.  ...  coordinates based on the coordinates of the Paxinos et al (2008) atlas. ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.01.040 pmid:21256229 fatcat:2r6cbr7p4ndudceplexxqr43uy

Three-Dimensional Probabilistic Atlas of the Human Orbitofrontal Sulci in Standardized Stereotaxic Space

Mary M. Chiavaras, Georges LeGoualher, Alan Evans, Michael Petrides
2001 NeuroImage  
These maps provide a statistical description of the variability of the location of each orbitofrontal sulcus within the three-dimensional coordinate system of Talairach and Tournoux (1988).  ...  space most commonly used, that of Talairach and Tournoux (1988).  ...  The assistance of the staff members of the McConnell Brain Imaging Center, the Neurophotography Department, and the librarians of the Montreal Neurological Institute is gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.1006/nimg.2000.0641 pmid:11170813 fatcat:eof3af6zbvdujg65y63evinvja

Variability and asymmetry in the human precentral motor system: A cytoarchitectonic and myeloarchitectonic brain mapping study

J. Rademacher
2001 Brain  
Topography and variability in the localization of architectonic borders were analysed and mapped to a computerized spatial reference system, which consists of an individual in vivo MRI brain.  ...  The morphology of the region of the primary motor cortex in the human brain is variable, and putative asymmetries between the hemispheres have been noted since the beginning of last century.  ...  This 'Human Brain Project' research was funded jointly by the National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/124.11.2232 pmid:11673325 fatcat:ig7smmh6anhspovjxsz4kdxlxi

Subpopulation Brain Atlases [chapter]

Paul M. Thompson, Michael S. Mega, Arthur W. Toga
2002 Brain Mapping: The Methods  
Talairach J, Tournoux P (1988). Co-planar Stereotaxic Atlas of the Human Brain, New York: Thieme. Tao X, Han X, Rettmann ME, Prince JL, Davatzikos C (2001)  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by research grants from the National Center for Research Resources (P41 RR13642), the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the National Institute  ...  Registration algorithms therefore made it feasible to automatically map data from a variety of modalities into an atlas coordinate space based directly on the Talairach reference system.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-012693019-1/50030-7 fatcat:jyb3d46vhbbp7nfqw3yothneia

Model-enhanced neuroimaging: clinical, research, and educational applications

W. L. Nowinski
2002 IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics  
Key contributors to the development of applications described here include D. Belov, C. K. Chui, A. Fang, L. Jagannathan, R. A. Kockro, H. Ng, L Serra, A. Thirunavuukarasuu, Y. P. Wang, and G. L.  ...  A practical and clinically accepted registration method overcoming these limitations is the Talairach proportional grid system transformation [85] .  ...  Fig. 7 . 7 The Cerefy atlas inside Mayo's ANALYZE. The Talairach grid is displayed allowing the user to warp interactively the atlas against the data by using the Talairach transformation.  ... 
doi:10.1055/s-0038-1638137 fatcat:qmhv3kdtuzc5tjssbalxp373mi

Automatic registration of brain magnetic resonance images based on Talairach reference system

Yeji Han, HyunWook Park
2004 Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging  
Purpose: To demonstrate a robust registration method of brain magnetic resonance (MR) images based on the Talairach reference system with automatic determinations of the fiducial points.  ...  Other landmark points of the Talairach reference system are determined by fitting the intensity curve of the cutview with the Gaussian model.  ...  Figure 1 . 1 Landmark points and grid of the Talairach reference system. a: Location of AC, PC, SP, IP, AP, and PP. b: Location of LP and RP. c: The Talairach reference gridding.  ... 
doi:10.1002/jmri.20168 pmid:15390228 fatcat:ij5jofpbnve6rhp3tgtadfhtby

Stereotaxic Localization, Intersubject Variability, and Interhemispheric Differences of the Human Auditory Thalamocortical System

J. Rademacher, U. Bürgel, K. Zilles
2002 NeuroImage  
It is demonstrated that this striking degree of spatial variations may lead to structural-functional mismatch in brain mapping studies based on the Talairach atlas (discrepancy maps).  ...  The aim of this study is to evaluate population maps of the human acoustic radiation (AR) for the purpose of brain mapping studies.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This "Human Brain Project" research was funded jointly by the National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institute on Drug Abuse  ... 
doi:10.1006/nimg.2002.1178 pmid:12482073 fatcat:cn62wlmmbnbebmscjwpvjfucui

Probabilistic Mapping and Volume Measurement of Human Primary Auditory Cortex

J. Rademacher, P. Morosan, T. Schormann, A. Schleicher, C. Werner, H.-J. Freund, K. Zilles
2001 NeuroImage  
In contrast to earlier cytoarchitectonic work which is based in most cases on studies of single brains, our systematic approach provides extensive microanatomic data as a reference system for studies of  ...  These maps show that the location of PAC in Talairach space differs considerably between hemispheres and individuals.  ...  This work was supported by a grant from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB 194/A6) and from the Human Brain Project (MH52176P01).  ... 
doi:10.1006/nimg.2000.0714 pmid:11305896 fatcat:lb4bsoeqvfgnvl7ipf22jjv5hm

An Introduction to Maps and Atlases of the Brain [chapter]

Arthur W. Toga, Paul M. Thompson
2000 Brain Mapping: The Systems  
Research on brain atlases was originally based on the premise that accurate localization of brain structure and function in any modality is improved by correlation with higher resolution anatomic data  ...  Most brain atlases are based on a detailed representation of a single subject's anatomy in a standardized 3D coordinate system, or stereotaxic space.  ...  Registration algorithms therefore made it feasible to automatically map data from a variety of modalities into an atlas coordinate space based directly on the Talairach reference system. III.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-012692545-6/50003-9 fatcat:bou4diffyfgg7njgmi6i4p7wmu
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