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Does Lateral Transmission Obscure Inheritance in Hunter-Gatherer Languages?

Claire Bowern, Patience Epps, Russell Gray, Jane Hill, Keith Hunley, Patrick McConvell, Jason Zentz, Janet M. Monge
2011 PLoS ONE  
In this study, a list of 204 basic vocabulary items was collected for 122 hunter-gatherer and small-scale cultivator languages from three ecologically diverse case study areas: northern Australia, northwest  ...  These results debunk the myth of high borrowing in hunter-gatherer languages and suggest that the evolution of these languages is governed by the same type of rules as those operating in large-scale agriculturalist  ...  Hunter-gatherers and Language Change The category 'hunter-gatherer' is defined principally with respect to food production -i.e., limited or no practice of agriculture.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025195 pmid:21980394 pmcid:PMC3181316 fatcat:ubqmqryg2ndinl2dk7svonuaee

Loan and Inheritance Patterns in Hunter-Gatherer Ethnobiological Systems

Claire Bowern, Hannah Haynie, Catherine Sheard, Barry Alpher, Patience Epps, Jane Hill, Patrick McConvell
2014 Journal of Ethnobiology  
Acknowledgments This work was funded by NSF grant BCS-0902114 ''Dynamics of Hunter-Gatherer Language Change.''  ...  Given the high rates of multilingualism and exogamy in Arnhem Land, where both Ritharrngu and Burarra are spoken, language shift may be involved, though evidence is unclear.  ...  Urban found clear support for the assumed correlation between ''traditional'' (i.e., small-scale hunter-gatherer, horticulturalist, or pastoralist) societies and the lack of terms for a unique beginner  ... 
doi:10.2993/0278-0771-34.2.195 fatcat:brxs6jgbdrec5ph43ww3nxcu54

Languages of hunter-gatherers through a historical-typological lens

Olesya Khanina
2021 Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen  
The language of hunter-gatherers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. xxii + 720 pp.  ...  In their discussion of the Ongota case, Savà and Tosco are quite critical of other African cases where small hunter-gatherer communities with non-related languages have been claimed to represent an earlier  ...  small hunter-gatherer languages can thrive in their multitude for millennia when not disturbed by spreads of agriculturalists.  ... 
doi:10.33339/fuf.110218 fatcat:my2hujfiuvdyhapoyczvndxbta

Early Agriculturalist Population Diasporas? Farming, Languages, and Genes

Peter Bellwood
2001 Annual Review of Anthropology  
I argue that agriculturalist expansion lies at the root of many of the world's major language families, although this need not imply that farmers always replaced hunter-gatherers in the biological sense  ...  development in several regions of the Old and New Worlds included population growth, the spread of new material cultures and of food-producing economies, the expansions of language families, and in many  ...  rapidity of linguistic change among small migrant populations (Blust 1991 , Fortescue 1997 , Ross 1991 .  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.30.1.181 fatcat:e2hkbq3tm5enjjfdcat2yal6oi

Environmental factors drive language density more in food-producing than in hunter–gatherer populations

Curdin Derungs, Martina Köhl, Robert Weibel, Balthasar Bickel
2018 Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
considerably more strongly than the language density of hunter-gatherer populations.  ...  Linguistic diversity is a key aspect of human population diversity and shapes much of our social and cognitive lives.  ...  We would like to thank the editor and the reviewers for their thoughtful comments, which helped to improve this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.2851 pmid:30135170 fatcat:cnlsj4zgorevxj5di2xlsdszju

Coevolution of languages and genes on the island of Sumba, eastern Indonesia

J. S. Lansing, M. P. Cox, S. S. Downey, B. M. Gabler, B. Hallmark, T. M. Karafet, P. Norquest, J. W. Schoenfelder, H. Sudoyo, J. C. Watkins, M. F. Hammer
2007 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
These language-gene-geography correlations, unprecedented at such a fine scale, imply that historical patterns of social interaction between expanding farmers and resident hunter-gatherers largely explain  ...  indirect approaches to infer the processes of language change.  ...  Swadesh word lists for Sumbanese languages were provided by the National Language Center of the Indonesian Department of Education. The Indonesian Institute of Science assisted with data collection.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.0704451104 pmid:17913885 pmcid:PMC2042155 fatcat:6hpu3kaf75hnrb6hpww3jy7xpi

Pama-Nyungan grandparent systems change with grandchildren, but not cross-cousin terms or social norms

Catherine Sheard, Claire Bowern, Rikker Dockum, Fiona M. Jordan
2020 Evolutionary Human Sciences  
Here, we present the first phylogenetic comparative study of grandparent terms by investigating 134 languages in Pama-Nyungan, an Australian family of hunter-gatherer languages.  ...  We find some evidence for the correlation of grandparent and grandchild terms, but no support for the correlation of grandparent and cross-cousin terms, suggesting that grandparents and grandchildren potentially  ...  We thank Sam Passmore for help with data curation and Alexandra Marley and three anonymous reviewers for comments on a previous version of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1017/ehs.2020.31 pmid:35663513 pmcid:PMC7612801 fatcat:grlvzez6urfoxi7vlabainfplu

Molecular Perspectives on the Bantu Expansion: A Synthesis

Brigitte Pakendorf, Cesare de Filippo, Koen Bostoen
2011 Language Dynamics and Change  
and language.  ...  Contrary to some assumptions by historians and cultural anthropologists, the genetic data speak in favor of an actual movement of peoples during the expansion of the Bantu languages over Africa, rather  ...  hunter-gatherers.  ... 
doi:10.1163/221058211x570349 fatcat:b6urmypgjjhxrefdsr5uvvbfyy

Statistics of Language Morphology Change: From Biconsonantal Hunters to Triconsonantal Farmers

Noam Agmon, Yigal Bloch, Kevin Paterson
2013 PLoS ONE  
Firstly the reconstructed Proto-Semitic fire and hunting lexicons are predominantly 2c, whereas the farming lexicon is almost exclusively 3c in structure.  ...  Therefore it is difficult to determine whether decisive events in human prehistory have had an observable impact on human language.  ...  Results I: The hunter-gatherer lexicon Our hunter-gatherer lexicon avoids terms characteristic of both hunter and farmer cultures (e.g., "to collect" may refer to collecting produce from the wild or  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083780 pmid:24367613 pmcid:PMC3868553 fatcat:monsj2u62rca5et62yy56pdn2u

When Individuals Do Not Stop at the Skin [chapter]

Alan Barnard
2010 Social Brain, Distributed Mind  
This paper examines contemporary hunter-gatherer societies in Africa and elsewhere in light of the social brain and the distributed mind hypotheses.  ...  The author also discusses his theory of the co-evolution of language and kinship through three phases (signifying, syntactic and symbolic) and the subsequent breakdown of the principles of the symbolic  ...  I suggested that there are six ways in which Australian hunter-gatherers differ from southern African hunter-gatherers, and that these are mainly also ways in which the former differ from all other hunter-gatherers  ... 
doi:10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0012 fatcat:5fvd6d4lafagbn6xfe3bzr2ujm

Demography, trade and state power: a tripartite model of medieval farming/language dispersals in the Ryukyu Islands

Aleksandra Jarosz, Martine Robbeets, Ricardo Fernandes, Hiroto Takamiya, Akito Shinzato, Naoko Nakamura, Maria Shinoto, Mark Hudson
2022 Evolutionary Human Sciences  
Huntergatherer occupations of small islands are rare in world prehistory and it is widely accepted that island settlement is facilitated by agriculture.  ...  Employing demographic growth, trade/piracy and the political influence of neighbouring states, this model provides a synthetic yet flexible understanding of farming/language dispersals in the Ryukyus within  ...  Archaeological data were collected by HT, AS, NN, MS and MH and analysed by MH and RF. The text was written by AJ, MH, MR and RF with comments and feedback from HT, AS, NN and MS. Financial support.  ... 
doi:10.1017/ehs.2022.1 fatcat:oyouuv2kdfccvno4pf2yp4u5cu

The Evolution of Homo Sapiens [chapter]

John Cartwright
2008 Evolution and Human Behaviour  
So, there could be a causal correlation between the evolution of the specific language of Homo sapiens, the symbolic behaviour and the geographical globalisation of human populations (CAVALLI SOFRZA and  ...  Other experts believe our species always had the physical and cerebral potential to display such behaviour from the onset, but that for reasons due to changes and previous adaptive needs a trigger was  ...  In other phases, population contractions isolated smaller and fragmented hunter-gatherer communities, breaking the social and economical networks: that is why we see several bursts of ephemeral and local  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-137-05296-4_5 fatcat:6ijpv6hghfe4lcnljlkxfpyw5u

Risk, mobility or population size? Drivers of technological richness among contact-period western North American hunter-gatherers

M. Collard, B. Buchanan, M. J. O'Brien, J. Scholnick
2013 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Here, we focus on variation in technological richness (total number of material items and techniques) among recent hunter-gatherers from western North America and test three hypotheses: (i) technological  ...  Identifying factors that influence technological evolution in small-scale societies is important for understanding human evolution.  ...  The opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding bodies that support them.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0412 pmid:24101622 pmcid:PMC4027409 fatcat:4pxkdzron5dw5ngeqt2citro5y

High Levels of Y-Chromosome Differentiation among Native Siberian Populations and the Genetic Signature of a Boreal Hunter-Gatherer Way of Life

Tatiana M. Karafet, Ludmila P. Osipova, Marina A. Gubina, Olga L. Posukh, Stephen L. Zegura, Michael F. Hammer
2002 Human Biology: The Official Publication of the American Association of Anthropological Genetics  
Mantel tests also supported the existence of NRY genetic patterns that were correlated with language, indicating that language affiliation might be a better predictor of the genetic affinity among Siberians  ...  have small effective population sizes and that have been isolated for long periods of time.  ...  This work was supported by the National Science Foundation through grant OPP-9806759 and by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences  ... 
doi:10.1353/hub.2003.0006 fatcat:32vixuby3zfmlgrnguk66jqc7m

Genetic Affinities among Southern Africa Hunter-Gatherers and the Impact of Admixing Farmer and Herder Populations

2019 Molecular biology and evolution  
Southern African indigenous groups, traditionally hunter-gatherers (San) and herders (Khoekhoe), are commonly referred to as "Khoe-San" populations and have a long history in southern Africa.  ...  Kx'a-language family (ǂHoan and Ju).  ...  Genotyping was Genetic Affinities among Southern Africa Hunter-Gatherers . doi:10.1093/molbev/msz089  ... 
doi:10.1093/molbev/msz089 pmid:31288264 pmcid:PMC6735883 fatcat:z4kqhpyl6rfcxgnqvx72n3rrpq
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