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Correction to: Grassroots urbanism in contemporary São Paulo

Daniela Sandler
2020 Urban Design International  
and exclusion despite claims to representing a diverse public.  ...  In the last decade, manifestations of grassroots urbanism have transformed São Paulo into a playfield for creative interventions.  ...  In my map, about one-third of the projects are in the center and two-thirds in the peripheries, roughly corresponding to the population distribution.  ... 
doi:10.1057/s41289-020-00123-9 fatcat:5rzhixmnhjh4bb3tnzijp3wghm

Correction to: Property outlaws in the Southland: The potential and limits of guerrilla urbanism in the cases of arts gentrification in Boyle Heights and street vending decriminalization in Los Angeles

Jonathan Jae-an Crisman, Annette Kim
2019 Urban Design International  
In one, street vendors formed advocacy groups and a coalition with allies that lobbied city council and overturned a citywide ban on their activity.  ...  These cases' insights can help equip designers to more mindfully practice urban design, knowing the important role that aesthetics play in a larger property rights regime reconstruction project.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Wendy Chung and Luis Gutierrez for research assistance and key informant interviews, as well as the participants of the 2015 symposium, Contesting the Streets  ... 
doi:10.1057/s41289-019-00104-7 fatcat:olr7pm76gncdnjy5bbxsd55cca

A Neuroevolutionary Approach to Adaptive Multi-agent Teams [chapter]

Bobby D. Bryant, Risto Miikkulainen
2018 Foundations of Trusted Autonomy  
The images used in Legion II's animated display are derived from graphics supplied with the FOSS game Freeciv,  ...  Civilization is a registered trademark of Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc., and Warcraft is a trademark of Blizzard Entertainment, Inc.  ...  the easier it is for the rovers to catch some In a third test, the mid-game reorganization experiment is repeated, except this time a city is removed from the map.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-64816-3_5 fatcat:dgx23zltefe2ddg7ldbpnpikky

The Multi-Agent Programming Contest: A résumé [article]

Tobias Ahlbrecht
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The Multi-Agent Programming Contest, MAPC, is an annual event organized since 2005 out of Clausthal University of Technology.  ...  Its aim is to investigate the potential of using decentralized, autonomously acting intelligent agents, by providing a complex scenario to be solved in a competitive environment.  ...  Last but not least, we thank all teams that entered our Contest in the last 15 years and helped to keep it alive.  ... 
arXiv:2006.02739v1 fatcat:y3sc726psveeradojormv2324y

Intelligent Autonomous Agents are Key to Cyber Defense of the Future Army Networks [article]

Alexander Kott
2018 arXiv   pre-print
A number of difficult challenges are yet to be overcome. At the same time, a growing body of research in Government and academia demonstrates promising steps towards solving some of the challenges.  ...  However, it is beyond the current state of AI to support an agent that could operate intelligently in an environment as complex as the real battlefield.  ...  The third phase would delve into issues of multi-agent collaboration, human interactions, and ensuring both the stealth and trustworthiness of the agent.  ... 
arXiv:1812.08014v1 fatcat:zgplbdftozeoxi4xdjjofoeyt4

(Smart) Citizens from Data Providers to Decision-Makers? The Case Study of Barcelona

Igor Calzada
2018 Sustainability  
European city authorities claim that (smart) citizens are as important to a successful smart city program as data and technology are, and that those citizens must be convinced of the benefits and security  ...  This paper examines how the city of Barcelona is marking a transition from the conventional, hegemonic smart city approach to a new paradigm—the experimental city.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The author declares no conflicts of interest. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3252  ... 
doi:10.3390/su10093252 fatcat:podk5fuobfhrzepkoplrput5nu

Testing Cannot Tell Whether Ballot-Marking Devices Alter Election Outcomes [article]

Philip B. Stark, Ran Xie
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In practice, none of these methods can protect against outcome-altering problems. L&A testing is ineffective in part because BMDs "know" the time and date of the test and the election.  ...  In _passive_ testing, agents monitor the rate at which voters "spoil" ballots and request another opportunity to mark a ballot: an anomalously high rate might result from BMD malfunctions.  ...  Mallory does not have to change many votes to alter the outcome of a typical contest for an elected official in a U.S. city or incorporated township.  ... 
arXiv:1908.08144v2 fatcat:iwnkfl5sjngrpehdcwjp2afuxu

1.1 Exploring the Politico-institutional Dimension of Social Innovation to Repoliticize Urban Governance Arrangements

Angeliki Paidakaki, Frank Moulaert, Pieter Van den Broeck
2018 ISR-Forschungsberichte  
development of 2014 4 , the nonprofit rebuilding pilot program and the Homeowner Rehabilitation Program 5 (Paidakaki and Parra 2018).  ...  visions of the state (Paidakaki and Parra 2018) and its social practices in guiding the heterogeneous development of cities.  ... 
doi:10.1553/isr_fb047s11 fatcat:7harhiifgnbhjizth6yv56m4di

Learning to Resolve Conflicts for Multi-Agent Path Finding with Conflict-Based Search [article]

Taoan Huang, Bistra Dilkina, Sven Koenig
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Conflict-Based Search (CBS) is a state-of-the-art algorithm for multi-agent path finding.  ...  Previous work chooses the conflict to resolve by categorizing the conflict into three classes and always picking a conflict from the highest-priority class.  ...  The research at the University of Southern California was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under grant numbers 1409987, 1724392, 1817189, 1837779 and 1935712 as well as a gift from Amazon  ... 
arXiv:2012.06005v1 fatcat:ofrkmtamgrc2fgw4pcbygxjgfq

Extending the "Open-Closed Principle" to Automated Algorithm Configuration

Jerry Swan, Steven Adriænsen, Adam D. Barwell, Kevin Hammond, David R. White
2018 Evolutionary Computation  
In this paper, we identify shared state as the inhibitor of greater automation in algorithm configuration.  ...  The selection, construction, and configuration of a metaheuristic for a given problem has historically been a manually intensive process based on experience, experimentation, and reasoning by metaphor.  ...  The authors would like to thank all the many collaborators in this initiative.  ... 
doi:10.1162/evco_a_00245 fatcat:v4643lke6jd5bamqkqgaib6x2i

Can We Learn from Our Mistakes? Introduction/Lessons Learned from Implementing Two Programs to Develop More Infrastructure Projects in Asia/Who Does the Agent of Change Represent? Stardom vs. Ownership/Learning from Mistakes/Mistakes, Errors and Possible Failures/Discerning Demography and Economy/Can a Planning and Land Use Lawyer Learn from Past Mistakes?/On Subjective Processes and the Limiting of Enquiry/Afterword: Abiding Challenges of Deliberative Practice

Heather Campbell, John Forester, Bishwapriya Sanyal, Khairul Anwar, Carlos Brando, Iwan J Azis, Matteo Robiglio, Ezio Micelli, Riccardo Delli Santi, Dave Vanderhoven
2018 Planning Theory & Practice  
But another 6 months go by, and a third crisis then threatens the organization. Hopeful and prepared, our executive opens the drawer and turns to the third envelope.  ...  Over a four-year period, nine people had worked on Programs A and B though the team typically had four members at any time.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14649357.2018.1486985 fatcat:m2ahgb73mvc2flqhqb6zcmnbum

From Machine Learning to Robotics: Challenges and Opportunities for Embodied Intelligence [article]

Nicholas Roy, Ingmar Posner, Tim Barfoot, Philippe Beaudoin, Yoshua Bengio, Jeannette Bohg, Oliver Brock, Isabelle Depatie, Dieter Fox, Dan Koditschek, Tomas Lozano-Perez, Vikash Mansinghka (+8 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In particular, the purview of embodied intelligent agents extends significantly beyond the typical considerations of main-stream machine learning approaches, which typically (i) do not consider operation  ...  learning and deployment; (iii) do not require ready adaptation to novel tasks while at the same time (iv) effectively and efficiently curating and extending their models of the world through targeted and  ...  Leslie Kaelbling assisted with several ideas in this paper, and her considerable time and help is also very gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
arXiv:2110.15245v1 fatcat:juxc4tai2jbklpul55loccnp7e

One map to rule them all? Google Maps as digital technical object

Scott McQuire
2019 Communication and the Public  
O'Beirne describes Google's multi-year lead in gathering, assembling and extracting map data as the company surrounding itself with a 'moat of time'.  ...  Because of the multi-million dollar cost, he recommended starting with major cities first.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2057047319850192 fatcat:cktamcqyavd4dfvszyn47lckey

An Experimentation Platform for Explainable Coalition Situational Understanding [article]

Katie Barrett-Powell, Jack Furby, Liam Hiley, Marc Roig Vilamala, Harrison Taylor, Federico Cerutti, Alun Preece, Tianwei Xing, Luis Garcia, Mani Srivastava, Dave Braines
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We discuss our requirements to support coalition multi-domain operations with emphasis on asset interoperability and ad hoc human-machine teaming in a dense urban terrain setting.  ...  The Situational Understanding Explorer (SUE) platform is designed to be lightweight, to easily facilitate experiments and demonstrations, and open.  ...  Figure 4 shows the detail associated with a simple event where a shooting has been detected in the city.  ... 
arXiv:2010.14388v2 fatcat:clysndaa6fgdbfclnfrippl2uy

De-Coalizing Rural China: A Critical Examination of the Coal to Clean Heating Project from a Policy Process Perspective

Zhanping Hu
2021 Frontiers in Energy Research  
This article critically examines the Coal to Clean Heating Project (CCHP) implemented in rural northern China from a policy process perspective.  ...  Moreover, existent discussions tend to attribute the dilemma to the "inappropriate implementation" of street-level bureaucrats.  ...  , politically contested policy process (Kern and Rogge, 2018 ).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fenrg.2021.707492 fatcat:husvpeirtbagjm54jfye4c4xkq
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