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Mimesis and Ritual: Girardian Critique of the Social Contract

Ysabel Johnston
2014 Res Cogitans  
Rene Girard's theory of human nature as involving mimesis and ritual offers a more sufficient account for this continuity than that of the social contract theorists.  ...  a basis for the evolution of the social contract into a pragmatic contract.  ...  If Girard is correct, we need to question the misunderstandings of human nature on which the social contract was founded.  ... 
doi:10.7710/2155-4838.1114 fatcat:one5nmwhgvh2vkx73ttl7osxje

The Role of Family Ties in Agency Contracts

Luis R. Gomez-Mejia, Manuel Nuñez-Nickel, Isabel Gutierrez
2001 Academy of Management Journal  
The study also demonstrates that executives operating under weakly relational (less ambiguous) contracts are held more accountable for firm performance and business risk outcomes, even under nonfamily  ...  , such as incomplete contracting and opportunities for ex post negotiation (Milgrom & Roberts, 1992).  ...  In turn, an executive under a more weakly relational contract (that is, an editor) may be blamed for poor performance and serve as a scapegoat for disappointing results.  ... 
doi:10.5465/3069338 fatcat:hchjituwknckdjozy73alvppoq

A Study of the Employment of Denial During a Complex and Unstable Crisis Involving Multiple Actors

Matthew Bamber, Simon Parry
2014 International Journal of Business Communication  
more hostile releases.  ...  with carefully employed denial to share blame.  ...  How did BP exact their scapegoating blame-sharing strategy?  ... 
doi:10.1177/2329488414525454 fatcat:z5aquhhn3nhznhyzdzbkxvttoe

Accountability in an Algorithmic Society: Relationality, Responsibility, and Robustness in Machine Learning [article]

A. Feder Cooper and Benjamin Laufer and Emanuel Moss and Helen Nissenbaum
2022 arXiv   pre-print
for outcomes caused by many moral actors; 2) "bugs," a way software developers might shrug off responsibility by suggesting software errors are unavoidable; 3) "computer as scapegoat," shifting blame  ...  Using the conceptual framing of moral blame, Nissenbaum described four types of barriers to accountability that computerization presented: 1) "many hands," the problem of attributing moral responsibility  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank the Digital Life Initiative at Cornell Tech for its generous support. A.  ... 
arXiv:2202.05338v2 fatcat:2anv44pthbhpldmib4nyjpisui

GPs are being blamed for government failures in primary care, say doctors

Elisabeth Mahase
2021 The BMJ (British Medical Journal)  
That certain MPs, journalists, and retired colleagues with no experience working in primary care are stoking these flames instead of calling for more funding is reprehensible."  ...  covid vaccinations) more than in June 2019 (23.8). 5 More than half (56%) of the appointments in June that weren't for covid vaccinations were face to face.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.n2234 pmid:34518166 fatcat:kyabxadzlzdo3fgmuz2cua2hsa

Simon Simonse. — Kings of Disaster: Dualism, Centralism and the Scapegoat King in Southeastern Sudan

Jon G. Abbinck
2020 Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines  
In drawing on Girard's theory, he also offered a general model of politics relevant not only for Africa (although it is of course based on the local ethnographic particulars), but for more general application  ...  One might see this phenomenon as a first, elementary version of the later "social contract" idea between ruler and the ruled, but now in a more embodied, direct sense, not based on a tradition of political  ... 
doi:10.4000/etudesafricaines.29492 fatcat:3em7llqjk5fbfe4jedknfsacli

Health workers as Hate Crimes Targets during COVID-19 outbreak in the Americas

Carlos Iván Orellana-Calderón
2020 Revista de Salud Pública  
Healthcare workers have become circumstantial scapegoating targets.  ...  The pandemic constitutes a massive crisis that triggers fears and reassuring of diffuse anxieties, which often includes someone to blame.  ...  Scapegoating, a term derived from religious rituals (11) , currently implies either blaming a group for misfortunes or disasters occurring in a social environment, or portraying outgroup members as a  ... 
doi:10.15446/rsap.v22n2.86766 fatcat:57cnc2ahnjgkrfo6jwdedblug4

The Mysterious Case of the Missing Perpetrators

Michelle Ciurria
2020 Feminist Philosophy Quarterly  
This paper provides a partial explanation for this skewed distribution of blame and praise.  ...  Blame and praise, on my emancipatory proposal, serve to identify and take a stand against agents of oppression and to recognize and celebrate resisters.  ...  and scapegoating.  ... 
doi:10.5206/fpq/2020.2.7322 fatcat:ndyu2jigjba77jrwfh6kbz6igm

Psychosocial ethical aspects of AIDS

M W Ross
1989 Journal of Medical Ethics  
It is a consistent feature of all examples of attributing blame or responsibility for epidemics throughout history that scapegoating of minority groups occurs.  ...  (caused by prejudice and triggered by blaming the Chinese for the introduction and spread of disease), and later blaming the same group of immigrants for bubonic plague (34) , and blaming immigrants  ... 
doi:10.1136/jme.15.2.74 pmid:2746607 pmcid:PMC1375784 fatcat:ivhty4ymwvctxhucafngfrx4pq

Kant's Mature Theory of Punishment, and a First Critique Ideal Abolitionist Alternative [chapter]

Benjamin Vilhauer
2017 The Palgrave Kant Handbook  
But I think that our intuition about the wrongness of scapegoating really has two roots, one having to do with desert, and another having to do with the deception of the public required for scapegoating  ...  he cannot give it away of his own accord, that is, by a contract, and so bring it about by a rightful action that he has no rights but only duties; for he would thereby deprive himself of the right to  ... 
doi:10.1057/978-1-137-54656-2_27 fatcat:xhktopxuzfdqdcv2d26ir5w47a

Snoring and sleep apnoea

P J Robb
1994 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
Study leave remains an essential medium for postgraduate training.  ...  EDrroR,-David P Coates's letter on study leave' and the abridged paper on study leave for postgraduate trainees2 highlight the problems associated with the funding of discretionary study leave for doctors  ...  Sir Cecil Clothier and Mrs Virginia Bottomley stated publicly that no individual person is to be blamed or scapegoated, yet we seem to be the victims ofsome ofthe publicity since the inquiry.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.308.6934.983b pmid:8173417 pmcid:PMC2539759 fatcat:qrynxoxk6rga3ek3bxomvnriua

History says no to the policeman's response to AIDS

R Porter
1986 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
Historical precedent says "no."  ...  It is a misfortune, not a crime, to contract a disease.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.293.6562.1589 fatcat:xbi4qbijyjga3hqsl55cyfpxdu

Scandals, Scapegoats, and the Cross: An Interview with René Girard

Mack C. Stirling, Scott Burton
2010 Dialogue : A Journal of Mormon Thought  
That trouble arises for no reason at all. It doesn't matter.  ...  Girard: You have to spread the impulse to have scapegoating, but the fact that it diminishes with more understanding is, I think, unquestionable. And then it can no longer create the sacred.  ...  Your theory would ask us to read that story in a different way, suspecting a crowd phenomenon with elements of ritualized scapegoating.  ... 
doi:10.5406/dialjmormthou.43.1.0107 fatcat:zvtz2iaj5navnpzjkzn4ivk3vy

Performing unbelonging in court. Observations from a transnational corporate bribery trial—a dramaturgical approach

Isabel Schoultz, Janne Flyghed
2021 Crime, law and social change  
The authors further analyze the defense teams' framing of the case, including the framing of the defendants as being scapegoated by the corporation, and of the prosecution as being unfair and illegitimate  ...  The authors are also grateful for the valuable comments provided by the anonymous reviewers.  ...  While the scapegoating shifted the blame from the corporation to a few individuals (Bachmann et al., 2015 (Bachmann et al., , p. 1129)) , the process of blaming a few selected individuals also constitutes  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10611-021-09990-x fatcat:3hienkgdcvc23iqnazz77ykemu

Toward a Theory of Organizational Apology: Evidence from the United States and China

Eric S. Rhodes, Dharm Prakash Sharma Bhawuk
2018 Academy of Management Proceedings  
Eric Rhodes All rights reserved. ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS No duty is more urgent than that of returning thanks.  ...  Sometimes blaming of third parties is also found.  ...  While there was no express penalty for noncompliance, false statements would lead to the voiding of any contracts with the city (Benner, 2005) .  ... 
doi:10.5465/ambpp.2018.15228abstract fatcat:6s4u4p3emncjbd4qoqp2pqe2na
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