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An Exploratory Study on a Reinforcement Learning Prototype for Multimodal Image Retrieval Using a Conversational Search Interface

Abhishek Kaushik, Billy Jacob, Pankaj Velavan
2022 Knowledge  
We have also explored the potential for reinforcement learning to learn from user search behaviour and support the user in the complex information seeking process.  ...  We modified and improved a dual-view search interface that displays discussions on one side and photos on the other.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank Sargam Yadav for proofreading and providing suggestions for the improvement of the article.  ... 
doi:10.3390/knowledge2010007 fatcat:m3fblpckufbnhp7w2snomjw4d4

Using Conversational Artificial Intelligence to Support Children's Search in the Classroom [article]

Garrett Allen, Jie Yang, Maria Soledad Pera, Ujwal Gadiraju
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We present pathways of investigation regarding conversational user interfaces (CUIs) for children in the classroom.  ...  We highlight anticipated challenges to be addressed in order to advance knowledge on CUIs for children. Further, we discuss preliminary ideas on strategies for evaluation.  ...  The inclusion of the fifth pillar -"impact of learning"will ensure the framework is capable of properly evaluating search as learning using conversational search interfaces.  ... 
arXiv:2112.00076v1 fatcat:l7ab2o47hjenfletgmfuqh644y

Open Data Chatbot [article]

Sophia Keyner, Vadim Savenkov, Svitlana Vakulenko
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Recently, chatbots received an increased attention from industry and diverse research communities as a dialogue-based interface providing advanced human-computer interactions.  ...  On the other hand, Open Data continues to be an important trend and a potential enabler for government transparency and citizen participation.  ...  Chatbot is a software providing a conversational interface. One of the applications for chatbots in conversational search providing access to an information source, such as a database.  ... 
arXiv:1909.03653v1 fatcat:64asibrcnfbzhglvuni6fz6ktu

Say Hello to Your New Automated Tutor - A Structured Literature Review on Pedagogical Conversational Agents

Sebastian Hobert, Raphael Meyer von Wolff
2019 International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik  
For the sake of our research project, we analyzed current trends in the research stream as well as research gaps.  ...  These so-called pedagogical conversational agents are a specialized type of e-learning and intelligent tutoring systems.  ...  To evaluate the search results for relevance, we defined criteria for inclusion as well as exclusion in accordance with [12] .  ... 
dblp:conf/wirtschaftsinformatik/HobertW19 fatcat:mdxnfcg4g5exbm5efrekuwo24i

Improving Search through A3C Reinforcement Learning based Conversational Agent [article]

Milan Aggarwal, Aarushi Arora, Shagun Sodhani, Balaji Krishnamurthy
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Our approach caters to subjective search where the user is seeking digital assets such as images which is fundamentally different from the tasks which have objective and limited search modalities.  ...  Labeled conversational data is generally not available in such search tasks and training the agent through human interactions can be time consuming.  ...  Chat Interface Chat interface comprises of a two-pane window, one for text dialogues and other for viewing search results.  ... 
arXiv:1709.05638v2 fatcat:tnoht3f5yvgcxbsxs5arvg32zy

Natural Language Interfaces to Data

Abdul Quamar, Vasilis Efthymiou, Chuan Lei, Fatma Özcan
2022 Foundations and Trends in Databases  
More recently, there has also been a lot of focus on using conversational interfaces for data analytics, empowering a line of business owners and non-technical users with quick insights into the data.  ...  While early systems evolved from keyword search and focused on simple factual queries, the complexity of both the input sentences as well as the generated SQL queries has evolved over time.  ...  Natural language interfaces include natural language query (NLQ) systems, as well as dialogue (or conversational) systems.  ... 
doi:10.1561/1900000078 fatcat:fcm4gxlghbdejjpdk64pt3l6oa

MICROS: Mixed-Initiative ConveRsatiOnal Systems Workshop [article]

Ida Mele, Cristina Ioana Muntean, Mohammad Aliannejadi, Nikos Voskarides
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Indeed, conversational systems need to be proactive, proposing not only answers but also possible interpretations for ambiguous or vague requests.  ...  This has revolutionized the way users access online information, thus posing new challenges compared to traditional search and recommendation.  ...  Deep learning and reinforcement learning for conversational search -Conversational question answering -Result summarization, explanation, and presentation in conversational search -Balance and bias for  ... 
arXiv:2101.10219v1 fatcat:qx2xrdxpyrhibpjueck5rsba3e

Improving Search Through A3C Reinforcement Learning Based Conversational Agent [chapter]

Milan Aggarwal, Aarushi Arora, Shagun Sodhani, Balaji Krishnamurthy
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Labeled conversational data is generally not available in such search tasks and training the agent through human interactions can be time consuming.  ...  Our approach caters to subjective search where the user is seeking digital assets such as images which is fundamentally different from the tasks which have objective and limited search modalities.  ...  CHAT INTERFACE Chat interface comprises of a two-pane window, one for text dialogues and other for viewing search results.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-93701-4_21 fatcat:vj3byu4yk5cvfpviv6tztsijsi

Conversational Browsing [article]

Svitlana Vakulenko, Vadim Savenkov, Maarten de Rijke
2020 arXiv   pre-print
How can we use these insights to design a dialogue system that does not require explicit query formulation upfront as in question answering?  ...  Then, we studied the structure of conversations that occurred in these settings and used the resulting insights to develop a grounded theory, design and evaluate a first system prototype.  ...  search interface, which serves us as a baseline.  ... 
arXiv:2012.03704v1 fatcat:ukpsemqnfrbglocnhzbn7ix57m

Conversational Exploratory Search via Interactive Storytelling [article]

Svitlana Vakulenko, Ilya Markov, Maarten de Rijke
2017 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper we investigate the affordances of interactive storytelling as a tool to enable exploratory search within the framework of a conversational interface.  ...  Conversational interfaces are likely to become more efficient, intuitive and engaging way for human-computer interaction than today's text or touch-based interfaces.  ...  . 1 This chatbot demo exposes search functionality over an aggregated open data repository [18] via a conversational interface.  ... 
arXiv:1709.05298v1 fatcat:pxe6mkj6onhdndtsmsj74quzqa

Conversational Search – A Report from Dagstuhl Seminar 19461 [article]

Avishek Anand, Lawrence Cavedon, Matthias Hagen, Hideo Joho, Mark Sanderson, Benno Stein
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The ideas and findings presented in this report should serve as one of the main sources for diverse research programs on Conversational Search.  ...  Dagstuhl Seminar 19461 "Conversational Search" was held on 10-15 November 2019. 44~researchers in Information Retrieval and Web Search, Natural Language Processing, Human Computer Interaction, and Dialogue  ...  On the basis of these results, some specific challenges to the design of conversational search systems are identified.  ... 
arXiv:2005.08658v1 fatcat:ekkylrysezfkfcwkuk5ynrcwki

Conversational Search (Dagstuhl Seminar 19461)

Avishek Anand, Lawrence Cavedon, Hideo Joho, Mark Sanderson, Benno Stein
2020 Dagstuhl Reports  
The ideas and findings presented in this report should serve as one of the main sources for diverse research programs on Conversational Search.  ...  Dagstuhl Seminar 19461 "Conversational Search" was held on 10-15 November 2019. 44 researchers in Information Retrieval and Web Search, Natural Language Processing, Human Computer Interaction, and Dialogue  ...  We also thank the staff of Schloss Dagstuhl for providing a great venue for a successful seminar. The organisers were in part supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 19H04418.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.9.11.34 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/AnandCJSS19 fatcat:ctqyitsfifcbbecio5dnx2i62y

Search as Learning (Dagstuhl Seminar 17092)

Kevyn Collins-Thompson, Preben Hansen, Claudia Hauff, Marc Herbstritt
2017 Dagstuhl Reports  
This report describes the program and the results of Dagstuhl Seminar 17092 "Search as Learning", which brought together 26 researchers from diverse research backgrounds.  ...  The motivation for the seminar stems from the fact that modern Web search engines are largely engineered and optimized to fulfill lookup tasks instead of complex search tasks.  ...  How should new interfaces or algorithms be optimizing for better learning?  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.7.2.135 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/Collins-Thompson17 fatcat:4lxrrultkjac7elptw2mazwgci

A Cognitive Assistant that Uses Small Talk in Tutoring Conversation

Luciano Frontino De Medeiros, Armando Kolbe Junior, Alvino Moser
2019 International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET)  
Twelve small talk segments are suggested, included in conversation stages such as opening and closing the conversation, maintaining the rhythm and managing learning.  ...  This paper presents a cognitive conversational agent for use in teaching and learning processes named THOTH (Training by Highly Ontology-oriented Tutoring Host) that is capable of formulating and enunciating  ...  Technologies that offer natural language interfaces are a good choice for improving interactions through embodied conversational interface agents [1] , or the so-called "chatterbots" [2] .  ... 
doi:10.3991/ijet.v14i11.10288 fatcat:i4akopu4urfwxcvw5s6cldzreu

Macaw: An Extensible Conversational Information Seeking Platform [article]

Hamed Zamani, Nick Craswell
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Conversational information seeking (CIS) has been recognized as a major emerging research area in information retrieval.  ...  Macaw supports multi-turn, multi-modal, and mixed-initiative interactions, and enables research for tasks such as document retrieval, question answering, recommendation, and structured data exploration  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors wish to thank Ahmed Hassan Awadallah, Krisztian Balog, and Arjen P. de Vries for their invaluable feedback.  ... 
arXiv:1912.08904v1 fatcat:wfdzexyxbrbcnppxjfchbizcqe
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