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The structure of creative cognition in the human brain

Rex E. Jung
2013 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We summarize results from measures of creative cognition, correlated with structural neuroimaging measures including structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and proton  ...  The "selective retention" component can be represented by measures of convergent thinking, as represented by measures of remote associates.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Research funded by a grant to Rex Jung from the John Templeton Foundation entitled "The Neuroscience of Scientific Creativity."  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00330 pmid:23847503 pmcid:PMC3703539 fatcat:ty4q4lf2dveklaqttyqvxg7b2y

Structural Brain Correlates of Creative Personality [article]

Divya Sadana, Rajnish K. Gupta, S. S. Kumaran, Sanjeev Jain, Jamuna Rajeswaran
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
The sample comprised of two groups - Creative (CR) group (professional creative artists) and matched controls with no demonstrated artistic creativity (NC) with 20 participants in each group, in the age  ...  The current study explored the neuroanatomical basis of creative personality using voxel-based morphometry.  ...  Thus, the sample of these creativity studies and how creativity is assessed might have a determining effect on its association with certain personality traits.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.01.06.425561 fatcat:eopcc5gihzdrlo6di3gzjqrzbe

Relating Inter-Individual Differences in Verbal Creative Thinking to Cerebral Structures: An Optimal Voxel-Based Morphometry Study

Feifei Zhu, Qinglin Zhang, Jiang Qiu, Xi-Nian Zuo
2013 PLoS ONE  
Despite existing studies on creativity-related cerebral structural basis, no study has used a large sample to investigate the relationship between individual verbal creativity and regional gray matter  ...  volumes (GMVs) and white matter volumes (WMVs).  ...  What is known is that white matter structures are largely composed of nerve fibers called axons and fatty myelin sheaths around the axons [51] .  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079272 pmid:24223921 pmcid:PMC3818430 fatcat:xzele2wufncjnbczqafdrvoxk4

Preference for Complexity and Asymmetry Contributes to an Ability to Overcome Structured Imagination: Implications for Creative Perception Paradigm

Anatoliy V. Kharkhurin, Morteza Charkhabi
2021 Symmetry  
The study is a part of a research project, which explores the role of creative perception in creative behavior.  ...  We operationalized creative behavior as an ability to overcome structured imagination, as measured by the Invented Alien Creature test, and operationalized creative perception as a preference for complexity  ...  However, it appears to be an oversimplification of the matter to equate divergent with creative thinking.  ... 
doi:10.3390/sym13020343 fatcat:mjl6tmpdjngl7dol7rj5ssdwuy

The artist emerges: Visual art learning alters neural structure and function

Alexander Schlegel, Prescott Alexander, Sergey V. Fogelson, Xueting Li, Zhengang Lu, Peter J. Kohler, Enrico Riley, Peter U. Tse, Ming Meng
2015 NeuroImage  
Plasticity White matter Cerebellum Motor cortex DTI fMRI MVPA How does the brain mediate visual artistic creativity?  ...  We found that the art students became more creative via the reorganization of prefrontal white matter but did not find any significant changes in perceptual ability or related neural activity in the art  ...  AS, ER, PUT, and MM designed the study. ER taught the art courses (with other professors). AS, PA, SVF, XL, and ZL collected data. AS and SVF developed analytical tools.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.11.014 pmid:25463452 fatcat:djtkqpirrjhirbgojm4g7idphi

Neuroanatomical Correlates of Creativity: Evidence From Voxel-Based Morphometry

Wenfu Li, Gongying Li, Bingyuan Ji, Qinglin Zhang, Jiang Qiu
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
In the present study, the relationship between gray matter density (GMD)/white matter density (WMD) and RAT was explored using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) in a larger healthy college student sample (  ...  However, the structural characteristics associated with RAT remains unclear.  ...  a test of creative convergent thinking.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00155 pmid:30778319 pmcid:PMC6369357 fatcat:i24lyyvywvhdndkrr3juytbrtu

Positive and Negative Structures and Processes Underlying Academic Performance: A Chained Mediation Model

Jekaterina Rogaten, Giovanni B. Moneta
2016 Journal of Happiness Studies  
A sample of 373 university students completed a set of questionnaires measuring their approaches to studying, positive and negative affect, evaluation anxiety, use of creative cognition, motivational orientations  ...  This study proposed and tested a comprehensive, chained mediation model of university students' academic performance.  ...  by extrinsic motivation (derived from an inner pressure to memorize the unconnected details of the subject matter), and found evidence of these associations in factor and cluster analyses of items measuring  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10902-016-9765-6 fatcat:ggx4dgiqbjdeno5u2dkyoenx5y

Neuroimaging creativity: A psychometric view

Rosalind Arden, Robert S. Chavez, Rachael Grazioplene, Rex E. Jung
2010 Behavioural Brain Research  
Many studies of creative cognition with a neuroimaging component now exist; what do they say about where and how creativity arises in the brain?  ...  We reviewed 45 brain-imaging studies of creative cognition. We found little clear evidence of overlap in their results.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was funded by a grant from the John Templeton Foundation entitled "The Neuroscience of Creativity".  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2010.05.015 pmid:20488210 fatcat:cp6v5o7hd5hflaosptmivbno2m

A distinction between two instruments measuring dispositional mindfulness and the correlations between those measurements and the neuroanatomical structure

Kaixiang Zhuang, Minghua Bi, Yu Li, Yunman Xia, Xuehua Guo, Qunlin Chen, Xue Du, Kangcheng Wang, Dongtao Wei, Huazhan Yin, Jiang Qiu
2017 Scientific Reports  
In the current study, we used surface-based methodology to identify the brain regions underlying individual differences in dispositional mindfulness in a large non-clinical sampleand compared the two instruments  ...  Mindfulness originally stems from Buddhism 3 , a result of more than 2,500years of development, and can be described as a phenomenological approach oriented towards a gradual understanding of direct experience  ...  within a large sample of healthy adults.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-017-06599-w pmid:28740242 pmcid:PMC5524689 fatcat:g7fpmnlk6fdxrfguj7fjnvv3k4

Lesion Mapping the Four-Factor Structure of Emotional Intelligence

Joachim T. Operskalski, Erick J. Paul, Roberto Colom, Aron K. Barbey, Jordan Grafman
2015 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Here, we report findings from a study investigating the neural bases of these specific components for EI in a sample of 130 combat veterans with penetrating traumatic brain injury.  ...  The observed pattern of findings suggests that sub-facets of experiential and strategic EI can be characterized as separable but related processes that depend upon a core network of brain structures within  ...  Ngo, A. Greathouse, V. Raymont, K. Reding, and G. Tasick for their invaluable help with the testing of participants and organization of this study.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00649 pmid:26858627 pmcid:PMC4726907 fatcat:ynyy5v5eybbd5id6ho7t4cb7pu

Brain structure, function, and neurochemistry in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder—a systematic review of the magnetic resonance neuroimaging literature

Badari Birur, Nina Vanessa Kraguljac, Richard C. Shelton, Adrienne Carol Lahti
2017 npj Schizophrenia  
Structural neuroimaging studies suggest white matter integrity deficits that are consistent across the illnesses, while gray matter reductions appear more widespread in schizophrenia compared to bipolar  ...  Spectroscopy studies in cortical gray matter report evidence of decreased neuronal integrity in both disorders.  ...  The default mode network, a large scale brain network that is more active at rest and has been implicated in self-referential thinking, is perhaps the most widely studied.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41537-017-0013-9 pmid:28560261 pmcid:PMC5441538 fatcat:xbdmi3qm7ffy5je2vpu5c4jhpy

Quantity yields quality when it comes to creativity: a brain and behavioral test of the equal-odds rule

Rex E. Jung, Christopher J. Wertz, Christine A. Meadows, Sephira G. Ryman, Andrei A. Vakhtin, Ranee A. Flores
2015 Frontiers in Psychology  
The creativity research community is in search of a viable cognitive measure providing support for behavioral observations that higher ideational output is often associated with higher creativity (known  ...  We found that higher number of responses on the divergent thinking task was significantly associated with higher creativity (r = 0.73) as independently assessed by three judges.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was funded by a grant from the Johnson O'Connor Research Support Corporation by a grant entitled "The Neuroscience of Aptitude" and the John Templeton Foundation entitled "The  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00864 pmid:26161075 pmcid:PMC4479710 fatcat:gwnlwdxhm5hfti2gejmcoyxasu

Predicting Phenotypes from Brain Connection Structure [article]

Subharup Guha, Rex Jung, David Dunson
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The small n, large p problem is transformed into a "small n, small q" problem, facilitating an effective stochastic search of the predictors.  ...  The resulting methods are found to outperform existing approaches and applied to a creative reasoning data set.  ...  Support for this notion is found in a study that found regional gray matter volume within the left inferior frontal gyrus (BA 45 -pars opercularis) to be associated with verbal creativity on a divergent  ... 
arXiv:1910.02506v3 fatcat:sj6d4ezkrjdujhe2lvil36crk4

Assessing interactions between cognition, emotion, and motivation in creativity: The construction and validation of EDICOS

Goretti Soroa, Nekane Balluerka, Bernhard Hommel, Aitor Aritzeta
2015 Thinking Skills and Creativity  
There is increasing evidence suggesting that individual differences in creativity reflect particular combinations of thinking styles, affective dispositions, and motivational preferences.  ...  The questionnaire (EDICOS: The Emotion/motivation-related Divergent and Convergent thinking styles Scale) was validated in a sample of 887 higher education students.  ...  , and by a grant from the Research Bureau of the UPV/EHU (General Funding for Research Groups; GIU14/18).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tsc.2015.05.002 fatcat:xifhpkg4xzanleci5nj2y5yqcq

Cerebral Blood Flow during Rest Associates with General Intelligence and Creativity

Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Hiroshi Hashizume, Yuko Sassa, Tomomi Nagase, Rui Nouchi, Ryuta Kawashima, Björn Brembs
2011 PLoS ONE  
is associated with cognitive functions.  ...  Furthermore, mean white matter rest-CBF was significantly and positively correlated with creativity.  ...  As was the case with our previous studies [12, 13] , limited sampling of the full range of intellectual abilities is a common hazard when sampling from college cohorts.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025532 pmid:21980485 pmcid:PMC3183028 fatcat:yyizd2d665fkjh3qkjnhwoqrhq
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