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Controlled Physical Random Functions [chapter]

Blaise Gassend, Marten van Dijk, Dwaine Clarke, Srinivas Devadas
2007 Security with Noisy Data  
A Physical Random Function (PUF) is a random function that can only be evaluated with the help of a complex physical system.  ...  We introduce Controlled Physical Random Functions (CPUFs) which are PUFs that can only be accessed via an algorithm that is physically bound to the PUF in an inseparable way.  ...  Introduction A Physical Random Function (PUF) is a random function that can only be evaluated with the help of a complex physical system.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-84628-984-2_14 fatcat:xjfyhbm66bg73i5hcxopowqgvu

Controlled physical random functions and applications

Blaise Gassend, Marten Van Dijk, Dwaine Clarke, Emina Torlak, Srinivas Devadas, Pim Tuyls
2008 ACM Transactions on Privacy and Security  
We propose controlled physical random functions (CPUFs) as an alternative to storing keys and describe the core protocols that are needed to use CPUFs.  ...  A physical random functions (PUF) is a physical system with an input and output. The functional relationship between input and output looks like that of a random function.  ...  Nevertheless, it is all that can be done with a PUF, until we make it into a controlled physical random function. Controlled Physical Random Functions Definition 2.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1284680.1284683 fatcat:tbftanqjqzc2rogvjeap2lf3we

Enhancing physical function in HIV-infected older adults: A randomized controlled clinical trial

Krupa N. Shah, Zahraa Majeed, Yilmaz B. Yoruk, Hongmei Yang, Tiffany N. Hilton, James M. McMahon, William J. Hall, Donna Walck, Amneris E. Luque, Richard M. Ryan
2016 Health Psychology  
We conducted a randomized, controlled clinical trial to evaluate whether a physical activity counseling intervention based on self-determination theory (SDT) improves physical function, autonomous motivation  ...  Methods-A total of 67 community-dwelling HOA with mild-to-moderate functional limitations were randomized to one of two groups: a physical activity counseling group or the usual care control group.  ...  Our hypothesis was that physical function will improve in the treatment group compared to the control group.  ... 
doi:10.1037/hea0000311 pmid:26867045 pmcid:PMC4868650 fatcat:alvkwux6xne73c5pfjnblakpem

Effect of perindopril on physical function in elderly people with functional impairment: a randomized controlled trial

D. Sumukadas, M. D. Witham, A. D. Struthers, M. E.T. McMurdo
2007 CMAJ - Canadian Medical Association Journal  
Methods: In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, participants aged 65 years and older who had problems with mobility or functional impairment were randomly assigned to receive either perindopril  ...  Alternative strategies to improve physical function are required.  ...  It has been shown that cardiovascular problems are associated with poor physical function. 33 ACE inhibitors may improve physical function by improving vascular function.  ... 
doi:10.1503/cmaj.061339 pmid:17923654 pmcid:PMC1995143 fatcat:jpuryxxqu5f57n42o5mlnjsvm4

Can Functional Electrical Stimulation affect Equilibrium and motor functions in Spastic hemiparetic Cerebral Palsy A Randomized Controlled Study

abdelaziz sherief
2020 Egyptian Journal of Physical Therapy  
Design and Place: Randomized controlled study in National Institute for Neuro-Motor System in Egypt.  ...  In two equal groups randomly (control and study).  ...  Can Functional Electrical Stimulation affect Equilibrium and motor functions in Spastic hemiparetic Cerebral Palsy? A Randomized Controlled Study. EJPT.2020; 4:20-24.  ... 
doi:10.21608/ejpt.2020.46003.1019 fatcat:o6lyakb4ezfcrh2aaip75fzeri

Genetically controlled random search: a global optimization method for continuous multidimensional functions

Ioannis G. Tsoulos, Isaac E. Lagaris
2006 Computer Physics Communications  
The method can be considered as a "genetic" modification of the Controlled Random Search procedure due to Price. The user may code the objective function either in C++ or in Fortran77.  ...  A new stochastic method for locating the global minimum of a multidimensional function inside a rectangular hyperbox is presented.  ...  Experimental results The Genetically Controlled Random Search (GCRS) was tested against 1. The original Controlled Random Search (CRS). 2.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cpc.2005.09.007 fatcat:74zxbehu7jcgdpjtuvykuhifm4

Effect of physical training on function of chronically painful muscles: a randomized controlled trial

Lars L. Andersen, Christoffer H. Andersen, Mette K. Zebis, Pernille K. Nielsen, Karen Søgaard, Gisela Sjøgaard
2008 Journal of applied physiology  
Effect of physical training on function of chronically painful muscles: a randomized controlled trial. Pain and tenderness of the upper trapezius muscle is frequent in several occupational groups.  ...  A group of employed women (n ϭ 42) with a clinical diagnosis of trapezius myalgia participated in a 10-wk randomized controlled intervention: specific strength training of the neck/shoulder muscles, general  ...  We performed a randomized controlled trial in Copenhagen, Denmark.  ... 
doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.91057.2008 pmid:18948442 fatcat:txq2zpmmx5f4lkiehepmezevei

Hydrocortisone Affects Fatigue and Physical Functioning Through Metabolism of Tryptophan: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Freek J H Sorgdrager, Jorien Werumeus Buning, Elske H Bos, André P Van Beek, Ido P Kema
2018 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism  
Design, Setting and Patients: Forty-seven patients with secondary AI participated in this double-blind randomized controlled cross-over trial in the University Medical Center Groningen.  ...  The kyn/trp ratio mediated the effect of a higher dose HC on fatigue (p = .041) and physical functioning (p = .005).  ...  In a randomized controlled cross-over study, our group showed that a 10-week treatment with a higher dose HC improved HRQOL in persons with secondary AI.  ... 
doi:10.1210/jc.2018-00582 pmid:29982583 fatcat:walor2yiyffdhdvuotqhcta2e4

Tai chi improves cognitive and physical function in the elderly: a randomized controlled trial

Jiao Sun, Katsuko Kanagawa, Junko Sasaki, Syuichi Ooki, Huali Xu, Li Wang
2015 Journal of Physical Therapy Science  
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of Tai Chi on cognitive and physical function in the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] A randomized trial design was used.  ...  [Conclusion] These results suggest that regular Tai Chi practice may improve cognitive and physical function in the elderly.  ...  We conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the potential to prevent dementia using Tai Chi, and our results demonstrate that Tai Chi can improve cognitive function in elderly people.  ... 
doi:10.1589/jpts.27.1467 pmid:26157242 pmcid:PMC4483420 fatcat:knaxqwr6bbg5lciadlbeauwpjy

Effect of Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity Intervention on Improving Dementia Family Caregiver Physical Function: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Carol J Farran, Caryn D Etkin
2016 Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Parkinsonism  
the This is an open-Caregiver Skill Building Intervention (CSBI) control, would have greater: (1) MVPA adherence; and (2) physical function.  ...  Qualitative physical function data indicated that approximately 50% of caregivers had difficulties completing physical function tests.  ...  function assists in characterizing activity patterns and physical functional abilities, and increases understanding of how physical activity and physical function are interrelated; and types of physical  ... 
doi:10.4172/2161-0460.1000253 pmid:28752016 pmcid:PMC5526207 fatcat:yv3aobmqdnhspojqrfvnmhfnle

Action observation for upper limb function after stroke: evidence-based review of randomized controlled trials

KyeongMi Kim
2015 Journal of Physical Therapy Science  
[Methods] A systematic review of randomized controlled trials involving adults aged 18 years or over and including descriptions of action observation for improving upper limb function was undertaken.  ...  [Results] Five randomized controlled trials were ultimately included in this review, and four of them (80%) reported statistically significant effects for motor recovery of upper limb using action observation  ...  The methodological quality scores of the 5 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which ranged between 6 and 9 points are shown in Table 1 . RESULTS A total of 164 articles were identified.  ... 
doi:10.1589/jpts.27.3315 pmid:26644700 pmcid:PMC4668191 fatcat:ko2fvdzuwfch5jmlmdjuuqv62a

Effects of Telerehabilitation on Physical Function and Disability for Stroke Patients: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

N. R. Chumbler, P. Quigley, X. Li, M. Morey, D. Rose, J. Sanford, P. Griffiths, H. Hoenig
2012 Stroke  
controlled trials (RCTs), the quality of which indicated that methodological improvement is needed. 5 Most of the TR studies focused on upper extremity function.  ...  The first televisit was devoted to the assessment of physical function and goal setting.  ... 
doi:10.1161/strokeaha.111.646943 pmid:22627983 fatcat:ntx5xcb2efbyxgk75sm7es2umm

Effects of Workplace Physical Exercise Intervention on the Physical Perceived and Measured Physical Functioning among Office Workers - A Cluster Randomized Controlled Cross-Over Design

Sjogren T Nissinen K
2014 International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation  
Methods: The study was a cluster randomized controlled trial (CRT) with each department as the unit of randomization (n=36, n=19, n=15, n=25).  ...  exercise intervention on physical functioning among office workers.  ...  -A Cluster Randomized Controlled Cross-Over Design.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2329-9096.1000238 fatcat:ihzoawgz7zbrdbi634sylthk3m

Effect of Yoga on Motor Function in People with Parkinson's Disease: A Randomized, Controlled Pilot Study

Yvonne Searls Colgrove, Neena Sharma
2012 Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy  
The objective was to determine if yoga can improve motor function in people with PD using a randomized controlled small group design.  ...  Citation: Colgrove YS, Sharma N, Kluding P, Potter D, Imming K, et al. (2012) Effect of Yoga on Motor Function in People with Parkinson's Disease: A Randomized, Controlled Pilot Study.  ...  Subjective reports of physical function: There were no reports of adverse events in either group.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2157-7595.1000112 fatcat:7rw2uqbgmvbdnnhvrdcd4pvb34

Effect of Structured and Unstructured Physical Activity Training on Cognitive Functions in Adolescents – A Randomized Control Trial

Senthil Kumar Subramanian
2015 Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research  
Physiology Section Effect of Structured and Unstructured Physical Activity Training on Cognitive Functions in Adolescents -A Randomized Control Trial for any physical or mental ailments.  ...  Therefore, we have designed a single blinded, randomized controlled trial (Registration No.  ... 
doi:10.7860/jcdr/2015/14881.6818 pmid:26675059 pmcid:PMC4668403 fatcat:noitayertfgnrcw4eszpxsfvju
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