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Control Automation to Reduce Costs of Control [chapter]

Rob Christiaanse, Joris Hulstijn
2012 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
In this paper we argue that fully automated controls help to lower control costs, because (i) the can help prevent misstatements (compliance by design) or (ii) they increase the quality of audit evidence  ...  To this end they may require additional controls in the business process. Controls have costs.  ...  Conclusions What is considered an efficient control system? How can we reduce the costs of control? In this paper we have explored the possibilities of automated controls.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-31069-0_27 fatcat:jldnxvndrva7ljlkueuqo5zwgm

Control Automation to Reduce Costs of Control

Rob Christiaanse, Joris Hulstijn
2013 International Journal of Information System Modeling and Design  
In this paper we argue that fully automated controls help to lower control costs, because (i) the can help prevent misstatements (compliance by design) or (ii) they increase the quality of audit evidence  ...  To this end they may require additional controls in the business process. Controls have costs.  ...  Conclusions What is considered an efficient control system? How can we reduce the costs of control? In this paper we have explored the possibilities of automated controls.  ... 
doi:10.4018/ijismd.2013100102 fatcat:tkf7wjyfbvaadml5ot3qewvysq

Cost-benefit parameters in evaluating automation

Thomas M. Craig
1983 Journal of Automatic Chemistry  
With greater precision, automated procedures were able to reduce quality control and the number of tests repeated and run in duplicates to a third of its former level at the six small hospitals where this  ...  In addition to reducing total direct cost per patient test by reducing quality control, and increasing labour productivity, there are indications that automation may, at least in part, assist the hospital  ... 
doi:10.1155/s1463924683000528 pmid:18927924 pmcid:PMC2547539 fatcat:v37aitmxu5eclg5oira4vecsuy

Industrial Plant Automation Using SCADA

Prof. Mrs. S. S. Patil
2018 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
The supervisor of the plant can see the status of parameter without visiting the site. Therefore this system reduces the maintenance cost and necessity of continuous monitoring.  ...  Process automation is in the sense of data acquisition as well as controlling.  ...  To reduce the maintenance cost and necessity of continuous monitoring and increases productivity and performance of the Plant this system is used. II.  ... 
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2018.4155 fatcat:jwyiduxpqraatjfuk347ur5waq

Application and Thinking of Artificial Intelligence in Electrical Automation

Suihai Chen, Kuruva Lakshmanna
2022 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
of China's electrical automation control system.  ...  Since the machine control of artificial intelligence is more efficient than manual manufacturing, it reduces the manufacturing problems caused by the subjective factors of manufacturing workers to a certain  ...  reduce labor costs to a certain extent and thus achieve good results.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/2609156 fatcat:yy2p5zjygndpvmuzlm4qnl6tdy

Page 42 of Building Services Journal : The Magazine of the CIBSE Vol. 1, Issue 9 [page]

1979 Building Services Journal : The Magazine of the CIBSE  
Provides automatic reset of controllers to reduce energy use at certain periods of time. Capital cost set offs.  ...  In looking at the direct reduction in annual building operating costs, there are six categories to be considered: Facilities which reduce energy costs by reduc- ing “‘on time”’ of equipment such as hvac  ... 

Review in Industrial Automation

Udit Mamodiya, Priyanka Sharma
2014 IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering  
Automation or automatic control is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers , heat treating ovens, switching in telephone networks,  ...  steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications with minimal or reduced human intervention.  ...  Review in Industrial Automation www.iosrjournals.org  ... 
doi:10.9790/1676-09343338 fatcat:odejjpb2xzgwzlq5j4yulgpjum

A method of calculating the cost of reducing the risk exposure of non-compliant process instances

Yurdaer N. Doganata, Francisco Curbera
2009 Proceedings of the first ACM workshop on Information security governance - WISG '09  
A method is introduced to measure the risk of being non-compliant and the cost of reducing the risk by performing internal audits with the help of automated audit tools.  ...  The risk exposure can be reduced by detecting the non-compliant process instances in advanced with the help of manual audits and automated auditing tools.  ...  Hence, the automated systems can perform fast and extensive auditing of the internal control points at the cost of making mistakes.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1655168.1655172 fatcat:dtgptgddhrgwbfnwhtahnnebie

A REVIEW ON AUTOMATION OF INDUSTRIES

Shubham Singh, Swapnil Namekar
2020 International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences and Technology  
Automation is the process by which the work is done much faster, hassle free, performed more accurately and precisely by reducing manpower and the number of people required.  ...  With the help of these automated machines critical jobs which human can't do, can be done very easily and conveniently. The basic necessity of "why automation?"  ...  Automation of industries helps them to produce more goods with improved quality and accuracy in a predetermined time period. Automation also reduces labor cost.  ... 
doi:10.33564/ijeast.2020.v04i12.051 fatcat:pb5tr6w7abcsxkrkrilnuxgvuy

Robotics in Construction Industry

V. R. Prasath Kumar, M. Balasubramanian, S. Jagadish Raj
2016 Indian Journal of Science and Technology  
Findings: Automated instruments are found to be efficient by reducing average time consumed for major activities by 57.85% of time taken, automated equipment's are found to reduce cost incurred in net  ...  Objectives: To analyse the efficiency usefulness of automation and robotics in construction, to measure cost effectiveness of automation in comparison to manual work practices and to improve safety and  ...  Automated equipment's are found to reduce cost incurred in net working cost by an average of 51.67% in comparison to cost incurred for performance by manual labor.  ... 
doi:10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i23/95974 fatcat:q7hliogmandi3kbfcpemwzv3be

Page 64 of POWER Vol. 105, Issue 2 [page]

1961 POWER  
Thus we can evaluate equipment automation through cost of reliability. Automation may be considered added cost resulting from attempts to reduce equipment failures.  ...  This is not a textbook of hardware details but a guide to that very-important first step in plant automation: determining what to control, and what degree of control the equipment requires for full automation  ... 

The evolving role of automation in process development & manufacture of cell & gene-based therapies

Qasim A Rafiq, Robert J Thomas
2016 Cell and Gene Therapy Insights  
thereby effectively reducing the cost of development and time to market.  ...  However, meeting the capital costs of developing an automated solution can be challenging, particularly in early development; a strategic decision needs to be made regarding the point in the development  ...  Such downscaled systems, or modular components of automation, reduces process risk and makes introduction of automation earlier in processes feasible, where previously capital costs would have been prohibitive  ... 
doi:10.18609/cgti.2016.058 fatcat:7bcstv5nmfdzhfkfxxyt2rgsqa

Autonomous Operations for the Crew Exploration Vehicle — Trade Study Design Considerations

James M. Crawford
2005 AIP Conference Proceedings  
The decision of how to distribute control must be based on a complex trade-off between development and validation costs, operations costs, and reliability/risks.  ...  Over the next two years we will be performing an in depth analysis of the return on investment that we can expect from software tools that automate, or partially automate, the operation of CEV systems.  ...  of Metrica Inc., Mark Drummond of Ames Research Center, and Kanna Rajan of Ames Research Center.  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.1867241 fatcat:2lysblwzhvanbizhvoanph6yvm

Edge computing in Building automation system - pros and cons

Anastasia Zakharchenko, Oleksandr Stepanets
2019 Modeling, Control and Information Technologies  
This article examines the use of Building automation system to give comfortable conditions for users to provide improving energy efficiency.  ...  We found out the impact of the Internet of Things concept on BAS development, and how the use of modern wireless technologies, edge and cloud computing is determining the way of the following progress.  ...  Advances in electronics and wireless connectivity bring smaller components with reduced power consumption and reduced costs, allowing the development of low-power, low-cost wireless sensing and control  ... 
doi:10.31713/mcit.2019.31 fatcat:xicocbb3zfh7dcoz3ntjktl7tu

Page 53 of American Sportswear & Knitting Times Vol. 58, Issue 3 [page]

1989 American Sportswear & Knitting Times  
In order to maximize our position in the world market it is imperative that we look for opportunities to increase our production and reduce our manufac- turing cost.  ...  The second level of process control automation is Supervisory controlled KNITTING TIMES / MARCH 1989 = 53  ... 
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