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Lung segmentation on standard and mobile chest radiographs using oriented Gaussian derivatives filter

Wan Siti Halimatul Munirah Wan Ahmad, W Mimi Diyana W Zaki, Mohammad Faizal Ahmad Fauzi
2015 BioMedical Engineering OnLine  
Unsupervised lung segmentation method is one of the mandatory processes in order to develop a Content Based Medical Image Retrieval System (CBMIRS) of CXR.  ...  Background Chest radiography is the most frequently used diagnostic imaging examination for chest diseases such as lung cancer, pulmonary edema (fluid in the lung), pleural effusion (fluid between lung  ...  Fadzilah Hashim, Radiologists in Diagnostic Imaging Department, Serdang Hospital, Malaysia, for providing the chest radiographs dataset and medical advice.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12938-015-0014-8 pmid:25889188 pmcid:PMC4355502 fatcat:kj6ewgvcnzgvjdmmx5jxncn6wm

Solid (Type 3) pleuropulmonary blastoma

Luvo Gaxa, Bafana Hlatshwayo, Aletta Lefentse Motene
2017 Case Reports International  
Chest X-ray showed a white out of the right hemithorax and CT scan of the chest showed a large soft tissue mass in the right hemithorax associated with free fluid in the right hemithorax and the biopsy  ...  Case Report: A two-month-old male neonate was referred from a regional hospital with a three-day history of cough, fever and shortness of breath. No previous medical history reported.  ...  Acknowledgements We are thankful to Radiographers Molopa Moyahabo Tink, Jacob Moswatse Thobakgale, Karina Stander, Pontso Male, Sina Aphane and Makuka Emilly Mogashoa for retrieving and preparing images  ... 
doi:10.5348/crint-2017-32-cr-1 fatcat:vbfr4eqhjfb7fioujklx2r2ida

Management of chest drains: A national survey on surgeons-in-training experience and practice

EmekaB Kesieme, Olugbenga Olusoji, IsmailMohammed Inuwa, ChukwumaInnocent Ngene, Eghosa Aigbe
2015 Nigerian Journal of Surgery  
Removal of chest drain may be done as soon as ≤200 mL/fluid output per day is achieved [17] especially when pleural fluid is not infected and when there is no evidence of air leaks.  ...  [11] In our series, some residents have never applied suction to the drainage system. It is a standard practice to request for routine chest radiograph following the removal of a chest drain.  ... 
doi:10.4103/1117-6806.162569 pmid:26425059 pmcid:PMC4566328 fatcat:q55emafnqjdxhfqgj7mturqbui

Intrapleural fibrinolytic therapy for pleural infection

Demosthenes Bouros, Argyris Tzouvelekis, Katerina M. Antoniou, John E. Heffner
2007 Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics  
Pending future clinical trials, fibrinolytic therapy may be used selectively in patients who fail drainage with appropriately sized, image-guided chest tubes if reasons exist to delay or avoid definitive  ...  The scope of this article is to systematically review evidence for the efficacy of intrapleural fibrinolytic therapy in the treatment of PPE and PE with emphasis on controlled trials and present some of  ...  Streptokinase caused an increased rate of fluid drainage and greater improvement of chest radiographs. Systemic fibrinolysis or hemorrhagic complications did not occur.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pupt.2006.08.001 pmid:17049447 fatcat:yldtvhirhfduvduf7hrl34xyfq

A Retrospective Study on Bacteriology, Clinicopathologic and Radiographic Features in 28 Cats Diagnosed with Pyothorax

Juin Jia Sim, Seng Fong Lau, Sharina Omar, Malaika Watanabe, Muhammad Waseem Aslam
2021 Animals  
Chest tube placement is crucial for treatment success. Cytological results and bacterial culture may not be consistent; thus, bacterial culture should be performed for every case.  ...  ., and Staphylococcus spp. were the predominant aerobic bacteria isolated from pleural effusion samples. A chest tube was placed in 64.3% of the cats and 66.7% of cats with chest tubes survived.  ...  In general, the decision for chest tube removal was based on fluid production (reaching 3 to 5 ml/kg) and clinical, radiographic or pathological improvement, which may differ on a case-by-case basis.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ani11082286 pmid:34438744 fatcat:7fr4sj5e65at7equsqorfh4zti

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome and Fatal Cryptococcal Meningitis After Immunosuppression in a Patient With Elderly Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Dipesh H. Vasant
2016 ACG Case Reports Journal  
In applying modern treatment paradigms to the elderly, the clinician must consider the potential for more pronounced adverse effects in this potentially vulnerable group, maximizing benefit and minimizing  ...  course was complicated by fatal disseminated cryptococcal infection and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome.  ...  Wrigley, who helped us retrieve the endoscopic images, and Dr M. Sapundzieski, who helped select the radiological images. Received October 10, 2015; Accepted January 28, 2016  ... 
doi:10.14309/crj.2016.71 pmid:27807560 pmcid:PMC5062660 fatcat:cqydrv5jsvelzm5gakbwa33jii

Fishy foreign objects

H. Bakere, G. MacGann, P. Rajesh, I. Mortimore
2006 Breathe  
Chest radiography was performed and the results are shown in figure 1.  ...  A 67-year-old female was admitted to hospital with systemic symptoms and shortness of breath.  ...  Answer 1 The chest radiograph reveals a radio-opaque area with a meniscus at the right base suggestive of a fluid collection. Task 2 Interpret the CT findings.  ... 
doi:10.1183/18106838.0302.199 fatcat:vrertvqrwbb37i5zfrjtwry6eq

Spontaneous pneumopericardium in a dog with bronchopulmonary disease complicated by pyothorax and pneumothorax

Simone Borgonovo, Paola M Rocchi, Vera Raiano, Daniela Diana, Valentina Greci
2014 Canadian veterinary journal  
Spontaneous pneumopericardium is a rare condition consisting of pericardial gas in the absence of iatrogenic or traumatic causes; it has been described secondary to pneumonia, lung abscess, and bronchopulmonary  ...  This report describes a case of spontaneous pneumopericardium in a dog presenting with dyspnea secondary to pyopneumothorax complicating a bronchopulmonary disease.  ...  Thoracentesis allowed us to retrieve 800 mL of air and 600 mL of hemorrhagic fluid; chest radiographs were repeated afterwards and showed persistence of the alveolar interstitial pattern in both the caudal  ... 
pmid:25477548 pmcid:PMC4231809 fatcat:dhctc26gzbe4jbxmh4byf6enqm

Chest X-Rays Image Classification in Medical Image Analysis

Taufik RAHMAT, Azlan ISMAIL, Sharifah ALIMAN
2018 Applied Medical Informatics  
Chest X-Rays image classification is an active research area in medical image analysis as well as computer-aided diagnosis for radiology.  ...  Some review papers have been published in discussing different aspects of medical image analysis and computer-aided diagnosis for radiology.  ...  , content-based image retrieval systems, text analysis of radiology reports [2] .  ... 
doaj:4e28f7d255c54f06b28165d19d7f9d74 fatcat:wgr3ri2bgfcgfp2afff4dbcbpe

Literature review: Picture archiving and communication systems

Udo P. Schmiedl, Alan H. Rowberg
1990 Journal of digital imaging  
They were normally looking for relatively large structures such as heartsize, the presence of interstitial pulmonary fluid, signs of pulmonary infection, and placement of life support tubing.  ...  A medical image filing system as teaching files and found 1K x 1.5K resolution satisfactory to display radiographs for the purpose of small groups of students (Kimura et al, 1989) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf03167608 pmid:2085553 fatcat:2hcglc7lrbgvno2rxupwkckemy

The pulmonary physician in critical care 1: Pulmonary investigations for acute respiratory failure

J Dakin
2002 Thorax  
In contrast to hydrostatic pulmonary oedema, the radiographic signs of ARDS are frequently not visible on the plain chest radiograph for 24 hours after the onset of symptoms.  ...  The detection and quantification of pleural fluid by the supine chest radiograph is inaccurate. 73 74 Thoracic ultrasound The presence of fluid within the pleural space has an adverse effect on ventilation-perfusion  ... 
doi:10.1136/thorax.57.1.79 pmid:11809996 pmcid:PMC1746170 fatcat:d7u3sr5znjdfzd273rcibgqhmu

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis: A Historical, Clinical, and Radiologic Review

Jan V. Hirschmann, Sudhakar N. J. Pipavath, J. David Godwin
2009 Radiographics  
chest CT images and lymphocytosis in BAL fluid (≥30% lymphocytes in nonsmokers, ≥20% in smokers), with a supplemental role played by typical histologic findings at lung biopsy in confusing or ambiguous  ...  Chest radiographs disclosed increased peribronchial and perihilar opacities and, in severe cases, 3-5-mm, irregular, poorly defined nodules in the lower portions of both lungs.  ...  , or contaminated air systems.  ... 
doi:10.1148/rg.297095707 pmid:19926754 fatcat:n24hngrwcjck3etvysg3buziry

Radiology for Maxillofacial Surgeons: The Essentials [chapter]

Shyamsundar K. Joshi, Annie I. Kochuveettil
2021 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery for the Clinician  
Chest radiographs are one of the imaging investigations most frequently requested for and is of prime importance in many patient pathways.  ...  These advances in imaging, play a vital role not only in the diagnosis of maxillofacial disease conditions but also in the planning and implementation of appropriate and timely treatment.  ...  Reading a Chest Radiograph: Interpretation Basics The aim of reading a chest radiograph is to scan the whole image in a methodical way such that no anatomical part included in the radiograph is missed.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-15-1346-6_8 fatcat:hp6zz56v55ayxmdu73u6yedhf4

Key factors in the optimization of paediatric X-ray practice

J V Cook, J C Kyriou, A Pettet, M C Fitzgerald, K Shah, S M Pablot
2001 British Journal of Radiology  
Nowhere is this more pertinent than in the imaging of children and, following the recent introduction of the Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) Regulations, there is now a regulatory requirement for  ...  While all radiographs were found to be diagnostically acceptable, major differences in technique were evident, reflecting the disparity in experience between staff at the specialist and non-specialist  ...  abdomen radiographs for abdominal pain or constipation and chest radiographs for chest infection.  ... 
doi:10.1259/bjr.74.887.741032 pmid:11709469 fatcat:zt2ga33asffmzdmvc2l5zjqscm

Empyema associated with community-acquired pneumonia: A Pediatric Investigator's Collaborative Network on Infections in Canada (PICNIC) study

Joanne M Langley, James D Kellner, Nataly Solomon, Joan L Robinson, Nicole Le Saux, Jane McDonald, Rolando Ulloa-Gutierrez, Ben Tan, Upton Allen, Simon Dobson, Heather Joudrey
2008 BMC Infectious Diseases  
While similarity in use of pain medication, antipyretics and antimicrobial use was observed, a wide variation in number of chest radiographs and invasive procedures (thoracentesis,  ...  Oxygen supplementation was required in 77% of children, 75% had chest tube placement and 33% were admitted to an intensive care unit.  ...  David Scheifele and the IMPACT team investigators for providing S. pneumoniae serotyping data.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2334-8-129 pmid:18816409 pmcid:PMC2571094 fatcat:5itorm2najfengymso2cpsmlnq
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