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Contact Tracing: Holistic Solution Beyond Bluetooth

Ramesh Raskar, Deepti Pahwa, Robson Beaudry
2020 IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin  
At the same time, there are a host of reasons why the GAEN protocol is not, on its own, a complete solution for contact tracing.  ...  In this paper, we'll compare some of the existing technologies that can be used to aid contact tracing and exposure notification efforts, and make the case for using a holistic, multi-modal approach rather  ...  User experience and App Perspective: The need for a holistic solution with GPS, WiFi and Bluetooth There are several reasons to consider a holistic multimodal solution that includes location tracking in  ... 
dblp:journals/debu/RaskarPB20 fatcat:dy7ft6qsvbb2rlhui6dd5ppzqa

An Empirical Assessment of Global COVID-19 Contact Tracing Applications [article]

Ruoxi Sun, Wei Wang, Minhui Xue, Gareth Tyson, Seyit Camtepe, Damith C. Ranasinghe
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The rapid spread of COVID-19 has made manual contact tracing difficult. Thus, various public health authorities have experimented with automatic contact tracing using mobile applications (or "apps").  ...  Furthermore, in light of our findings, we undertake a user study to investigate concerns regarding contact tracing apps.  ...  We calculate the U -value and p-value of each pair of contact tracing solutions among centralized solutions with PII collected (Type A), centralized solutions with non-PII collected (Type B), decentralized  ... 
arXiv:2006.10933v6 fatcat:6ypaslhrnrcdrpulrnf4gx3vpy

Digital Contact Tracing Powered By Blockchain.pdf

Diego Roma
2020 figshare.com  
effective methods and systems of reintegration and opening borders once the curve has flattened, since this is happening at various times and deadlines, this paper aims to explore and consider possible solutions  ...  BeepTrace: Blockchain-enabled Privacy-preserving Contact Tracing for COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond. arXiv preprint arXiv:2005.10103. 123 Regulation, P. (2016).  ...  More specifically, Blue Trace and the contact tracing projects ran by Google / Apple, 88´89 together in April 2020, they announced that they would incorporate Bluetooth-based apps directly into their Android  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.13330871.v1 fatcat:huqqp2hr25dgjj3gucqrdoozzu

Bluetooth Smartphone Apps: Are they the most private and effective solution for COVID-19 contact tracing? [article]

Scott McLachlan, Peter Lucas, Kudakwashe Dube, Graham A Hitman, Magda Osman, Evangelia Kyrimi, Martin Neil, Norman E Fenton
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Many digital solutions mainly involving Bluetooth technology are being proposed for Contact Tracing Apps (CTA) to reduce the spread of COVID-19.  ...  However, very few groups have taken a holistic approach and presented a combined solution.  ...  In this paper we address these key questions for smartphone-based contact tracing solutions. What is Contact Tracing?  ... 
arXiv:2005.06621v2 fatcat:2w3y7btmufgoner4vx2vwrndl4

An Empirical Assessment of Global COVID-19 Contact Tracing Applications

Ruoxi Sun, Wei Wang, Minhui Xue, Gareth Tyson, Seyit Camtepe, Damith C. Ranasinghe
2021 2021 IEEE/ACM 43rd International Conference on Software Engineering: Companion Proceedings (ICSE-Companion)  
The rapid spread of COVID-19 has made manual contact tracing difficult. Thus, various public health authorities have experimented with automatic contact tracing using mobile applications (or "apps").  ...  Furthermore, in light of our findings, we undertake a user study to investigate concerns regarding contact tracing apps.  ...  We calculate the U -value and p-value of each pair of contact tracing solutions among centralized solutions with PII collected (Type A), centralized solutions with non-PII collected (Type B), decentralized  ... 
doi:10.1109/icse-companion52605.2021.00074 fatcat:um4kdicg3begze5ynt7nla6lmi

An Empirical Assessment of Global COVID-19 Contact Tracing Applications

Ruoxi Sun, Wei Wang, Minhui Xue, Gareth Tyson, Seyit Camtepe, Damith C. Ranasinghe
2021 2021 IEEE/ACM 43rd International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE)  
The rapid spread of COVID-19 has made man ual contact tracing difficult.  ...  Furthermore, in light of our findings, we undertake a user study to investigate concerns regarding contact tracing apps.  ...  We calculate the U-value and p-value of each pair of contact tracing solutions among centralized solutions with PII collected (Type A), centralized solutions with non-PII collected (Type B), decentralized  ... 
doi:10.1109/icse43902.2021.00101 fatcat:5djdlzdgnjewrivqhchxlrbgvq

Exploring the acceptability of digital contact tracing for UK students [article]

Dave Murray-Rust and Luis Soares and Katya Gorkovenko and John Rooksby
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Contact tracing systems control the spread of disease by discovering the set of people an infectious individual has come into contact with.  ...  App based digital contact tracing may help ease restrictions by enabling students to make informed decisions and take precautions.  ...  There is therefore a need for research to understand personal attitudes to contact tracing solutions [19].  ... 
arXiv:2201.08650v1 fatcat:tvugcqigx5gn7bizthvh5mgrg4

In defence of digital contact-tracing: human rights, South Korea and Covid-19

Mark Ryan
2020 International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications  
For example, South Korea has been criticised for its use of privacy-infringing digital contact-tracing.  ...  Purpose The media has even been very critical of some East Asian countries' use of digital contact-tracing to control Covid-19.  ...  If numbers explode beyond a certain threshold, contact-tracing would be very difficult and may still force a country to implement lockdown (Kim, 2020c) .  ... 
doi:10.1108/ijpcc-07-2020-0081 fatcat:7ypvzq4qwnawbhsyhehh56k54a

Business as usual through contact tracing app: what influences intention to download?

Robin Robin, Ala' Omar Dandis
2022 Journal of Marketing Management  
A contact tracing app can positively support the requirement of social and physical distancing during a pandemic.  ...  tracing app.  ...  In other words, a contact tracing app can be used as one of the solutions to curb the pandemic (Rowe, 2020) .  ... 
doi:10.1080/0267257x.2021.2017323 fatcat:vcqphrxpxra5bp74q6nsy3i7lm

Sentiment analysis of user feedback on the HSE's Covid-19 contact tracing app

Kaavya Rekanar, Ian R O'Keeffe, Sarah Buckley, Manzar Abbas, Sarah Beecham, Muslim Chochlov, Brian Fitzgerald, Liam Glynn, Kevin Johnson, John Laffey, Bairbre McNicholas, Bashar Nuseibeh (+11 others)
2021 Irish Journal of Medical Science  
Digital Contact Tracing is seen as a key tool in reducing the propagation of Covid-19. But it requires high uptake and continued participation across the population to be effective.  ...  This work manually analyzes user reviews of the Irish Heath Service Executive's (HSE) Contact Tracker app, to identify user concerns and to lay the foundations for subsequent, large-scale, automated analyses  ...  using a contact tracing app.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11845-021-02529-y pmid:33604836 pmcid:PMC7891483 fatcat:rypmopy6pnbgdbzrkqcj4yjl3e

Understanding the perceptions of UK COVID-19 contact tracing app in the BAME community in Leicester

Simisola Akintoye, George Ogoh, Zoi Krokida, Juliana Nnadi, Damian Eke
2021 Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society  
Purpose Digital contact tracing technologies are critical to the fight against COVID-19 in many countries including the UK.  ...  The purpose of this research is to explore the perceptions of the UK digital contact tracing app in the Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) community in Leicester and how this can affect its deployment  ...  tracing app but for other similar digital solutions for public health emergencies.  ... 
doi:10.1108/jices-06-2021-0071 fatcat:l542f7qlqrfnhh6pxjlujvg6uu

Regulating Digital and AI Technologies:

Lorna McGregor
2022 Yearbook of International Disaster Law  
While many articles refer to contact tracing apps as 'ai-enabled' ,16 in practice the classification of contact tracing apps as simply 'digital' (for example, through the use of Bluetooth technologies  ...  tracing app, 'it has not released the server-side source code, which determines how app-generated data is processed, or the algorithm that winnows Bluetooth-generated contact data into "proximity data  ... 
doi:10.1163/26662531_00301_003 fatcat:ygass4n4svbt3cuqfwf5ajd3iy

Letter from the Special Issue Editor

Joseph Gonzalez
2020 IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin  
The first paper, "Contact Tracing: Holistic Solution Beyond Bluetooth", describes an effort based out of the MIT Media Labs using location based solutions.  ...  The second pair of papers address two major mobile app development efforts that also explored both Location Services and Bluetooth based contact tracing.  ...  The paper "BeeTrace: A Unified Platform for Secure Contact Tracing that Breaks Data Silos" explores how to aggregate and query different data sources (e.g., location, bluetooth, calendar events) while  ... 
dblp:journals/debu/000120 fatcat:uchme647ejcaxlb2gmnosteh7a

Adding Location and Global Context to the Google/Apple Exposure Notification Bluetooth API [article]

Ramesh Raskar, Abhishek Singh, Sam Zimmerman, Shrikant Kanaparti
2020 arXiv   pre-print
It will still be the role of Public Health smartphone app to decide, on how to use the location-time context, to build a full-fledged contact tracing and public health solution.  ...  Contact tracing requires a strong understanding of the context of a user, and location with other sensory data could provide a context for any infection encounter.  ...  Lack of context and the lack of an agency can lead to irrational behavior, and civil unrest as explained in our document Contact Tracing: Holistic Solution beyond Bluetooth.  ... 
arXiv:2007.02317v3 fatcat:bxouuqj535ag7b3j2h7chixhem

Community-Based Solution for a Community Spread Requires Incentive-Compatibility Considerations

Frank Lorne, A.C. Lai, Sairam Katla, Krish Kale, Daniel Bocanegra Diaz
2020 Zenodo  
KEYWORDS: Nonpharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs), Contact Tracing, Community-based Solutions  ...  Contact tracing, while direct in identifying suspects of infected individuals, may not be effective even with technology such as AI embedded.  ...  For such society, an incentive-compatible solution must be designed to accompany a digital contact tracing technology.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4058761 fatcat:omhkoc2ezjdlrhwvtveh7texii
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