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Consumer Grade Weather Stations for Wooden Structure Fire Risk Assessment

Torgrim Log
2018 Sensors  
The present work describes testing of low cost consumer grade weather stations for recording temperature and relative humidity as a proxy for dry wood structural fire risk assessment.  ...  When calibrated, the weather station results were well within ±3% RH. During the winter 2015/2016 weather stations were placed in the living room in eight wooden buildings.  ...  It is much appreciated that the home owners allowed for installation of weather stations during the winter 2015/2016. Valuable comments by the two anonymous reviewers are also appreciated.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18103244 fatcat:rjcwuy5lu5aerde3qkg2ztyymu

Validation of a Predictive Fire Risk Indication Model using Cloud-based Weather Data Services

S. Stokkenes, R.D. Strand, L.M. Kristensen, T. Log
2021 Procedia Computer Science  
forecasts to predict the current and future fire risk for wooden homes at a given geographical location.  ...  forecasts to predict the current and future fire risk for wooden homes at a given geographical location.  ...  This study was partly funded by the Research Council of Norway, grant no 298993, Reducing fire disaster risk through dynamic risk assessment and management (DYNAMIC).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2021.03.029 fatcat:u5vb5ravpvbtlfaglnt5e5fux4

Fire Risk Prediction Using Cloud-based Weather Data Services

2022 Journal of Ubiquitous Systems and Pervasive Networks  
Finally, the novel fire risk concept is demonstrated for a selected city, based on model output.  ...  The main contribution of this study is implementation and experimental validation of a wooden home predictive fire risk indication model, as well as outlining a wooden home fire risk concept.  ...  Acknowledgments This study was partly funded by the Research Council of Norway, grant no 298993, Reducing fire disaster risk through dynamic risk assessment and management (DYNAMIC).  ... 
doi:10.5383/juspn.16.01.005 fatcat:xqep3lbaezhgti4zw4pq4nl6vu

Cloud-based Implementation and Validation of a Predictive Fire Risk Indication Model

Lars Michael Kristensen, Torgrim Log, Sindre Stokkenes
2019 Norsk Informatikkonferanse  
This makes it important for public authorities and fire departments to have an accurate estimate of the current fire risk in order to take proper precautions.  ...  The high representation of wooden houses in Norwegian cities combined with periods of dry and cold climate during the winter time often results in a high risk of severe fires.  ...  This study was partly funded by the Research Council of Norway, grant no 298993 Reducing fire disaster risk through dynamic risk assessment and management (DYNAMIC).  ... 
dblp:conf/nik/KristensenLS19 fatcat:7c2ihcpdgfc5fj22uw5c42a44y

Guidelines to foster building with wood. BASAJAUN Public report D1.3

Ewa Leszczyszyn, Dobrochna Augustyniak, Bidzińska, Andrzej Noskowiak, Henrik Heräjärvi, Erkki Verkasalo, Jean-Denis Lanvin, Ilona Blanquet, Jean-Luc Kouyoumji, Margareta Wahlström, Javier García Jaca
2021 Zenodo  
Innovative technologies that allow rapid construction of energy-efficient wooden buildings, including multi-storey, are a great opportunity for wooden construction development.  ...  The aim of the report was to prepare guidelines for fostering wooden building and to indicate conditions of its development.  ...  Informed Consent for Anonymous Interview / survey The project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 862942.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4781142 fatcat:dxcqjdzysbgjdpov4hlycisjpa

RESCUE MANAGEMENT AND ASSESSMENT OF STRUCTURAL DAMAGE BY UAV IN POST-SEISMIC EMERGENCY

M. G. D'Urso, V. Manzari, S. Lucidi, F. Cuzzocrea
2020 ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
The increasing frequency of emergencies urges the need for a detailed and thorough knowledge of the landscape.  ...  Moreover, during an emergency like an earthquake, the conventional inspection to assess the damage status of buildings requires special tools and a lot of time.  ...  windows Examples of wooden planking for walls .  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprs-annals-v-5-2020-61-2020 fatcat:5mcgeenlgngqlmzaqtdlmsjvfu

Preservation of Cultural Heritage and Resources Threatened by Climate Change

Chiara Bertolin
2019 Geosciences  
assessing environmental impact and climate change effects.  ...  experimental and numerical simulation techniques, the multidisciplinary approach of material, environmental, and computer science applied to the conservation of cultural heritage offers several opportunities for  ...  Acknowledgments: The guest editor would like to acknowledge all the authors for contributing to the special issue, as well as the anonymous peer reviewers for assessing the submitted manuscripts and greatly  ... 
doi:10.3390/geosciences9060250 fatcat:q2o4ikwqsrbc5bzprpw3czixzq

Non-engineered construction in developing countries

Anand S. ARYA
2000 Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering  
The paper first discusses some issues in regard to earthquake risk reduction of Non-engineered buildings, such as: Earthquake risk in developing countries and its management, the IDNDR - Yokoyama message  ...  Methodology for seismic retrofitting of stone houses developed, implemented and verified by the author in the field is introduced.  ...  This tabular presentation will permit its easy use for vulnerability analysis and assessment of risk in a given earthquake.  ... 
doi:10.5459/bnzsee.33.3.187-208 fatcat:xvgtsyhffzfljdk3gkjpgh4xre

Evaluation of the Program Subsidizing Prosumer Photovoltaic Sources in Poland

Iwona Zdonek, Stanisław Tokarski, Anna Mularczyk, Marian Turek
2022 Energies  
The assessment is made from the perspective of beneficiaries, business, and local community.  ...  For this purpose, there was exploratory, qualitative, and quantitative research conducted.  ...  The fourth discussed area was the weather risk, i.e., storms, hail, strong wind, torrential rain, snow.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en15030846 fatcat:xuqvr2h6pvddbdqbeja2fu2tga

Preservation Assessment of the Kurt Vonnegut Memorial Library

Jamie Wittenberg, Molly Wayne, Andrew Crook
2016 Figshare  
Preservation assessment for the Kurt Vonnegut Memorial Library, conducted November 4, 2014 in Indianapolis, IN.CC BY-NC-SA  ...  Lightning Lightning can initiate structural fire and can interrupt critical systems. Risk to structure: Evaluate lightning risk to structure.  ...  Fire protection: Describe the type of fire protection system. Automatic sprinkler system? Manual hose stations at critical locations? Hand-held portable fire extinguishers?  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.3520355.v1 fatcat:v4xidbzkkvd6hggvr6m4gf2fny

An assessment of electricity supply and demand at Emfuleni Local Municipality

Loraine Mzini, Tshombe Lukamba-Muhiya
2017 Journal of Energy in Southern Africa  
Eskom is a South African state-owned power company which strives to meet the country's increasing demand for energy.  ...  Illegal connection must be reported to the local councillors for them to make sure that this activity is stopped in Evaton.  ...  The assessment that follows is based on theoretical, observational and empirical surveys (structured questionnaires) conducted in December 2010.  ... 
doi:10.17159/2413-3051/2014/v25i3a2654 fatcat:p7lufkmtsfcdxagg55sqqjxab4

Rapid Decision Making on the Fire Ground

Gary A. Klein, Roberta Calderwood, Anne Clinton-Cirocco
1986 Proceedings of the Human Factors Society Annual Meeting  
The mean ratings for the 28 unique incidents were 2.7 for risk to the involved structures, 1.6 for the risk to adjoining property, 2.2 for the risk to civilian life, and 2.6 for risk to firefighters' lives  ...  It took place In a blighted, run-down area where there was a danger of fire spreading to adjacent wooden apartment structures near the initial 3-story wooden apartment structure fire spot.  ... 
doi:10.1177/154193128603000616 fatcat:adfqcavqbfdyropbhr4yl6xtie

RECCS: Ecological, economic, and structural comparison of renewable energy technologies (RE) with carbon capture and storage (CCS) – an integrated approach

Peter Viehahn, M Fischedick, J Nitsch
2009 IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environment  
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety This publication is based on the German research project "Ökologische Einordnung und strukturell-ökonomischer Vergleich regenerativer  ...  Energietechnologien mit anderen Optionen zum Klimaschutz, speziell der Rückhaltung und Speicherung von Kohlendioxid bei der Nutzung fossiler Primärenergien" on behalf of the Federal Ministry for the Environment  ...  points (for coal-fired power stations).  ... 
doi:10.1088/1755-1307/6/7/172030 fatcat:vosargcrbjdxtb7lffog4ixxgy

Fire-derived phosphorus fertilization of African tropical forests

Marijn Bauters, Travis W Drake, Sasha Wagner, Simon Baumgartner, Isaac A Makelele, Samuel Bodé, Kris Verheyen, Hans Verbeeck, Corneille Ewango, Landry Cizungu, Kristof Van Oost, Pascal Boeckx
2021 Nature Communications  
Here, we show that biomass burning on the African continent results in high phosphorus (P) deposition on an equatorial forest via fire-derived atmospheric emissions.  ...  Overall, the observed P deposition load at the study site is substantial and demonstrates the importance of canopy trapping as a pathway for nutrient input into forest ecosystems.  ...  We thank the people of the Yoko village for the long-lasting collaboration and safeguarding of our equipment in the experimental forest. Some analyses and  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-021-25428-3 pmid:34446719 fatcat:ifhjedcgrvfj7hotwi35rokroa

Prescribed burning and mastication effects on surface fuels in southern pine beetle-killed loblolly pine plantations

Aaron D. Stottlemyer, Thomas A. Waldrop, G.Geoff Wang
2015 Ecological Engineering: The Journal of Ecotechnology  
The treatments tested in this study provide different options for preparing SPB-killed areas for reforestation activities and may produce short-term reductions in fire hazard.  ...  Custom low, moderate, and high load fuel models were developed for SPB-killed stands and produced simulated fire behavior (flame length and rate of spread) similar to two standard slash-blowdown fuel models  ...  Acknowledgments We acknowledge funding from the Joint Fire Science Program under Project JFSP 04-2-1-33.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2015.04.076 fatcat:mjmvdsfyfbccjpvndghwkz5vhq
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