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Consistency in the face of change: an adaptive approach to physical layer cooperation [article]

Ayan Sengupta, Yahya H. Ezzeldin, Siddhartha Brahma, Christina Fragouli, Suhas Diggavi
2016 arXiv   pre-print
How can we efficiently adapt, as network conditions change? And how important is it, in terms of performance, to adapt?  ...  Although adapting to the best path when routing is a well understood problem, how to do so over PHY cooperation networks is an open question.  ...  mode that enables consistently low FERs in the face of changing network conditions; and that the benefits from adaptation in SPA can enable Netflix streaming at higher (and consistent) rates, promising  ... 
arXiv:1612.02062v1 fatcat:vj65mnxa3regnhqvztkzc6boee

International climate change treaty regime [chapter]

Katrina Fischer Kuh
2021 Climate Change Law  
to replicate the success of the world's approach to controlling the emission of ozone-depleting substances as embodied in the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (which, like the UNFCCC  ...  to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the temperature goal").  ... 
doi:10.4337/9781839101304.00009 fatcat:x5bvkjdvyndirj5ihtid3m57be

Gaining environments through shape change [article]

Dylan S. Shah
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Modeling this robot in simulation, we explore its capabilities in two environments and demonstrate the automated discovery of environment-specific shapes and gaits that successfully transfer to the physical  ...  Many organisms, including various species of spiders and caterpillars, change their shape to switch gaits and adapt to different environments.  ...  In addition, when faced with an incline sweep, evolutionary algorithms could discover the transition point where shape change is necessary.  ... 
arXiv:2008.06397v2 fatcat:y2rlylembbcipcb37q244gwayi

Stability and change in flood risk governance: on path dependencies and change agents

M. Wiering, D. Liefferink, A. Crabbé
2017 Journal of Flood Risk Management  
Based on thorough scrutiny of existing theories on stability and change in the literature, we want to offer guidance for empirical studies on flood risk governance.  ...  This article presents a theoretical framework for the analysis of stability and change in national flood risk policies.  ...  Acknowledgement The work described in this publication was supported by the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme through the grant of the budget of the Integrated Project STAR-FLOOD, Contract  ... 
doi:10.1111/jfr3.12295 fatcat:v64y3g3fkbgj3ahlpv5jktfhai

'Strange changes': Indigenous perspectives of climate change and adaptation in NE Arnhem Land (Australia)

L. Petheram, K.K. Zander, B.M. Campbell, C. High, N. Stacey
2010 Global Environmental Change  
The results suggest that strategies and policies are needed to strengthen adaptive capacity of communities to mitigate over-arching poverty and well-being issues, as well as respond to changes in climate  ...  Despite growing global attention to the development of strategies and policy for climate change adaptation, there has been little allowance for input from Indigenous people.  ...  Acknowledgements We sincerely thank the Yolngu participants of this study and the local research cofacilitator and translator Dhanggal Gurruwiwi, as well as Charles Darwin University (CDU) partners -Dr  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.05.002 fatcat:wgcdpkw2qnb5heelzxyyjvrqhu

How Institutions Evolve: Evolutionary Theory and Institutional Change

Orion A. Lewis, Sven Steinmo
2012 Polity  
We argue that humans' advanced cognitive capacities contribute to an evolutionary understanding of institutional change.  ...  This article argues that questions of gradual institutional change can be understood as an evolutionary process that can be explained through the careful application of "generalized Darwinism."  ...  In sum, an evolutionary approach to institutional change places human cognition, intentionality, and agency at the center of the analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1057/pol.2012.10 fatcat:4dmazfsavfh57fqkq67jvaedoy

Responding to Climate Change and the Role of Environmental law

Vu Thị Duyen Thuy
2021 European Journal of Economics Law and Politics  
more efficient implementation will be laid out to lessen the adverse effects of climate change.  ...  More specifically, it requires excessive effort from all countries, in which recognizing the importance of environmental law system plays an indispensable role.  ...  In details, the changes in physical and biological environments directly lead to significant threats to not only the compositions of the environment, the abilities to recover and reproduce of the natural  ... 
doi:10.19044/elp.v8no3a1 fatcat:zhj2ghvy65hjzbbmueopj2olie

Cognitive technologies, social science and the three-layered leopardskin of change

Saadi Lahlou
2008 Social Science Information  
In the threelayered leopard skin model of change described in this paper (physical layer, representations and practice, institutions) , the physical layer (here, information technology) is changing much  ...  A closer link to technology and different relation with stakeholders seem to emerge as a new action-research approach in the field.  ...  In the leopard skin model, we see how the three layers try to adapt to each other "vertically" on a local basis for the "Guide me".  ... 
doi:10.1177/0539018408092572 fatcat:oaw2tu2dbjecve56zt2kamkk2u

Adaptation of Florida's Urban Infrastructure to Climate Change [chapter]

Frederick Bloetscher, Serena Hoermann, Leonard Berry
2017 Florida's Climate: Changes, Variations, & Impacts  
of the state one is in.  ...  This chapter looks at how the impacts of climate change affect different parts of Florida.  ...  Change is constant, but not consistent. The natural environment changes relatively slowly, and people have less ability to affect this layer in the short-term.  ... 
doi:10.17125/fci2017.ch11 fatcat:getddpkpzzhldikbyei2xw3k3y

Designing for Participation and Change in Digital Institutions [article]

Peter Krafft, Brian Keegan, Seth Frey
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The dominant guiding practices for the design of digital institutions to date in human-computer interaction, computer-supported cooperative work, and the tech industry at large have been an incentive-focused  ...  a "constitutional layer" of institutional design---in other words, defining rules that allow and facilitate diverse stakeholder participation in the ongoing process of institutional design change.  ...  in the face of newer and more owner-friendly currencies.  ... 
arXiv:1902.08728v2 fatcat:dvgccdeoojaqncloo7bhxzlwc4

Insuring future climate catastrophes

Howard Kunreuther, Erwann Michel-Kerjan, Nicola Ranger
2012 Climatic Change  
of physical risk reduction measures to reduce wind damage to the structure and buildings).  ...  The combined influences of a change in climate patterns and the increased concentration of property and economic activity in hazard-prone areas has the potential of restricting the availability and affordability  ...  We would like to thank Risk Management Solutions for providing some of the data on hurricane risks in Florida which made our analysis possible.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0625-z fatcat:stn6ratmx5b65bpcfa4lcb5kfy

Gender Equality in Natural Disasters and Climate Change

Mintje Ratoe Odjoe, Rolland Epafras Fanggidae, Paulina Y. Amtiran
2020 SALASIKA Indonesian Journal of Gender Women Child and Social Inclusion s Studies  
Climate change will contribute to increasing the frequency and severity of natural disasters with negative impacts on human life.  ...  Although disasters and climate change affect all populations, the impact on each gender, in terms of vulnerability, ability, and resilience, will be different.  ...  Climate change as an implication of global warming has caused atmospheric instability in the lower layers, especially those close to the surface of the Earth.  ... 
doi:10.36625/sj.v3i1.56 fatcat:mtm7yz3aongshntdkvcolxlvva

Integrating the four faces of climate change adaptation: Towards transformative change in Guatemalan coffee communities

Gail Hochachka
2021 World Development  
This study demonstrates how a more comprehensive approach to adaptation may better position communities to engage in transformative change.  ...  Researchers suggest this is necessary but insufficient, noting the importance of integrating subjectivity in a more comprehensive approach to adaptation and in moving toward deliberate transformation in  ...  The author wishes to acknowledge with gratitude the members of the ASASAPNE cooperative in San Pedro Necta, Huehuetenango, Guatemala for their participation, Alejandro Flores and Saul Vasquez for their  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105361 fatcat:757ikrrfsfew3hrkpghdgkupwq

Platform-Centric Self-Awareness as a Key Enabler for Controlling Changes in CPS

Mischa Mostl, Johannes Schlatow, Rolf Ernst, Nikil Dutt, Ahmed Nassar, Amir Rahmani, Fadi J. Kurdahi, Thomas Wild, Armin Sadighi, Andreas Herkersdorf
2018 Proceedings of the IEEE  
The approach resembles the logistics and operation principles of manufacturing plants which gave rise to the metaphoric term of an Information Processing Factory that relies on incremental changes and  ...  Despite their different approaches, both use cases face similar design and design automation challenges which will be summarized in the end.  ...  adaptation of each layer and multiple cooperative observe-decide-act loops.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2018.2858023 fatcat:e3ju7syanvc5xklgvix3wwmopq

Continents under Climate Change

Denis Mercier
2012 Norois  
Looking into the future, South Africa faces a number of key issues in climate change research and adaptation.  ...  In appreciating the dynamics of climate change on the water sector, an appropriate physical-conceptual and daily time step hydrological model (ACRU) has been developed in South Africa, with this model  ...  In the field of nature conservation there is a clear need for action to adapt targets and goals as well as general approaches and methods in order to effectively face the challenges of environmental changes  ... 
doi:10.4000/norois.4241 fatcat:tu6xxdoy4nexxly6zaojevid2y
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