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Basic Auditory Processing Skills and Specific Language Impairment: A New Look at an Old Hypothesis

Kathleen Corriveau, Elizabeth Pasquini, Usha Goswami
2007 Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research  
Purpose: To explore the sensitivity of children with specific language impairment (SLI) to amplitude-modulated and durational cues that are important for perceiving suprasegmental speech rhythm and stress  ...  Method: Sixty-three children between 7 and 11 years of age were tested, 21 of whom had a diagnosis of SLI, 21 of whom were matched for chronological age to the SLI sample, and 21 of whom were matched for  ...  We thank the following individuals and groups for taking part in this study: the head teacher(s) and the children of Arbury  ... 
doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2007/046) pmid:17538107 fatcat:roddt6tyjzfd7aedxuna6cr7gu

Public language, private language, and subsymbolic theories of mind

Gabe Dupre
2022 Mind & Language  
Language has long been a problem-case for subsymbolic theories of mind. The reason for this is obvious: Language seems essentially symbolic.  ...  I shall argue that this strategy cannot work, on the grounds that human language acquisition consists in projecting linguistic structure onto environmental entities, rather than extracting this structure  ...  I am also grateful for the extensive feedback provided by two referees for this journal.  ... 
doi:10.1111/mila.12400 fatcat:36na5jsjibaq5jhh4hi24qndkq

Study of the Effects of Frequency on the Compression Process in Old and New Persian Dialogues in the Bybee Phonological Framework

Razieh Kashefi Khishan, Maryam Iraji
2019 JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN LINGUISTICS  
The old cinematic films selected for this study include two films, "Kaiser" and "Treasure of the Qaroon," and new cinematic films that examine two films," Life+1 Day "and "Lottery."  ...  The purpose of this research is an analytical analysis of the compression process (including deletion and merging) in old cinematic films compared to new cinematic films in Persian language.  ...  The old films selected for this research are "Kaiser" and " Treasure of the Qaroon," and the new ones are "Lottery" and " Life+1 Day" films.  ... 
doi:10.24297/jal.v10i0.8453 fatcat:lngi4zdepfagzpr4tya6vjwb6u

A Connectionist Parser Aimed at Spoken Language

Ajay N. Jain, Alex Waibel
1989 International Workshop/Conference on Parsing Technologies  
Application of this type of connectionist model to the area of spoken language processing is discussed This research was funded by grants from ATR Interpreting Telephony Research Laboratories and the National  ...  A parse in the connectionist network contains information about role assignment, prepositional attachment, relative clause structure, and subordinate clause structure.  ...  Introduction Traditional methods employed in parsing natural language have focused on developing powerful formalisms to represent syntactic and semantic structure along with rules for transforming language  ... 
dblp:conf/iwpt/JainW89 fatcat:wq6pldjh45bt7d6oyl7ovub5om

Grammar-based connectionist approaches to language

P Smolensky
1999 Cognitive Science  
The strengths and weaknesses of grammar-based research and more traditional model-based research are argued to be complementary, suggesting a significant role for both strategies in the spectrum of connectionist  ...  This article describes an approach to connectionist language research that relies on the development of grammar formalisms rather than computer models.  ...  for their useful suggestions, and to NSF for financial support through the Learning and Intelligent Systems Initiative.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0364-0213(99)00017-8 fatcat:a2edomv74rdu7jngtt4rms27yi

Grammar-based Connectionist Approaches to Language

Paul Smolensky
1999 Cognitive Science  
The strengths and weaknesses of grammar-based research and more traditional model-based research are argued to be complementary, suggesting a significant role for both strategies in the spectrum of connectionist  ...  This article describes an approach to connectionist language research that relies on the development of grammar formalisms rather than computer models.  ...  for their useful suggestions, and to NSF for financial support through the Learning and Intelligent Systems Initiative.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog2304_9 fatcat:62f2ooo3ovcppfk4tqmxpdbeue

Language acquisition also needs non-connectionist models

ULRIKE HAHN
1999 Journal of Child Language  
Language acquisition also needs non-connectionist models. Journal of Child Language, 26, pp 217-260 Request Permissions : Click here  ...  We have scoured RI for Valian's claim that we suppose ' New mechanisms do not come in ; old mechanisms do not die out ' but without success.  ...  Connectionist simulations begin with determinations about the nature and scope of the input.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0305000998283747 fatcat:og45ncfpdffknjzc74ec4shmvq

Emergentism, Connectionism and Language Learning

Nick C. Ellis
1998 Language Learning  
emergence of complex language representations.  ...  Simple learning mechanisms, operating in and across the human systems for perception, motor-action and cognition as they are exposed to language data as part of a social environment, suffice to drive the  ...  Tomasello's own (1992) study involved a detailed diary of his daughter Travis' language between 1 and 2 years old.  ... 
doi:10.1111/0023-8333.00063 fatcat:bdggaxb54vae5aapw4cqgdn6de

Distributed Symbol Discovery through Symbol Recirculation: Toward Natural Language Processing in Distributed Connectionist Networks [chapter]

2016 Connectionist Approaches to Natural Language Processing  
Trademark notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation without intent to infringe.  ...  British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN: 978-1-138-19163-1 (Set) ISBN: 978-1-315-54401-4 (Set) (ebk) ISBN: 978-1-138-  ...  Several studies on natural language and back-propagation. Proceedings of IEEE First International Conference on Neural Nets, San Diego, June 21-24, I f 335-341.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315636863-15 fatcat:gndg4g4x2zhu3kl63hvxc6gxfa

Self-organizing map models of language acquisition

Ping Li, Xiaowei Zhao
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
for language acquisition.  ...  Connectionist models have had a profound impact on theories of language.  ...  Keeping the network's plasticity for learning new words often causes it to lose its stability for old knowledge; conversely, a network that is too stable often cannot adapt itself very well to the new  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00828 pmid:24312061 pmcid:PMC3833256 fatcat:fvkletgzavebjfvzvih2mnizje

Connectionism and Universals of Second Language Acquisition

Michael Gasser
1990 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
What is of interest in a computational model of language is comprehension, production, and the representations, linguistic and otherwise, which enable these processes.  ...  This paper examines the implications of connectionist models of cognition for second language theory. Connectionism offers a challenge to the symbolic models which dominate cognitive science.  ...  The old questions about innateness, the mind and the body, and what it means to know are being asked again, and a new set of answers is being proposed.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263100009074 fatcat:a6l27yfaljc77gvebfkciulfgi

Language

2001 Developmental Science  
or associative synaptic modification, and competition for representational space in cortical maps.  ...  Behavioral studies have refined characterizations of language acquisition and report data that are interpreted as support for the general nature of some aspects of language learning and for the specificity  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00173 fatcat:3l4dkgq5ibbfbmq6ffg3n3bpb4

Connectionist perspectives on language learning, representation and processing

Marc F. Joanisse, James L. McClelland
2015 Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science  
without positing separate mechanisms for rules and exceptions.  ...  We argue that connectionist models can capture many important characteristics of how language is learned, represented, and processed, as well as providing new insights about the source of these behavioral  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS MFJ is supported by operating grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada).  ... 
doi:10.1002/wcs.1340 pmid:26263227 fatcat:pejjraf4arcdjmpm3ajoitmamy

A Flexible, Parallel Generator of Natural Language

Nigel Ward
1992 The AI Magazine  
FIG's syntactic coverage is much broader than that of previous connectionist generators such as Gasser (1988) ; output include "once upon a time there lived an old man and an old woman," "one day the  ...  old woman went to a stream to wash clothes," and "John ate a peach with an old woman's fork.  ...  He tends to attack natural language processing problems by experimenting in Lisp, drawing inspiration from cognitive science and connectionism.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v13i1.978 dblp:journals/aim/Ward92a fatcat:trhtyoaft5einivtstutj44uke

Language and connectionism: the developing interface

Mark S. Seidenberg
1994 Cognition  
issues concerning the structure, acquisition, and processing of language, both normal and disordered.  ...  I consider how connectionist concepts may be relevant to issues concerning the representation of linguistic knowledge; the role of a priori constraints on acquisition; and the poverty of the stimulus argument  ...  Connectionism has the potential to alter these weights because it entails some new ideas (and the rediscovery of some old ideas) about learning.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0010-0277(94)90037-x pmid:8039370 fatcat:pn2ddhwvzfasplafbwkyl5xxu4
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