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Existential and psychological problems connected with Threat Predicting Process

Piotr Mamcarz
2014 Journal for Perspectives of Economic Political and Social Integration  
Moreover, it highlights a cognitive process distinctive for listed phenomenon's.  ...  The process accompanied with technological and organization changes increases number of health problems affecting many populations.  ...  The concept of connectionism by Rumelhart and McClelland (1986) tries to explain the functioning of the mind.  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10241-012-0026-2 fatcat:nlvlp4bzbvhnlj3jo77nkdp7hm

Open problems in the philosophy of information [chapter]

Luciano Floridi
2011 The Philosophy of Information  
These are organized into five sections: problems in the analysis of the concept of information, in semantics, in the study of intelligence, in the relation between information and nature, and in the investigation  ...  Simon Lecture of Computing and Philosophy I gave at Carnegie Mellon University in 2001, analyses the eighteen principal open problems in PI.  ...  I wish to thank Robert Cavalier, president of the International Association for Computing and Philosophy (IACAP) and of the APA Committee on Philosophy and Computers, for the invitation to deliver the  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0002 fatcat:pyup43r5jbao3az6ee6brixpom

Open Problems in the Philosophy of Information

Luciano Floridi
2004 Metaphilosophy  
These are organised into five areas: problems in the analysis of the concept of information, in semantics, in the study of intelligence, in the relation between information and nature and in the investigation  ...  The philosophy of information (PI) is a new area of research with its own field of investigation and methodology. The article analyses the principal eighteen open problems in PI.  ...  Acknowledgements The article is a revised version of the Herbert A. Simon  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9973.2004.00336.x fatcat:p7xbnm3q5zeybhodvm2jealuqm

Bayesian cognitive science, predictive brains, and the nativism debate

Matteo Colombo
2017 Synthese  
The rise of Bayesianism in cognitive science promises to shape the debate between nativists and empiricists into more productive forms-or so have claimed several philosophers and cognitive scientists.  ...  After clarifying what is at stake in the controversy between nativists and empiricists, and what is involved in current Bayesian cognitive science, the paper argues that Bayesianism offers not a vindication  ...  salvage some Classical ideas concerning the relations between distinct levels of cognitive analysis (Marr 1982) , and about the rational, productive, and systematic nature of thinking and learning (  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-017-1427-7 fatcat:wcjelmh47relnightn2g5n2tby

The Inside Story:How We Think They Think: Anthropological Approaches to Cognition, Memory, and Literacy.;Explaining Culture: A Naturalistic Approach.;A Cognitive Theory of Cultural Meaning.;Mind as Action

Lawrence A. Hirschfeld
2000 American Anthropologist  
The emphasis is on the dynamic relation- ship between the action and the local problem space.  ...  Fodor, Jerry, and Zenon Pylyshyn 1988 Connectionism and Cognitive Architecture: A Critical Analysis. Cognition 28(1—2):3-71. Geertz, Clifford 1973 The Interpretation of Cultures.  ... 
doi:10.1525/aa.2000.102.3.620 fatcat:byaoreezovh7vlssnpk6lohw7m

Book Review: Embodied Cognition (2nd Edition)

Yang Yao, Xinmin Zheng
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS YY has written the book review. XZ is YY's supervisor, he helped to examine and modify the review.  ...  There is no doubt that embodied cognition breaks through the barrier of the classical cognitive dualism of body and mind, including body and environment in cognitive processing, and promotes the development  ...  Chapters 6 and 7 explicated the distinction between the format of an embodied concept and the content of the concept in the first part of the chapter, examined research that purports to show how attitudes  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00042 fatcat:nnbv2xxva5hd3kci3buesmgq4e

Connectionism and dynamic systems: are they really different?

Esther Thelen, Elizabeth Bates
2003 Developmental Science  
We situate connectionism and dynamic systems among other classic and contemporary theories and conclude that, although there are meaningful differences, these differences pale in relation to the shared  ...  We propose that connectionism and dynamic systems theory are strong contenders for a general theory of development that holds true whatever the content domain.  ...  A fourth difference is the blurring of the distinction between 'learning' and 'development'.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00294 fatcat:prkc3qb6mfecdhlxbxnkwrixie

Genetic Programming III - Darwinian Invention and Problem Solving

Peter Nordin
1999 Evolutionary Computation  
Special thanks goes to our reviewers, who stuck with us through a major reorganization of the book and provided insightful and useful comments.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to acknowledge the help of our editor, Denise Penrose, and that of Edward Wade and Emilia Thiuri, at Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.  ...  Where earlier philosophers had thought of the entire human organism, mind and body, as a living unity distinct from inanimate matter, Descartes invited the domain of cold matter up into the body, and squeezed  ... 
doi:10.1162/evco.1999.7.4.451 fatcat:27732t6mfvgt7mzpbvkrv6wcqm

Being there: Putting philosopher, researcher and student together again

C. A. Hooker, Gerard O'Brien, Naomi Quinn, John Sutton
1998 Meta Science  
It requires us to abandon the idea (common since Descartes) of the mental as a realm distinct from the realm of body; to abandon the idea of neat dividing lines between perception, cognition and action  ...  (p. 4) And again: In the natural context of body and world, the ways brains solve problems is fundamentally transformed . . .  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02913277 fatcat:tcpuewv76bcvne3hqghlt55dha

A connectionist theory of phenomenal experience

Gerard O'Brien, Jonathan Opie
1999 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Long) When cognitive scientists apply computational theory to the problem of phenomenal consciousness, as many of them have been doing recently, there are two fundamentally distinct approaches available  ...  , and on the other, by the classical computational theory of mind -the theory that takes human cognition to be a species of symbol manipulation.  ...  Derek Browne, Rich Carlson, George Couvalis, Greg Currie, Don Dulany, Denise Gamble, Jon Jureidini, Dan Lloyd, Greg O'Hair, Bruce Mangan, Drew McDermott, Chris Mortensen, Ian Ravenscroft, John Sutton and  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x9900179x fatcat:suekvsjsfnb2faoymtugicpteq

Nonclassical connectionism should enter the decathlon

Francisco Calvo Garzón
2003 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The strengths of classical connectionism on this test derive from its intense effort in addressing empirical phenomena in such domains as language and cognitive development.  ...  To illustrate how theories can be evaluated we apply these criteria to both classical connectionism (McClelland & Rumelhart 1986; Rumelhart & McClelland 1986b) and the ACT-R theory (Anderson & Lebiere  ...  The Turing Test was meant to render the mind-body problem empirically decidable.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x03240139 fatcat:qzqkqm6ejvelzostaoc4lfp6ni

The Newell Test for a theory of cognition

John R Anderson, Christian Lebiere
2003 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The strengths of classical connectionism on this test derive from its intense effort in addressing empirical phenomena in such domains as language and cognitive development.  ...  To illustrate how theories can be evaluated we apply these criteria to both classical connectionism (McClelland & Rumelhart 1986; Rumelhart & McClelland 1986b) and the ACT-R theory (Anderson & Lebiere  ...  The Turing Test was meant to render the mind-body problem empirically decidable.  ... 
pmid:15179936 fatcat:ee3ukbaef5dvneqydsyyxz4lre

Connectionism and Universals of Second Language Acquisition

Michael Gasser
1990 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
CONNECTIONISM AND SLA 2 Connectionism In the past ten years cognitive science has seen the rapid rise of interest in connectionist models, theories of the mind based on the interaction of large numbers  ...  With respect to the study of linguistic behavior, computational approaches differ from most generative models in not making a fundamental distinction between competence and performance (Winograd, 1983)  ...  Despite vast differences, these approaches agree on the validity of the basic distinction between the "software" of the mind and the "hardware" of the brain.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263100009074 fatcat:a6l27yfaljc77gvebfkciulfgi

Cognitive Science: From Computers to Anthills as Models of Human Thought [chapter]

2005 The Dynamics of Thought  
Much of contemporary thinking about the mind derives from René Descartes' distinction between the body and the soul.  ...  He introduced a distinction between the thing in itself (das Ding an sich) and the thing perceived by us (das Ding an uns).  ...  Much of contemporary thinking about the mind derives from René Descartes' distinction between the body and the soul.  ... 
doi:10.1007/1-4020-3399-0_16 fatcat:o5wh7ktwqrhs3j2m3kvinmzgta

Editorial Commentary

1988 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The level of analysis is intermediate between those of symbolic cognitive models and neural models.  ...  The result is a picture in which traditional and connectionist theoretical constructs collaborate intimately to provide an understanding of cognition.  ...  And it is the connection to the body that makes connectionism a player in the semantics game. Invartance and cognitive semantics.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00052791 fatcat:7o7kyja25jfztfovklj74nqt3y
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