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Switching between environmental representations in memory

James R Brockmole, Ranxiao Frances Wang
2002 Cognition  
Response times were longer when successive trials probed different environments, an effect not due to switching between semantic categories or semantic priming, suggesting that representations of environments  ...  In everyday life we accomplish tasks that require the storage and access of mental representations of different environments that we are not currently perceiving.  ...  We are deeply indebted to all of our subjects, especially the faculty in the Psychology Department at the University of Illinois, who so willingly reversed their typical role in research to participate  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0010-0277(02)00012-4 pmid:11934405 fatcat:elfad3yxb5ddlaipqpm7te3ete

Application of Video Scene Semantic Recognition Technology in Smart Video

2018 Tehnički Vjesnik  
and environment, and then introduces the primarily acquired information into the middle layer for semantic integration, and through the integration of various semantics, adopts the loss function to learn  ...  , fail to identify the key frames of the video segments and make use of the contextual semantics to understand current behaviour.  ...  extractions and limited semantic integration with surrounding environment, which can be solved by increasing the learning machine learning, enriching the semantic cue materials, and improving the capacity  ... 
doi:10.17559/tv-20180620082101 fatcat:srsipbjh4jcnrlxkwmlsxufhga

The N300: An Index for Predictive Coding of Complex Visual Objects and Scenes

Manoj Kumar, Kara D Federmeier, Diane M Beck
2021 Cerebral Cortex Communications  
Thus, we argue that the N300 is the best candidate to date for an index of perceptual hypotheses testing for complex visual objects and scenes.  ...  Integrating these results with patterns observed for objects, we establish that, across a variety of visual stimuli, the N300 is responsive to statistical regularity, or the degree to which the input is  ...  Funding This work was supported by Office of Naval Research (grant to D.M.B.); National Institutes of Health (R01 AG026308 to K.D.F.); and the James S. McDonnell foundation (grant to K.D.F.).  ... 
doi:10.1093/texcom/tgab030 pmid:34296175 pmcid:PMC8171016 fatcat:x7aw7vcpvvdvfii3eo5dumdnjy

The N300: An Index For Predictive Coding Of Complex Visual Objects and Scenes [article]

Manoj Kumar, Kara D. Federmeier, Diane M. Beck
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
against contextual predictions generated in mid-level visual areas.  ...  with a category pre-cue, suggesting that the component may reflect the ease with which an image matches the current hypothesis generated by the visual system.  ...  Schmitt for helping with data collection in Experiment 2. We would like to acknowledge funding provided by ONR MURI (DMB) and by NIH (R01 AG026308) and the James S. McDonnell foundation (KDF).  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.09.21.304378 fatcat:kqal5rbm4bh5xkvcmptzqjm26i

Environmental context-dependent recognition memory using a short-term memory task for input

Steven M. Smith
1986 Memory & Cognition  
Although many studies have demonstrated that recall is better when tested in the learning environmental context (EC) than in a new EC, almost all of the studies have failed to find ECdependent memory when  ...  The results suggest that type of processing during input is a predictor of context-dependent recognition; material studied for a long-term memory test is not susceptible to background context effects,  ...  Environmental context could be one such source of cues.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03202513 pmid:3762389 fatcat:mk2lf36yrzeljdijlgvbwt4qou

Predictive, interactive multiple memory systems

Richard N. Henson, Pierre Gagnepain
2010 Hippocampus  
in relation to different types of memory.  ...  : an episodic system (which stores associations between items and spatial/temporal contexts, and which is supported primarily by the hippocampus); a semantic system (which extracts combinations of perceptual  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Tim Shallice and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.  ... 
doi:10.1002/hipo.20857 pmid:20928831 fatcat:u4eqopkevvc3lip3ejxqnlmuv4

On the semantics of visual behaviour, structured events and trajectories of human action

Shaogang Gong, Jeffrey Ng, Jamie Sherrah
2002 Image and Vision Computing  
We wish to infer the semantics of human behavioural patterns for autonomous visual event recognition in dynamic scenes.  ...  The problem of modelling the semantics of visual events without segmentation or computation of object-centred trajectories is addressed. Two examples are presented.  ...  indoor office environment consisting of three stages: (a) walking from the door to the desk in the left corner of the room, (b) walking-about in the room and (c) walking back to the door and leaving.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0262-8856(02)00096-3 fatcat:x65dsvrw5nfmbc5u6c75xngxua

Categorization and Willingness to Pay for New Products: The Role of Category Cues as Value Anchors

Bram Kuijken, Gerda Gemser, Nachoem M. Wijnberg
2017 The Journal of product innovation management  
The findings provide support for the role of category cues as 'semantic anchors'.  ...  More specifically, giving the cues of categories in which the products had higher average monetary value compared to cues of categories in which the average monetary value was lower, resulted in an increased  ...  In the introduction Section, we better explain the concepts of 'anchoring effect' and 'semantic anchor'; 5. In the Introduction Section, we better explain our theoretical contribution; 6.  ... 
doi:10.1111/jpim.12414 fatcat:tqb6fhkc2jg5hnom4uzaik2vma

Mass-count distinction in Chinese-English bilingual students

Bin Yin, Beth Ann O'Brien
2018 Glossa  
Results show that our bilingual participants were able to make appropriate semantic judgments of quantity in response to manipulation of morphosyntax.  ...  The last two conditions specifically probe learners' ability to make use of morphosyntax in deriving semantics.  ...  Acknowledgements The study reported in this paper was supported by a grant from the Office of Education Research (OER 4/13 OBA).  ... 
doi:10.5334/gjgl.382 fatcat:4izozdkzqnb55orivmaz76oqoa

Multimodal Integration of Spatial Information: The Influence of Object-Related Factors and Self-Reported Strategies

Harun Karimpur, Kai Hamburger
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
In order to address this question, two experiments were conducted in a virtual environment.  ...  We demonstrate (1) the equality of acoustic and visual landmarks and (2) the congruency effect for the recognition of landmarks.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We thank the reviewers for their valuable comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01443 pmid:27708608 pmcid:PMC5030373 fatcat:2bupe62n6bfi5bnnhoh4i7ymmm

Basic Processes in Dynamic Decision Making: How Experimental Findings About Risk, Uncertainty, and Emotion Can Contribute to Police Decision Making

Jason L. Harman, Don Zhang, Steven G. Greening
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
Traditional judgment and decision-making research has focused on simple choices between hypothetical gambles, which has been criticized for its lack of generalizability to real world contexts.  ...  In this paper, we review basic findings from experimental studies in judgment and decision making that could contribute to designing policies and trainings to enhance police decision making.  ...  When the environmental context predicts that a cue will be paired with the US, then participants have a larger CR, compared to when the environmental context predicts that the cue is not associated with  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02140 pmid:31620062 pmcid:PMC6763579 fatcat:j5beosdhfbcyvpgkl76g2flzpe

Post-learning Hippocampal Dynamics Promote Preferential Retention of Rewarding Events

Matthias J. Gruber, Maureen Ritchey, Shao-Fang Wang, Manoj K. Doss, Charan Ranganath
2016 Neuron  
We found that post-learning increases in resting-state functional connectivity between the SN/VTA and hippocampus predicted preferential retention of objects that were learned in high-reward contexts.  ...  reactivations was predictive of preferential retention of items learned in high-reward contexts.  ...  The regressors were assigned to all time points during the entire scene context (i.e. cue period, objects, and feedback) in order to train the classifier on multiple aspects of the encoding context.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2016.01.017 pmid:26875624 pmcid:PMC4777629 fatcat:dt6lvamirfbxha5xowaw272sja

When Couches Have Eyes: The Effect of Visual Context on Children's Reference Processing

Rebecca Cooper-Cunningham, Monique Charest, Vincent Porretta, Juhani Järvikivi
2020 Frontiers in Communication  
The results indicate that the use of animacy as a linguistic cue is flexible and responsive to the visual context.  ...  We examined the effects of semantic and visual cues to animacy on children's and adults' interpretation of ambiguous pronouns, using the visual world paradigm.  ...  Preliminary analyses and some of the content of this manuscript has been published as part of the Master's thesis of Cooper (2016) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fcomm.2020.576236 fatcat:7cidoez3bnbffouxo6r4w4ibaq

Papers and Posters Presented at the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society The Adams' Mark Hotel, St. Louis, Missouri November 13–15, 1992

1992 Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society  
Spear)-Latent inhibition in Pavlovian conditioning of A was greater in infant rats following prior exposure to a simultaneous stimulus compound (AB) or a more intense version of A than to A alone or both  ...  Is this anticipatory contrast effect due to the devaluation of the initial saccharin solution because it precedes the preferred 32% sucrose?  ...  Attention to the Environment and Long-Tenn Context Effects. MARIA A.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03334109 fatcat:5wkarsmzpbha5nlmx3pbut3kva

FACETS: A cognitive business intelligence system

Li Niu, Jie Lu, Guangquan Zhang, Dianshuang Wu
2013 Information Systems  
The aim of FACETS is to provide decision makers cognitive decision support in ill-structured decision situations.  ...  The experiments showed that FACETS is able to play a significant role in supporting ill-structured decision making through developing and enriching situation awareness.  ...  From a semantic point of view, different POS signifies different semantic information within the context of the sentence.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.is.2013.02.002 fatcat:sloacajk4zeenhm3zwub7aytlq
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