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Connecting Conscious and Unconscious Processing

Axel Cleeremans
2014 Cognitive Science  
This leads me to suggest that conscious and unconscious processing are fundamentally connected, that is, rooted in the very same computational principles.  ...  Here, I consider how the connectionist perspective on information processing may help us progress toward the goal of understanding the computational principles through which conscious and unconscious processing  ...  Sections of this article were adapted from Pasquali et al. (2010) and from Timmermans, Schilbach, Pasquali, and Cleeremans (2012) .  ... 
doi:10.1111/cogs.12149 pmid:25087683 fatcat:agnp3c4tmbb6nokwynrszqrb7i

No evidence for neural overlap between unconsciously processed and imagined stimuli

Nadine Dijkstra, Simon van Gaal, Linda Geerligs, Sander E. Bosch, Marcel A.J. van Gerven
2021 eNeuro  
Furthermore, connectivity analyses revealed stronger connectivity between frontal areas and left LOC during conscious perception and imagery compared to unconscious processing.  ...  In the current study we aimed to investigate this issue by characterizing the overlap between feedforward- and feedback-initiated category-representations during imagery, conscious perception and unconscious  ...  Furthermore, connectivity analyses revealed stronger connectivity between frontal areas and left LOC during conscious perception and imagery compared to unconscious processing.  ... 
doi:10.1523/eneuro.0228-21.2021 pmid:34593516 pmcid:PMC8577044 fatcat:mktccz2xqjghpopk63dywsnvdm

The Role of the Cerebellum in Unconscious and Conscious Processing of Emotions: A Review

Silvia Clausi, Claudia Iacobacci, Michela Lupo, Giusy Olivito, Marco Molinari, Maria Leggio
2017 Applied Sciences  
Emotional processing in humans requires both unconscious and conscious mechanisms.  ...  We also propose a model in which the cerebellum acts as a mediator between the internal state and external environment for the unconscious and conscious levels of emotional processing.  ...  • The cerebellum is connected to cerebral structures that are involved in unconscious and conscious emotional processing.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app7050521 fatcat:5bobmp5i3vejpkt3ftnp6lxite

Sliding Scale Theory of Attention and Consciousness/Unconsciousness

Brad Bowins
2022 Behavioral Sciences  
Attention defined as focusing on a unit of information plays a prominent role in both consciousness and the cognitive unconscious, due to its essential role in information processing.  ...  Unconscious attention in the form of the "cognitive unconscious" is time and spaced diffused, whereas conscious attention is tightly time and space compressed to the present moment.  ...  Neural connectivity is a crucial component of conscious and unconscious information processing, given that neural structures do not exist and function in isolation.  ... 
doi:10.3390/bs12020043 pmid:35200294 pmcid:PMC8869714 fatcat:3qclx67rdjgvrjgmtfl3ygvh3i

Delayed access to conscious processing in multiple sclerosis: Reduced cortical activation and impaired structural connectivity

Arzu C Has Silemek, Jean-Philippe Ranjeva, Bertrand Audoin, Christoph Heesen, Stefan M Gold, Simone Kühn, Martin Weygandt, Jan-Patrick Stellmann
2021 Human Brain Mapping  
Our study revealed slowed conscious access to visual stimulus material in MS and a complex pattern of functional and structural alterations coupled to unconscious processing of/delayed conscious access  ...  Consequently, we used a functional MRI (fMRI) backward masking task to study visual information processing stratifying unconscious and conscious in MS.  ...  | Behavioral performance and transition from unconscious to conscious processing To determine performance and regional brain activation during con- Figure 2b ), that is, during unconscious and conscious  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.25440 pmid:33826184 pmcid:PMC8249884 fatcat:p3jaad2s7zdqtkjnttocessoea

The "Hidden Observer" as the Cognitive Unconscious During Hypnosis

Noemi Császár, Felix Scholkmann, Gabor Kapócs, Istvan Bókkon
2016 Activitas Nervosa Superior  
processes.  ...  Recent experiments are in agreement with Braid's concept of hypnosis (published already in 1843) defining hypnosis as a process enhancing or depressing neural activity as well as changing functional connectivity  ...  can take place and operate unconsciously, outside of conscious awareness, and that computationally conscious and unconscious processes are very similar.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf03379735 fatcat:ib26w3a3mbefhioq7x57kalfsa

A dilemma for Searle's argument for the Connection Principle

Kirk Ludwig
1993 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The Connection Principle would explain in what sense unconscious states could have aspectual shape.  ...  This premise says that when a person is unconscious, his neurophysiological states and processes are not by themselves sufficient for that person to have states with aspectual shape.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00029617 fatcat:mrjecyosuffjhnlzz6ft4gsrwe

Unconscious learning processes: mental integration of verbal and pictorial instructional materials

Seffetullah Kuldas, Hairul Nizam Ismail, Shahabuddin Hashim, Zainudin Abu Bakar
2013 SpringerPlus  
This review aims to provide an insight into human learning processes by examining the role of cognitive and emotional unconscious processing in mentally integrating visual and verbal instructional materials  ...  Students of all ages and levels of experience cannot always have conscious awareness, control, and the intention to learn or promptly and continually organize perceptual, cognitive, and emotional processes  ...  Conscious learning can be eased by unconscious learning processes that promptly and continually establish connections between the perceptual, cognitive, and emotional processes of learning, thereby facilitating  ... 
doi:10.1186/2193-1801-2-105 pmid:23556145 pmcid:PMC3612179 fatcat:al4mnaaddreblh4pc2dj4fxidq

Plotinus: The First Philosopher of the Unconscious [chapter]

John Shannon Hendrix
2015 Unconscious Thought in Philosophy and Psychoanalysis  
The unconscious is the pure ground for conscious thought and activity, and unconscious thoughts are necessarily corrupted when they become conscious thoughts, if just in their connection to the image in  ...  Conscious thought and activity, and consciousness itself, are weak forms of thought and activity.  ... 
doi:10.1057/9781137538130_2 fatcat:ve33jdxosbfxjcrxv525wuxeae

Page 409 of Education Vol. 2, Issue 4 [page]

1882 Education  
But in this connection it must be remembered that repetition is not the most potent means of bringing ideas to consciousness, and that constant repetition (as in the ticking of a clock) will make the idea  ...  When it acquires unconscious ideas, those ideas make nerve- processes in the brain which arc not deep enough to affect conscious¬ ness.  ... 

Conscious vs. Unconscious Determinants of Behavior [chapter]

Jennifer Vrabel, Virgil Zeigler-Hill
2016 Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences  
Synonyms Automatic; Controlled; Postconscious; Preconscious; System 1; System 2 Definition Conscious vs. unconscious determinants of behavior can be defined as two distinct but overlapping systems of learning  ...  and memory that explain and predict human decision-making, thoughts, and behaviors.  ...  This entry will provide a brief overview of unconscious and conscious processes including the connections these processes have with an array of outcomes. Conscious vs.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1124-1 fatcat:lrxn4zublzhenl3dx736pmw6ry

The Unconscious Mind

John A. Bargh, Ezequiel Morsella
2008 Perspectives on Psychological Science  
We thank Ap Dijksterhuis, Andy Poehlman, and Lawrence Williams for their feedback on an earlier draft of the article.  ...  processes) were typically consciously intended and thus available to conscious awareness.  ...  In this model, conscious processes kick in after a behavioral impulse has occurred in the brain-that is, the impulse is first generated unconsciously, and then consciousness claims (and experiences) it  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1745-6916.2008.00064.x pmid:18584056 pmcid:PMC2440575 fatcat:7f5oyrwkwneuxnqo75ctxnslmu

Memory formation during anaesthesia: plausibility of a neurophysiological basis

R.A. Veselis
2015 British Journal of Anaesthesia  
As opposed to conscious, personally relevant (explicit) memories that we can recall at will, implicit (unconscious) memories are prototypical of 'hidden' memory; memories that exist, but that we do not  ...  Function of sensory cortices and thalamic activity during anaesthesia are reviewed.  ...  As with the 'hard problem' of consciousness, and how anaesthetics interact with these processes to produce unresponsiveness, one should be able to refine methods to detect unconscious memories more reliably  ... 
doi:10.1093/bja/aev035 pmid:25735711 pmcid:PMC5006205 fatcat:l3fyqdej5bbythm4ennyunm2yi

Yakym Yarema's Views on the Problem of Unconscious Mental Processes and their Background in Philosophy of Kazimierz Twardowski and Franz Brentano

Olha Honcharenko
2022 Studia z Historii Filozofii  
This article introduces the views of Yakym Yarema, the Ukrainian representative of the Lviv-Warsaw School, on the problem of unconscious mental processes and proves the direct influence of Kazimierz Twardowski  ...  The second part demonstrates the background of Yarema's views on the problem of unconscious mental processes.  ...  This means that the unconscious and the conscious are different degrees of consciousness. According to Höffding, the mental unconscious helps to connect conscious processes into a single whole.  ... 
doi:10.12775/szhf.2022.005 fatcat:nwcm3jotyjenhl5m2r3lwf5d4e

Challenges for theories of consciousness: seeing or knowing, the missing ingredient and how to deal with panpsychism

Victor A. F. Lamme
2018 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
One contribution of 17 to a theme issue 'Perceptual consciousness and cognitive access'.  ...  and how the transition from unconscious to conscious visual processing occurs.  ...  The boundary between unconscious and conscious vision is, therefore, put at the transition between feedforward and recurrent processing (figure 1b) [59] .  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2017.0344 pmid:30061458 fatcat:lcbkzfy4znesflg2t5lmsppt2y
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