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Major Essays [chapter]

2015 Freud, V.1  
"an effect of poison when not properly measured."  ...  In effect, then, they were liable, to an extreme, to the phenomenon of "hysterical conversion."  ...  For Feuerbach, the contradictions of God's nature were the un healthy offshoots of an artificial theology.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315791937-8 fatcat:57vkrroksbeq3lipahb6cpraj4

Computers That Negotiate on Our Behalf: Major Challenges for Self-sufficient, Self-directed, and Interdependent Negotiating Agents [chapter]

Tim Baarslag, Michael Kaisers, Enrico H. Gerding, Catholijn M. Jonker, Jonathan Gratch
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Much research has thus been expended to create agents that are able to negotiate in an abundance of circumstances.  ...  This paper sizes up current negotiating agents and explores a number of technological, societal and ethical challenges that autonomous negotiation systems are bringing about.  ...  This work is part of the Veni research programme with project number 639.021.751, which is financed by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-71679-4_10 fatcat:jpyjdeyh75fkvpn7epxeybp7e4

A Storytelling Robot managing Persuasive and Ethical Stances via ACT-R: an Exploratory Study [article]

Agnese Augello, Giuseppe Città, Manuel Gentile, Antonio Lieto
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To the best of our knowledge, this represents the first attempt of building a persuasive agent able to integrate a mix of explicitly grounded cognitive assumptions about dialogue management, storytelling  ...  The portfolio of persuasive techniques tested in such a model ranges from the use of storytelling, to framing techniques and rhetorical-based arguments.  ...  By contrast, conformity theory focuses on normative influence, stating that people who belong to a group usually experience a pressure to conform to the expectations of the other group members.  ... 
arXiv:2107.12845v2 fatcat:mc6n3cifo5cazds2wddnwogeqq

Ethics of Corporeal, Co-present Robots as Agents of Influence: a Review

AJung Moon, Shalaleh Rismani, H. F. Machiel Van der Loos
2021 Current Robotics Reports  
Purpose of Review To summarize the set of roboethics issues that uniquely arise due to the corporeality and physical interaction modalities afforded by robots, irrespective of the degree of artificial  ...  These issues should be considered in the design irrespective of and in addition to the ethics of artificial intelligence implemented in them.  ...  The results suggest that the copresent robots asserting peer pressure on humans are more effective than virtual agents trying to do the same, and that humans conform to robot suggestions significantly  ... 
doi:10.1007/s43154-021-00053-6 fatcat:6szut754rjflrm2ydhgtzs46v4

Implementing public sector accruals in OECD member states: Major issues and challenges

Pawan Adhikari, Levi Gårseth-Nesbakk
2016 Accounting Forum  
More communication and collaboration amongst the actors at institutional, organisationalfield and organisational levels are therefore needed to build a coherent body of knowledge in facilitating public  ...  Drawing on extended new institutional theory, this paper has striven to make heard the voices of accountants, budget officers, and policy makers involved in implementing public sector accruals in different  ...  fuelled by anxiety-driven pressures to conform".  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.accfor.2016.02.001 fatcat:wlwcrtyp4jcnpayckmrmwbelq4

'What matters to Andrew'. The problem of premissary relevance in automated health advisors. Insights from pragma-dialectics

Sara Rubinelli, Nanon H.M. Labrie, Daniel J. O'Keefe
2013 Patient Education and Counseling  
The results of this paper encourage dialog and exchange among research communities belonging to four different fields: health communication, persuasion research, argumentation theory, and Artificial Intelligence  ...  The integration between health communication and Artificial Intelligence, as well as the study of health communication from an argumentation theory perspective, is in its infancy.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Renske Wierda for her contributions to an earlier version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pec.2013.04.013 pmid:23683339 fatcat:razhxvonfzhzrc7tm3fpkhdcj4

A simple agent-based social impact theory model of student STEM selection

Theodore T. Allen, Nixon Davis
2010 Proceedings of the 2010 Winter Simulation Conference  
We propose a simple two-period, agent-based simulation based on social impact theory to predict the % yield of STEM majors.  ...  There is a growing body of knowledge describing the economic and social challenge faced by the United States because of the small (14%) and decreasing number of students pursuing Science, Technology, Engineering  ...  WR 1HWWOH 1999) typically ranges between 0.5 (moderate peer pressure) to 1 (strong pressure for conformance to group norms).  ... 
doi:10.1109/wsc.2010.5679155 dblp:conf/wsc/AllenD10 fatcat:qif65ih6tjeshpybdvwyrtyw5u

Social Dynamics in Web Page through Inter-Agent Interaction

Yugo Takeuchi, Yasuhiro Katagiri
2002 Transactions of the Japanese society for artificial intelligence  
This study is an attempt to elucidate the nature and effectiveness of social persuasion in human-computer interaction environments.  ...  An analysis is given from the perspective of the transfer of authority from inter-agent to human-agent interactions based on social conformity.  ...  During this conversion, "expertise," which is a sort of major social power, has the most effective influence over the learner.  ... 
doi:10.1527/tjsai.17.439 fatcat:gwlgfd4sazd4rmktfhi5ogllz4

Polarized Ukraine 2014: opinion and territorial split demonstrated with the bounded confidence XY model, parametrized by Twitter data

Maksym Romenskyy, Viktoria Spaiser, Thomas Ihle, Vladimir Lobaskin
2018 Royal Society Open Science  
We demonstrate that the level of emotional intensity is a major driving force for polarization that can lead to a spontaneous onset of collective behavior at a certain degree of homophily and conformity  ...  In an attempt to understand the mechanisms of these phenomena, we here combine social media analysis with agent-based modeling of opinion dynamics, targeting Ukraine's crisis of 2014.  ...  For instance, persuasive arguments in an environment of biased information can further push an individual to adopt a more extreme attitude than expressed in the group they compare themselves to.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsos.171935 pmid:30224983 pmcid:PMC6124111 fatcat:idenza7ht5hudklam5l4mj43lu

Rise of 'Lonely' Consumers in the Post-COVID-19 Era: A Synthesised Review on Psychological, Commercial and Social Implications

Xueqin Wang, Yiik Diew Wong, Kum Fai Yuen
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
We expect a rise of a massive group of 'lonely' consumers who are deeply entrenched in the social isolation caused by COVID-19.  ...  These key themes are further categorised into five major clusters by way of a co-occurrence network analysis.  ...  group of 'conformers' who favour consensus and popular choices.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph18020404 pmid:33419194 pmcid:PMC7825492 fatcat:z4himfdbxjdqhlk4in7yjyhhya

Reports of the AAAI 2011 Conference Workshops

Noa Agmon, Vikas Agrawal, David W. Aha, Yiannis Aloimonos, Donagh Buckley, Prashant Doshi, Christopher Geib, Floriana Grasso, Nancy Green, Benjamin Johnston, Burt Kaliski, Christopher Kiekintveld (+21 others)
2012 The AI Magazine  
The AAAI-11 workshop program included 15 workshops covering a wide range of topics in artificial intelligence.  ...  Human Computation; Human-Robot Interaction in Elder Care; Interactive Decision Theory and Game Theory; Language-Action Tools for Cognitive Artificial Agents: Integrating Vision, Action and Language; Lifelong  ...  There were papers on preference elicitation from a group of users, Bayesian concept learning with application to crowd sourcing, studying the effect of advice given to people, firstorder-logic-based epistemological  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v33i1.2390 fatcat:ux56aljo35f4zcbjur3spdz27y

Simulating network intervention strategies: Implications for adoption of behaviour

JENNIFER BADHAM, FRANK KEE, RUTH F. HUNTER
2018 Network Science  
AbstractThis study uses simulation over real and artificial networks to compare the eventual adoption outcomes of network interventions, operationalized as idealized contagion processes with different  ...  While the performance depends on the details of both the network and behaviour adoption mechanisms, interventions with seeds that are central to the network are more effective than random selection in  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their helpful comments and questions. This work is primarily supported by a NIHR Career Development Fellowship.  ... 
doi:10.1017/nws.2018.4 fatcat:gblkfn37evenfcu7nue4fuduom

Exogenous Shocks or Endogenous Constructions? The Meanings of Wars and Crises

Wesley W. Widmaier, Mark Blyth, Leonard Seabrooke
2007 International Studies Quarterly  
of such events offers, and to offer a framework for the study of such events, one which highlights an expanded range of elite-mass interactions.  ...  Over the past two decades, the international system has undergone a number of remarkable transformations, from the end of the Cold War to the emergence of an ongoing "War on Terror," and from the collapse  ...  Third, the success of any elite group engaged in persuasion is often less related to their analytic skills than to the broad mass intuitions of the moment, which will favor one movement to the exclusion  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-2478.2007.00474.x fatcat:bldg2qz5sffr5kd2qlfbmwenly

Introduction to embodied communication: why communication needs the body [chapter]

Ipke Wachsmuth, Manuela Lenzen, Günther Knoblich
2008 Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines  
and for an exciting year of debate and cooperation.  ...  Acknowledgements The editors would like to thank the Center for Interdisciplinary Research at Bielefeld University (ZiF) for hosting the research group on "Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines  ...  Finally, they discuss how such a model can be used to implement persuasive gesturing in an embodied conversational agent.  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231751.003.0001 fatcat:36z7m4cksja6fahhld446kkjcm

Social Physics: An Interdisciplinary Way to Explore the Mechanism of Public Opinion [chapter]

Yijun Liu, Wenyuan Niu
2012 Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Social Sciences and Knowledge Management  
Acknowledgment The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 91024010).  ...  With the development of complex adaptive systems theory, artificial life and distributed artificial intelligence technology, MAS (Multi Agent Systems) provides a good approach to address these issues.  ...  With the 'conformity' rule, an opinion subject (agent) will continuously get average value between the five viewpoints. Trend of opinion diffusion is able to be determined by viewpoint 3.  ... 
doi:10.5772/33429 fatcat:vaftcdmk7rglllmohrbsgvpnqy
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