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Naive Physics Perplex

Ernest Davis
1998 The AI Magazine  
Acknowledgments This article originated in invited lectures given at the University of York and the University of  ...  The second change that we will make is to focus on defining a model rather than stating an axiomatic theory. 6 The argument for this change is as follows: As discussed previously, our main goal in formalizing  ...  Likewise, if we were studying the process of learning physical theories, we would have to expect that sometimes the theories being considered are entirely off base.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v19i4.1424 dblp:journals/aim/Davis98a fatcat:tkdsssuq7fdv3iv5yds7uiccaq

Effects of Simulation-based Formative Assessments on Students' Conceptions in Physics

Mihwa Park
2019 Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education  
In the study, two topics-motion in two dimensions and conservation of energy-were selected to explore students' conceptions in physics, and related assessment tasks incorporating computer simulations and  ...  The paper presents effects of simulation-based formative assessments on students' conceptions in physics.  ...  for concept change and conceptual learning in science.  ... 
doi:10.29333/ejmste/103586 fatcat:3exycdndsrhxlmqfpzgueqaqqi

Using Contemporary Teaching Methods to Face Misconceptions Arising From the Formalism of Physics

Alexandros Papadimitriou
2018 Zenodo  
Then, an extended literature review is done which includes a review of theories of changing misconceptions, and a review of the use simulations and analogies in confronting misconceptions.  ...  This paper deals with an experimental intervention in teaching physics in senior high school.  ...  Acknowledgments I want to express my warm thanks to the pupils who worked together to complete this research.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3842111 fatcat:gg3zkrejvvfhvbhljy2gmmiefe

Quantum Physical Symbol Systems

Kathryn Blackmond Laskey
2006 Journal of Logic, Language and Information  
In the newly emerging view, a computer program executes a stochastic process that transforms inputs and internal state into a sequence of trial solutions, as it evolves toward an improved world model and  ...  Today's theories of computing and machine learning developed within a nineteenth-century mechanistic mindset.  ...  Acknowledgements The ideas presented in this paper had their genesis in research conducted under a career development fellowship awarded to the author in 1994 by the Krasnow Institute at George Mason University  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10849-005-9009-3 fatcat:itkc5tor2rcirojyjyvedwpdei

Describing Physics Student Teachers' Orientations through Lesson Planning

Isik Saliha Karal
2017 Universal Journal of Educational Research  
Recent educational reforms realized in teacher education programs (TEPs) and secondary physics syllabus were aimed at placing the learning and teaching approaches in a constructivist framework.  ...  The purpose of this study was to describe physics student teachers' science teaching orientations which can be defined as the general patterns of thought and behaviour related to physics teaching and learning  ...  These teaching methods are based on questioning and investigating (inquiry, discovery etc. used in the scientific research process) and conceptual change (analogies, conceptual change texts, and learning  ... 
doi:10.13189/ujer.2017.050503 fatcat:2i6xtljw5namlfuol5ci4z64zi

Synthesis of discipline-based education research in physics

Jennifer L. Docktor, José P. Mestre
2014 Physical Review Special Topics. Physics Education Research  
As Carey argues, "Without doubt, the process of disequilibration is an important part of the process of conceptual change" (Carey 1999, p. 306) .  ...  Physics Education Research -4 Conceptual Change Conceptual development and conceptual change are among the most widely studied areas in physics education research.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevstper.10.020119 fatcat:67nmitxqm5darjl7ozgi2nl7iy

Research and Innovation in Physics Education: Transforming Classrooms, Teaching, and Student Learning at the Tertiary Level

Pratibha Jolly, Beverly Karplus Hartline, Renee K. Horton, Catherine M. Kaicher
2009 AIP Conference Proceedings  
Initiatives to bring about innovative changes in a university system are described, including a triadic model that entails indigenous development of PHYSARE using lowcost technologies.  ...  This presentation presents the findings of seminal physics education research on students' learning that are impacting global praxis and motivating changes in content, context, instruments, and ways of  ...  This triadic model of transformation proposed for a learning organization follows closely the process of cognitive change in a learning individual.  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.3137908 fatcat:gtklm7nh2nc45eemqmrrkuid3y

Constructive physics [article]

Yuri Ozhigov
2008 arXiv   pre-print
Discussion of the necessity to use the constructive mathematics as the formalism of quantum theory for systems with many particles.  ...  In the fifth chapter, we learn quantum computers and quantum computations.  ...  The notion of small changes in the model system can have the wide sense as well.  ... 
arXiv:0805.2859v2 fatcat:awbhg57kmza6nmkoj2nd3yj64q

Scientific modeling with mobile devices in high school physics labs

Chia-Yu Liu, Chao-Jung Wu, Wing-Kwong Wong, Yunn-Wen Lien, Tsung-Kai Chao
2017 Computers & Education  
These results indicated that the combination of modern data acquisition tools and fitting data with a modeling tool would provide an alternative and meaningful approach to doing physics labs at high school  ...  Thus, this study aims to propose microcomputer based labs with several data acquisition tools and a modeling tool, which can assist students to collect and visualize data in faster and fancier ways, and  ...  Acknowledgements This study is supported by the Department of International Cooperation and Science Education, Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan under contracts 101-2511-S-224-001-and 102-2511  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2016.11.004 fatcat:xg5wskpj25ffbmcrchrkwiztha

An Overview of Conceptual Change Theories

Gökhan Özdemir, Douglas B. Clark
2007 Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education  
Parnafes (submitted) investigated students' learning processes about physical phenomena through computational representation. Her research was grounded upon a knowledge-as-elements perspective.  ...  Learners' naïve knowledge influences their formal learning. Much naïve knowledge is highly resistant to change. Thus, conceptual change is a time consuming process.  ... 
doi:10.12973/ejmste/75414 fatcat:e5eb5iaqmbc5phj3jvtuqbesmu

The Power of Physical Representations

Varol Akman, Paul J. W. ten Hagen
1989 The AI Magazine  
Acknowledgments This paper owes a great deal to Richard Feynman, Robert Leighton, and Matthew Sands as is evident from the amount of material cited.  ...  The interpretations given here, however, are our own and should not be taken as representing the views of these individuals.  ...  As a result, they can work in a nonmonotonic mode, occasionally revising their beliefs during the problem-solving process.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v10i3.756 dblp:journals/aim/AkmanH89 fatcat:z4wpjaawfjg67ey6jb5b5sq3ry

Action research in the physics classroom: the impact of authentic, inquiry based learning or instruction on the learning of thermal physics

Flavian Brian Fernandez
2017 Asia-Pacific Science Education  
Students experience thermal physics phenomena from a very young age,  ...  He has been teaching physics for the past 10 years and currently leads a team of physics teachers in enhancing the physics curriculum in the school.  ...  Fernandez serves as the Subject Head (Physics) in Woodgrove Secondary School, Singapore.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41029-017-0014-z fatcat:nlgmg5ltmvc65kegml3plyiob4

PROLEGOMENA TO ANY FUTURE QUALITATIVE PHYSICS

Elisha P. Sacks, Jon Doyle
1992 Computational intelligence  
The eld has agreed, in essentials, upon a modeling language for dynamical systems, a representation for behavior, and an analysis method.  ...  In this paper, we assess this shared theory of expert reasoning, which we call SPQR (short for Simul atio Process us Qualit ativ o Rati ocin ati one or \Simulation of Processes by Qualitative Reasoning  ...  Needless to say, however, these people do not necessarily share any of the views we express in this paper, and we accept responsibility for any aws in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8640.1992.tb00344.x fatcat:stzejdikhfehrmz4d3b5xwsciq

Connecting Research in Physics Education with Teacher Education vol 1 [article]

Andrée Tiberghien, E. Leonard Jossem, Jorge Barojas
1998 Zenodo  
the results of research in physics education world-wide to physics educators working with pre- or in-service physics teachers.  ...  This book was undertaken on behalf of the International Commission on Physics Education (ICPE) of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) - with support from UNESCO - to make available  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The research and curriculum development on which the comments in this paper are based are the results of an ongoing, collaborative effort by many members of the Physics Education Group  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6463544 fatcat:b3xcrdpu5rhphkgiocmrqixxpu

An fMRI study of scientists with a Ph.D. in physics confronted with naive ideas in science

Geneviève Allaire-Duquette, Lorie-Marlène Brault Foisy, Patrice Potvin, Martin Riopel, Marilyne Larose, Steve Masson
2021 npj Science of Learning  
Here, we report brain activations of 25 scientists with a Ph.D. in physics assessing the scientific value of naive ideas in science.  ...  AbstractA central challenge in developing conceptual understanding in science is overcoming naive ideas that contradict the content of science curricula.  ...  We also thank Michel Bélanger for the valuable intellectual contribution in designing the study; Alexandra Auclair for the support in analyzing the data; Nathan Béchard and Guillaume Malenfant-Robichaud  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41539-021-00091-x pmid:33976228 fatcat:5msezcclnzb4xn3dwndvrhymdy
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