Filters








38 Hits in 12.5 sec

Validating Automatic Concept-Based Explanations for AI-Based Digital Histopathology

Daniel Sauter, Georg Lodde, Felix Nensa, Dirk Schadendorf, Elisabeth Livingstone, Markus Kukuk
2022 Sensors  
A promising XAI method, not studied in the context of digital histopathology is automated concept-based explanation (ACE). It automatically extracts visual concepts from image data.  ...  In contradiction to results from the literature, we noticed lower intuitiveness in some dermatopathology scenarios as compared to concept-based explanations on real-world images.  ...  Concept-based explanation has been applied to different medical domains, including dermatoscopy based skin cancer classification [60] , infectious keratitis [61] , cardiac magnetic resonance imaging  ... 
doi:10.3390/s22145346 pmid:35891026 pmcid:PMC9319808 fatcat:76cq4humgre6dlcuh67wsjlh2y

A Novel Hierarchical Deep Learning Framework for Diagnosing Multiple Visual Impairment Diseases in the Clinical Environment

Jiaxu Hong, Xiaoqing Liu, Youwen Guo, Hao Gu, Lei Gu, Jianjiang Xu, Yi Lu, Xinghuai Sun, Zhengqiang Ye, Jian Liu, Brock A. Peters, Jason Chen
2021 Frontiers in Medicine  
To enable this, artificial intelligence–based disease identification approaches are vital for visual impairment diseases, especially for people living in areas with a few ophthalmologists.  ...  A multi-level disease–guided loss function was proposed to learn the fine-grained variability of eye disease features.  ...  in our tests.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmed.2021.654696 pmid:34164412 pmcid:PMC8215208 fatcat:cau2a7t7ibbahnxoq3ksfuqvp4

Special Senses [chapter]

Brian P. Wilcock, Bradley L. Njaa
2016 Jubb, Kennedy & Palmer's Pathology of Domestic Animals: Volume 1  
It is time to abandon this arbitrary classification, and it is probably time to re-evaluate the entire concept of keratitis as a primary disease.  ...  Mucoperiosteal exostoses were originally reported as otolithiasis associated with otitis media in a single dog based on radiographic imaging.  ...  Either the base of the ear or pinna represents a common site for several epithelial growths mostly seen in dogs and cats.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-7020-5317-7.00005-9 fatcat:tuvfinzfjje5fjrauagodymxaq

The British Medical Journal

1887 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
Forty children and forty old people are not enough to base final conclusions upon.  ...  Possibly concentration in the one series and not in the other might account for a discrepancy of this kind. The proportion of albuminous '&fiies found in presumably healthy people is 30.7 per cent.  ...  The author then gave his interesting and simple explanation of isomerism, based upon the effects of atomic affinity.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.2.1398.837 fatcat:lsq3rz7kbvawpodbskuxf5tioe

Phylogeny and Systematics of the Fungi with Special Reference to the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota [chapter]

H. Prillinger, K. Lopandic, W. Schweigkofler, R. Deak, H.J.M. Aarts, R. Bauer, K. Sterflinger, G.F. Kraus, A. Maraz
2002 Fungal Allergy and Pathogenicity  
for each drug for any change in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions.  ...  The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to Hansjörg Prillinger for his help in identifying the molds and for supplying well-characterized strains of C. herbarum and A. alternata from the strain collection of the  ... 
doi:10.1159/000058868 fatcat:coy42qm6wvalpoyqb57mw4bs2u

American Association of Neuropathologists, Inc. Abstracts of the 93rd Annual Meeting June 8–11, 2017 Garden Grove, CA

2017 Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology  
Theories indicate that lymphatic or vascular seeding is the most likely explanation for these lesions.  ...  No infectious etiology was found with Ziehl-Neelsen stain for mycobacterium or with clinical parameters in either case.  ...  Staining for Ki-67 showed a proliferation index of approximately 30%. The tumor was diagnosed as angiosarcoma and, based on the imaging and clinical history, believed to be metastatic from the lung.  ... 
doi:10.1093/jnen/nlx029 fatcat:u42r2fehzfdrned7itfhkchpza

Diseases [chapter]

2018 Communicable Disease Control and Health Protection Handbook  
Infection is transmitted to humans by inhalation of infected aerosols contaminated by droppings, nasal discharges or products of conception, in which it may survive for months at ambient temperatures.  ...  Prior to application nails should be clipped. A hot bath prior to application should be dis couraged as it increases systemic absorption.  ...  Chemoprophylaxis for high-risk patients (TMP/SMX) An estimated 20% of adults carry the fungus and get rid of the fungus without developing symptoms in several months.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781119328070.ch3 fatcat:dasu7zpcu5hfzoxp47sqmw6ww4

Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma

Jean Bousquet, Paul van Cauwenberge, Nikolai Khaltaev
2001 Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology  
Evidence-based medicine is attractive in its simplicity and few would argue with the philosophical concept. The reality of its application in primary care may however be rather different.  ...  of its application.  ...  Authors noted instances of financial or other interests concerning the subject matter contained in this publication. Twenty-two of the authors had no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.1067/mai.2001.118891 pmid:11707753 fatcat:mdoe2jh43nb5xnzsq54vywsu3m

Towards cost-effective utilisation of high-cost antifungal agents in Australian hospitals

Daoud Al-Badriyeh
2017
Decision analytic models were constructed based on underlying probabilities and patterns derived directly from trial data and expert panels.  ...  The focus of this thesis was to assess various high-cost antifungals for their ability to produce the highest level of effectiveness at the lowest possible cost in the Australian hospital setting.  ...  of the study, because the classification of AML is based on the FAB classification, which is, unlike with the more recent World Health Organisation classification of AML, based solely on differences in  ... 
doi:10.4225/03/5878308bdd35f fatcat:pyddfgdxinfxpjqb6wnvtkmb44

Glyco25, XXV International Symposium on Glycoconjugates

2019 Glycoconjugate Journal  
Secondly, we have recently demonstrated using in vitro and in vivo experiments, that several S. pneumoniae polysaccharides are actively involved in triggering innate immune responses through interactions  ...  The main challenge of cell surface (glyco)engineering remains to rationally modify the cell without harming the cell or compromising its Gold nanoparticles offer the possibility to combine different components  ...  (i) an updated concept of glycotopes and their internal structures in cyst gps was composited; (ii) the unknown codes of new genes in secreted cyst gps were unlocked as Lex and Ley ; (iii) recognition  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10719-019-09880-4 fatcat:xdbfh5xegbfpfhugf3tgzbirq4

2021 Western Medical Research Conference

2020 Journal of Investigative Medicine  
Descriptive statistics are provided for the first year of an ongoing natural history study.  ...  Conclusions We highlight a significant risk of epilepsy in NGLY1 deficiency and detail the clinical and electrographic features identified in our international cohort.  ...  for application.  ... 
doi:10.1136/jim-2021-wrmc fatcat:ec52pfr2efgafb665m2czugyqy

Editors & Editorial Board

Simon Lin
2010 Journal of computer science and systems biology  
In conclusion, although it its early days, the field of resolution of inflammmation raises expectations for the application of SPMs or substances triggering their production for the treatment of allergic  ...  of immune mechanisms and inflammation and illustrating the need for a more accurate classification of allergic diseases based on their phenotypic and molecular basis ( Figure 3 ).  ...  source of health information and support for both patients and doctors • Information on allergy in internet can be sometimes misleading, non evidence-based and potentially dangerous • Therefore, it is  ... 
doi:10.4172/jcsb.10000e4 fatcat:7r5mmnm6cbhbllp4uxdy3f6lyy

Editors & Editorial Board

Simon Lin
2010 Journal of computer science and systems biology  
In conclusion, although it its early days, the field of resolution of inflammmation raises expectations for the application of SPMs or substances triggering their production for the treatment of allergic  ...  of immune mechanisms and inflammation and illustrating the need for a more accurate classification of allergic diseases based on their phenotypic and molecular basis ( Figure 3 ).  ...  source of health information and support for both patients and doctors • Information on allergy in internet can be sometimes misleading, non evidence-based and potentially dangerous • Therefore, it is  ... 
doi:10.4172/jcsb.10000e5 fatcat:uzzoahvykfdhrbhho3pprtk34a

Final report on the MedSORT-II project : developing and managing medical thesauri

Evans, David A.(David Andreoff)
2018
This reflects the demands of diagnostic medicine, which require fine-grained specification of the pathologies afflicting the body.  ...  See the figure for a precise explanation of each of the categories, and of the sub-classification of body-region into topological-body-region and relative-body-region.  ...  for each whether it w r as generated by algorithm or by human or both, and, if generated by algorithm, what its value was.  ... 
doi:10.1184/r1/6491573.v1 fatcat:vgfdkvkzcvedld45rcitu56774

THE LANCET

1904 The Lancet  
WEBSTER Fox especially recommends solutions of sodium saccharinate, containing from five to 15 grains to the ounce, to be injected subconjunctivally twice weekly for three weeks in all forms of keratitis  ...  and position of the Purkinje-Sanson's images in accommodation to be followed with great precision.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(01)35549-6 fatcat:pvk6n4tqbzgz7m74muuofi27ru
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 38 results