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Concept extraction from legal cases

Marie-Francine Moens, Roxana Angheluta
2003 Proceedings of the 9th international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '03  
Effective retrieval of court decisions is important. Automatically identifying legal concepts in the decision texts would be very helpful.  ...  We describe how this statistic can be used for detecting important multi-term phrases in the case texts, how it can be used to find correlated terms, and how it is a means for feature or topic signature  ...  In the legal domain the automatic extraction of concepts from legal texts and the detection of a set of terms that signal concepts has, for instance, been studied by [5] , [6] , [21] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/1047788.1047823 dblp:conf/icail/MoensA03 fatcat:3yno3afdhjhldicpin5vyoyoky

Abstracting of legal cases

Marie-Francine Moens, Caroline Uyttendaele, Jos Dumortier
1997 Proceedings of the sixth international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '97  
SALOMON extracts relevant text units from the case text to form a case summary. Such a case profile facilitates the rapid determination of the relevance of the case or may be employed in text search.  ...  Techniques are developed for identifying and extracting relevant information from the cases. A broader application of these techniques could considerably simplify the work of the legal profession.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Tine Bouwen for the verification of the results. We are grateful to Prof. Dr. L. Verstraelen, Dr. J. Leysen and Prof. Dr. J. Zeleznikow for helpful comments.  ... 
doi:10.1145/261618.261643 dblp:conf/icail/MoensUD97 fatcat:66l2bp355bdcrotyoabtbgl7tu

Quantifying the Overlap between Cadastral and Visual Boundaries: A Case Study from Vanuatu

Xianghuan Luo, Rohan Bennett, Mila Koeva, Christiaan Lemmen, Nathan Quadros
2017 Urban Science  
Statistical analysis reveals that under a dialectical error tolerance, large percentages of cadastral boundaries coincide with topographic objects.  ...  a workflow to semi-automatically extract topography boundaries from satellite images.  ...  Sincerely thanks also go to Land Administration Department of Vanuatu, for their extensive efforts in delivering the cadastral map of Vanuatu.  ... 
doi:10.3390/urbansci1040032 fatcat:4v2erq3kmnfphha2ni5vr2lt34

Terminological equivalence and variation in the EU multi-level jurisdiction: a case study on victims of crime

Katia Peruzzo
2014 The Interpreter and Translator Trainer  
Katz 1995) , where both statistical and linguistic information is used to retrieve terms from a text/corpus, with the statistical part consisting mainly in the usage of algorithms and shallow linguistic  ...  a few or none of the essential features of concepts A and B coincide or if concept A contains all of the characteristics of concept B but concept B only a few or none of the essential features of concept  ... 
doi:10.1080/1750399x.2014.937566 fatcat:hmxklsueq5anhbnukmi4ybwie4

Managing Knowledge Extraction and Retrieval from Multimedia Contents: a Case Study in Judicial Domain

Elisabetta Fersini, Mauro Cislaghi, Roberto Mazzilli, Fabrizio Callegaro, Stefano Somaschini, Roberto Muscillo, Domenico Pellegrini
2009 International Conference on ICT Solutions for Justice  
The paper describes the results of a one year analysis conducted in the Italian and Polish Courtrooms and how to face them in order to make this knowledge available to judicial operators, focusing on the  ...  criminal cases during the trials phase.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was partly funded by the European Union under the ICT program of FP7 project JUMAS, Contract No. 214306.  ... 
dblp:conf/ict4justice/FersiniCMCSMP09 fatcat:pez5ygoyqzesdlhtj5nbk76eti

Violence as a Dimension of Poverty

Ágnes Deák
2021 Academic and Applied Research in Military and Public  
The case study of Colombia based on statistical data offers evidence about the complexity of the interconnectedness of security, human rights and development processes in different territorial, ethnic  ...  The current increasing levels of poverty, inequality, violence and the harmful effects of extractive production on the environment and traditional rural communities represent a new situation at both regional  ...  The case study of Colombia based on statistical data offers evidence about the complexity of the interconnectedness of security, human rights and development processes in different territorial, ethnic  ... 
doi:10.32565/aarms.2021.2.ksz.3 fatcat:lfvtxb6rxvandfp6lidarce2vi

A case for applying an abstracted quantum formalism to cognition

Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert, Liane Gabora
2011 New Ideas in Psychology  
This chapter outlines some of the highlights of efforts undertaken by our group to describe the role of contextuality in the conceptualization of conscious experience using generalized formalisms from  ...  One can see how a person can be a strong proponent for the use of nuclear energy, while having no predetermined opinion about the legalization of soft drugs (area 1 in Figure 3 ).  ...  We consider three different questions for the opinion poll. u 1 : "Are you in favor of the use of nuclear energy?" u 2 : "Do you think it would be a good idea to legalize soft-drugs?"  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.newideapsych.2010.06.002 fatcat:mm6iwqlrwza35lao5lu3mzosvy

The case for the case study method in international legal research

R Mushkat
2017 Journal for Juridical Science  
A notable development, albeit not yet on a large scale, has been the adoption of empirical approaches relied upon in the Social Sciences for purposes of description, explanation and evaluation.  ...  The exploration of international law has gradually, but perceptibly evolved into an increasingly multifaceted enterprise.  ...  for systematically extracting information from data and judiciously evaluating it.  ... 
doi:10.18820/24150517/jjs42.v2.6 fatcat:f4a6hdikunbl5byhpmywlfqaxa

Understanding changes in use cases: A case study

Mohammad R. Basirati, Henning Femmer, Sebastian Eder, Martin Fritzsche, Alexander Widera
2015 2015 IEEE 23rd International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE)  
To explore these challenges from an industrial point of view, we conducted a mixed methods case study in which we analyze 15 month of changes in use cases in an industrial software project.  ...  In this paper, we contribute a first empirical inquiry for understanding the maintainability of use cases: The presented study provides empirical evidence that there are particular maintenance risks and  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was performed within the project Q-Effekt; it was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under grant no. 01IS15003 A-B.  ... 
doi:10.1109/re.2015.7320452 dblp:conf/re/BasiratiFEFW15 fatcat:dejrpuoa7na5rjauzyrp2pjjlq

Legal Information on the Web: the Case of Italy

Ginevra Peruginelli
2006 International Journal of Legal Information : Official Publication  
The dissemination of legal information contributes to the rule of law and to the overall ideals of democracy in a number of ways.  ...  Many are the benefits of accessing legal information, such as the awareness of the applicable rule of law, the creation of conditions necessary to the equality and fairness of a legal system, while improving  ...  "Retrieval of Italian legal literature: a case of semantic search using legal vocabulary." Proccedings of the DC Conference. 18 Jacobson T., Fusani D. 1992.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0731126500001505 fatcat:4coihij4orcgfmopehm3dlx7iu

The legal definition of genocide in the Argentine case [chapter]

Daniel Eduardo Rafecas
2020 Past and Future  
As we can see, we effectively have in Argentine a legal norm (coming from International Law) that allows the introduction of the normative concept of genocide, to be eventually used in a domestic, judiciary  ...  The concept of politicide is used here to encompass cases with politically defined victims..." 12 .  ...  Fourth: this legal definition of genocide, coming from International Law, the only formal source of application to the case -given the historical omission in its treatment at the local level -does not  ... 
doi:10.5771/9783748909187-49 fatcat:imme2mdrozdy5j6o4pixq25e5i

Drivers that Change the Direction of Penal Policy: A Case of Developments of Victim—Offender Reconciliation in the Lithuanian Criminal Justice System1

Skirmantas Bikelis
2015 Acta Juridica Hungarica  
It discusses the preconditions of this change with a particular focus on the attitudes of Lithuanian judicial authorities.  ...  This approach allows us to anticipate good perspectives for the implementation of the victim-offender mediation services in the Lithuanian criminal justice system.  ...  In November 2013, the Minister of Justice ordered the formation of a working group for the preparation of a draft for the Development of Mediation System Concept (concept again!).  ... 
doi:10.1556/026.2015.56.1.2 fatcat:q2niljn6g5efrd4znlttgx7nay

Risk Cost Measurement of Value for Money Evaluation Based on Case-Based Reasoning and Ontology: A Case Study of the Urban Rail Transit Public-Private Partnership Projects in China

Hongqiang Wang, Qiaoyan Lin, Yingjie Zhang
2022 Sustainability  
After the most similar cases were extracted, a revision mechanism was followed when there were deviations in the similar cases.  ...  Finally, the risk costs of the target case were obtained by weighting the extracted similar cases based on the similarity.  ...  From the top-down, concept sified from large to small, and the lower-level concepts are a subdivision of t level concepts.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14095547 fatcat:u7ehi5ru3jbffabgfivu4kvr3a

Case Studies, Counterfactuals, and Causal Explanations

Gregory Mitchell
2003 Social Science Research Network  
This Article critically examines the use of single-observation case studies to develop causal explanations for significant legal events, detailing the evidentiary and inferential problems inherent in this  ...  Most significant among these problems is that focus on a single case necessitates the use of counterfactual thought experiments to test causal hypotheses.  ...  The statistical solution is different and makes use of the population Uin a typically statistical way....  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.436682 fatcat:wlpj4jiwmrcm7c4vvfb34qukt4

Retrieval of Case Law to Provide Layman with Information about Liability: Preliminary Results of the BEST-Project [chapter]

Elisabeth M. Uijttenbroek, Arno R. Lodder, Michel C. A. Klein, Gwen R. Wildeboer, Wouter Van Steenbergen, Rory L. L. Sie, Paul E. M. Huygen, Frank van Harmelen
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The aim of the project is to provide laymen with information about their legal position in a liability case, based on retrieved case law.  ...  The process basically comes down to (1) analyzing the input of a layman in terms of a layman ontology, (2) mapping this ontology to a legal ontology, (3) retrieve relevant case law based, and finally (  ...  Since experiments showed us that it is impossible to localize the legal concepts that are extracted from the user's case in a direct manner (e.g. by keyword search), we decided to use the fingerprints  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-85569-9_19 fatcat:s5qwizvy4vcmdjvh4vpy6t2fme
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