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Computational Intelligence in Astronomy: A Survey

Ke Wang, Ping Guo, Fusheng Yu, Lingzi Duan, Yuping Wang, Hui Du
2018 International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems  
This paper presents a review of the current state of the application of computational intelligence in astronomy.  ...  Computational intelligence, an important research direction of artificial intelligence and information sciences, has been shown to be promising to solve complex problems in scientific research and engineering  ...  From an astrophysics point of view, the applications of evolutionary computation in astronomy can be grouped into the following four fields.  ... 
doi:10.2991/ijcis.11.1.43 fatcat:l6oo3e37tvdqjms5jmuoe2lrju

Inferring magnetic helicity spectrum in spherical domains: Method and example applications

A. P. Prabhu, N. K. Singh, M. J. Käpylä, A. Lagg
2021 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
It has many applications in solar and stellar observations, but can also be used to analyse global magnetoconvection models of stars and to compare them with observations.  ...  The helicity spectra computed from the vector potential available in the models are in excellent agreement with the spectra computed solely from the magnetic field using our method.  ...  SOLIS data used here are produced cooperatively by NSF/NSO and NASA/LWS.  ... 
doi:10.1051/0004-6361/202141101 fatcat:4g2jmxabqbdlbg3imgtmbss36e

Massive Datasets in Astronomy [chapter]

Robert J. Brunner, S. George Djorgovski, Thomas A. Prince, Alex S. Szalay
2002 Massive Computing  
Like many other fields, astronomy has become a very data-rich science, driven by the advances in telescope, detector, and computer technology.  ...  in astronomy.  ...  This work was made possible in part through the NPACI sponsored Digital Sky Project (NSF Cooperative Agreement ACI-96-19020) and generous grants from the SUN Microsystems Corporation and Microsoft Research  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4615-0005-6_27 fatcat:3rgzrev7wjeprd5vgkvd5pizom

A 3D radiative transfer framework

P. H. Hauschildt, E. Baron
2009 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
We demonstrate the application of our 3D radiative transfer framework in the model atmosphere code PHOENIX/3D for a number of spectrum synthesis calculations for very different conditions.  ...  With presently available computational resources it is possible to solve the full 3D radiative transfer (including scattering) problem with the same micro-physics as included in 1D modeling.  ...  We show example results in Figs. 11 to 14 in terms of the x, y, and z components of the flux vectors of each outer boundary voxel.  ... 
doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200913064 fatcat:jalcrwj7r5cktg3cv6piieriu4

Evolutionary Computation in Astronomy and Astrophysics: A Review [article]

José A. García Gutiérrez, Carlos Cotta, Antonio J. Fernández-Leiva
2012 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we discuss some promising applications in this direction and a number of recent works in this area; the paper also includes a general description of EC to provide a global perspective to  ...  the reader and gives some guidelines of application of EC techniques for future research  ...  Alberto Castro-Tirado for their corrections and suggestions to this paper.  ... 
arXiv:1202.2523v2 fatcat:adzrlbjytzfjvoxxkhl4ethdlm

THE NEED FOR A PARADIGM SHIFT IN OPTICAL ASTRONOMY: A SOLUTION GIVEN BY LIQUID MIRRORS AND EXAMPLES OF THEIR APPLICATIONS TO COSMOLOGY [article]

E.F. Borra
1995 arXiv   pre-print
I argue that there is a crisis in optical Astronomy due to a paucity of telescopes and thus the need for a paradigm shift in telescope technology.  ...  This may come at the expense of versatility and may entail changes in the observing strategies astronomers are now accustomed to.  ...  cosmological application of lensing.  ... 
arXiv:astro-ph/9503019v1 fatcat:biba3m4wrbeznamaysul7kzseq

Computational Intelligence in Astronomy – A Win-Win Situation [chapter]

Peter Tiňo, Somak Raychaudhury
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Both fields -Computer Science and Astronomy -can hugely benefit from such a research program.  ...  In this review we present three diverse examples of such successful symbiosis.  ...  , X-rays etc) of planets, stars and galaxies, the need has arisen for the application of computational intelligence to the automated analysis of these large multivariate datasets.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33860-1_6 fatcat:2fiocphlwzblhilxvtde2bhq6u

Some Statistical and Computational Challenges, and Opportunities in Astronomy

G. Jogesh Babu, S. George Djorgovski
2004 Statistical Science  
The data complexity and volume of astronomical findings have increased in recent decades due to major technological improvements in instrumentation and data collection methods.  ...  An interdisciplinary team of statisticians, astronomers and computer scientists from The Pennsylvania State University, California Institute of Technology and Carnegie Mellon University is developing statistical  ...  McDermott of Penn State, Ashish Mahabal and Robert Brunner of Caltech, and Robert Nichol and Larry Wasserman of Carnegie Mellon University for providing illustrations and examples.  ... 
doi:10.1214/088342304000000774 fatcat:jbf3aobdwvevxmthom5vjb36my

Computing in optics - Computing and telescopes at the frontiers of optical astronomy

E.K. Hege, S.M. Jefferies, M. Lloyd-Hart
2003 Computing in science & engineering (Print)  
Larger tele-42 COMPUTING IN SCIENCE & ENGINEERING COMPUTING AND TELESCOPES AT THE FRONTIERS OF OPTICAL ASTRONOMY Advances in computing power are improving astronomical imaging by enabling adaptive-optics  ...  W e can trace our interest in recording and understanding the stars and planets back thousands of years.  ...  Thus, in optical astronomy, computers and large telescopes are irrevocably linked.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcise.2003.1238703 fatcat:k2tvxy7tpnaqvpanevalf4jela

The True Bottleneck of Modern Scientific Computing in Astronomy [article]

Igor Chilingarian, Ivan Zolotukhin
2010 arXiv   pre-print
The reason for this lies in the education of astronomers lacking basic computer science aspects crucially important in the data intensive science era.  ...  We discuss what hampers the rate of scientific progress in our exponentially growing world. The rapid increase in technologies leaves the growth of research result metrics far behind.  ...  Good Examples #2: Computations, Data Analysis and Visualisation 1. GADGET-2 by V.  ... 
arXiv:1012.4119v1 fatcat:llvjmfgq4zdk5bkrpfgarxfhzu

Kernels for Periodic Time Series Arising in Astronomy [chapter]

Gabriel Wachman, Roni Khardon, Pavlos Protopapas, Charles R. Alcock
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
An experimental evaluation in the astronomy domain as well as several other data sets demonstrates the performance of the kernel and related similarity functions.  ...  We establish several theoretical properties of cross-correlation showing that it is intuitively appealing and algorithmically tractable, but not positive semidefinite, and therefore not generally applicable  ...  The experiments in this paper were performed on the Odyssey cluster supported by the FAS  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04174-7_32 fatcat:icicssqhwnbsflmfibgmknppvq

Cluster analysis of massive datasets in astronomy

Woncheol Jang, Martin Hendry
2007 Statistics and computing  
While their algorithm is conceptually simple, it requires intensive computations for large datasets.  ...  By measuring the mass of clusters of galaxies at different scales, one can follow the evolution of the mass distribution (Martínez and Saar, 2002) .  ...  One of main statistical issues in astronomy is clustering astronomical sky survey data.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11222-007-9027-x fatcat:tjwg2nrufrgthjko3x2eep34ca

On optimising cost and value in compute systems for radio astronomy

P. Chris Broekema, Verity Allan, Rob V. van Nieuwpoort, Henri E. Bal
2020 Astronomy and Computing  
We would like to thank Dr Elizabeth Waldram and Professor Malcolm Longair from the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, for their help with understanding the impact of the TITAN Computer, and the Librarian  ...  of the Department of Computer Science Library at the University of Cambridge for access to the TITAN archival material.  ...  For example, the One-Mile Telescope, built at the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory, Cambridge, in 1964, relied on the computing advances of the EDSAC II and TITAN computers, as is illustrated in our  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ascom.2019.100337 fatcat:z4lbivey4vatzammeudn65gene

Data Provenance and Management in Radio Astronomy: A Stream Computing Approach [article]

Mahmoud S. Mahmoud, Andrew Ensor, Alain Biem, Bruce Elmegreen and Sergei Gulyaev
2011 arXiv   pre-print
Its viability for managing and ensuring interoperability and integrity of signal processing data pipelines is demonstrated in radio astronomy.  ...  We discuss using InfoSphere Streams for effective DPDM in radio astronomy and propose a way in which InfoSphere Streams can be utilized for large antennae arrays.  ...  Acknowledgements The first author would like to thank the New Zealand government's Tertiary Education Commission Build IT fund for funding this research and the IBM cooperation for providing the computing  ... 
arXiv:1112.2584v1 fatcat:uxycuqxl3zbwpgsfxltlvico4q

Data Provenance and Management in Radio Astronomy: A Stream Computing Approach [chapter]

Mahmoud S. Mahmoud, Andrew Ensor, Alain Biem, Bruce Elmegreen, Sergei Gulyaev
2013 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
Its viability for managing and ensuring interoperability and integrity of signal processing data pipelines is demonstrated in radio astronomy.  ...  We discuss using InfoSphere Streams for effective DPDM in radio astronomy and propose a way in which Info-Sphere Streams can be utilized for large antennae arrays.  ...  Acknowledgements The first author would like to thank the New Zealand government's Tertiary Education Commission Build IT fund for funding this research and the IBM cooperation for providing the computing  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29931-5_6 fatcat:j37dadnqibd7leyxi25fyvl25m
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