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Altered Neural Activity during Irony Comprehension in Unaffected First-Degree Relatives of Schizophrenia Patients—An fMRI Study

Róbert Herold, Eszter Varga, András Hajnal, Edina Hamvas, Hajnalka Berecz, Borbála Tóth, Tamás Tényi
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
Irony is a type of figurative language in which the literal meaning of the expression is the opposite of what the speaker intends to communicate.  ...  In the present study, we examined the neural correlates of irony understanding in schizophrenic patients and in unaffected first-degree relatives of patients compared to healthy adults with functional  ...  NAP KTIA NAP-A-II/12. The study was supported by the National Excellence Program Kiválósági Program NKP_17 and the National Brain Research Program 2.0.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02309 pmid:29375430 pmcid:PMC5767266 fatcat:de6ydv7cnrh5xib24leavwftdq

Neural basis of irony comprehension in children with autism: the role of prosody and context

A. Ting Wang, Susan S. Lee, Marian Sigman, Mirella Dapretto
2006 Brain  
Here, we used functional MRI (fMRI) to examine the neural circuitry underlying deficits in understanding irony in high-functioning children with ASD.  ...  In contrast to prior research showing hypoactivation of regions involved in understanding the mental states of others, children with ASD showed significantly greater activity than TD children in the right  ...  Acknowledgments This study was supported by grants from the NIDCD (R03 DC005159), the NICHD (P01 HD035470), the National Alliance for Autism Research, the Cure Autism Now foundation, and the U.C.  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awl032 pmid:16481375 pmcid:PMC3713234 fatcat:oan6774vffaqtalfgjvsw3jdqa

Role of sentence-final particles and prosody in irony comprehension in Cantonese-speaking children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorders

Jackie P. W. Li, Thomas Law, Gary Y. H. Lam, Carol K. S. To
2012 Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics  
This study investigated the use of prosodic cues and SFPs in irony comprehension in Cantonese-speaking children with and without ASD. Methods.  ...  SFPs may play a salient role in Cantonese irony comprehension. The differences between the two groups were discussed by considering the literature on theory of mind.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors gratefully acknowledge all the children who participated in this project. The study was supported by the General Research Fund (HKU 751709H) granted to the last author.  ... 
doi:10.3109/02699206.2012.734893 pmid:23237415 fatcat:vqyjbesa4ng5tersoipk66gxgy

Page 426 of Journal of Advertising Research Vol. 51, Issue 2 [page]

2011 Journal of Advertising Research  
Comprehension of Implicit Meanings in Social Situations Involv- ing Irony: A Functional MRI Study.” NeuroImage 37, 4, (2007): 1417-1426.  ...  Journal of Pragmatics 31, 12 (1999): 1579-1599. Dews, S., J. KAPLAN, and E. WINNER. “Why Not Say It Directly? The Social Functions of Irony.”  ... 

Everyday conversation requires cognitive inference: Neural bases of comprehending implicated meanings in conversations

Gijeong Jang, Shin-ae Yoon, Sung-Eun Lee, Haeil Park, Joohan Kim, Jeong Hoon Ko, Hae-Jeong Park
2013 NeuroImage  
a r t i c l e i n f o In ordinary conversations, literal meanings of an utterance are often quite different from implicated meanings and the inference about implicated meanings is essentially required  ...  To investigate the neural correlates of comprehending implicated meanings under the maxim of relevance, a total of 23 participants underwent an fMRI task with a series of conversational pairs, each consisting  ...  To understand intended meanings of an utterance, however, one must be able to evaluate the whole meaning of the sentence within a given social context, which requires more than a simple linguistic capability  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.05.027 pmid:23684863 fatcat:qnzibljqczehhmmz4s7hzs4ahi

Neural substrates of sarcasm: A functional magnetic-resonance imaging study

Hitoshi Uchiyama, Ayumi Seki, Hiroko Kageyama, Daisuke N. Saito, Tatsuya Koeda, Kousaku Ohno, Norihiro Sadato
2006 Brain Research  
The understanding of sarcasm reflects a complex process, which involves recognizing the beliefs of the speaker.  ...  We used scenario-reading tasks, in which sentences describing a certain situation were presented, followed by the protagonist's comments regarding that situation.  ...  This study was supported by Grant-in Aid for Scientific Research S#17100003 (N.S.) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Priority Areas-Integrative  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2006.09.088 pmid:17092490 fatcat:urhb7wbaqjfptbui75xbw4iffa

Neural correlates of pragmatic language comprehension in autism spectrum disorders

C. M. J. Y. Tesink, J. K. Buitelaar, K. M. Petersson, R. J. van der Gaag, C. C. Kan, I. Tendolkar, P. Hagoort
2009 Brain  
Here we focused on an aspect of pragmatic language comprehension that is relevant to social interaction in daily life: the integration of speaker characteristics inferred from the voice with the content  ...  Since vMPFC is involved in self-referential processing related to judgments and inferences about self and others, the absence of such a modulation in vMPFC activation in the ASD group possibly points to  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Paul Gaalman for technical assistance during scanning sessions, Judith Pijnacker, Stephan Gemsa and Bram Hochstenbach for their help in administering interviews and neuropsychological  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awp103 pmid:19423680 fatcat:5bpmwrwwfrhfvoksk7a2xj4z3i

Ad Bites

Ekin Pehlivan, Pierre Berthon, Leyland Pitt
2011 Journal of Advertising Research  
Comprehension of Implicit Meanings in Social Situations Involv- ing Irony: A Functional MRI Study.” NeuroImage 37, 4, (2007): 1417-1426.  ...  The communication process involves a message that is composed of implicit and explicit meanings that interact with one another.  ... 
doi:10.2501/jar-51-2-417-426 fatcat:zgwidsuckfdxfcw2fk24v4uude

Semantic, Factual, and Social Language Comprehension in Adolescents with Autism: An FMRI Study

W. B. Groen, C. Tesink, K. M. Petersson, J. van Berkum, R. J. van der Gaag, P. Hagoort, J. K. Buitelaar
2009 Cerebral Cortex  
The results suggest that people with autism may recruit the LIF region in a different manner in tasks that demand integration of social information.  ...  Brain activation of sixteen 12-to 18-year-old, high-functioning autistic participants was measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging during sentence comprehension and compared with that of twenty-six  ...  Conflict of Interest : None declared. Address corresponding to Wouter Bastiaan Groen, MD, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Email: w.groen@  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhp264 pmid:20016003 fatcat:rxmtuwxdvzhplge7w32ag26tom

Neural processing associated with comprehension of an indirect reply during a scenario reading task

Midori Shibata, Jun-ichi Abe, Hiroaki Itoh, Koji Shimada, Satoshi Umeda
2011 Neuropsychologia  
In this study, we conducted a functional MRI experiment using a scenario reading task to compare the neural activity induced by an indirect reply (a type of indirect speech) and a literal sentence.  ...  The first two sentences explained the situation of the protagonists, whereas the third sentence had an indirect, literal, or unconnected meaning.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C: 22500239) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.09.006 pmid:21930137 fatcat:utbwmhxypjh7zfizyofzu3u7k4

Social Cognition Impairments in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis and Comparison with Imaging Studies, Disease Duration and Grade of Disability [chapter]

Valentina Ignatova, Lyudmila Todorova, Jivko Surchev
2016 Trending Topics in Multiple Sclerosis  
A less studied aspect of cognition is social cognition, which is not a uniform theoretical construct. It includes emotion perception, prosody, empathy, theory of mind (ToM) and assessment of mood.  ...  Most MRI studies of patients with MS found a correlation between the cognitive and/or affective disorders, on the one hand, and lesion localization, total lesion load, or cerebral atrophy, on the other  ...  The functioning of ToM depends on the integrity of the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems, which are primarily involved in the process of comprehension of mental states.  ... 
doi:10.5772/63465 fatcat:yhvjtcyo2fan3ll57af2pakkt4

Do apparent overlaps between schizophrenia and autistic spectrum disorders reflect superficial similarities or etiological commonalities?

William S. Stone, Lisa Iguchi
2011 North American Journal of Medicine and Science  
Conclusions-Disturbed function in similar clinical (in cognition and social function), neurobiological (brain volumes) and genetic (e.g., involvement of the same genes or chromosomal locations) domains  ...  To facilitate comparisons with schizophrenia, a focus on high functioning autism/Asperger's disorder was utilized, particularly in the sections on cognition and social function.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC, and by National Institute of Mental Health Grant RO1-MH065562 (COGS; Consortium on the Genetics of Schizophrenia  ... 
doi:10.7156/v4i3p124 pmid:22563520 pmcid:PMC3342590 fatcat:26ksy5abpzedpfro6kke7kiw2m

Contextual social cognition and the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia

Agustin Ibañez, Facundo Manes
2012 Neurology  
In considering context as an intrinsic part of social cognition, we highlight the need for a situated cognition approach in social cognition research as opposed to an abstract, universal, and decontextualized  ...  The significance of social situations is commonly context-embedded.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors thank Carlos Becerra and Blas Couto for their help in preparing figures 1B and 2. A.I. thanks Vladimir Lopez and Carlos Cornejo for their earlier influence on this work.  ... 
doi:10.1212/wnl.0b013e3182518375 pmid:22529204 pmcid:PMC3335455 fatcat:lcjehjafdbhydpcjzsxydrwrtq

A job interview in the MRI scanner: How does indirectness affect addressees and overhearers?

Jana Bašnáková, Jos van Berkum, Kirsten Weber, Peter Hagoort
2015 Neuropsychologia  
In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we investigated the neural correlates of interpreting face-saving indirect replies, in a situation where participants only overheard the replies as  ...  part of a conversation between two other people, as well as in a situation where the participants were directly addressed themselves.  ...  Acknowledgments We want to thank Laura Arendsen, Brenda Lelie, José Kivits and Marjolijn van Gelder for recording the questions and replies used in the Job interview, as well as Paul Gaalman for technical  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2015.03.030 pmid:25858603 fatcat:vwkivdyclrgejcjhywm2vr2c4u

Theory of mind after traumatic brain injury

Helen Bibby, Skye McDonald
2005 Neuropsychologia  
Implications of this finding for the possibility of a separate cognitive module of ToM are discussed, as well as for the rehabilitation of social deficits after TBI.  ...  This study investigated whether people with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) demonstrate a specific impairment on tasks requiring them to make inferences about others' mental states (theory of mind  ...  Almost all patients had CT or MRI scans which showed damage to a wide variety of brain regions. The majority had frontal and/or temporal involvement.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2004.04.027 pmid:15488910 fatcat:wwx75mlpfrbkrlqkktxdqopici
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