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1993 International Journal of Foundations of Computer Science  
OUf first result extends the analysis of Fla.jolet and Puech of the average cost of retrieval to biased probabilities of symbols occurrences in a key.  ...  The second main finding concerns the variance of the cost of the retrieval. This variance is of order  ...  (ii) A Composite Parameter in Tries.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0129054193000055 fatcat:nqyuvo6dvzhznad5qn2an5jrbe

Oil composition of high-fat diet affects metabolic inflammation differently in connection with endotoxin receptors in mice

Fabienne Laugerette, Jean-Pierre Furet, Cyrille Debard, Patricia Daira, Emmanuelle Loizon, Alain Géloën, Christophe O. Soulage, Claire Simonet, Jennifer Lefils-Lacourtablaise, Nathalie Bernoud-Hubac, Jacques Bodennec, Noël Peretti (+2 others)
2012 American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism  
The study was designed to test the impact of oil composition of high-fat diets on endotoxin metabolism and inflammation in mice.  ...  In mice, the palm group presented the highest level of IL-6 in plasma (P Ͻ 0.01) together with the highest expression in adipose tissue of IL-1␤ and of LPS-sensing TLR4 and CD14 (P Ͻ 0.05).  ...  The funders had no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00314.2011 pmid:22094473 fatcat:yxecmwts7vevdibkmwv6ntfoue


Angela I. Guzmán Alvis, Patricia Lattig, José A. Ruiz
2016 Boletín de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras  
In these assemblages, the trophic and taxonomic structure is more affected by the spatial variation in the physical characteristics of the water column and sediment than by the seasonal variation.  ...  The polychaete abundances at family level and their trophic mechanisms were used for this purpose. Sediment samples were collected at six stations in this bay during the wet and dry seasons.  ...  ecosystems in Bahia de Portete", requested and fully funded by the company Carbones del Cerrejón, LLC, as part of its environment protection programs.  ... 
doi:10.25268/bimc.invemar.2006.35.0.214 fatcat:xrzkrd2uuzh6nlt37yi32zyvqa

How to count quickly and accurately: A unified analysis of probabilistic counting and other related problems [chapter]

Peter Kirschenhofer, Helmut Prodinger, Wojciech Szpankowski
1992 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This can be compared to the variance 1.257 of Flajolet and Martin's algorithm.  ...  We present results concerning the average value, the variance, the limiting distribution and the limiting generating function of an estimate of N.  ...  The first two authors want to thank M. Drmota and P. Grabner for interesting discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-55719-9_75 fatcat:kcezbh776nfqbiyjukxln6lvku

Mellin transforms and asymptotics: Finite differences and Rice's integrals

Philippe Flajolet, Robert Sedgewick
1995 Theoretical Computer Science  
This technique, akin to Mellin transform asymptotics, is put in perspective and illustrated by means of several examples related to combinatorics and the analysis of algorithms like digital tries, digital  ...  search trees, quadtrees, and distributed leader election. 0304-3975/95/%09.50 0 1995-Elsevier Science B.V.  ...  Bruno Haible kindly provided the interesting example of the fluctuating holonomic sequence. Peter Grabner generously shared his ideas on these questions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0304-3975(94)00281-m fatcat:7jk2pg5chrfbbit32eflhagvwi

Morphological and genetic differentiation among Chilean populations of Bufo spinulosus (Anura: Bufonidae)

Marco A. Méndez, Eduardo R. Soto, Claudio Correa, Alberto Veloso, Eliseo Vergara, Michel Sallaberry, Patricia Iturra
2004 Revista Chilena de Historia Natural  
The AMOVA applied to genetic data indicated that 57.85 % of the variance is explained by interregional differences and that 30.12 % of the variance is found within populations.  ...  An increase in body size as a function of latitude was observed. Specimens from El Tatio had the smallest body size and the greatest morphometric divergence.  ...  PCR products were run in agarose (1.5 %) at 7.5 V cm -1 in TBE buffer 0.5X (10 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 50 mM NaCl, 0.1 mM TABLE 1 1 Sequences of primers used in RAPD-PCR analysis and the number of informative  ... 
doi:10.4067/s0716-078x2004000300014 fatcat:3a5udyvwl5f7fb4shp6q2n3leq

Bayesian procedures for the estimation of mutation rates from fluctuation experiments

G Asteris, S Sarkar
1996 Genetics  
that the number of mutations in a culture is low).  ...  The advantage of using these estimators is most pronounced when the number of fluctuation test tubes is small.  ...  Since this prior led to the best estimates (among the priors tried), no other prior need be used in the context of estimating m from actual data, when no other prior information is available.  ... 
pmid:8770608 pmcid:PMC1206960 fatcat:alvmz7jrz5e27gpulpx7lov5iq

Bayesian Procedures for the Estimation of Mutation Rates from Fluctuation Experiments

Georgios Asteris, Sahotra Sarkar
1996 Genetics  
that the number of mutations in a culture is low).  ...  The advantage of using these estimators is most pronounced when the number of fluctuation test tubes is small.  ...  Since this prior led to the best estimates (among the priors tried), no other prior need be used in the context of estimating m from actual data, when no other prior information is available.  ... 
doi:10.1093/genetics/142.1.313 fatcat:a7bsmkwm5re6fgcqhyg4bzpdsm

LightTyper Assay with Locked-Nucleic-Acid-Modified Oligomers for Genotyping of the Toll-Like Receptor 4 Polymorphisms A896G and C1196T

S. Grannemann
2005 Clinical Chemistry  
Although 2 separate analyses showed T m fluctuations of ϳ1°C, the system was very accurate, showing almost no variances within one run, and the resulting temperature differences were very stable.  ...  using the LightCycler, we had no nonanalyzable samples in the subset containing DNA from whole blood (n ϭ 120).  ... 
doi:10.1373/clinchem.2005.049197 pmid:16040849 fatcat:mpjhidzkn5ezbijwjhwr6vgnm4

Seasonal, Interannual, and Spatial Variability in the Concentrations of Total Suspended Solids in a Degraded Coastal Wetland of Lake Ontario

Patricia Chow-Fraser
1999 Journal of Great Lakes research  
Interannual variation in TSS concentrations was inversely related to mean seasonal water levels that fluctuated 45 cm over the 11 years.  ...  The overall temporal and spatial distribution of TSS in the marsh reflected changes in water level, wind activities, onset of rain events, and fish disturbance that acted in concert to keep Cootes Paradise  ...  These photos were arranged to derive a composite of the entire marsh for each flight. The composites were digitized and have been computer enhanced for presentation in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0380-1330(99)70778-1 fatcat:cl36ci7qknhtbn2ivdj5kqklea

Analysis of a splitting process arising in probabilistic counting and other related algorithms

Peter Kirschenhofer, Helmut Prodinger, Wojciech Szpankowski
1996 Random structures & algorithms (Print)  
In particular, we deal with a functional equation of lhe form g(z) = fJa(z)g(z/2) + b(z) where a(z) and b(z) are given funclions, and fJ < 1 is a constant.  ...  In our disCl1ssion we concentrate on the analysis of a generalized probabilistic counting algorithm.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We thank Philippe Jacquet (lNRIA, Rocquencourt) for severa.l valuable discussions concerning the depoissonization issues.  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1098-2418(199612)9:4<379::aid-rsa3>;2-u fatcat:fqhii6bd2nhaxjqeyotd524mlq

Analytical depoissonization and its applications

Philippe Jacquet, Wojciech Szpankowski
1998 Theoretical Computer Science  
expansion of the sequence can be expressed in terms of the Poisson transform and its derivatives evaluated on the real line.  ...  In combinatorics and analysis of algorithms a Poisson version of a problem (henceforth called Poisson model or poissonization) is often easier to solve than the original one, which we name here the Bernoulli  ...  Philippe also contributed to some parts of the paper (e.g., Appendix B). We also thank numerous colleagues who worked with us on depoissonization results. We mention here: A. Fill, H-K. Hwang  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0304-3975(97)00167-9 fatcat:golvgdfyqneodjfrua64fnqni4

Developing a model for cystic fibrosis sociomicrobiology based on antibiotic and environmental stress

Susana Patrícia Lopes, Nuno Filipe Azevedo, Maria Olívia Pereira
2017 International Journal of Medical Microbiology  
Low fluctuations in biofilm compositions were observed across distinct oxygen environments, with dualspecies biofilms exhibiting similar relative proportions and P. aeruginosa and/or D. pigrum populations  ...  This work aimed to assess changes in the dynamics (particularly on the microbial composition) of dual-/threespecies biofilms involving CF-classical (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and unusual species (Inquilinus  ...  strain and to Fábio Ramalho (Department of Bioinformatics, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal) for creating the heatmaps.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijmm.2017.09.018 pmid:29033313 fatcat:jqkfwhfx2rf5pgy6ybjezyf4de

Influenza vaccine effectiveness: Maintained protection throughout the duration of influenza seasons 2010–2011 through 2013–2014

Jennifer M. Radin, Anthony W. Hawksworth, Christopher A. Myers, Michelle N. Ricketts, Erin A. Hansen, Gary T. Brice
2016 Vaccine  
VE was calculated using logistic regression and by taking 1 minus the odds ratio of being vaccinated in the laboratory confirmed positive influenza cases versus laboratory confirmed negative controls.  ...  Background: Factors, such as age, comorbidities, vaccine type, herd immunity, previous influenza exposure, and antigenic shift may impact the immune response to the influenza vaccine, protection against  ...  Michels, Chelsea Riha, Anton Hicks, Margaret Hayden, Lynda Addington, Cyril England, Keenan Faix, and Debbi Taylor.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.05.034 pmid:27265447 fatcat:qzpaxg6zizagrp6wqnicdnuzem

Gut microbiomes of wild great apes fluctuate seasonally in response to diet

Allison L. Hicks, Kerry Jo Lee, Mara Couto-Rodriguez, Juber Patel, Rohini Sinha, Cheng Guo, Sarah H. Olson, Anton Seimon, Tracie A. Seimon, Alain U. Ondzie, William B. Karesh, Patricia Reed (+3 others)
2018 Nature Communications  
Here we use 16S rRNA sequencing to characterize the microbiota of wild western lowland gorillas and sympatric central chimpanzees and demonstrate compositional divergence between the microbiotas of gorillas  ...  We show that gorilla and chimpanzee microbiomes fluctuate with seasonal rainfall patterns and frugivory.  ...  U19AI109761), the United States Fish and the Wildlife Great Ape Conservation Fund (grant nos. 98210-5-G195, 98210-6-G107, 98210-7-G292, 98210-8-G643, 98210-0-G280), the Neu Foundation, and Mr. and Mrs.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04204-w pmid:29725011 pmcid:PMC5934369 fatcat:bpwhtefjkjakjpuebxid7ufenu
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